IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Government and Housing

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Government and Housing

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam about government, a topic that comes up all over the test.

It’s an interesting and important area to focus on because there is a very good chance that you will have to talk or write about government (and housing) at some point on IELTS.

My sample answer below contains extra practice with vocabulary and the topic – read on!

You can also review the IELTS Task 2 Writing structures.

Here are my other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

Finally, here are my Task 1 Sample Answers!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Government)

Some believe that because everyone needs a place to live, governments should provide houses for those who are too poor to afford their own.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many reformers are of the opinion that it is the responsibility of governments to provide public housing for members of the public too poor to afford their own homes. In my opinion, although there are some situations when this might be necessary, it is better to allow people the opportunity to pull themselves out of poverty.

Those who support government assistance in housing programs point out the institutional shackles that keep people in poverty. In the United States, there is a long, painful history concerning African Americans that began with slavery, discrimination and still shows its impact in various more muted forms of racism. These people have few chances to escape poverty and own their own homes because they have difficulty getting a good education and then a job. If governments provide them with housing, that frees up their money to go to the education of their children and can break the long chain of poverty that has blighted their path in America.

Although the above-mentioned argument has its merits, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to be able to maintain their success. Charity is a notoriously double edged sword because it fosters dependence. Someone who is in poverty who works hard and finds and escape and manages to own a home will develop reserves of willpower and determination that will serve them their entire life. Their self-respect will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold onto their house, regardless of obstacles. If the government simply gifts this person a house, they will be much less inclined to take care of it and will not develop any of the qualities that will spell out their success in life more generally.

In conclusion, people who are more self-reliant are more likely to be successful and hold onto their homes. The role of government ought to be more subtle and include educational reforms aimed at opening up opportunities that individuals can themselves seize.

 Word count: 329

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Society)

1. Many reformers are of the opinion that it is the responsibility of governments to provide public housing for members of the public too poor to afford their own homes. 2. In my opinion, although there are some situations when this might be necessary, it is better to allow people the opportunity to pull themselves out of poverty.

1. My first sentence paraphrases (restates) the main topic for the essay. Write this sentence quickly because it is not that important compared to other sentences in your essay. Don’t over-paraphrase or you are likely to make mistakes that will confuse the examiner!

2. The next sentence is my opinion. Don’t sit in the middle – make sure that you have an overall opinion!

1. Those who support government assistance in housing programs point out the institutional shackles that keep people in poverty. 2. In the United States, there is a long, painful history concerning African Americans that began with slavery, discrimination and still shows its impact in various more muted forms of racism. 3. These people have few chances to escape poverty and own their own homes because they have difficulty getting a good education and then a job. 4. If governments provide them with housing, that frees up their money to go to the education of their children and can break the long chain of poverty that has blighted their path in America.

1. The first sentence is my topic sentence which has two parts: the topic (positives of government housing) and the main idea (relationship to poverty). Write short, clear topic sentence with 1 main idea.

2. My second sentence begins my example. Make your examples specific and detailed – I will continue to develop this one example for the rest of the paragraph.

3. The third sentence develops the example by giving specific details about why poverty makes it difficult to own a home.

4. My next sentence concludes the paragraph by suggesting the importance of the government for this one particular example.

(5. I do not include, but you could include, a sentence making this more general or applying it globally.)

1. Although the above-mentioned argument has its merits, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to be able to maintain their success. 2. Charity is a notoriously double edged sword because it fosters dependence. 3. Someone who is in poverty who works hard and finds and escape and manages to own a home will develop reserves of willpower and determination that will serve them their entire life. 4. Their self-respect will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold onto their house, regardless of obstacles. 5. If the government simply gifts this person a house, they will be much less inclined to take care of it and will not develop any of the qualities that will spell out their success in life more generally.

1. My first sentence is another topic sentence but I am now focusing on the other side: why the government should not provide housing. Focus on one main idea so that you can fully support it; I focus on why charity does not work in many cases.

2. My next sentence explains my main idea. You do not always need this sentence. I did not do it in the previous paragraph.

3.The third sentence begins a hypthetical example. It is fine to use an imaginary example! Try not to use personal examples if possible though…

4. My fourth sentence includes the specific reasons why buying your own house is a good thing.

5. The fifth sentence uses a counter-example to explain why the government giving houses will prevent people from developing themselves.

1. In conclusion, people who are more self-reliant are more likely to be successful and hold onto their homes. 2. The role of government ought to be more subtle and include educational reforms aimed at opening up opportunities that individuals can themselves seize.

1. My first sentence repeats my opinion and the main reason why. Do not use a new reason!

3. The second sentence adds an extra detail. Many examiners require an extra detail sentence for band 7+. You can read more about that sentence here.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words below in bold mean? If you’re not sure, try not to use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

Many reformers are of the opinion that it is the responsibility of governments to provide public housing for members of the public too poor to afford their own homes. In my opinion, although there are some situations when this might be necessary, it is better to allow people the opportunity to pull themselves out of poverty.

Those who support government assistance in housing programs point out the institutional shackles that keep people in poverty. In the United States, there is a long, painful history concerning African Americans that began with slavery, discrimination and still shows its impact in various more muted forms of racism. These people have few chances to escape poverty and own their own homes because they have difficulty getting a good education and then a job. If governments provide them with housing, that frees up their money to go to the education of their children and can break the long chain of poverty that has blighted their path in America.

Although the above-mentioned argument has its merits, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to be able to maintain their success. Charity is a notoriously double edged sword because it fosters dependence. Someone who is in poverty who works hard and finds and escape and manages to own a home will develop reserves of willpower and determination that will serve them their entire life. Their self-respect will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold onto their house, regardless of obstacles. If the government simply gifts this person a house, they will be much less inclined to take care of it and will not develop any of the qualities that will spell out their success in life more generally.

In conclusion, people who are more self-reliant are more likely to be successful and hold onto their homes. The role of government ought to be more subtle and include educational reforms aimed at opening up opportunities that individuals can themselves seize.

Answers:

reformers: people who want to make changes

of the opinion: believe

public housing: houses or apartments for people in need

afford: be able to buy

pull themselves out of: escape from

poverty: not having much money

point out: think

institutional shackles: the world holding you back

muted: mild

racism: believing that another race is inferior

escape poverty: get out of being poor/become middle-class

frees up: allows for

break the long chain of poverty: get out of poverty

blighted their path: stood in their way/held them back

above-mentioned argument: the ideas from the previous paragraph

merits: deserves

maintain their success: continue to do well

charity: giving to others

notoriously double edged sword: famously has pros and cons

fosters dependence: makes people reliant on

reserves: extra supplies

willpower: ability to do what you want

determination: continue on despite troubles

serve them their entire life: help them throughout life

self-respect: thinking highly of yourself

regardless of obstacles: no matter the challenges

gifts: the verb of gift/to give for nothing

less inclined: do not want to

spell out: defines

generally: in general, not applying to everyone

self-reliant: depend on yourself

hold onto: keep

subtle: mild, not strong

educational reforms: improving education

opening up opportunities: making new things possible

seize: take

Pronunciation

rɪˈfɔːməz 

ɒv ði əˈpɪnjən 

ˈpʌblɪk ˈhaʊzɪŋ 

əˈfɔːd 

pʊl ðəmˈsɛlvz aʊt 

ˈpɒvəti

pɔɪnt aʊt 

ˌɪnstɪˈtjuːʃən(ə)l ˈʃæklz 

ˈmjuːtɪd 

ˈreɪsɪzm 

ɪsˈkeɪp ˈpɒvəti 

friːz ʌp 

breɪk ðə lɒŋ ʧeɪn ɒv ˈpɒvəti 

ˈblaɪtɪd ðeə pɑːθ 

əˈbʌvˈmɛnʃ(ə)nd ˈɑːgjʊmənt 

ˈmɛrɪts 

meɪnˈteɪn ðeə səkˈsɛs 

ˈʧærɪti 

nəʊˈtɔːrɪəsli ˈdʌbl ɛʤd sɔːd 

ˈfɒstəz dɪˈpɛndəns 

rɪˈzɜːvz 

ˈwɪlˌpaʊə 

dɪˌtɜːmɪˈneɪʃən 

sɜːv ðɛm ðeəɪnˈtaɪə laɪf 

sɛlfrɪsˈpɛkt 

rɪˈgɑːdlɪs ɒv ˈɒbstəklz 

gɪfts 

lɛs ɪnˈklaɪnd 

spɛl aʊt 

ˈʤɛnərəli 

sɛlfrɪˈlaɪənt 

həʊld ˈɒntʊ 

ˈsʌtl 

ˌɛdju(ː)ˈkeɪʃənl ˌriːˈfɔːmz 

ˈəʊpnɪŋ ʌp ˌɒpəˈtjuːnɪtiz 

siːz

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Many ______________ are ______________ that it is the responsibility of governments to provide ______________ for members of the public too poor to ______________ their own homes. In my opinion, although there are some situations when this might be necessary, it is better to allow people the opportunity to ______________ of ______________.

Those who support government assistance in housing programs ______________ the ______________ that keep people in poverty. In the United States, there is a long, painful history concerning African Americans that began with slavery, discrimination and still shows its impact in various more ______________ forms of ______________. These people have few chances to ______________ and own their own homes because they have difficulty getting a good education and then a job. If governments provide them with housing, that ______________ their money to go to the education of their children and can ______________ that has ______________ in America.

Although the ______________ has its ______________, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to be able to ______________. ______________ is a ______________ because it ______________. Someone who is in poverty who works hard and finds and escape and manages to own a home will develop ______________ of ______________ and ______________ that will ______________. Their ______________will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold onto their house, ______________. If the government simply ______________ this person a house, they will be much ______________ to take care of it and will not develop any of the qualities that will ______________ their success in life more ______________.

In conclusion, people who are more ______________ are more likely to be successful and ______________ their homes. The role of government ought to be more _________________ and include ___________________ aimed at __________________ that individuals can themselves ______________.

Government & Housing Article

It’s really important to review the language from the above topic and get some more experience with coming up with ideas related to this.

Read the article below to continue learning about this topic. You can read some ideas about using the news to improve your reading here.

Mexico’s Housing Projects (Wired.com)

Public Housing IELTS

Public Housing IELTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government & Housing Video

Don’t neglect your listening skills either!

The more time that you spend reviewing a single topic in a variety of ways (through listening, reading, writing and speaking), the more likely it is that your will improve your ideas and ability to think about complex topics like government and housing.

Read more here for some ideas for how to watch this video.

 

Comment below  – write your own essay about government and I will give you some feedback!

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Smoking

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Smoking

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam about the topic of smoking.

For this one, I’ve written my own sample answer with analysis and provided some vocabulary activities.

A lot of my sample answers tend to be 300 or more words. I think writing 300 words is a good goal and it is possible to fully support your argument with that many words.

But for this one I tried to write it much closer to 250 words – just 260 in fact!

You can also read a high level writing sample (band 7) and my corrections on it for the 4 band descriptors: task achievement, grammar, vocabulary, cohesion and coherence.

You can read here my other writing task 2 samples.

Here are my task 1 sample answers.

If you need more help, you can consider my online courses here.

Best of luck!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Smoking Corrections

IELTS Writing Task 2 Smoking Corrections

Click here to read the full pdf corrections of a students sample: IELTS Writing Task 2 Smoking

 

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Smoking)

The best way to prevent people from smoking is to impose high taxes on tobacco products. In this way, people will be less likely to develop a long-term addiction to smoking.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some have suggested that the best method of reducing the number of smokers is for governments to raise taxes. Although there are economic disadvantages, I believe that this will have the greatest impact.

The economic disadvantage of increasing taxes on smoking is that it will hurt the large tobacco industries in countries like the United States. In the USA, Phillip Morris, the largest tobacco company in the world, provides thousands of jobs and pays large taxes on its revenue to prop up state and federal budgets. If taxes on tobacco had their desired effect then many people would lose their jobs and budgets would be slashed. This is a sacrifice that many might be willing to accept but that would be nonetheless negative.

Despite the aforementioned drawbacks, raising the cost of smoking is the best way to reduce smoking. A good example of this can be seen in a comparison of countries with little or no tax on tobacco products with those with high taxes. Indonesia famously has a particularly high number of smokers and the main reason for this is that the tobacco lobbies have blocked tax legislation, keeping the price of a pack below a dollar. In many European countries, smoking is on the decline because few can justify paying more than ten dollars for a pack of cigarettes.

In conclusion, although it might have a negative impact on the economy and jobs, raising taxes on tobacco related goods will reduce smoking. If more governments embraced this approach, they would reap future rewards in reduced spending for medicare.

Word count: 260

 

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Smoking)

1. Some have suggested that the best method of reducing the number of smokers is for governments to raise taxes. 2. Although there are economic disadvantages, I believe that this will have the greatest impact.

1. My first sentence restates what the topic is about. Don’t stress about making this sentence perfect – change some words and get quickly to your next sentence.

2. The next sentence is my opinion. This sentence is opinion though you can write it very quickly. Don’t sit in the middle, have an opinion! You will repeat it again in your conclusion.

1. The economic disadvantage of increasing taxes on smoking is that it will hurt the large tobacco industries in countries like the United States. 2. In the USA, Phillip Morris, the largest tobacco company in the world, provides thousands of jobs and pays large taxes on its revenue to prop up state and federal budgets. 3. If taxes on tobacco had their desired effect then many people would lose their jobs and budgets would be slashed. 4. This is a sacrifice that many might be willing to accept but that would be nonetheless negative.

1. My first sentence is the topic sentence for the paragraph that has two parts: the topic (increasing taxes on smoking) and the main idea (will hurt businesses).

2. The second sentence begins my example right away. Don’t waste time – if you are only writing about 250 words you need to get to your example fast to be able to fully develop it.

3. My third sentence continues the example by describing the specific effect.

4. The next sentence concludes the paragraph by saying that this will have a negative effect (though some might not mind).

1. Despite the aforementioned drawbacks, raising the cost of smoking is the best way to reduce smoking. 2. A good example of this can be seen in a comparison of countries with little or no tax on tobacco products with those with high taxes. 3. Indonesia famously has a particularly high number of smokers and the main reason for this is that the tobacco lobbies have blocked tax legislation, keeping the price of a pack below a dollar. 4. In many European countries, smoking is on the decline because few can justify paying more than ten dollars for a pack of cigarettes.

1. My first sentence is another topic sentence with topic (increasing taxes) with the main idea (best way to reduct smoking). Focus on one main idea per paragraph because you don’t have the space or time to develop another main idea.

2. The second sentence introduces my example of countries where smoking is cheap.

3. My third sentence makes the example even more specific by talking about Indonesia. Be as specific as possible!

4. The fourth sentence concludes the paragraph by detailing how countries with higher taxes also see a decline in smoking.

1. In conclusion, although it might have a negative impact on the economy and jobs, raising taxes on tobacco related goods will reduce smoking. 2. If more governments embraced this approach, they would reap future rewards in reduced spending for medicare.

1. My first sentence restates my overall opinion. Be crystal clear – never sit in the middle or be unclear!

2. The final sentence puts forth an extra detail to the paragraph that many examiners will require for at least band 7 for task achievement.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words below in bold mean? If you’re not sure, try not to use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

Some have suggested that the best method of reducing the number of smokers is for governments to raise taxes. Although there are economic disadvantages, I believe that this will have the greatest impact.

The economic disadvantage of increasing taxes on smoking is that it will hurt the large tobacco industries in countries like the United States. In the USA, Phillip Morris, the largest tobacco company in the world, provides thousands of jobs and pays large taxes on its revenue to prop up state and federal budgets. If taxes on tobacco had their desired effect then many people would lose their jobs and budgets would be slashed. This is a sacrifice that many might be willing to accept but that would be nonetheless negative.

Despite the aforementioned drawbacks, raising the cost of smoking is the best way to reduce smoking. A good example of this can be seen in a comparison of countries with little or no tax on tobacco products with those with high taxes. Indonesia famously has a particularly high number of smokers and the main reason for this is that the tobacco lobbies have blocked tax legislation, keeping the price of a pack below a dollar. In many European countries, smoking is on the decline because few can justify paying more than ten dollars for a pack of cigarettes.

In conclusion, although it might have a negative impact on the economy and jobs, raising taxes on tobacco related goods will reduce smoking. If more governments embraced this approach, they would reap future rewards in reduced spending for medicare.

Answers:

raise: increase

greatest impact: largest effect

industries: businesses

revenue: total money earned

prop up: support

federal budgets: money for the national government to spend

desired effect: intended impact

budgets would be slashed: governments would have to cut spending

sacrifice: reluctantly lose something

nonetheless: despite this

aforementioned drawbacks: disadvantages written about before

particularly: especially

lobbies: groups representing the interests of businesses

blocked tax legislation: stopped taxes from being enacted

pack: box of cigarettes

on the decline: decreasing

justify: rationalise, do because of

reap rewards: get back something good

reduced spending: less money used on

medicare: medical care

Pronunciation

reɪz 

ˈgreɪtɪst ˈɪmpækt

ˈɪndəstriz 

ˈrɛvɪnjuː tuː prɒp ʌp 

ˈfɛdərəl ˈbʌʤɪts 

dɪˈzaɪəd ɪˈfɛkt 

ˈbʌʤɪts wʊd biː slæʃt 

ˈsækrɪfaɪs 

ˌnʌnðəˈlɛs 

əˌfɔːˈmɛnʃənd ˈdrɔːbæks 

pəˈtɪkjʊləli 

ˈlɒbiz 

blɒkt tæks ˌlɛʤɪsˈleɪʃən 

pæk 

ɒn ðə dɪˈklaɪn 

ˈʤʌstɪfaɪ 

riːp 

rɪˈwɔːdz 

rɪˈdjuːst ˈspɛndɪŋ 

ˈmɛdɪkeər

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Some have suggested that the best method of reducing the number of smokers is for governments to ____________ taxes. Although there are economic disadvantages, I believe that this will have the ____________.

The economic disadvantage of increasing taxes on smoking is that it will hurt the large tobacco ____________ in countries like the United States. In the USA, Phillip Morris, the largest tobacco company in the world, provides thousands of jobs and pays large taxes on its ____________ to ____________  state and ____________. If taxes on tobacco had their ____________ then many people would lose their jobs and ____________. This is a ____________ that many might be willing to accept but that would be ____________ negative.

Despite the ____________, raising the cost of smoking is the best way to reduce smoking. A good example of this can be seen in a comparison of countries with little or no tax on tobacco products with those with high taxes. Indonesia famously has a ____________ high number of smokers and the main reason for this is that the tobacco ____________ have ____________, keeping the price of a ____________ below a dollar. In many European countries, smoking is ____________ because few can ____________ paying more than ten dollars for a pack of cigarettes.

In conclusion, although it might have a negative impact on the economy and jobs, raising taxes on tobacco related goods will reduce smoking. If more governments embraced this approach, they would ____________ future ____________ in ____________ for ____________.

Smoking in Indonesia:

Comment below  – write your own essay about smoking and I will give you some feedback below!

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS!

IELTS Writing Task 1: Process/Diagram Generating Electricity (Real Past IELTS Tests)

IELTS Writing Task 1: Process/Diagram Generating Electricity (Real Past IELTS Tests)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from the real exam about a process or diagram related to generating electricity (taken from MacMillan IELTS Writing).

Processes are always a bit tricky and you should spend some time studying them in case if they come up on your exam.

They are rarer on IELTS than the graphs and charts but there is still a good chance you will end up with a graph!

Here are some other IELTS Task 1 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

Here you can read about how to analyse a process on IELTS and here is another process sample answer related to the production of orange juice.

IELTS Writing Task 1: Process/Diagram Generating Electricity (by Dave)

The diagram below shows the process of electricity production.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Process/Diagram

IELTS Writing Task 1 Process/Diagram

The process details the steps in the production of electricity. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that energy production involves the combination of coal and oxygen undergoing various chemical processes including heating that result in gases that then power two different types of turbines to produce electricity.

In the earliest stages, coal is transported by ramp to a furnace where it is heated and combined with oxygen. The waste byproduct of this is slag and the desired gas (raw syngas) is then sent for removal of its harmful contaminants, CO2, mercury, and sulphur, before the purified gas is used to run a gas turbine connected to a generator. This is the first way that elecrtricity is created.

However, the gas turbine using the purified syngas also produces excess hot gases and these are utilised in a heat recovery steam generator (which releases flue gases into the atmosphere). The generator produces steam which turns the turbines of a steam turbine to generate additional electricity.

Word count: 166

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The process details the steps in the production of electricity. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that energy production involves the combination of coal and oxygen undergoing various chemical processes including heating that result in gases that then power two different types of turbines to produce electricity.

1. My first sentence paraphrases what the process is about. Write this sentence quickly because it isn’t really all that important compared to the sentences that come later.

2. This is the most important sentence of your writing. You can put it here or write it in a conclusion. For a process, try to divide it up into 2, 3 or 4 main stages and describe those stages in some way. Don’t include too much detail but don’t simply write the number of stages – that is not specific enough!

1. In the earliest stages, coal is transported by ramp to a furnace where it is heated and combined with oxygen. 2. The waste byproduct of this is slag and the desired gas (raw syngas) is then sent for removal of its harmful contaminants, CO2, mercury, and sulphur, before the purified gas is used to run a gas turbine connected to a generator. 3. This is the first way that elecrtricity is created.

1. The first sentence begins with the first stages of the process.

2. My second sentence continues to describe it. Try to have a mix of long and short sentences to show off your range of grammar but also keep your writing clear.

3. The final sentence sums up how electricity is made (one way).

1. However, the gas turbine using the purified syngas also produces excess hot gases and these are utilised in a heat recovery steam generator (which releases flue gases into the atmosphere). 2. The generator produces steam which turns the turbines of a steam turbine to generate additional electricity.

1. The first sentence continues the process by showing the other way electricity is produced.

2. The second sentence finishes the essay. You do not need a conclusion (unless if you didn’t write an overview yet).

Sample Answer Vocabulary

Figure out what the words in bold mean by reading the sentences around them. Write down the meaning and then check your answers below.

The process details the steps in the production of electricity. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that energy production involves the combination of coal and oxygen undergoing various chemical processes including heating that result in gases that then power two different types of turbines to produce electricity.

In the earliest stages, coal is transported by ramp to a furnace where it is heated and combined with oxygen. The waste byproduct of this is slag and the desired gas (raw syngas) is then sent for removal of its harmful contaminants, CO2, mercury, and sulphur, before the purified gas is used to run a gas turbine connected to a generator. This is the first way that elecrtricity is created.

However, the gas turbine using the purified syngas also produces excess hot gases and these are utilised in a heat recovery steam generator (which releases flue gases into the atmosphere). The generator produces steam which turns the turbines of a steam turbine to generate additional electricity.

Answers:

details: describes

overall perspective: overview/generally

readily apparent: very clear

involves: has to do with

combination: mixes

undergoing: goes through

chemical processes: related to the transformation of the substances

result in: leads to

power: makes it work (the verb form of power)

In the earliest stages: at the beginning

ramp: a long plank leading upwards to transport something

furnace: a hot chamber for creating heat

byproduct: secondary or unintended result

slag: the byproduct of some processes/trash basically

syngas: a fuel gas mixture

removal: takes out of

harmful contaminants: pollutants

purified gas: clean gas

run: works on/is powered by

gas turbine: a machine that produces energy from gas

generator: a machine that creates electricity

excess hot gases: extra gas produced in the process

utilised: used for

atmosphere: the air

steam: hot air

Pronunciation:

ˈdiːteɪlz 

ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪv 

ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt 

ɪnˈvɒlvz 

ˌkɒmbɪˈneɪʃən 

ˌʌndəˈgəʊɪŋ 

ˈkɛmɪkəl ˈprəʊsɛsɪz 

rɪˈzʌlt ɪn 

ˈpaʊə 

ɪn ði ˈɜːlɪɪst ˈsteɪʤɪz 

ræmp   

ˈfɜːnɪs 

ˈbaɪˌprɒdʌkt 

slæg 

syngas 

rɪˈmuːvəl 

ˈhɑːmfʊl kənˈtæmɪnənts 

ˈpjʊərɪfaɪd gæs 

rʌn 

gæs ˈtɜːbɪn 

ˈʤɛnəreɪtə 

ɪkˈsɛs hɒt ˈgæsɪz 

ˈjuːtɪˌlaɪzd 

ˈætməsfɪə 

stiːm

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The process ______________ the steps in the production of electricity. Looking from an ______________, it is ______________ that energy production ______________ the ______________ of coal and oxygen ______________ various ______________ including heating that ______________ gases that then ______________ two different types of turbines to produce electricity.

______________, coal is transported by ______________ to a ______________ where it is heated and combined with oxygen. The waste ______________ of this is ______________ and the desired gas (raw ______________) is then sent for ______________ of its ______________, CO2, mercury, and sulphur, before the ______________ is used to ______________ a ______________ connected to a ______________. This is the first way that elecrtricity is created.

However, the gas turbine using the purified syngas also produces ______________ and these are ______________ in a heat recovery steam generator (which releases flue gases into the ______________). The generator produces ______________ which turns the turbines of a steam turbine to generate additional electricity.

Learn More about Electricity:

Electricity 101

Comment your sample answer for the process above and I will give you some feedback in the comments!

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS (and up to date with me)!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Society (Real IELTS Exam)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Society (Real IELTS Exam)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam about the type of society we live in.

Society is a really common topic and can come up in many different ways. This one focuses specifically on a ‘throwaway society’ where people use items once and then toss them out.

Read my sample answer below and practice some of the vocabulary related to society!

Here is some review on IELTS Task 2 Writing structures.

These are some other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

Here are some Task 1 Sample Answers as well!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Society) by Dave

In many countries people are living in a “throwaway society” where things are used for a short time and thrown away. 

What are the causes of this and what problems does it lead to?

The proliferation of single use products is a major concern for all countries. In my opinion, the main cause of this is increased disposable income coupled with advances in technology and the main result of this trend is environmental degradation.

The rise of single or limited use products comes from new technologies and people’s ability to afford these items. A hundred years ago, it would not have been possible to cheaply produce plastic products on a mass scale. The technological advances of the last hundred years have made these products profitable for large companies like Walmart. Of course the advances in technology have only met demand from a burgeoning global middle class. People today do not have to use the same plates, dishes, and bags that previous generations would have been more protective of; nowadays people can afford to buy and throw out various household items.

The main result of the overdependence on single use products is burning more fossil fuels which in turn escalates climate change. Cheap plastic is made through a chemical process involving raw oil and is then transported on ships or planes running on petrol before being carted on trucks to supermarkets. The total accumulation of fossil fuel consumption is therefore massive. In the last half century this has precipitated climate change leading to increases in the severity of natural disasters, further endangerment of plant and animal species and dire warnings by climate scientists for the standard of living of future generations.

In conclusion, the so-called ‘throwaway society’ is a result of economic and technological factors and is taking a massive toll on the environment. More governments should seek to curb this problem by instituting wide-reaching bans on single-use plastics like straws and bags.

Word count: 289

 

 

Video Analysis

This is preview of a video from my online courses that you can access here for the full video and lessons on other topics.

 

Learn more about my full online lessons here!

 

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Society) by Dave

1. The proliferation of single use products is a major concern for all countries. 2. In my opinion, the main cause of this is increased disposable income coupled with advances in technology and the main result of this trend is environmental degradation.

1. The first sentence restates the topic for the essay. Spend a lot of time understanding the question correctly but you can write this sentence really quickly as it is simply paraphrasing!

2. My next sentence is my opinion. Say your opinion in the introduction and the conclusion to make it 100% clear.

1. The rise of single or limited use products comes from new technologies and people’s ability to afford these items. 2. A hundred years ago, it would not have been possible to cheaply produce plastic products on a mass scale. 3. The technological advances of the last hundred years have made these products profitable for large companies like Walmart. 4. Of course the advances in technology have only met demand from a burgeoning global middle class. 5. People today do not have to use the same plates, dishes, and bags that previous generations would have been more protective of; nowadays people can afford to buy and throw out various household items.

1. My first sentence is a topic sentence that lets the reader know what the whole paragraph is about. Read more about topic sentences here.

2. The second sentence compares now to the past to show the cause.

3. My third sentence details what has changed over the years leading to the throwaway society.

4. The next sentence adds further detail by talking about a related cause – the growing middle class.

5. My final sentence concludes by describing how those two causes combined.

1. The main result of the overdependence on single use products is burning more fossil fuels which in turn escalates climate change. 2. Cheap plastic is made through a chemical process involving raw oil and is then transported on ships or planes running on petrol before being carted on trucks to supermarkets. 3. The total accumulation of fossil fuel consumption is therefore massive. 4. In the last half century this has precipitated climate change leading to increases in the severity of natural disasters, further endangerment of plant and animal species and dire warnings by climate scientists for the standard of living of future generations.

1. The first sentence is my topic sentence and describes the result (what this society leads to). Be sure to address the question prompt as directly as possible to be sure that you are focused on answering the correct question – otherwise you risk getting a band 4 or 5 for task achievement!

2. My second sentence describes the result as specifically as possible. Be specific and detailed!

3. The third sentence continues to describe the result.

4. My fourth sentence also further details the consequences of burning fossil fuels and concludes my paragraph.

1. In conclusion, the so-called ‘throwaway society’ is a result of economic and technological factors and is taking a massive toll on the environment. 2. More governments should seek to curb this problem by instituting wide-reaching bans on single-use plastics like straws and bags.

1. My first sentence restates my overall opinion. Be crystal clear – never sit in the middle or be unclear!

2. The final sentence puts forth an extra detail to the paragraph that many examiners will require for at least band 7 for task achievement.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words below in bold mean? If you’re not sure, try not to use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The proliferation of single use products is a major concern for all countries. In my opinion, the main cause of this is increased disposable income coupled with advances in technology and the main result of this trend is environmental degradation.

The rise of single or limited use products comes from new technologies and people’s ability to afford these items. A hundred years ago, it would not have been possible to cheaply produce plastic products on a mass scale. The technological advances of the last hundred years have made these products profitable for large companies like Walmart. Of course the advances in technology have only met demand from a burgeoning global middle class. People today do not have to use the same plates, dishes, and bags that previous generations would have been more protective of; nowadays people can afford to buy and throw out various household items.

The main result of the overdependence on single use products is burning more fossil fuels which in turn escalates climate change. Cheap plastic is made through a chemical process involving raw oil and is then transported on ships or planes running on petrol before being carted on trucks to supermarkets. The total accumulation of fossil fuel consumption is therefore massive. In the last half century this has precipitated climate change leading to increases in the severity of natural disasters, further endangerment of plant and animal species and dire warnings by climate scientists for the standard of living of future generations.

In conclusion, the so-called ‘throwaway society’ is a result of economic and technological factors and is taking a massive toll on the environment. More governments should seek to curb this problem by instituting wide-reaching bans on single-use plastics like straws and bags.

Answers:

proliferation: spread throughout

single use products: products that can only be used once

disposable income: salary that you can use freely on what you want (not for rent, food, etc.)

coupled with: combined with

environmental degradation: the environment getting worse

afford: be able to buy

cheaply: inexpensively

on a mass scale: on a very large scale/affecting a lot of people/places

technological advances: improvements in science

profitable: making money

demand: want/desire

burgeoning global middle class: growing groups of people with disposable income

previous generations: past generations

household: your home

overdependence: rely too much on

fossil fuels: oil and gas dug up in the Earth

escalates: speeds up

chemical process: using chemical substances to create or transform

carted: carried

total accumulation: the amount saved/combined

massive: huge

half century: 50 years

precipitated: led to

severity: very strong/powerful

further endangerment: causing more risk/danger

dire warnings: signs of trouble in the future

standard of living: how well people live

so-called: claimed/supposed

‘throwaway society’: society where people often throw things away after using them

massive toll: large (negative) impact

curb: slow down

instituting wide-reaching bans: enacting stops of things across a lot of areas

 

Pronunciation

prəʊˌlɪfəˈreɪʃən 

ˈsɪŋgl juːz ˈprɒdʌkts 

dɪsˈpəʊzəbl ˈɪnkʌm 

ˈkʌpld wɪð 

ɪnˌvaɪərənˈmɛntl ˌdɛgrəˈdeɪʃən 

əˈfɔːd 

ˈʧiːpli 

ɒn ə mæs skeɪl 

ˌtɛknəˈlɒʤɪk(ə)l ədˈvɑːnsɪz 

ˈprɒfɪtəbl 

dɪˈmɑːnd 

ˈbɜːʤənɪŋ ˈgləʊbəl ˈmɪdl klɑːs 

ˈpriːviəs ˌʤɛnəˈreɪʃənz 

ˈhaʊshəʊld 

ˌəʊvədɪˈpɛndəns 

ˈfɒsl fjʊəlz 

ˈɛskəleɪts   

ˈkɛmɪkəl ˈprəʊsɛs 

ˈkɑːtɪd 

ˈtəʊtl əˌkjuːmjʊˈleɪʃ(ə)n 

ˈmæsɪv 

hɑːf ˈsɛnʧʊri 

prɪˈsɪpɪteɪtɪd 

sɪˈvɛrɪti 

ˈfɜːðəɪnˈdeɪnʤəmənt 

ˈdaɪə ˈwɔːnɪŋz 

ˈstændəd ɒv ˈlɪvɪŋ 

ˈsəʊˈkɔːld 

ˈθrəʊəweɪ səˈsaɪəti 

ˈmæsɪv təʊl 

kɜːb 

ˈɪnstɪtjuːtɪŋ waɪdˈriːʧɪŋ bænz

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The __________________ of __________________ is a major concern for all countries. In my opinion, the main cause of this is increased __________________ advances in technology and the main result of this trend is __________________.

The rise of single or limited use products comes from new technologies and people’s ability to __________________ these items. A hundred years ago, it would not have been possible to __________________ produce plastic products __________________. The __________________ of the last hundred years have made these products __________________ for large companies like Walmart. Of course the advances in technology have only met __________________ from a __________________. People today do not have to use the same plates, dishes, and bags that __________________ would have been more protective of; nowadays people can afford to buy and throw out various __________________ items.

The main result of the __________________ on single use products is burning more __________________ which in turn __________________ climate change. Cheap plastic is made through a __________________ involving raw oil and is then transported on ships or planes running on petrol before being __________________ on trucks to supermarkets. The__________________ of fossil fuel consumption is therefore __________________. In the last __________________ this has __________________ climate change leading to increases in the __________________ of natural disasters, __________________ of plant and animal species and __________________ by climate scientists for the __________________ of future generations.

In conclusion, the __________________  __________________ is a result of economic and technological factors and is taking a __________________ on the environment. More governments should seek to __________________ this problem by __________________ on single-use plastics like straws and bags.

Society Links from YouTube and Articles

Single-Use Plastic – Explained in Stop-Motion

One Month Without Single-Use Plastics | One Small Step | NowThis

Throw Away Culture

Comment below  – write your own essay about society and I will give you some feedback!

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and IELTS!

Recent General Training IELTS Writing Topics 2019

Recent General Training IELTS Writing Topics 2019

*This post is updated weekly to reflect new questions from the test!

I have painstakenly collected from various official and unofficial sources, the recent questions from IELTS writing 2019.

If you want some feedback from a former IELTS examiner you can post your writing below and if you recently took the test please help me out by posting the writing task 1 or writing task 2 questions in the comments below – thank you!

If you want to read my sample answers you can find them all here:

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answers

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answers

IELTS Speaking Model Answers and Tips

Enjoy and best of luck on your test!

For further support on IELTS, my exclusive online courses, where 100% of the materials are made by me, can be found here: Dave’s Online Courses!

September 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a leter to your friend who is visiting a city that you know well. Recommend

Places worth visiting

Where to eat

How to get around the city

 

Writing Task 2

Many people use online language translation apps today.

Do the advantages of these apps outweigh the disadvantages?

 

 

August 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

You recently had a job interview which went well but you are still awaiting their decision. Write a letter to the HR manager of the company

Give the job details

Explain why the interview went well

Ask when you will know their decision

Your friend’s parents are coming to visit your homtown. Write a letter to

Tell them where they should visit

Suggest where they should stay

Offer to do something for them

Your child’s school is planning a field trip outside the country for 3 days and is asking for parents to come along. Write a letter

Asking about the trip

Explaining why you want to join

Explainin how you can help out

Write a letter to a tour company manager to give your appreciation for your tour guide. Include in your letter

Your tour details

What you liked about the guide

Ways for the manager to reward the guide 

Write a letter to a translation agency about a report that you need to have translated urgently. Include

The content of your report

Why you need it translated

Why it is urgent

 

Writing Task 2

Some people believe it is important to give gifts to friends and family to show how much we care about them while others think there are better ways.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people think that living in a country for a period of time is needed to learn its language and culture.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people think that children should always ask for their parent’s advice while others feel this is not important.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people prefer living in hot climates while others prefer colder countries.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Technology has made people less social.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people believe that entertainers are more important than scientists and researchers.

Do you agree or disgree?

Many believe that being good at a sport is a result of talent while others think that it comes from hard work.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

 

 

July 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to a friend whose birthday party you missed. In you letter include

An apology

Why you missed it

Questions about how fun it was

Your friend has asked you to help find a music teacher for their child. Write to your friend describing the teacher you have found.

Explain why they are suitable

Explain their background

Explaing how they can get in touch

Write a letter to a company manager about a problem with an item that you purchased online.

Describe the item

Tell the manager what the problem is

Explain what you want them to do

You recently took a two day course. Write feedback to the course organiser. In you letter

Detail the course

Explain what you liked

Tell them what they should do better

At a hotel where you were staying you requested a wake-up call but it did not arrive. Write to the hotel manager

Why you requested the call

What the inconvenience caused

What they can do to avoid this in the future

Write a letter to a college in Australia, telling them about a short training course you want to take related to your work. Include in your letter

About the course

Why you want to do the course

Your expectations about the course

Write a letter to an organiser who booked a hotel for you for your company. Include in your letter

Details about the booking

What you didn’t like about the hotel

What you want the organiser to do

Your company sent you abroad to take a training course and you want to extend your stay abroad. Write to your manager

About the benefits of the course

Why you want to stay

When you will come back

Your landlord wishes to increase your rent. Write a letter to him stating

Why the rent should not be increased

Current issues in the apartment

What you will do if he does

Writing Task 2

In many countries, people follow the latest fashions for clothes and hair very closely.

Why is this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

Many people imitate famous people that they read about or see on TV.

Why is this done?

Is this a good idea?

Celebrities sometimes give their opinions on public matters.

Why is this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

Nowadays the amount of garbage on the street is a real concern. 

Why is this happening?

What can be done to resolve it?

Shopping has become a common pasttime for many young people.

Why is this the case?

Should young people be encouraged to have other hobbies?

Medical science has greatly lengthened the average lifespan for most people. Some think this is a positive development while others disagree.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Some believe that allowing people to work after the age of 60 causes problems for both them and society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some think that competitive sports should be mandatory subjects in school while others think this has a negative effect on children.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Nowadays, internet and television have given ordinary people the opportunity to become famous.

Is this a positive or a negative development?

With recent improvements online, it is increasingly possible for people to leave reviews for goods and services they have purchased.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Some parents think it is a good idea to let their children have mobile phones while others disagree.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

Nowadays a lot of people make friends through social networks and internet chat groups. Some think this is good while others feel face to face interation is important.

Dicuss both views and give your own opinion.

 

 

June 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to the manager of a theater where your friend had an accident and they helped out. In your letter include

How it happened

How they helped

What they can do to prevent accidents in the future

You are working for a large compan that provides financial help to local community groups and your company director has asked for recommendations about which group to help next year. In your letter

Include the group you want to suggest

Include what you expect the company to do

Explain how that will help the group

Write a letter to a young friend who will join your company next month. Include in your letter

What the work done at the company is

What they should bring on the first day

What they will do on the first day of work

Write a letter to the manager of a restaurant near you regarding renovations that you will be having done on your apartment. Include in your letter

What the repairs are

How it will affect their restaurant

Some possible solutions

You want to join a gym. Write a letter to a friend asking them to join with you. Include

Why you want to exercise

What types of exercises you are planning to do

Why you want your friend to join you

Write a letter to a friend who will be looking after your apartment while you are gone. Include

Where the keys are

What they should take care of

What to do when you come back

You friend has recently had a baby and you bought a gift. Write them a letter

Explaining the gift you bought

Describing the features of the gift

Asking when you can come drop it off

You recently travelled by traing and it was very late causing your some problems. Write to the manager of the company

Telling them where you were going

Describing the problems you faces

Asking them to take action

You lost your driver’s license but someone found it and send it back to your address. Write a letter including

Thanking them

Asking where they found it

Explaining why you need it

You are moving to a new city with your family. Write a letter to a real estate agent to enquire about accommodations. Include in your letter

Why you are moving

Where you want to live

The type of accommodation required

Your local newspaper is giving out an award to the persona who has done the most to help the local community. Write to the newspaper about

A person who could win

How you know this person

How he has helped the neighborhood

Write a letter of  invitation to a friend for a special celebration. In your letter include

An invitation for your friend

What the celebration is about

Travel and accomodation suggestions

 

 

Writing Task 2

These days many families move to other countries for work. Some people believe that the children in these families benefit from this. However, others believe it makes life more difficult for the children.

Discuss both these views.

In many countries, people are experiencing more health problems because they have unhealthy lifestyles.

Why do people live unhealthy lives?

What can be done about this problem?

In some countries, children under the age of 16 are not allowed to leave school by law and enter the workforce.

Is this positive or negative?

Many think that secondary and high school students should learn money management as it is an important life skill.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some think that money is a good gift for teenagers. Others disagree.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some think that protecting the environment is the role of the individual while others think the government is responsible.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some think that parents reading books for entertainment to their children is a waste of thime and they should only read them serious educational books.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some think that the media should be allowed to publish personal information about citizens but others think that some restrictions should be placed on this information.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Many students do part-time work while they are studying.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Some people prefer the lifestyle of living in a hot country while other people like colder climates.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

May

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to an admissions officer at a community college. Explain to them

Which course you want to attend

Why you want to attend this course

How it related to your background

You have just returned from a conference and want to give a presentation to your colleagues. Write a letter to your manager about this. Include

What the conference was about

Your plans for the presentation

Its impact on your company

A company is appealing to your local city council to open a factory near where you live. You and your neighbors are opposed to the idea. Write to the city council

Stating why it is a bad idea

Where it should be built

Tell the council what you want them to do

Write a letter to your public city council to complain about garbage being left near your house. Include in your letter

Who you think left it

Why it is a problem

What you want the city to do

Write a letter to a friend recommending a restaurant to them for a family celebration. Include in your letter

The location of the restaurant

Why the restaurant is suitable

Suggestions for making contact

Write a letter to your local city council about the closure of a children’s playground. Include in your letter

Where the park is

What makes the park special

Suggestions for how to keep it open

Write a letter of recommendation for a friend to help them get a job where you are currently working. Include

Who the person is

How you know them

Why you recommend them

 

Writing Task 2

Many people consider money to be the most important factor for achieving happiness.

Do you agree or disagree?

These days people of all ages spend more time indoors than indoors.

Why is this?

Is this a positive or a negative development?

Some people think that sports prepare children for work life while others think they do not.

Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

Some people think that in order to learn a language well you must live in the country where that language is spoken.

Do you agree or disagree?

A lot of social problems today are caused by teenagers. Many people believe this is because parents don’t spend enough time with them.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many think that large international sporting events are not worth the cost for the host country.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many companies today use advertisments to increase their sales.

What makes an advertisement effective?

Is this positive or negative for society?

Some people believe that teenagers are facing more problems in their life than they did in the past and this is  because parents are spending more time at work than at home.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many people think that more money will make them happier.

How important is money for happiness?

These days many families move abroad for work. Some people believe that this benefits the children in these families. Others believe that it makes their lives more difficult.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion

 

April

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to a hotel manager about a party that you want to arrange for somebody you know. Include in your letter

Where you want to hold the party

Details of the party

Your budget for the party

Someone returned to you a bag that you lost with all its belongings still inside it. Write a letter to thank the person:

Thank the person

Explain how you lost it

Explain why its belongings were so important

An item of clothing that you purchased at a store has some issues and you wish to return it. Write a letter:

Describing the item in question

Detailing the issues

Telling the manager what you expect them to do with it

You are working at an international company and recently your responsibilities have changed and you think more training is required. Write to your boss saying

How your job has changed

Describing the training you need

Suggesting how traning could be done efficiently

A local magazine has asked for the opinion of readers as to how the magazine could be improved. Write to the magazine

Telling them why your read it

What you like and dislike about it

What improvements you would like to see in it

Write a letter to an online seller about an order that you have not yet received. Include in your letter

The details of your order

Why you need it right away

What you expect the company to do

Write a letter to a friend who you spent a weekend with helping to move and hosting a party. Include in your letter

What you like most about the new apartment

What you did over the weekend

Where and when you would like to meet again

Write a letter to a co-worker telling that about a visit you are planning to their town. Include

When you will arrive

The purpose of your visit

Suggestions for things you can do together

 

Writing Task 2

One of the best methods to motivate and encourage workers is to pay them according to their level of production.

Is this the best way?

Some believe that it is the responsibility of residents to maintain clean streets while others think this is the duty of the government.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

In many countries, weddings are becoming much more expensive compared to the past.

What are the causes of this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

In many countries the legal driving age is 18 and people have suggested raising it to 25 to reduce vehicular accidents.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 

 

March

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

An historic building in your city is in bad condition. Write to the local government. Include in your letter:

Why the building is important

Its present condition

What action must be taken

Write a letter to your son’s friend who is coming to your town on holiday. He wants to stay with you but you cannot accomodate him. Include:

An apology

Reasons why he can’t stay in your home

Suggestions for other accomodation

Write a letter to your friend who is travelling overseas. You have been staying at their apartment and these was a storm. Tell your friend:

About the storm.

About the damage

What repairs must be made

You booked tickets to the theatre in advance but will not be able to make it. Write a letter to your friend:

Apologising

Explaining why you can’t make it

Suggesting what to do with the tickets

Write a letter to your friend who wants suggestions for a product to export out of your country. Include

The product you suggest

The region it comes from

Why it is a good product to export

Write a letter to you friend who you were not able to say goodbye to when you left. You worked together at a multinational company.

Apologise to them

Tell them why you left

Tell them what you’ll miss about them

In our technological era, some think that print magazines and newspapers will soon cease to exist.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Fast food is a part of life for many people. Some people think it has a negative effect on both lifestyle and diet.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many parents send their children on educational trips inside and outside of their country.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Most people today have computer, laptops and telephones so they can work from home.

Do you think working from home has more advantages or disadvantages?

Some believe that violent games and movies have a negative impact on people while others see them as a harmless form of relaxation.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Many small shops are going out of business because people prefer to shop in stores in big cities.

Do the disadvantages of this development outweigh the advantages?

The best manager is one who is warm and friendly with their staff.

Do you agree or disagree?

There is an increasing amount of noise in our daily lives today.

Why is this a problem?

What can be done about it?

Many doctors say that people in today’s world do not do enough physical exercise.

What do you think are the causes of this?

What solutions are there to this problem?

 

 

February

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Some people don’t mind spending their leisure time with colleagues while others prefer keeping their private life separate from work life.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people think that watching sport is a waste of free time.

Do you agree or disagree?

Write a letter to invite and English-speaking friend to watch a movie with you about your country. In your letter:

Include some background about the film

Explain why it might interest him/her

Suggest arrangements for watching the film

Write a letter to a friend asking for help with a new job you have taken that your friend has been doing for a long time with another company. In your letter,

Ask about the challenges for the job

Ask about possible solutions

Arrange to meet and talk

You are planning to give a presentation at your company. Write a letter to a colleague asking for help. Include:

When and where will the presentation be

What the topic is

What help you would like

Write a letter of complaint to an airline company.

Give details of the flight

Explain the problem

Tell them what you would like done

You’re interested in a music course that you saw advertised.

Expain why you’re interested

Request more information

Talk about your experience level

Writing Task 2

Some people say that schools do not do enough to teach young people about health.

Do you agree or disagree?

Some people think watching movies is a waste of time.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many people today do not know their neighbors as well as they did in the past. 

What is the cause of this problem?

What can be done to solve it?

Some people think that in order for a hobby to be enjoyable, it needs to be difficult in some way.

Do you agree or disagree?

 

 

February

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Your local council has asked for suggestions for how to keep the city cleaner. Write to your representative to

Explain what the the council can do

What people can do to help

How the community will benefit from a cleaner city

You work part time and are attending a course and your manager has offered to give you time off to attend your classes full time.

Write to your boss informing him/her

Of your decision

Your gratitude

Further steps to be taken

Write a letter to your manager who is leaving the company. Include

How you feel about this

What you liked about working with him/her

Questions about his/her future plans

A friend has asked about the details of a course that you recently complete in a training centre.

Explain the course details

Why your friend should take the course

How the course has benefited you

 

 

January

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

You are relocating back to your country. There is some furniture that you would like to return to your friend. In your letter tell them

What furniture you will be giving back

Detail on the condition of the furniture

How they can come and collect the furniture

A colleague at work is organising a goodbye party which you’re not able to attend. Write a letter to him. In the letter, say:

Why you can’t attend

Something you appreciate about him from work

How you will stay in touch with him in the future

You recently attended a course in another country but had to the course in the middle and return to your country. Write a letter to your teacher:

Thank him/her

Tell him/her your situation

Tell them what you will remember best

Write a letter inviting your friend to a family function. Tell him/her:

What the occasion is

What your plans are

Why it is important he/she comes

You recently stayed in a hotel and after returning back home you realized you left a piece of clothing at the hotel. Write a letter to the manager of the hotel including

What it was

Where you left it

What actions you want them to take

Write a letter to the manager or a taxi company about documents that you left in one of their vehicles.

Where you left them

Why they are important

What you want them to do

Comment below any questions that you had on the test, questions about IELTS in general or sample answers to the questions above!