IELTS Writing Task 2 General Training: Internet & Phone Dependence (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

IELTS Writing Task 2 General Training: Internet & Phone Dependence (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 sample answer on the topic of internet and phone dependence from the real IELTS exam/test.

It is a very common question and I have written some similar essays on social networking sites and face-to-face interaction before.

Studying the vocabulary and ideas below could be really helpful if a similar question comes up on your exam!

Dave

Before reading, listen to my answer and take notes on the ideas and vocabulary. Then read and check.

IELTS Writing Task 2 General Training: Internet & Phone Dependence (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

More and more people today are becoming overly dependent on the internet and phones.

Is this a positive or negative development?

Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams

The advent of smartphones has led to widespread internet addiction. Although this shift has its conveniences, it signals a decline in healthy activity.

Those who contend that the overall value of phones and the internet is a net positive can easily point to its versatility. The vast majority of people today would either reluctantly or enthusiastically admit they cannot live without their phones. If you are on a road trip or meeting a friend at a new cafe, you will need Google maps to find your way. The best method of booking a restaurant or researching online and offline businesses is through Facebook. All that only touches the surface of what the internet allows for ranging from sending emails, trading stocks online, posting on social media, and binge watching videos on streaming sites.

Despite the pile of advantages listed above, phones and the internet take up more time than they merit. The reason for this is that people get stuck in feedback loops, exchanging their time for momentary bursts of dopamine, no different from any other drug addict. Before the internet an individual might waste time watching television but still engage in a greater proportion of healthy habits like hanging out with friends, reading books, making art, exercising or taking up another worthwhile hobby. The healthy rush from those activities is chemically identical to scrolling through an algorithm mindlessly. The only distinction is that some distractions have more value in terms of physical and mental health than others.

In conclusion, the ubiquity of an internet living in your pocket has led to a decrease in engagement with healthy activities. In order to remedy this, people must take it on themselves to break their dependence as no government will ever regulate this drug properly.

Analysis

1. The advent of smartphones has led to widespread internet addiction. 2. Although this shift has its conveniences, it signals a decline in healthy activity.

  1. Paraphrase the overall topic of the whole essay.
  2. Give your opinion – choose a side and make it clear!

1. Those who contend that the overall value of phones and the internet is a net positive can easily point to its versatility. 2. The vast majority of people today would either reluctantly or enthusiastically admit they cannot live without their phones. 3. If you are on a road trip or meeting a friend at a new cafe, you will need Google maps to find your way. 4. The best method of booking a restaurant or researching online and offline businesses is through Facebook. 5. All that only touches the surface of what the internet allows for ranging from sending emails, trading stocks online, posting on social media, and binge watching videos on streaming sites.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end of the sentence.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Begin to develop it with specific examples.
  4. Keep developing it and be as specific as possible – real companies, real situations.
  5. Add in more support. For the internet, there are so many areas to touch on so I listed a lot of them at the end.

1. Despite the pile of advantages listed above, phones and the internet take up more time than they merit. 2. The reason for this is that people get stuck in feedback loops, exchanging their time for momentary bursts of dopamine, no different from any other drug addict. 3. Before the internet an individual might waste time watching television but still engage in a greater proportion of healthy habits like hanging out with friends, reading books, making art, exercising or taking up another worthwhile hobby. 4. The healthy rush from those activities is chemically identical to scrolling through an algorithm mindlessly. 5. The only distinction is that some distractions have more value in terms of physical and mental health than others.

  1. Another topic sentence with a clear main idea.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Again – be as specific as you can with your supporting ideas and examples.
  4. Continue developing the same main idea and don’t swtich to a new main idea.
  5. Conclude your paragraph by drawing conclusions/results from your main idea.

1. In conclusion, the ubiquity of an internet living in your pocket has led to a decrease in engagement with healthy activities. 2. In order to remedy this, people must take it on themselves to break their dependence as no government will ever regulate this drug properly.

  1. Repeat your opinion.
  2. Add in an extra detail/final thought to finish the essay.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

The advent of smartphones has led to widespread internet addiction. Although this shift has its conveniences, it signals a decline in healthy activity.

Those who contend that the overall value of phones and the internet is a net positive can easily point to its versatility. The vast majority of people today would either reluctantly or enthusiastically admit they cannot live without their phones. If you are on a road trip or meeting a friend at a new cafe, you will need Google maps to find your way. The best method of booking a restaurant or researching online and offline businesses is through Facebook. All that only touches the surface of what the internet allows for ranging from sending emails, trading stocks online, posting on social media, and binge watching videos on streaming sites.

Despite the pile of advantages listed above, phones and the internet take up more time than they merit. The reason for this is that people get stuck in feedback loops, exchanging their time for momentary bursts of dopamine, no different from any other drug addict. Before the internet an individual might waste time watching television but still engage in a greater proportion of healthy habits like hanging out with friends, reading books, making art, exercising or taking up another worthwhile hobby. The healthy rush from those activities is chemically identical to scrolling through an algorithm mindlessly. The only distinction is that some distractions have more value in terms of physical and mental health than others.

In conclusion, the ubiquity of an internet living in your pocket has led to a decrease in engagement with healthy activities. In order to remedy this, people must take it on themselves to break their dependence as no government will ever regulate this drug properly.

Answers

advent start of

widespread ubiquitous

addiction can’t stop using/dependent on

shift change to

conveniences useful

signals is indicative of

contend argue

net positive overall good

easily point to not hard to argue that

versatility flexible

vast majority most of

reluctantly don’t want to

enthusiastically admit happy to say

cannot live without need

road trip holiday

Google maps app for finding where you’re going

find your way follow directions

booking a restaurant reserve a seat

offline businesses real world shop

touches the surface superficial

ranging from including

trading stocks online selling shares in companies

posting on social media sharing

binge watching watching multiple episodes in a row

streaming sites YouTube, Netflix, Hulu, etc.

pile list/stack up

take up occupy

merit deserve

stuck can’t escape

feedback loops addiction cycle

exchanging trading

momentary bursts small surges

dopamine neurochemical that makes you feel happy

drug addict user

waste time fritter away your life

engage in do/use

greater proportion large percentage of

taking up occupying

worthwhile hobby good use of time

healthy rush sense of accomplishment

chemically identical the same in terms of what you feel from it

scrolling looking through

algorithm mindlessly thoughtlessly scrolling through feeds

distinction what sets it apart

value what it is worth

ubiquity common

remedy fix

take it on themselves take responsibility

dependence rely on

regulate limit

properly correctly

Pronunciation

ˈædvənt 
ˈwaɪdsprɛd 
əˈdɪkʃ(ə)n
ʃɪft 
kənˈviːniənsɪz
ˈsɪgnlz 
kənˈtɛnd 
nɛt ˈpɒzətɪv 
ˈiːzɪli pɔɪnt tuː 
ˌvɜːsəˈtɪlɪti
vɑːst məˈʤɒrɪti 
rɪˈlʌktəntli 
ɪnˌθjuːzɪˈæstɪk(ə)li ədˈmɪt 
ˈkænɒt lɪv wɪˈðaʊt 
rəʊd trɪp 
ˈguːgəl mæps 
faɪnd jɔː weɪ
ˈbʊkɪŋ ə ˈrɛstrɒnt 
ˌɒfˈlaɪn ˈbɪznɪsɪz 
ˈtʌʧɪz ðə ˈsɜːfɪs 
ˈreɪnʤɪŋ frɒm 
ˈtreɪdɪŋ stɒks ˈɒnˌlaɪn
ˈpəʊstɪŋ ɒn ˈsəʊʃəl ˈmiːdiə
bɪnʤ ˈwɒʧɪŋ 
ˈstriːmɪŋ saɪts
paɪl 
teɪk ʌp 
ˈmɛrɪt
stʌk 
ˈfiːdbæk luːps
ɪksˈʧeɪnʤɪŋ 
ˈməʊməntəri bɜːsts 
dəʊpəmiːn
drʌg ˈædɪkt
weɪst taɪm 
ɪnˈgeɪʤ ɪn 
ˈgreɪtə prəˈpɔːʃən 
ˈteɪkɪŋ ʌp 
ˈwɜːθˈwaɪl ˈhɒbi
ˈhɛlθi rʌʃ 
ˈkɛmɪkəli aɪˈdɛntɪkəl 
ˈskrəʊlɪŋ
ˈælgərɪðm ˈmaɪndlɪsli
dɪsˈtɪŋkʃən 
ˈvæljuː 
ju(ː)ˈbɪkwɪti 
ˈrɛmɪdi 
teɪk ɪt ɒn ðəmˈsɛlvz 
dɪˈpɛndəns 
ˈrɛgjʊleɪt
ˈprɒpəli

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

The a_____________ of smartphones has led to w_____________ internet a_____________. Although this s_____________ has its c_____________, it s_____________ a decline in healthy activity.

Those who c_____________ that the overall value of phones and the internet is a n_____________ can e_____________ its v_____________. The v_____________ of people today would either r_____________ or e_____________ they c_____________ their phones. If you are on a r_____________ or meeting a friend at a new cafe, you will need G_____________ to f_____________. The best method of b_____________ or researching online and o _____________ is through Facebook. All that only t_____________ of what the internet allows for r_____________ sending emails, t_____________, p _____________, and b_____________ videos on s_____________.

Despite the p_____________ of advantages listed above, phones and the internet t_____________ more time than they m_____________. The reason for this is that people get s_____________ in f_____________, e_____________ their time for m_____________ of d_____________, no different from any other d_____________. Before the internet an individual might w_____________ watching television but still e_____________ a g_____________ of healthy habits like hanging out with friends, reading books, making art, exercising or t_____________ another w _____________. The h _____________ from those activities is c_____________ to s_____________ through an a_____________. The only d_____________ is that some distractions have more v_____________ in terms of physical and mental health than others.

In conclusion, the u_____________ of an internet living in your pocket has led to a decrease in engagement with healthy activities. In order to r_____________ this, people must t_____________ to break their d_____________ as no government will ever r_____________ this drug p_____________.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Watch the video below to improve your listening. Some tips for how to listen are here:

Reading Practice

Read the article below and use these tips to improve your reading:

https://www.wired.com/story/wired-guide-to-internet-addiction/

Speaking Practice

Use the questions below from the real IELTS speaking test to practice about this topic:

Phones in Public

  1. Why do people talk on their phones on public transport?
  2. Is it common in your country?
  3. Is silence valued in your city?
  4. Why do some people have trouble staying silent?
  5. Is there too much noise from technology today?

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Organisations Bar Chart (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Organisations Bar Chart (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 sample answer bar chart related to what organisations A – E spent on various areas.

It is a very typical IELTS writing task 1, but there are a lot of areas to write about so that makes it a little bit more complex.

You can read about another bar chart from IELTS here.

Be sure to check out my online courses here as well.

Dave

Before reading, listen to my audio of the answer and try to draw the bar chart as accurately as you can to improve your listening skills. Listen to it more than once if you have to:

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Organisations Bar Chart (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

The chart below gives information about billions of euros invested in four areas by various organisations.

The bar chart details funding to four sectors by organisation A-E in a given time period. What stands out most is that overall expenditure is highest for organisation B, in particular staff training and research are outliers compared to the other organisations, while organisations D and E were much lower in overall funding and A and C were in the middle. There were varying trends for all organisations though building tended to be near the top for most of them.

Looking first of all at the funding for organisations A and B, machinery received €1 billion and just under a billion euros respectively, while building was the most funded for organisation A (€1.5 billion) and €.1 billion lower for B, trailing staff training (€1.9 billion) and research (€1.6 billion). Organisation A invested less in both areas with €1.2 for training and €1.1 for research.

The numbers for organisation C, D, and E were much lower with machinery at €1.1 billion for C, €.9 billion for D and €.8 billion for E. All three organisations invested equally in building (an even €1 billion), while staff training was between €.7 and €.9 billion for all groups. Research showed more divergent numbers with organisations C contributing €1.3 billion, organisation D €.6 billion and organisation E €.7billion.

Analysis

1. The bar chart details funding to four sectors by organisation A-E in a given time period. 2. What stands out most is that overall expenditure is highest for organisation B, in particular staff training and research are outliers compared to the other organisations, while organisations D and E were much lower in overall funding and A and C were in the middle. 3. There were varying trends for all organisations though building tended to be near the top for most of them.

  1. Paraphrase very simply what the graph shows – don’t waste time on this sentence.
  2. Write a general overview. It must touch on all areas but not include specific data.
  3. Usually you will need 2 sentences for your overview. 3 is too many.

1. Looking first of all at the funding for organisations A and B, machinery received €1 billion and just under a billion euros respectively, while building was the most funded for organisation A (€1.5 billion) and €.1 billion lower for B, trailing staff training (€1.9 billion) and research (€1.6 billion). 2. Organisation A invested less in both areas with €1.2 for training and €1.1 for research.

  1. Begin to talk about some of the organisations and include all the data. There is a lot of data here so I use parenthesis (…) to include some of it.
  2. Finish and make sure you wrote about all the data and it is accurate.

1. The numbers for organisation C, D, and E were much lower with machinery at €1.1 billion for C, €.9 billion for D and €.8 billion for E. 2. All three organisations invested equally in building (an even €1 billion), while staff training was between €.7 and €.9 billion for all groups. 3. Research showed more divergent numbers with organisations C contributing €1.3 billion, organisation D €.6 billion and organisation E €.7billion.

  1. Talk about the other areas – again with all the data.
  2. Compare the data as much as possible.
  3. Double check to make sure that you included all the data and your overview also includes all the organisations.

Vocabulary

Can you think of any synonyms for the words in bold below?

The bar chart details funding to four sectors by organisation A-E in a given time period. What stands out most is that overall expenditure is highest for organisation B, in particular staff training and research are outliers compared to the other organisations, while organisations D and E were much lower in overall funding and A and C were in the middle. There were varying trends for all organisations though building tended to be near the top for most of them.

Looking first of all at the funding for organisations A and B, machinery received €1 billion and just under a billion euros respectively, while building was the most funded for organisation A (€1.5 billion) and €.1 billion lower for B, trailing staff training (€1.9 billion) and research (€1.6 billion). Organisation A invested less in both areas with €1.2 for training and €1.1 for research.

The numbers for organisation C, D, and E were much lower with machinery at €1.1 billion for C, €.9 billion for D and €.8 billion for E. All three organisations invested equally in building (an even €1 billion), while staff training was between €.7 and €.9 billion for all groups. Research showed more divergent numbers with organisation C contributing €1.3 billion, organisation D €.6 billion and organisation E €.7billion.

Answers

details funding shows the money spend on

sectors areas

in a given time period over the period surveyed

what stands out most is the most striking feature is

overall expenditure total funding

in particular especially

outliers outside the norm

varying trends different patterns

tended inclined to

near the top almost the highest

received got

just under less than

respectively in turn

trailing behind

invested spent on

much lower a lot less

invested equally gave the same amount of money to

even equal

divergent numbers different statistics

contributing adding to

Pronunciation

ˈdiːteɪlz ˈfʌndɪŋ 
ˈsɛktəz 
ɪn ə ˈgɪvn taɪm ˈpɪərɪəd 
wɒt stændz aʊt məʊst ɪz 
ˈəʊvərɔːl ɪksˈpɛndɪʧə 
ɪn pəˈtɪkjʊlə 
ˈaʊtˌlaɪəz 
ˈveəriɪŋ trɛndz 
ˈtɛndɪd 
nɪə ðə tɒp 
rɪˈsiːvd 
ʤʌst ˈʌndə 
rɪsˈpɛktɪvli 
ˈtreɪlɪŋ 
ɪnˈvɛstɪd 
mʌʧ ˈləʊə 
ɪnˈvɛstɪd ˈiːkwəli 
ˈiːvən 
daɪˈvɜːʤənt ˈnʌmbəz 
kənˈtrɪbju(ː)tɪŋ 

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

The bar chart d___________ to four s___________ by organisation A-E i ___________. W___________ that o___________ is highest for organisation B, i___________ staff training and research are o___________ compared to the other organisations, while organisations D and E were much lower in overall funding and A and C were in the middle. There were v___________ for all organisations though building t___________ to be n___________ for most of them.

Looking first of all at the funding for organisations A and B, machinery r___________ €1 billion and j___________ a billion euros r___________, while building was the most funded for organisation A (€1.5 billion) and €.1 billion lower for B, t___________ staff training (€1.9 billion) and research (€1.6 billion). Organisation A i___________ less in both areas with €1.2 for training and €1.1 for research.

The numbers for organisation C, D, and E were m___________ with machinery at €1.1 billion for C, €.9 billion for D and €.8 billion for E. All three organisations i___________ in building (an e___________ €1 billion), while staff training was between €.7 and €.9 billion for all groups. Research showed more d___________ with organisations C c___________ €1.3 billion, organisation D €.6 billion and organisation E €.7billion.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Watch this related video to practice:

Reading Practice

Check out some other recent IELTS task 1s below:

Comment any questions that you have below!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Leadership Essay 2 (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Leadership Essay 2 (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 sample answer on the topic of leadership from the real IELTS test/exam.

It’s really interesting because when I started this blog years ago – this was the very first question that I wrote a sample answer for!

The questions can repeat themselves on IELTS, but only years later.

I thought it would be interesting to write about it again to see if my sample essays have changed a lot or not.

You can find the one that I wrote on the same topic years ago here.

Read my new one below!

Dave

Before reading, listen to the audio and take notes, then check with the sample answer:

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Leadership Essay 2 (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

Some believe that people are naturally born as leaders while others feel that leadership skills can develop.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Many are of the view that leadership is innate, rather than cultivated through time and experience. In my opinion, leadership is largely developed rather than gifted.

Those who believe that there are naturally born leaders point out the character of a person as a fixed quantity. There are certain individuals who display a natural charisma and inimitable capacity for command. A recent example of this would be Barack Obama. He is a naturally eloquent, stately, physically imposing presence and perfectly walks a fine line between warmth and firmness. Researchers have long identitified common natural characteristics of leadership such as height, a deep voice, a strong chin and natural grace of movement. These cannot be developed to a significant degree and therefore support the claim that leadership is intrinsic.

However, great leadership is more deliberate than spontaneous. There are countless examples of individuals possessing all the physical characteristics of leaders who fall well short of inspiring people. An instructive example of this is Steve Jobs. Early in his career he inspired people with his exceptional talent but that had its limits as he pushed and demeaned employees ultimately leading to his ouster from Apple. This humbling experience led him to soften the sharper edges of his personality in the ensuing decade by considering other viewpoints and giving up more control to competent employees. These learned traits served him well when he become CEO of Apple again and reached what many regard as the pinnacle of leadership.

In conclusion, though the endpoint may obscure the origins, all leaders must cultivate their hubris to become great leaders. The long-standing assumptions about leadership must be challenged in order to put in place better institutional practices to mold future pioneers of industry and politics.

Word Count: 289

Analysis

1. Many are of the view that leadership is innate, rather than cultivated through time and experience. 2. In my opinion, leadership is largely developed rather than gifted.

  1. Paraphrase the overall topic in your first sentence.
  2. Give your opinion – make it clear!

1. Those who believe that there are naturally born leaders point out the character of a person as a fixed quantity. 2. There are certain individuals who display a natural charisma and inimitable capacity for command. 3. A recent example of this would be Barack Obama. 4. He is a naturally eloquent, stately, physically imposing presence and perfectly walks a fine line between warmth and firmness. 5. Researchers have long identitified common natural characteristics of leadership such as height, a deep voice, a strong chin and natural grace of movement. 6. These cannot be developed to a significant degree and therefore support the claim that leadership is intrinsic.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Begin to develop/explain your main idea.
  3. Give a specific example.
  4. Develop the example with specific details.
  5. Here I quote (fake) research to further support my main idea.
  6. Tie it back to your main idea for the paragraph/the overall essay question.

1. However, great leadership is more deliberate than spontaneous. 2. There are countless examples of individuals possessing all the physical characteristics of leaders who fall well short of inspiring people. 3. An instructive example of this is Steve Jobs. 4. Early in his career he inspired people with his exceptional talent but that had its limits as he pushed and demeaned employees ultimately leading to his ouster from Apple. 5. This humbling experience led him to soften the sharper edges of his personality in the ensuing decade by considering other viewpoints and giving up more control to competent employees. 6. These learned traits served him well when he become CEO of Apple again and reached what many regard as the pinnacle of leadership.

  1. Write a new main idea.
  2. Begin to develop that main idea by explaining it first.
  3. Start another specific example of a person that you know a lot about.
  4. Go into great detail in your example.
  5. Continue developing the example.
  6. Finish developing your example to fully support your main idea.

1. In conclusion, though the endpoint may obscure the origins, all leaders must cultivate their hubris to become great leaders. 2. The long-standing assumptions about leadership must be challenged in order to put in place better institutional practices to mold future pioneers of industry and politics.

  1. Repeat your opinion.
  2. Add in a final thought/extra detail for full points from the IELTS examiner.

Vocabulary

What do the words in below in bold mean?

Many are of the view that leadership is innate, rather than cultivated through time and experience. In my opinion, leadership is largely developed rather than gifted.

Those who believe that there are naturally born leaders point out the character of a person as a fixed quantity. There are certain individuals who display a natural charisma and inimitable capacity for command. A recent example of this would be Barack Obama. He is a naturally eloquent, stately, physically imposing presence and perfectly walks a fine line between warmth and firmness. Researchers have long identitified common natural characteristics of leadership such as height, a deep voice, a strong chin and natural grace of movement. These cannot be developed to a significant degree and therefore support the claim that leadership is intrinsic.

However, great leadership is more deliberate than spontaneous. There are countless examples of individuals possessing all the physical characteristics of leaders who fall well short of inspiring people. An instructive example of this is Steve Jobs. Early in his career he inspired people with his exceptional talent but that had its limits as he pushed and demeaned employees ultimately leading to his ouster from Apple. This humbling experience led him to soften the sharper edges of his personality in the ensuing decade by considering other viewpoints and giving up more control to competent employees. These learned traits served him well when he become CEO of Apple again and reached what many regard as the pinnacle of leadership.

In conclusion, though the endpoint may obscure the origins, all leaders must cultivate their hubris to become great leaders. The long-standing assumptions about leadership must be challenged in order to put in place better institutional practices to mold future pioneers of industry and politics.

Answers

innate intrinsic

cultivated developed

largely mostly

rather than gifted instead of given

naturally born leaders innate leaders

point out argue

character temperament

fixed quantity unchangeable

display show

natural charisma personality

inimitable capacity for command can’t be repeated ability to lead

naturally eloquent speaks well

stately presidential

physically imposing presence looks like a leader

perfectly walks a fine line balances well

between warmth and firmness being friendly and strong

natural characteristics your character

deep voice manly voice

natural grace of movement refined manners

to a significant degree much

support the claim give evidence for

intrinsic innate

deliberate intentional

spontaneous without intent

countless examples many instances

fall well short nowhere near

inspiring people leading

instructive example instance that shows well

inspired visionary

exceptional talent standout ability

limits boundaries

pushed forced

demeaned condescended to

ultimately leading to in the end resulting in

ouster kicked out

humbling experience brough him down to Earth

soften the sharper edges of his personality mature

ensuing decade over the next 10 years

considering other viewpoints listening to others

giving up more control empowering others

competent employees able staff

learned traits served him well experiences benefited him later

what many regard as lots of people think

pinnacle of leadership height of leadership

endpoint final destination

obscure hide

origins where it started

cultivate develop

hubris ego/pride

long-standing assumptions unquestioned

challenged rethink

put in place implement

institutional practices schools, companies, etc. how they operate

mold shape

pioneers trailblazers

Pronunciation

ɪˈneɪt
ˈkʌltɪveɪtɪd 
ˈlɑːʤli 
ˈrɑːðə ðæn ˈgɪftɪd
ˈnæʧrəli bɔːn ˈliːdəz 
pɔɪnt aʊt 
ˈkærɪktə 
fɪkst ˈkwɒntɪti
dɪsˈpleɪ 
ˈnæʧrəl ˈkærɪzmə 
ɪˈnɪmɪtəbl kəˈpæsɪti fɔː kəˈmɑːnd
ˈnæʧrəli ˈɛləʊkwənt
ˈsteɪtli
ˈfɪzɪkəli ɪmˈpəʊzɪŋ ˈprɛzns 
ˈpɜːfɪktli wɔːks ə faɪn laɪn 
bɪˈtwiːn wɔːmθ ænd ˈfɜːmnəs
ˈnæʧrəl ˌkærɪktəˈrɪstɪks 
diːp vɔɪs
ˈnæʧrəl greɪs ɒv ˈmuːvmənt
tuː ə sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt dɪˈgriː 
səˈpɔːt ðə kleɪm 
ɪnˈtrɪnsɪk
dɪˈlɪbərɪt 
spɒnˈteɪniəs
ˈkaʊntlɪs ɪgˈzɑːmplz 
fɔːl wɛl ʃɔːt 
ɪnˈspaɪərɪŋ ˈpiːpl
ɪnˈstrʌktɪv ɪgˈzɑːmpl 
ɪnˈspaɪəd 
ɪkˈsɛpʃənl ˈtælənt 
ˈlɪmɪts 
pʊʃt 
dɪˈmiːnd 
ˈʌltɪmɪtli ˈliːdɪŋ tuː 
ˈaʊstə 
ˈhʌmblɪŋ ɪksˈpɪərɪəns 
ˈsɒfn ðə ˈʃɑːpər ˈɛʤɪz ɒv hɪz ˌpɜːsəˈnælɪti 
ɪnˈsjuːɪŋ ˈdɛkeɪd 
kənˈsɪdərɪŋ ˈʌðə ˈvjuːpɔɪnts 
ˈgɪvɪŋ ʌp mɔː kənˈtrəʊl 
ˈkɒmpɪtənt ˌɛmplɔɪˈiːz
lɜːnttreɪts sɜːvd hɪm wɛl 
wɒt ˈmɛni rɪˈgɑːd æz 
ˈpɪnəkl ɒv ˈliːdəʃɪp
ˈɛndˌpɔɪnt 
əbˈskjʊə 
ˈɒrɪʤɪnz
ˈkʌltɪveɪt 
ˈhjuːbrɪs 
ˈlɒŋˈstændɪŋ əˈsʌmpʃ(ə)nz 
ˈʧælɪnʤd 
pʊt ɪn pleɪs 
ˌɪnstɪˈtjuːʃən(ə)l ˈpræktɪsɪz 
məʊld 
ˌpaɪəˈnɪəz 

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

Many are of the view that leadership is i____________, rather than c____________ through time and experience. In my opinion, leadership is l____________ developed r____________.

Those who believe that there are n____________ p____________ the c____________ of a person as a f____________. There are certain individuals who d____________ a n____________ and i____________. A recent example of this would be Barack Obama. He is a n____________ , s____________, p____________ and w____________ b____________. Researchers have long i____________ common n____________ of leadership such as height, a d____________, a strong chin and n____________. These cannot be developed t____________ and therefore s____________ that leadership is i____________.

However, great leadership is more d____________ than s____________. There are c____________ of individuals possessing all the physical characteristics of leaders who f____________ of i____________. An i____________ of this is Steve Jobs. Early in his career he i____________ people with his e____________ but that had its l____________ as he p____________ and d____________ employees u____________ his o____________ from Apple. This h____________ led him to s____________ in the e____________ by c____________ and g____________ to c ____________. These l____________ when he become CEO of Apple again and reached ____________ the p ____________.

In conclusion, though the e____________ may o____________ the o____________, all leaders must c____________ their h____________ to become great leaders. The l____________ about leadership must be c____________ in order to p____________ better i____________ to m____________ future p____________ of industry and politics.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Listen to Tony Robbins below on leadership:

Reading Practice

Here is a fascinating article on leadership from research that Google conducted:

https://www.inc.com/justin-bariso/google-spent-years-studying-effective-teams-this-single-quality-contributed-most-to-their-success.html

Speaking Practice

Answer the questions below about leadership from real IELTS speaking test:

Leadership

  1. What makes someone a good leader?
  2. Are there differences between male and female leaders?
  3. What makes for a bad leader?
  4. Is it important for leaders to be decisive?
  5. Have leadership qualities changed much over time?
IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Unhealthy Foods (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Unhealthy Foods (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 sample essay on the topic of unhealthy foods from the real exam on the topic of unhealthy foods and whether or not governments should tax them.

It’s a very common topic – health and government regulations.

Read it below in case something similar comes up on your test!

You can also check out my online courses here and my band scores and writing corrections here.

Dave

Be sure to listen to the audio first to test your listening skills before reading my sample answer:

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Unhealthy Foods (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

Some think that governments should tax unhealthy foods to encourage people to eat healthier.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams

Some think that heavy-handed governmental taxation is the only way to compel healthier eating. In my opinion, while this make rational sense, its actual effectiveness is questionable.

Those that argue in favour of these taxes can point to a logical chain of suppositions. Though taxes on unhealthy foods are rare, there is the occasional mandated price hike for sugary drinks and fast food, smoking is an instructive corollary. Several decades after research showed that smoking causes cancer, governments were able to push through legislation to tax cigarettes heavily. The result was that those already addicted to smoking continued to smoke but many people did not pick up the habit to begin with. Proponents argue this would also be the case when it comes to foods known to cause cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. Many would eat them despite higher prices but the next generation would become more health conscious and that would further trickle down to their children.

Though the above argument is well reasoned, people will still buy luxuries. There is strong evidence for this dating back centuries. After the war of independence from Britain, the newly formed United States instituted direly needed taxes on luxuries including whiskey and chocolate. The purpose of the taxes was to raise money, not to lower consumption of those products. The unpopular acts were internally vindicated when people continued to buy luxuries along the same growth trend, enabling them to increase the national budget. Even though cutting down on purely pleasurable products makes disinterested sense, people are more swayed by instant gratification than cold calculation.

In conclusion, taxes on unhealthy foods would not be an effective measure against their consumption. Instead, governments should invest more in healthy school lunches and making healthy products more widely available to attack the problem at its root source.

Word Count: 295

Analysis

1. Some think that heavy-handed governmental taxation is the only way to compel healthier eating. 2. In my opinion, while this make rational sense, its actual effectiveness is questionable.

  1. Paraphrase the overall topic for the essay.
  2. Write your opinion clearly.

1. Those that argue in favour of these taxes can point to a logical chain of suppositions. 2. Though taxes on unhealthy foods are rare, there is the occasional mandated price hike for sugary drinks and fast food, smoking is an instructive corollary. 3. Several decades after research showed that smoking causes cancer, governments were able to push through legislation to tax cigarettes heavily. 4. The result was that those already addicted to smoking continued to smoke but many people did not pick up the habit to begin with. 5. Proponents argue this would also be the case when it comes to foods known to cause cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. 6. Many would eat them despite higher prices but the next generation would become more health conscious and that would further trickle down to their children.

  1. Write a clear topic sentence with a singly main idea.
  2. Explain your main idea if you need to.
  3. Begin to develop it with research/examples/supporting ideas.
  4. Write about the result if possible.
  5. Continue developing – notice the specific ailments I mention.
  6. Your last sentence can relate back to the question and be more general.

1. Though the above argument is well reasoned, people will still buy luxuries. 2. There is strong evidence for this dating back centuries. 3. After the war of independence from Britain, the newly formed United States instituted direly needed taxes on luxuries including whiskey and chocolate. 4. The purpose of the taxes was to raise money, not to lower consumption of those products. 5. The unpopular acts were internally vindicated when people continued to buy luxuries along the same growth trend, enabling them to increase the national budget. 6. Even though cutting down on purely pleasurable products makes disinterested sense, people are more swayed by instant gratification than cold calculation.

  1. Write another topic sentence with a clear main idea.
  2. Begin to develop it. Vary long/short sentences in your writing.
  3. Your examples should be specific so write about the country/example that you know best.
  4. Continue developing the same example.
  5. Keep developing it – don’t switch to a new example or write generally.
  6. Your last sentence can be more general and relate to the overall question.

1. In conclusion, taxes on unhealthy foods would not be an effective measure against their consumption. 2. Instead, governments should invest more in healthy school lunches and making healthy products more widely available to attack the problem at its root source.

  1. Conclude by repeating your opinion.
  2. Add in a final thought/extra detail at the end.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Try to figure them out based on the sentences:

Some think that heavy-handed governmental taxation is the only way to compel healthier eating. In my opinion, while this make rational sense, its actual effectiveness is questionable.

Those that argue in favour of these taxes can point to a logical chain of suppositions. Though taxes on unhealthy foods are rare, there is the occasional mandated price hike for sugary drinks and fast food, smoking is an instructive corollary. Several decades after research showed that smoking causes cancer, governments were able to push through legislation to tax cigarettes heavily. The result was that those already addicted to smoking continued to smoke but many people did not pick up the habit to begin with. Proponents argue this would also be the case when it comes to foods known to cause cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer. Many would eat them despite higher prices but the next generation would become more health conscious and that would further trickle down to their children.

Though the above argument is well reasoned, people will still buy luxuries. There is strong evidence for this dating back centuries. After the war of independence from Britain, the newly formed United States instituted direly needed taxes on luxuries including whiskey and chocolate. The purpose of the taxes was to raise money, not to lower consumption of those products. The unpopular acts were internally vindicated when people continued to buy luxuries along the same growth trend, enabling them to increase the national budget. Even though cutting down on purely pleasurable products makes disinterested sense, people are more swayed by instant gratification than cold calculation.

In conclusion, taxes on unhealthy foods would not be an effective measure against their consumption. Instead, governments should invest more in healthy school lunches and making healthy products more widely available to attack the problem at its root source.

Answers

heavy-handed strong/over-the-top

compel force

rational sense logical

actual effectiveness whether or not it works

questionable doubtful

argue in favour of support the idea of

point to argue about

logical chain sensible series

suppositions reasons

occasional mandated price hike regulation/tax

instructive corollary useful analogy

push through force

heavily strongly/a lot

addicted can’t stop using

pick up begin

to begin with start

proponents advocates

cardiovascular disease heart attacks

diabetes a disease related to eating too much sugar

cancer a common disease

next generation young people

health conscious caring about what you eat/exercise

further trickle down also contribute to

well reasoned rational

strong evidence good support for

dating back centuries hundreds of years ago

war of independence revolutionary war

newly formed just created

direly urgently

luxuries items you want but don’t need

lower consumption less eating/use

unpopular acts controversial

internally vindicated turned out to be true

growth trend increasing pattern

national budget money for the government to spend

cutting down on reducing

makes disinterested sense logical

swayed influenced

instant gratification pleasure right away

cold calculation rational

effective measure good method

consumption use

more widely available ubiquitous

attack the problem deal with

root source origin/cause

Pronunciation

ˈhɛvɪˈhændɪd 
kəmˈpɛl 
ˈræʃənl sɛns
ˈækʧʊəl ɪˈfɛktɪvnəs 
ˈkwɛsʧənəbl
ˈɑːgjuː ɪn ˈfeɪvər ɒv 
pɔɪnt tuː 
ˈlɒʤɪkəl ʧeɪn 
ˌsʌpəˈzɪʃənz
əˈkeɪʒənl ˈmændeɪtɪd praɪs haɪk
ɪnˈstrʌktɪv kəˈrɒləri
pʊʃ θruː 
ˈhɛvɪli
əˈdɪktɪd 
pɪk ʌp 
tuː bɪˈgɪn wɪð
prəˈpəʊnənts 
ˌkɑːdɪəʊˈvæskjʊlə dɪˈziːz
ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz 
ˈkænsə
nɛkst ˌʤɛnəˈreɪʃən 
hɛlθ ˈkɒnʃəs 
ˈfɜːðə ˈtrɪkl daʊn 
wɛl ˈriːznd
strɒŋ ˈɛvɪdəns 
ˈdeɪtɪŋ bæk ˈsɛnʧʊriz
wɔːr ɒv ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns 
ˈnjuːli fɔːmd 
ˈdaɪəli 
ˈlʌkʃəriz
ˈləʊə kənˈsʌm(p)ʃən 
ʌnˈpɒpjʊlər ækts 
ɪnˈtɜːnəli ˈvɪndɪkeɪtɪd 
grəʊθ trɛnd
ˈnæʃənl ˈbʌʤɪt
ˈkʌtɪŋ daʊn ɒn 
meɪks dɪsˈɪntrɪstɪd sɛns
sweɪd 
ˈɪnstənt ˌgrætɪfɪˈkeɪʃən 
kəʊld ˌkælkjʊˈleɪʃən
ɪˈfɛktɪv ˈmɛʒə 
kənˈsʌm(p)ʃən
mɔː ˈwaɪdli əˈveɪləbl 
əˈtæk ðə ˈprɒbləm 
ruːt sɔːs

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Some think that h_____________ governmental taxation is the only way to c_____________ healthier eating. In my opinion, while this make r_____________ , its a_____________ is q_____________.

Those that a_____________ these taxes can p_____________ a l_____________ of s_____________. Though taxes on unhealthy foods are rare, there is the o_____________ for sugary drinks and fast food, smoking is an i_____________. Several decades after research showed that smoking causes cancer, governments were able to p_____________ legislation to tax cigarettes h_____________. The result was that those already a_____________ to smoking continued to smoke but many people did not p_____________ the habit t_____________. P_____________ argue this would also be the case when it comes to foods known to cause c_____________, d_____________ and c_____________. Many would eat them despite higher prices but the n_____________ would become more h_____________ and that would f _____________ to their children.

Though the above argument is w_____________, people will still buy luxuries. There is s_____________ for this d_____________. After the w_____________ from Britain, the _____________ United States instituted d_____________ needed taxes on l_____________ including whiskey and chocolate. The purpose of the taxes was to raise money, not to l_____________ of those products. The u_____________ were i_____________ when people continued to buy luxuries along the same g_____________, enabling them to increase the n_____________. Even though c_____________ purely pleasurable products m_____________, people are more s_____________ by i_____________ than c_____________.

In conclusion, taxes on unhealthy foods would not be an e_____________ against their c _____________. Instead, governments should invest more in healthy school lunches and making healthy products m_____________ to a _____________ at its r _____________.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Listen to the video below to practice your listening and get some ideas about the topic:

Reading Practice

Read here about the success of junk food taxes in Mexico and Hungary:

https://www.vox.com/2018/1/17/16870014/junk-food-tax

Speaking Practice

Answer the questions below from the real IELTS speaking test related to food:

Food

  1. What kinds of foods do you like to eat?
  2. How different is food in your country today from when you were younger?
  3. Which foods do you dislike?
  4. What foods do people in your country buy at the market?
IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Robots at Home (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Robots at Home (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 sample answer essay from the real IELTS test/exam related to robots in the home.

This is an interesting topic and a similar one could come up on your exam.

Normally, I recommend discussing both sides your writing but I don’t with this one. Read why below.

Find my online courses here and writing correction service here.

Dave

Listen to the audio before reading my sample answer to practice your listening:

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Robots at Home (Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams)

Nowadays more tasks at home and work are being performed by robots.

Is this a negative or positive development?

Real Past IELTS Tests/Exams

It is becoming increasingly common for homeowners and businesses to use robots to deal with daily tasks. I believe this trend is wholly positive because it saves individuals time and allows businesses to better allocate resources.

Those who use various advances in robotics in the home have more free time. Fully humanoid robots are rare but more and more families now use robotic vacuums such as the Roomba, mobile webcams for security surveillance, lawn care machines and devices that bridge the gap between robotics and artificial intelligence like Amazon Alexa and Google Home to make life easier. These devices save a lot of time for their users that can be better invested in hobbies, exercise, family, entertainment, and spending time with your significant other.

In the past, a sizeable percentage of operating budgets went to labour but as this number begins to dwindle we will see a concomitant rise in investiture in areas like research and development. Large companies such as Amazon, Google, Apple and automobile manufacturers can now invest in developing artificial intelligence, improving existing products, making safer cars, and so on. Over time, these benefits will add up to hasten both the pace of technological development and the speed with which new advances reach consumers. Robots will replace jobs reliant on manual labour and divert those wasted dollars to more important, creative areas that elevate human endeavours.

The large scale adoption of robotics bodes well for the future as it will streamline both home and work. There are looming risks related to massive unemployment but these can be mitigated with governmental regulation and by encouraging ethical corporate practices.

Word Count: 267

Analysis

1. It is becoming increasingly common for homeowners and businesses to use robots to deal with daily tasks. 2. I believe this trend is wholly positive because it saves individuals time and allows businesses to better allocate resources.

  1. For your first sentence, paraphrase the overall topic of the essay.
  2. Write your opinion, make it clear! I chose in this one to go with one side so that I can talk about robots and home and business in separate paragraphs and develop both ideas fully.

1. Those who use various advances in robotics in the home have more free time. 2. Fully humanoid robots are rare but more and more families now use robotic vacuums such as the Roomba, mobile webcams for security surveillance, lawn care machines and devices that bridge the gap between robotics and artificial intelligence like Amazon Alexa and Google Home to make life easier. 3. These devices save a lot of time for their users that can be better invested in hobbies, exercise, family, entertainment, and spending time with your significant other.

  1. Write a simple topic sentence with your first main idea.
  2. Develop it as specifically as possible – notice my vocabulary and the specific products named.
  3. Continue to develop your main idea. Aim for 4-5 sentences. My paragraph is shorter because the sentences are long and the idea is fairly simple.

1. In the past, a sizeable percentage of operating budgets went to labour but as this number begins to dwindle we will see a concomitant rise in investiture in areas like research and development. 2. Large companies such as Amazon, Google, Apple and automobile manufacturers can now invest in developing artificial intelligence, improving existing products, making safer cars, and so on. 3. Over time, these benefits will add up to hasten both the pace of technological development and the speed with which new advances reach consumers. 4. Robots will replace jobs reliant on manual labour and divert those wasted dollars to more important, creative areas that elevate human endeavours.

  1. Start with another topic sentence with your main idea at the end.
  2. Again, be specific – name real companies and products.
  3. State the result to continue developing your example.
  4. Conclude by answering the overall question of the essay directly.

1. The large scale adoption of robotics bodes well for the future as it will streamline both home and work. 2. There are looming risks related to massive unemployment but these can be mitigated with governmental regulation and by encouraging ethical corporate practices.

  1. Repeat your opinion.
  2. Write an extra detail/final thought at the end to get full points from the IELTS examiner for task achievement.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

It is becoming increasingly common for homeowners and businesses to use robots to deal with daily tasks. I believe this trend is wholly positive because it saves individuals time and allows businesses to better allocate resources.

Those who use various advances in robotics in the home have more free time. Fully humanoid robots are rare but more and more families now use robotic vacuums such as the Roomba, mobile webcams for security surveillance, lawn care machines and devices that bridge the gap between robotics and artificial intelligence like Amazon Alexa and Google Home to make life easier. These devices save a lot of time for their users that can be better invested in hobbies, exercise, family, entertainment, and spending time with your significant other.

In the past, a sizeable percentage of operating budgets went to labour but as this number begins to dwindle we will see a concomitant rise in investiture in areas like research and development. Large companies such as Amazon, Google, Apple and automobile manufacturers can now invest in developing artificial intelligence, improving existing products, making safer cars, and so on. Over time, these benefits will add up to hasten both the pace of technological development and the speed with which new advances reach consumers. Robots will replace jobs reliant on manual labour and divert those wasted dollars to more important, creative areas that elevate human endeavours.

The large scale adoption of robotics bodes well for the future as it will streamline both home and work. There are looming risks related to massive unemployment but these can be mitigated with governmental regulation and by encouraging ethical corporate practices.

Answers

increasingly common more and more often

homeowners people who have houses

deal with handle

wholly positive entirely good

better allocate resources put money into new areas

fully humanoid robots robots that are similar to people

Roomba an electronic vacuum device

mobile webcams cameras on your computer

security surveillance keeping a watch on your home for criminals

lawn care taking care of your yard

bridge the gap shorten the distance/link

artificial intelligence smart computers

better invested allocate resources smarter

significant other girlfriend/boyfriend/husband/wife

sizeable percentage large proportion

operating budgets money to run your business

labour workforce

dwindle disappearing

concomitant rise resultant increase

investiture funding

research and development money spent on coming up with new ideas

existing products what your company already makes

add up combine to

hasten speed up

new advances reach consumers new technology finds its way to customers

reliant on depend on

manual labour physical work

divert take from

elevate human endeavours allow for greater achievements

large scale adoption everyone using

bodes well is a good sign

streamline simplify, speed up

looming risks upcoming problems

massive unemployment lots of people without jobs

mitigated lessen the impact of

encouraging ethical corporate practices incentivising companies to be good

Pronunciation

ɪnˈkriːsɪŋli ˈkɒmən 
həʊmˈəʊnəz 
diːl wɪð 
ˈhəʊli ˈpɒzətɪv 
ˈbɛtər ˈæləʊkeɪt rɪˈsɔːsɪz
ˈfʊli ˈhjuːmənɔɪd ˈrəʊbɒts 
ruːmbɑ
ˈməʊbaɪl ˈwɛbˌkæmz 
sɪˈkjʊərɪti sɜːˈveɪləns
lɔːn keə 
brɪʤ ðə gæp 
ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃ(ə)l ɪnˈtɛlɪʤəns 
ˈbɛtər ɪnˈvɛstɪd 
sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt ˈʌðə
ˈsaɪzəbl pəˈsɛntɪʤ 
ˈɒpəreɪtɪŋ ˈbʌʤɪts 
ˈleɪbə 
ˈdwɪndl 
kənˈkɒmɪtənt raɪz 
ɪnˈvɛstɪʧə 
rɪˈsɜːʧ ænd dɪˈvɛləpmənt
ɪgˈzɪstɪŋ ˈprɒdʌkts
æd ʌp 
ˈheɪsn 
njuː ədˈvɑːnsɪz riːʧ kənˈsjuːməz
rɪˈlaɪənt ɒn 
ˈmænjʊəl ˈleɪbə 
daɪˈvɜːt 
ˈɛlɪveɪt ˈhjuːmən ɪnˈdɛvəz
lɑːʤ skeɪl əˈdɒpʃ(ə)n 
bəʊdz wɛl 
ˈstriːmlaɪn 
ˈluːmɪŋ rɪsks 
ˈmæsɪv ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt 
ˈmɪtɪgeɪtɪd 
ɪnˈkʌrɪʤɪŋ ˈɛθɪkəl ˈkɔːpərɪt ˈpræktɪsɪz

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

It is becoming ______________ for ______________ and businesses to use robots to ______________ daily tasks. I believe this trend is ______________ because it saves individuals time and allows businesses to ______________.

Those who use various advances in robotics in the home have more free time. ______________ are rare but more and more families now use robotic vacuums such as the ______________, ______________ for ______________, ______________ machines and devices that ______________ between robotics and ______________ like Amazon Alexa and Google Home to make life easier. These devices save a lot of time for their users that can be ______________ in hobbies, exercise, family, entertainment, and spending time with your ______________.

In the past, a ______________ of ______________ went to ______________ but as this number begins to ______________ we will see a ______________ in ______________ in areas like ______________. Large companies such as Amazon, Google, Apple and automobile manufacturers can now invest in developing artificial intelligence, improving ______________, making safer cars, and so on. Over time, these benefits will ______________ to ______________ both the pace of technological development and the speed with which ______________. Robots will replace jobs ______________ ______________ and ______________ those wasted dollars to more important, creative areas that ______________.

The ______________ of robotics ______________ for the future as it will ______________ both home and work. There are ______________ related to ______________ but these can be ______________ with governmental regulation and by ______________.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Watch the video below for more ideas for your examples:

Reading Practice

Read a counterpoint here:

https://www.wired.com/story/sci-fi-promised-us-home-robots-so-where-are-they/

Speaking Practice

Practice your speaking with these questions from IELTS speaking part 1:

  1. Do you like robots?
  2. Did you watch movies or shows about robots as a child?
  3. Would you like to have a robot in your home?
  4. Would you like to ride in a car driven by a robot?

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