IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Education and Crime (Real Test)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Education and Crime (Real Test)

Task 2: Trúng tủ trong review của anh Bách. (Mình không nhớ rõ là tháng 4 hay tháng 9 nữa nhưng anh Bách đã có hướng dẫn giải)

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer on the topic of education and crime.

If you want to learn about more recent questions from the test, you can sign up for my exclusive online lessons here.

It came up on the real IELTS exam recently but these are also topics (crime, education) that come up all the time on listening, reading, writing, and speaking.

It is very useful for you to practice and learn about the topics and vocabulary for when you take IELTS.

Read on for my answer, analysis, vocabulary practice and more!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Education and Crime (Real Test)

The most common solution for criminal behaviour is prison but many believe education is a better method.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Real Past IELTS Tests

Many feel that instead of locking up criminals, we could better reduce crime by tackling systemic problems in our educational systems. In my opinion, although education is important, deterrence remains the primary inhibitor of criminality.

Many see education as a better remedy as it holds long-term promise. The main cause of crime is poverty and that can be linked directly to education. Take for example countries with strong educational systems. In Singapore, which has one of the most well-regarded school systems in the world, the majority of graduates can find well paid jobs and the crime rate is consequently among the lowest globally. There is no cause to commit a crime if you have enough money to provide for yourself and your family.

Despite the clear results education can bring about, deterrence remains the main reason why people do not commit crimes. If there was no threat of prison, people would feel free to steal, murder or commit whatever crime they choose. A good example of the effect of prison on crime is in countries with strict, mandatory sentencing guidelines. Many Southeast Asian countries have imposed severe sentences on drug related crimes to successfully curb drug trafficking and distribution. There is no substitute for the clearcut logic engendered by the threat of prison.

To sum up, despite the admitted benefits of education, the deterring effect of prison prevents most crime. Countries ought to invest in sustainable solutions such as education and economic reform while not neglecting the irreplaceable role of incarceration.

Sample Answer Analysis

1. Many feel that instead of locking up criminals, we could better reduce crime by tackling systemic problems in our educational systems. 2. In my opinion, although education is important, deterrence remains the primary inhibitor of criminality.

  1. The first sentence of your essay should simply restate what the general topic is.
  2. My second sentence gives my opinion – make your opinion totally clear or you will get band 5 for task achievement automatically.

1. Many see education as a better remedy as it holds long-term promise. 2. The main cause of crime is poverty and that can be linked directly to education. 3. Take for example countries with strong educational systems. 4. In Singapore, which has one of the most well-regarded school systems in the world, the majority of graduates can find well paid jobs and the crime rate is consequently among the lowest globally. 5. There is no cause to commit a crime if you have enough money to provide for yourself and your family.

  1. My first sentence is a topic sentence with my main idea for tha paragraph: education has long-term progress. Stick to 1 main idea so that you can develop it fully.
  2. The next sentence begins to develop this main idea.
  3. My third sentence begins my example. Try to make your examples as specific as possible: a real person, country, etc.
  4. The fourth sentence continues my example by making it even more specific and detailed.
  5. My fifth sentence concludes the paragraph by reiterating the link between lack of education and crime.

1. Despite the clear results education can bring about, deterrence remains the main reason why people do not commit crimes. 2. If there was no threat of prison, people would feel free to steal, murder or commit whatever crime they choose. 3. A good example of the effect of prison on crime is in countries with strict, mandatory sentencing guidelines. 4. Many Southeast Asian countries have imposed severe sentences on drug related crimes to successfully curb drug trafficking and distribution. 5. There is no substitute for the clearcut logic engendered by the threat of prison.

  1. My first sentence is another topic sentence with the main idea for this paragraph which is that prison deters people from committing crimes.
  2. The next sentence explains my main idea.
  3. My third sentence starts another example – make your examples the centerpiece of your paragraph!
  4. The fourth sentence develops the example by describing Southeast Asian countries.
  5. My fifth sentence finishes the paragraph by repeating why I think deterrence is more important than education.

1. To sum up, despite the admitted benefits of education, the deterring effect of prison prevents most crime. 2. Countries ought to invest in sustainable solutions such as education and economic reform while not neglecting the irreplaceable role of incarceration.

  1. The first sentence of my conlusion simple repeats my opinion.
  2. My last sentence adds an extra, extended detail that examiners will typically require for band 7+ for task achievement.

Vocabulary

Try to figure out the words in bold from the context of the sentence. Write down a definition or synonym for each.

Many feel that instead of locking up criminals, we could better reduce crime by tackling systemic problems in our educational systems. In my opinion, although education is important, deterrence remains the primary inhibitor of criminality.

Many see education as a better remedy as it holds long-term promise. The main cause of crime is poverty and that can be linked directly to education. Take for example countries with strong educational systems. In Singapore, which has one of the most well-regarded school systems in the world, the majority of graduates can find well paid jobs and the crime rate is consequently among the lowest globally. There is no cause to commit a crime if you have enough money to provide for yourself and your family.

Despite the clear results education can bring about, deterrence remains the main reason why people do not commit crimes. If there was no threat of prison, people would feel free to steal, murder or commit whatever crime they choose. A good example of the effect of prison on crime is in countries with strict, mandatory sentencing guidelines. Many Southeast Asian countries have imposed severe sentences on drug related crimes to successfully curb drug trafficking and distribution. There is no substitute for the clearcut logic engendered by the threat of prison.

To sum up, despite the admitted benefits of education, the deterring effect of prison prevents most crime. Countries ought to invest in sustainable solutions such as education and economic reform while not neglecting the irreplaceable role of incarceration.

Answers

locking up: incarcerate

tackling systemic problems: dealing with institutational issues

deterrence dissuade

inhibitor deterring factor

criminality crime

better remedy superior solution

holds long-term promise will have an impact in the future

linked directly stems from

well-regarded school systems good schools

well paid jobs good jobs

crime rate the level of crime

consequently as a result

commit a crime take part in a crime

provide for support

clear results definite outcomes

bring about cause

threat danger

strict harsh

mandatory sentencing guidelines rules for prison terms

imposed severe sentences hand out long prison sentences

curb drug trafficking slow down the transport of drugs

distribution selling of drugs

There is no substitute for nothing can replace

clearcut logic engendered clear reasons created

admitted benefits unequivocal positives

sustainable solutions long term remedies

economic reform changes to economic policy

neglecting ignoring

irreplaceable role cannot be replaced

incarceration going to prison

Pronunciation

ˈlɒkɪŋ ʌp 
ˈtæklɪŋ sɪˈstɛmɪk ˈprɒbləmz 
dɪˈtɛrəns 
ɪnˈhɪbɪtə 
ˌkrɪmɪˈnælɪti
ˈbɛtə ˈrɛmɪdi 
həʊldz ˈlɒŋtɜːm ˈprɒmɪs
lɪŋkt dɪˈrɛktli 
wɛl-rɪˈgɑːdɪd skuːl ˈsɪstɪmz 
wɛl peɪd ʤɒbz 
kraɪm reɪt 
ˈkɒnsɪkwəntli 
kəˈmɪt ə kraɪm 
prəˈvaɪd fɔː 
klɪə rɪˈzʌlts 
brɪŋ əˈbaʊt
θrɛt 
strɪkt
ˈmændətəri ˈsɛntənsɪŋ ˈgaɪdlaɪnz
ɪmˈpəʊzd sɪˈvɪə ˈsɛntənsɪz 
kɜːb drʌg ˈtræfɪkɪŋ 
ˌdɪstrɪˈbjuːʃən
ðeər ɪz nəʊ ˈsʌbstɪtjuːt fɔː 
ˌklɪəˈkʌt ˈlɒʤɪk ɪnˈʤɛndəd 
ədˈmɪtɪd ˈbɛnɪfɪts 
səsˈteɪnəbl səˈluːʃənz 
ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk ˌriːˈfɔːm 
nɪˈglɛktɪŋ 
ˌɪrɪˈpleɪsəbl rəʊl 
ɪnˌkɑːsəˈreɪʃən

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

Many feel that instead of ________________ criminals, we could better reduce crime by ________________ in our educational systems. In my opinion, although education is important, ________________ remains the primary ________________ of ________________.

Many see education as a ________________ as it ________________. The main cause of crime is poverty and that can be ________________ to education. Take for example countries with strong educational systems. In Singapore, which has one of the most________________ in the world, the majority of graduates can find ________________ and the is ________________ among the lowest globally. There is no cause to ________________ if you have enough money to ________________ yourself and your family.

Despite the ________________ education can ________________, deterrence remains the main reason why people do not commit crimes. If there was no ________________ of prison, people would feel free to steal, murder or commit whatever crime they choose. A good example of the effect of prison on crime is in countries with ________________, ________________. Many Southeast Asian countries have ________________ on drug related crimes to successfully ________________ ________________ and ________________ . the ________________ by the threat of prison.

To sum up, despite the ________________ benefits of education, the deterring effect of prison prevents most crime. Countries ought to invest in ________________ such as education and ________________ while not ________________ the ________________ of ________________ .

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Review the ideas and vocabulary above with this video. To improve your listening you can use the tips here.

Reading Practice

Read the article below to review the vocabulary and ideas from my sample answer. Here are some ideas for activities when your read the article below.

https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/economics-of-crime/0/steps/20289

Comment below your own writing for feedback!

Learn more about my online courses here.

http://course.howtodoielts.com/online-course
IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Ideal Society (Real Test)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Ideal Society (Real Test)

This is an IELTS essay related to the ideal or perfect society from the real IELTS exam.

It’s a very difficult and very odd question.

To learn more about difficult IELTS writing topics, you can sign up for my online lessons here.

In some ways it is easy because the topic is so general – society!

But it’s also really hard because thinking of a specific idea for such a big topic is a huge challenge.

My number one piece of advice is to just focus on one small area of society and not try to fix everything. That is too hard in a short essay.

However, you should still say that is the most important element (even if you don’t really bevieve it).

You can read my other sample answers here.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: The Ideal/Perfect Society

People have historically attempted to achieve a perfect society. However, it is difficult to decide what a perfect society would be like. What would be the most important element of an ideal society? What can normal people do to make society more perfect?

Real IELTS Essay Society

The best way to improve our society is a topic of understandable concern for all governments and citizens. In my opinion, the key to this is increased tolerance of difference and people can take the individual step of examining their own beliefs in order to not pass ingrained prejudices on to the next generation.

The most momentous shifts in society in the last centuries have involved progress related to tolerance of different types of people. The original pilgrims left England to found new colonies in order to have religious freedom to worship as they wish. Racism and slavery in the 19th century is a direct result of considering one group of people separate. The most recent example is the movement to be more accepting of a variety of sexualities. These have all made society more perfect and their evolution and nascent spread throughout the world will allow the greatest number of people to enjoy a full range of freedom and opportunity.

To achieve the more open society mentioned above, individuals can closely evaluate their beliefs and try to impart more tolerant values to the younger generation. A good example of this can be seen in the embrace of gay marriage by many in the last decade. In the 20th century, it was political suicide to support gay marriage. However, people began to question the rationale for denying this basic human right. Now most schools and parents teach their children about alternative lifestyles and it is much more common to see LGBT couples in popular culture. This is one step towards a utopian, inclusive society free of prejudice.

In conclusion, the movement to accept more diverse elements of society is already underway. With continued effort, it is reasonable to expect a generally positive attitude towards all people in the coming years, though this progressivism will vary widely from country to country.

Word Count: 310

Analysis

1. The best way to improve our society is a topic of understandable concern for all governments and citizens. 2. In my opinion, the key to this is increased tolerance of difference and people can take the individual step of examining their own beliefs in order to not pass ingrained prejudices on to the next generation.

  1. The first sentence of my introduction is just restating the topic – keep it simple!
  2. My second sentence is more important because it contains my opinion. Make your opinion 100% clear!

1. The most momentous shifts in society in the last centuries have involved progress related to tolerance of different types of people. 2. The original pilgrims left England to found new colonies in order to have religious freedom to worship as they wish. 3. Racism and slavery in the 19th century is a direct result of considering one group of people separate. 4. The most recent example is the movement to be more accepting of a variety of sexualities. 5. These have all made society more perfect and their evolution and nascent spread throughout the world will allow the greatest number of people to enjoy a full range of freedom and opportunity.

  1. The first sentence is a topic sentence with my main idea for that paragraph – tolerance.
  2. My second sentence begins my example – don’t waste any time getting to your example.
  3. The third sentence further develops my main idea with a related example.
  4. Next I continue by giving a modern day example.
  5. Finally I conclude the paragraph by saying that tolerance has evolved over time and is the key to a good society.

1. To achieve the more open society mentioned above, individuals can closely evaluate their beliefs and try to impart more tolerant values to the younger generation. 2. A good example of this can be seen in the embrace of gay marriage by many in the last decade. 3. In the 20th century, it was political suicide to support gay marriage. 4. However, people began to question the rationale for denying this basic human right. 5. Now most schools and parents teach their children about alternative lifestyles and it is much more common to see LGBT couples in popular culture. 6. This is one step towards a utopian, inclusive society free of prejudice.

  1. My first sentence is another topic sentence with my new main idea – people can change themselves to be more tolerant.
  2. The second sentence begins my example.
  3. For this paragraph I develop one example fully. In this sentence I give the background related to gay marriage.
  4. My fourth sentence develops my example further.
  5. The fifth sentence also develops the same example – the more you develop, the higher your task achievement score will be!
  6. My fifth sentence concludes how this could have an impact on the perfect society.

1. In conclusion, the movement to accept more diverse elements of society is already underway. 2. With continued effort, it is reasonable to expect a generally positive attitude towards all people in the coming years, though this progressivism will vary widely from country to country.

  1. My conclusion begins by repeating my opinion (and making it completely clear).
  2. The last sentence is an extra related detail that a lot of examiners will look for to give you band 7+ for task achievement.

Vocabulary

The best way to improve our society is a topic of understandable concern for all governments and citizens. In my opinion, the key to this is increased tolerance of difference and people can take the individual step of examining their own beliefs in order to not pass ingrained prejudices on to the next generation.

The most momentous shifts in society in the last centuries have involved progress related to tolerance of different types of people. The original pilgrims left England to found new colonies in order to have religious freedom to worship as they wish. Racism and slavery in the 19th century is a direct result of considering one group of people separate. The most recent example is the movement to be more accepting of a variety of sexualities. These have all made society more perfect and their evolution and nascent spread throughout the world will allow the greatest number of people to enjoy a full range of freedom and opportunity.

To achieve the more open society mentioned above, individuals can closely evaluate their beliefs and try to impart more tolerant values to the younger generation. A good example of this can be seen in the embrace of gay marriage by many in the last decade. In the 20th century, it was political suicide to support gay marriage. However, people began to question the rationale for denying this basic human right. Now most schools and parents teach their children about alternative lifestyles and it is much more common to see LGBT couples in popular culture. This is one step towards a utopian, inclusive society free of prejudice.

In conclusion, the movement to accept more diverse elements of society is already underway. With continued effort, it is reasonable to expect a generally positive attitude towards all people in the coming years, though this progressivism will vary widely from country to country.

Answers

understandable concern: good reason to worry
increased tolerance of difference:
inclusiveness
take the individual step of:
personally can
examining their own beliefs:
being self-critical
pass ingrained prejudices on:
breed racist beliefs
momentous shifts:
changes in thinking
original pilgrims:
first settlers
found new colonies:
start new states
religious freedom:
ability to worship as you wish
worship:
pray to
direct result:
main effect
considering:
regarding
movement:
swell of support for
accepting:
allowing for
sexualities:
different sexual orientations
more perfect:
better
nascent spread:
beginning to spread
full range:
variety of
open society:
inclusive society
closely evaluate:
watch intently
impart:
teach
tolerant values:
allowing for difference
embrace:
acceptance
political suicide:
ruin your political career
question the rationale:
dispute the reasoning
denying this basic human right:
not allowing a fundamental right
alternative lifestyles:
different ways of living
LGBT couples:
lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual
popular culture:
movies, tv, books, etc.
one step:
one solution
utopian:
perfect
inclusive society free of prejudice:
ideal society
diverse elements:
different parts
already underway:
incipient
continued effort:
keep going
reasonable:
logical
expect:
hope for
generally positive attitude:
friendly outlook
progressivism:
liberalism
vary widely:
major differences

Pronunciation

ˌʌndəˈstændəbl kənˈsɜːn 
ɪnˈkriːst ˈtɒlərəns ɒv ˈdɪfrəns 
teɪk ði ˌɪndɪˈvɪdjʊəl stɛp ɒv 
ɪgˈzæmɪnɪŋ ðeər əʊn bɪˈliːfs 
pɑːs ɪnˈgreɪnd ˈprɛʤʊdɪsɪz ɒn 
məʊˈmɛntəs ʃɪfts 
əˈrɪʤənl ˈpɪlgrɪmz 
faʊnd njuː ˈkɒləniz 
rɪˈlɪʤəs ˈfriːdəm 
ˈwɜːʃɪp 
dɪˈrɛkt rɪˈzʌlt 
kənˈsɪdərɪŋ 
ˈmuːvmənt 
əkˈsɛptɪŋ 
ˌsɛkʃʊˈælətiz
mɔː ˈpɜːfɪkt 
ˈnæsnt sprɛd 
fʊl reɪnʤ 
ˈəʊpən səˈsaɪəti 
ˈkləʊsli ɪˈvæljʊeɪt 
ɪmˈpɑːt 
ˈtɒlərənt ˈvæljuːz 
ɪmˈbreɪs 
pəˈlɪtɪkəl ˈsjʊɪsaɪd 
ˈkwɛsʧən ðə ˌræʃəˈnɑːl 
dɪˈnaɪɪŋ ðɪs ˈbeɪsɪk ˈhjuːmən raɪt
ɔːlˈtɜːnətɪv ˈlaɪfˌstaɪlz 
ɛl-ʤiː-biː-tiː ˈkʌplz 
ˈpɒpjʊlə ˈkʌlʧə
wʌn stɛp 
juːˈtəʊpjən 
ɪnˈkluːsɪv səˈsaɪəti friː ɒv ˈprɛʤʊdɪs
daɪˈvɜːs ˈɛlɪmənts 
ɔːlˈrɛdi ˌʌndəˈweɪ
kənˈtɪnju(ː)d ˈɛfət
ˈriːznəbl 
ɪksˈpɛkt 
ˈʤɛnərəli ˈpɒzətɪv ˈætɪtjuːd 
prəʊˈgrɛsɪvɪz(ə)m 
ˈveəri ˈwaɪdli

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

The best way to improve our society is a topic of understandable concern for all governments and citizens. In my opinion, the key to this is increased tolerance of difference and people can take the individual step of examining their own beliefs in order to not pass ingrained prejudices on to the next generation.

The most momentous shifts in society in the last centuries have involved progress related to tolerance of different types of people. The original pilgrims left England to found new colonies in order to have religious freedom to worship as they wish. Racism and slavery in the 19th century is a direct result of considering one group of people separate. The most recent example is the movement to be more accepting of a variety of sexualities. These have all made society more perfect and their evolution and nascent spread throughout the world will allow the greatest number of people to enjoy a full range of freedom and opportunity.

To achieve the more open society mentioned above, individuals can closely evaluate their beliefs and try to impart more tolerant values to the younger generation. A good example of this can be seen in the embrace of gay marriage by many in the last decade. In the 20th century, it was political suicide to support gay marriage. However, people began to question the rationale for denying this basic human right. Now most schools and parents teach their children about alternative lifestyles and it is much more common to see LGBT couples in popular culture. This is one step towards a utopian, inclusive society free of prejudice.

In conclusion, the movement to accept more diverse elements of society is already underway. With continued effort, it is reasonable to expect a generally positive attitude towards all people in the coming years, though this progressivism will vary widely from country to country.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Listen to the video below related to society and use some of these ideas to practice with it.

Reading Practice

Read the article below related to society and practice with these ideas:

https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/06/battle-gay-rights-over/592645/

Comment your own writing or any questions that you have below!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Medical Testing (Real Test)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Medical Testing (Real Test)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer on the topic of medical testing on animals. Here is the question:

Some people say that it is acceptable to test medicine intended for people on animals. Others, however, believe that it is not right to use animals in this research.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Real Past IELTS Exams

The question type is discuss both views and give your opinion (you can read more about this structure here.)

If you want to get over your IELTS fears and achieve your dreams (of going abroad or getting a better job), I now offer online lessons complete with feedback, videos, workbooks and more – you can learn more here!

You should write one paragraph about why it is not right to test medicine on animals and another about the reasons why it is right.

Then give your opinion.

Simple! Just make sure that you stick to that structure and focus on your language!

Watch my video analysis here and subscribe to my YouTube Channel for more videos like it:

Read on for my sample answer, analysis, and more!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Medical Testing (Real Test)

Many believe that using animals for scientific testing purposes is fundamentally immoral, while others see it as a necessary evil. In my opinion, even though it is decidedly unethical, the overall impact on human progress justifies its continuance.

Detractors of animal testing often point out that animals have rights. We would never condone this type of testing on a human, even with one with a low IQ and it follows that we should treat animals with some measure of respect. The strongest argument supporting this is the level of cruelty involved in animal testing. Many drugs that are tested on animals have painful side-effects and the test subjects may die slow, painful deaths. This is undeniably unjustifiable regarding testing in non-essential medical fields such as cosmetics.

Despite the moral quagmire detailed above, I believe animal testing does enough to advance medical testing to warrant its use. Some cursory research will reveal the importance of animal testing in fields such as diabetic medicine, cancer research, experimental surgery, and stem cells. Testing insulin for diabetics on dogs may be the most well-known example of this kind of impactful research. Many other advances in medicine often attributed to animal testing have saved countless human lives to an extent that would be impossible if researchers were working under the moral constraints of human test subjects.

In conclusion, animal testing is the best way to make breakthroughs in medicine and should be strongly encouraged. Governments should work with medical institutions to implement more medical testing on animals across the board.

Word Count: 255

Analysis

1. Many believe that using animals for scientific testing purposes is fundamentally immoral, while others see it as a necessary evil. 2. In my opinion, even though it is decidedly unethical, the overall impact on human progress justifies its continuance.

  1. The first sentence paraphrases the whole topic for the essay – don’t spend too much time on this sentence!
  2. Give your opinion in the introduction and the conclusion and make it 100% clear!

1. Detractors of animal testing often point out that animals have rights. 2. We would never condone this type of testing on a human, even with one with a low IQ and it follows that we should treat animals with some measure of respect. 3. The strongest argument supporting this is the level of cruelty involved in animal testing. 4. Many drugs that are tested on animals have painful side-effects and the test subjects may die slow, painful deaths. 5. This is undeniably unjustifiable regarding testing in non-essential medical fields such as cosmetics.

  1. My first sentence is a topic sentence that shows what the paragraph will be about – why animals have rights.
  2. The second sentence explains my main idea for the paragraph.
  3. My third sentence continues to develop this same idea – don’t switch over to a new main idea!
  4. The fourth sentence develops it with specific effects – be as specific as possible!
  5. My fifth sentence concludes the paragraph by stating that in the case of testing for makeup it is unacceptable.

1. Despite the moral quagmire detailed above, I believe animal testing does enough to advance medical testing to warrant its use. 2. Some cursory research will reveal the importance of animal testing in fields such as diabetic medicine, cancer research, experimental surgery, and stem cells. 3. Testing insulin for diabetics on dogs may be the most well-known example of this kind of impactful research. 4. Many other advances in medicine often attributed to animal testing have saved countless human lives to an extent that would be impossible if researchers were working under the moral constraints of human test subjects.

  1. My first sentence is a topic sentence that gives my other main idea – animal testing helps to advance medical science.
  2. The next sentence develops my main idea by listing the specific medical fields that it helps.
  3. My third sentence gives a specific example of the kind of medical advances that animal testing can lead to.
  4. The final sentence concludes my paragraph by reiterating the importance of testing on animals to advance medical science.

1. In conclusion, animal testing is the best way to make breakthroughs in medicine and should be strongly encouraged. 2. Governments should work with medical institutions to implement more medical testing on animals across the board.

  1. My first sentence repeats my opinion – be sure that you choose a side and don’t sit in the middle!
  2. The last sentence gives a suggestion/extra detail than lots of examiners will require for band 7+ for task achievement.

Word Count: 255 (aim for around 275 – 300 words, maximum)

Vocabulary

Many believe that using animals for scientific testing purposes is fundamentally immoral, while others see it as a necessary evil. In my opinion, even though it is decidedly unethical, the overall impact on human progress justifies its continuance.

Detractors of animal testing often point out that animals have rights. We would never condone this type of testing on a human, even with one with a low IQ and it follows that we should treat animals with some measure of respect. The strongest argument supporting this is the level of cruelty involved in animal testing. Many drugs that are tested on animals have painful side-effects and the test subjects may die slow, painful deaths. This is undeniably unjustifiable regarding testing in non-essential medical fields such as cosmetics.

Despite the moral quagmire detailed above, I believe animal testing does enough to advance medical testing to warrant its use. Some cursory research will reveal the importance of animal testing in fields such as diabetic medicine, cancer research, experimental surgery, and stem cells. Testing insulin for diabetics on dogs may be the most well-known example of this kind of impactful research. Many other advances in medicine often attributed to animal testing have saved countless human lives to an extent that would be impossible if researchers were working under the moral constraints of human test subjects.

In conclusion, animal testing is the best way to make breakthroughs in medicine and should be strongly encouraged. Governments should work with medical institutions to implement more medical testing on animals across the board.

Answers

fundamentally immoral: completely evil

necessary evil: can’t avoid doing something bad

decidedly unethical: clearly wrong

human progress: the advancement of mankind

justifies its continuance: should be allowed to continue

detractors: critics

point out: argue

condone: allow/encourage

low IQ: unintelligent

treat animals: handle animals

some measure of respect: a certain amount of consideration

level of cruelty: some meanness

painful side-effects: unintended effects from the drugs that hurt them

slow, painful deaths: dying slowly in pain

undeniably unjustifiable: no one can argue it is right

regarding: concerning

non-essential: does not have to be done

cosmetics: makeup

moral quagmire: difficult right/wrong questions

warrant: justify

cursory research: quick bit of research

reveal: show

diabetic medicine: medicine for people with diabetes

cancer research: research into cancer

experimental surgery: new types of surgery

stem cells: a type of cell important in medicine

insulin: used to help diabetics

well-known example: famous example

impactful: lots of impact

attributed to: can be traced back to

countless: lots of

to an extent: to some degree

moral constraints: help back by ethical concerns

test subjects: candidates drugs/medicine is tested on

make breakthroughs: make big discoveries/progress

strongly encouraged: lots of support

implement: put into place

across the board: everywhere

Listen and repeat:

Practice

Fill in the gaps:

Many believe that using animals for scientific testing purposes is __________________, while others see it as a __________________. In my opinion, even though it is __________________, the overall impact on __________________.

__________________ of animal testing often __________________ that animals have rights. We would never __________________ this type of testing on a human, even with one with a __________________ and it follows that we should __________________ with __________________. The strongest argument supporting this is the __________________ involved in animal testing. Many drugs that are tested on animals have __________________ and the test subjects may die __________________. This is __________________ testing in __________________ medical fields such as __________________ .

Despite the __________________ detailed above, I believe animal testing does enough to advance medical testing to __________________ its use. Some __________________ will __________________ the importance of animal testing in fields such as __________________, __________________, __________________, and __________________. Testing __________________ for diabetics on dogs may be the most __________________ of this kind of __________________ research. Many other advances in medicine often __________________ animal testing have saved __________________ human lives __________________ that would be impossible if researchers were working under the __________________ of human __________________.

In conclusion, animal testing is the best way to __________________ in medicine and should be __________________. Governments should work with medical institutions to __________________ more medical testing on animals __________________.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gkNS86O6kDE

Reading Practice

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/06/how-much-pain-should-animals-endure-for-science/562268/

Comment your own writing below for feedback!

Recent General Training IELTS Writing Topics 2019

Recent General Training IELTS Writing Topics 2019

*This post is updated weekly to reflect new questions from the test!

I have painstakenly collected from various official and unofficial sources, the recent questions from IELTS writing 2019.

If you want some feedback from a former IELTS examiner you can post your writing below and if you recently took the test please help me out by posting the writing task 1 or writing task 2 questions in the comments below – thank you!

If you want to read my sample answers you can find them all here:

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answers

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answers

IELTS Speaking Model Answers and Tips

Enjoy and best of luck on your test!

For further support on IELTS, my exclusive online courses, where 100% of the materials are made by me, can be found here: Dave’s Online Courses!

November 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to a friend who invited you to meet up but you missed the appointment.

Apologise for not messaging

Explain why you could not go

Suggest another date

Write a letter to a friend of yours asking for advice about getting a job in their country.

Say what kind of job you want

Describe your skills and qualificiations

Ask questions about the salary/benefits

Writing Task 2

Many people believe that money is a good gift for a teenagers while others disagree.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

A lot of people today move to other countries for their work. This has advantages and disadvantages for the children of such people.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion.

Some believe that a student’s success is mainly based on the quality of their teaching while others think it has more to do with the student’s attitude.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

October 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

You stayed over at a friend’s house last weekend and think that you left your watch there.

Thank your friend

Describe your watch

Tell them what you want them to do

Read my sample answer for this question here.

You are going on vacation soon. Write a letter to a friend

Telling them the reason for the holiday

Your plan

Invite them to come with you

You and a co-worker want to make use of a company room. Write a letter to your manager to ask for permission. Include

Why you need the room

Which room and why

Changes you will need made to the room

Write a leters to a sports club president about an upcoming event at the club you would like to propose. Include

The kind of event

Who should be invited

Your role in the event

You are attending night classes at a local college and you are unhappy with some parts of the course. Write a letter to the school director and include

What course you are studying

What has made you unhappy

What you expect the director to do about it

You had dinner with a family friend. Write a letter to your friend to say

What you liked about the dinner

Your feelings about their family

Invite your friend and their family to your place

Writing Task 2

Many feel that going to the gym is the best way to stay fit. Others think there are more effective methods.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Read my sample answer here: IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Gym/Exercise (General Training)

Some people think that young people should follow the examples of their elders while others feel it is natural for teenagers to question them.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Nowadays people work too hard at their jobs.

What are the reasons for this?

What can employers do to help out?

Many parents, mostly mothers, stay at home to take care of the house and look after children. Many believe that the government should pay them a wage for this.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

People today are not as fit as they were in the past.

What are the causes of this?

What can governments do to deal with this issue?

Many people think that working from home in beneficial in most respects while others think that it may hurt family life.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

The number of old people is increasing. Some think this will cause problems for countries while others believe old people still have value.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

September 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a leter to your friend who is visiting a city that you know well. Recommend

Places worth visiting

Where to eat

How to get around the city

Writing Task 2

Many people use online language translation apps today.

Do the advantages of these apps outweigh the disadvantages?

Some people think nations and individuals should focus on their own personal problems rather than global ones.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some believe that the best way to encourage people to exercise is through sporting events like the Olympics. Others think there are better ways.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Cultures around the world are becoming more and more similiar.

What are the reasons for this?

Do you think this is a positive or negative trend?

August 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

You recently had a job interview which went well but you are still awaiting their decision. Write a letter to the HR manager of the company

Give the job details

Explain why the interview went well

Ask when you will know their decision

Your friend’s parents are coming to visit your homtown. Write a letter to

Tell them where they should visit

Suggest where they should stay

Offer to do something for them

Your child’s school is planning a field trip outside the country for 3 days and is asking for parents to come along. Write a letter

Asking about the trip

Explaining why you want to join

Explainin how you can help out

Write a letter to a tour company manager to give your appreciation for your tour guide. Include in your letter

Your tour details

What you liked about the guide

Ways for the manager to reward the guide 

Write a letter to a translation agency about a report that you need to have translated urgently. Include

The content of your report

Why you need it translated

Why it is urgent

Writing Task 2

Some people believe it is important to give gifts to friends and family to show how much we care about them while others think there are better ways.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people think that living in a country for a period of time is needed to learn its language and culture.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people think that children should always ask for their parent’s advice while others feel this is not important.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people prefer living in hot climates while others prefer colder countries.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Technology has made people less social.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people believe that entertainers are more important than scientists and researchers.

Do you agree or disgree?

Many believe that being good at a sport is a result of talent while others think that it comes from hard work.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

 

July 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to a friend whose birthday party you missed. In you letter include

An apology

Why you missed it

Questions about how fun it was

Your friend has asked you to help find a music teacher for their child. Write to your friend describing the teacher you have found.

Explain why they are suitable

Explain their background

Explaing how they can get in touch

Write a letter to a company manager about a problem with an item that you purchased online.

Describe the item

Tell the manager what the problem is

Explain what you want them to do

You recently took a two day course. Write feedback to the course organiser. In you letter

Detail the course

Explain what you liked

Tell them what they should do better

At a hotel where you were staying you requested a wake-up call but it did not arrive. Write to the hotel manager

Why you requested the call

What the inconvenience caused

What they can do to avoid this in the future

Write a letter to a college in Australia, telling them about a short training course you want to take related to your work. Include in your letter

About the course

Why you want to do the course

Your expectations about the course

Write a letter to an organiser who booked a hotel for you for your company. Include in your letter

Details about the booking

What you didn’t like about the hotel

What you want the organiser to do

Your company sent you abroad to take a training course and you want to extend your stay abroad. Write to your manager

About the benefits of the course

Why you want to stay

When you will come back

Your landlord wishes to increase your rent. Write a letter to him stating

Why the rent should not be increased

Current issues in the apartment

What you will do if he does

Writing Task 2

In many countries, people follow the latest fashions for clothes and hair very closely.

Why is this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

Many people imitate famous people that they read about or see on TV.

Why is this done?

Is this a good idea?

Celebrities sometimes give their opinions on public matters.

Why is this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

Nowadays the amount of garbage on the street is a real concern. 

Why is this happening?

What can be done to resolve it?

Shopping has become a common pasttime for many young people.

Why is this the case?

Should young people be encouraged to have other hobbies?

Medical science has greatly lengthened the average lifespan for most people. Some think this is a positive development while others disagree.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Some believe that allowing people to work after the age of 60 causes problems for both them and society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some think that competitive sports should be mandatory subjects in school while others think this has a negative effect on children.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Nowadays, internet and television have given ordinary people the opportunity to become famous.

Is this a positive or a negative development?

With recent improvements online, it is increasingly possible for people to leave reviews for goods and services they have purchased.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Some parents think it is a good idea to let their children have mobile phones while others disagree.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

Nowadays a lot of people make friends through social networks and internet chat groups. Some think this is good while others feel face to face interation is important.

Dicuss both views and give your own opinion.

June 2019

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to the manager of a theater where your friend had an accident and they helped out. In your letter include

How it happened

How they helped

What they can do to prevent accidents in the future

You are working for a large compan that provides financial help to local community groups and your company director has asked for recommendations about which group to help next year. In your letter

Include the group you want to suggest

Include what you expect the company to do

Explain how that will help the group

Write a letter to a young friend who will join your company next month. Include in your letter

What the work done at the company is

What they should bring on the first day

What they will do on the first day of work

Write a letter to the manager of a restaurant near you regarding renovations that you will be having done on your apartment. Include in your letter

What the repairs are

How it will affect their restaurant

Some possible solutions

You want to join a gym. Write a letter to a friend asking them to join with you. Include

Why you want to exercise

What types of exercises you are planning to do

Why you want your friend to join you

Write a letter to a friend who will be looking after your apartment while you are gone. Include

Where the keys are

What they should take care of

What to do when you come back

You friend has recently had a baby and you bought a gift. Write them a letter

Explaining the gift you bought

Describing the features of the gift

Asking when you can come drop it off

You recently travelled by traing and it was very late causing your some problems. Write to the manager of the company

Telling them where you were going

Describing the problems you faces

Asking them to take action

You lost your driver’s license but someone found it and send it back to your address. Write a letter including

Thanking them

Asking where they found it

Explaining why you need it

You are moving to a new city with your family. Write a letter to a real estate agent to enquire about accommodations. Include in your letter

Why you are moving

Where you want to live

The type of accommodation required

Your local newspaper is giving out an award to the persona who has done the most to help the local community. Write to the newspaper about

A person who could win

How you know this person

How he has helped the neighborhood

Write a letter of  invitation to a friend for a special celebration. In your letter include

An invitation for your friend

What the celebration is about

Travel and accomodation suggestions

 

Writing Task 2

These days many families move to other countries for work. Some people believe that the children in these families benefit from this. However, others believe it makes life more difficult for the children.

Discuss both these views.

In many countries, people are experiencing more health problems because they have unhealthy lifestyles.

Why do people live unhealthy lives?

What can be done about this problem?

In some countries, children under the age of 16 are not allowed to leave school by law and enter the workforce.

Is this positive or negative?

Many think that secondary and high school students should learn money management as it is an important life skill.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some think that money is a good gift for teenagers. Others disagree.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some think that protecting the environment is the role of the individual while others think the government is responsible.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some think that parents reading books for entertainment to their children is a waste of thime and they should only read them serious educational books.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some think that the media should be allowed to publish personal information about citizens but others think that some restrictions should be placed on this information.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Many students do part-time work while they are studying.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Some people prefer the lifestyle of living in a hot country while other people like colder climates.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

May

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to an admissions officer at a community college. Explain to them

Which course you want to attend

Why you want to attend this course

How it related to your background

You have just returned from a conference and want to give a presentation to your colleagues. Write a letter to your manager about this. Include

What the conference was about

Your plans for the presentation

Its impact on your company

A company is appealing to your local city council to open a factory near where you live. You and your neighbors are opposed to the idea. Write to the city council

Stating why it is a bad idea

Where it should be built

Tell the council what you want them to do

Write a letter to your public city council to complain about garbage being left near your house. Include in your letter

Who you think left it

Why it is a problem

What you want the city to do

Write a letter to a friend recommending a restaurant to them for a family celebration. Include in your letter

The location of the restaurant

Why the restaurant is suitable

Suggestions for making contact

Write a letter to your local city council about the closure of a children’s playground. Include in your letter

Where the park is

What makes the park special

Suggestions for how to keep it open

Write a letter of recommendation for a friend to help them get a job where you are currently working. Include

Who the person is

How you know them

Why you recommend them

Writing Task 2

Many people consider money to be the most important factor for achieving happiness.

Do you agree or disagree?

These days people of all ages spend more time indoors than indoors.

Why is this?

Is this a positive or a negative development?

Some people think that sports prepare children for work life while others think they do not.

Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

Some people think that in order to learn a language well you must live in the country where that language is spoken.

Do you agree or disagree?

A lot of social problems today are caused by teenagers. Many people believe this is because parents don’t spend enough time with them.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many think that large international sporting events are not worth the cost for the host country.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many companies today use advertisments to increase their sales.

What makes an advertisement effective?

Is this positive or negative for society?

Some people believe that teenagers are facing more problems in their life than they did in the past and this is  because parents are spending more time at work than at home.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many people think that more money will make them happier.

How important is money for happiness?

These days many families move abroad for work. Some people believe that this benefits the children in these families. Others believe that it makes their lives more difficult.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion

April

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Write a letter to a hotel manager about a party that you want to arrange for somebody you know. Include in your letter

Where you want to hold the party

Details of the party

Your budget for the party

Someone returned to you a bag that you lost with all its belongings still inside it. Write a letter to thank the person:

Thank the person

Explain how you lost it

Explain why its belongings were so important

An item of clothing that you purchased at a store has some issues and you wish to return it. Write a letter:

Describing the item in question

Detailing the issues

Telling the manager what you expect them to do with it

You are working at an international company and recently your responsibilities have changed and you think more training is required. Write to your boss saying

How your job has changed

Describing the training you need

Suggesting how traning could be done efficiently

A local magazine has asked for the opinion of readers as to how the magazine could be improved. Write to the magazine

Telling them why your read it

What you like and dislike about it

What improvements you would like to see in it

Write a letter to an online seller about an order that you have not yet received. Include in your letter

The details of your order

Why you need it right away

What you expect the company to do

Write a letter to a friend who you spent a weekend with helping to move and hosting a party. Include in your letter

What you like most about the new apartment

What you did over the weekend

Where and when you would like to meet again

Write a letter to a co-worker telling that about a visit you are planning to their town. Include

When you will arrive

The purpose of your visit

Suggestions for things you can do together

Writing Task 2

One of the best methods to motivate and encourage workers is to pay them according to their level of production.

Is this the best way?

Some believe that it is the responsibility of residents to maintain clean streets while others think this is the duty of the government.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

In many countries, weddings are becoming much more expensive compared to the past.

What are the causes of this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

In many countries the legal driving age is 18 and people have suggested raising it to 25 to reduce vehicular accidents.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

March

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

An historic building in your city is in bad condition. Write to the local government. Include in your letter:

Why the building is important

Its present condition

What action must be taken

Write a letter to your son’s friend who is coming to your town on holiday. He wants to stay with you but you cannot accomodate him. Include:

An apology

Reasons why he can’t stay in your home

Suggestions for other accomodation

Write a letter to your friend who is travelling overseas. You have been staying at their apartment and these was a storm. Tell your friend:

About the storm.

About the damage

What repairs must be made

You booked tickets to the theatre in advance but will not be able to make it. Write a letter to your friend:

Apologising

Explaining why you can’t make it

Suggesting what to do with the tickets

Write a letter to your friend who wants suggestions for a product to export out of your country. Include

The product you suggest

The region it comes from

Why it is a good product to export

Write a letter to you friend who you were not able to say goodbye to when you left. You worked together at a multinational company.

Apologise to them

Tell them why you left

Tell them what you’ll miss about them

In our technological era, some think that print magazines and newspapers will soon cease to exist.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Fast food is a part of life for many people. Some people think it has a negative effect on both lifestyle and diet.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many parents send their children on educational trips inside and outside of their country.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Most people today have computer, laptops and telephones so they can work from home.

Do you think working from home has more advantages or disadvantages?

Some believe that violent games and movies have a negative impact on people while others see them as a harmless form of relaxation.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Many small shops are going out of business because people prefer to shop in stores in big cities.

Do the disadvantages of this development outweigh the advantages?

The best manager is one who is warm and friendly with their staff.

Do you agree or disagree?

There is an increasing amount of noise in our daily lives today.

Why is this a problem?

What can be done about it?

Many doctors say that people in today’s world do not do enough physical exercise.

What do you think are the causes of this?

What solutions are there to this problem?

February

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Some people don’t mind spending their leisure time with colleagues while others prefer keeping their private life separate from work life.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people think that watching sport is a waste of free time.

Do you agree or disagree?

Write a letter to invite and English-speaking friend to watch a movie with you about your country. In your letter:

Include some background about the film

Explain why it might interest him/her

Suggest arrangements for watching the film

Write a letter to a friend asking for help with a new job you have taken that your friend has been doing for a long time with another company. In your letter,

Ask about the challenges for the job

Ask about possible solutions

Arrange to meet and talk

You are planning to give a presentation at your company. Write a letter to a colleague asking for help. Include:

When and where will the presentation be

What the topic is

What help you would like

Write a letter of complaint to an airline company.

Give details of the flight

Explain the problem

Tell them what you would like done

You’re interested in a music course that you saw advertised.

Expain why you’re interested

Request more information

Talk about your experience level

Writing Task 2

Some people say that schools do not do enough to teach young people about health.

Do you agree or disagree?

Some people think watching movies is a waste of time.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many people today do not know their neighbors as well as they did in the past. 

What is the cause of this problem?

What can be done to solve it?

Some people think that in order for a hobby to be enjoyable, it needs to be difficult in some way.

Do you agree or disagree?

February

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

Your local council has asked for suggestions for how to keep the city cleaner. Write to your representative to

Explain what the the council can do

What people can do to help

How the community will benefit from a cleaner city

You work part time and are attending a course and your manager has offered to give you time off to attend your classes full time.

Write to your boss informing him/her

Of your decision

Your gratitude

Further steps to be taken

Write a letter to your manager who is leaving the company. Include

How you feel about this

What you liked about working with him/her

Questions about his/her future plans

A friend has asked about the details of a course that you recently complete in a training centre.

Explain the course details

Why your friend should take the course

How the course has benefited you

January

Writing Task 1 (A Letter)

You are relocating back to your country. There is some furniture that you would like to return to your friend. In your letter tell them

What furniture you will be giving back

Detail on the condition of the furniture

How they can come and collect the furniture

A colleague at work is organising a goodbye party which you’re not able to attend. Write a letter to him. In the letter, say:

Why you can’t attend

Something you appreciate about him from work

How you will stay in touch with him in the future

You recently attended a course in another country but had to the course in the middle and return to your country. Write a letter to your teacher:

Thank him/her

Tell him/her your situation

Tell them what you will remember best

Write a letter inviting your friend to a family function. Tell him/her:

What the occasion is

What your plans are

Why it is important he/she comes

You recently stayed in a hotel and after returning back home you realized you left a piece of clothing at the hotel. Write a letter to the manager of the hotel including

What it was

Where you left it

What actions you want them to take

Write a letter to the manager or a taxi company about documents that you left in one of their vehicles.

Where you left them

Why they are important

What you want them to do

Comment below any questions that you had on the test, questions about IELTS in general or sample answers to the questions above!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Changing Jobs (Real Test)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Changing Jobs (Real Test)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer related to changing jobs from the real IELTS exam.

If you want to get over your IELTS fears and achieve your dreams (of going abroad or getting a better job), I now offer online lessons complete with feedback, videos, workbooks and more – you can learn more here!

I was lucky with this question because I just read a book on this topic a few weeks ago!

That is probably not going to happen for you on the test – but sometimes you might know a book or documentary on the topic in question.

You can read on to see how I dealt with summarising a book as my main argument.

Or… you can watch this video with the full answer and analysis.

I recommend that you write about the question yourself and then compare your answer with mine (in terms of grammar, vocabulary, and your ideas, especially):

You can read my other samples here by the way!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Changing Jobs (Real Test)

The job market today is very competitive and it is best to choose a career or field of study early in order to get a good job later in life.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Real IELTS Exam

Today’s hyper-competitive job market encourages parents and educators to push specialization at increasingly earlier ages. Although choosing a career early on is a safe option, it will not produce the best results in my opinion.

The reason that opting in to a career from an early age has become so prevalent is that it affords people a sense of security that is at least somewhat justified. In Vietnam, the vast majority of High School graduates are pushed early by their parents into safe fields like finance and the sciences. There are a number of hard skills required for these fields such as good mathematical acumen, industriousness, and logical thinking. If students start to learn these skills at a very young age or beginning in High School then they will have a head start on their peers that can continue through university into the job market. This is the theory that guides specialization.

It is difficult to dispute the above logic, however, recent research has shown that having a breadth of knowledge and experience is a much better predictor of future success. A recent book by David Epstein titled ‘Range’ debunked the commonly held belief that early specialization is safer. In fact, the majority of leaders in their fields experimented with a large number of subject areas and professions before settling on one. The early specialisers were the exceptions and are therefore a poor model to imitate. The core argument of that book is that experience in multiple fields helps you to make connections and learn a diverse range of skills that you can later bring to bear on your chosen profession.

In conclusion, having a range of experience is more important than locking yourself into a field of study early in order to enhance later career options. Universities ought to make a shift to adopt some of the principles of liberal arts schools to better prepare graduates for an uncertain future world economy.

Word Count: 323

Analysis

1. Today’s hyper-competitive job market encourages parents and educators to push specialization at increasingly earlier ages. 2. Although choosing a career early on is a safe option, it will not produce the best results in my opinion.

  1. The first sentence simply paraphrases the topic for the essay – write this sentence quickly to get on to the more important ones!
  2. My second sentence is my opinion. Be sure to have a clear opinion – don’t sit in the middle. (I include my main idea for one paragraph, but you don’t have to.)

1. The reason that opting in to a career from an early age has become so prevalent is that it affords people a sense of security that is at least somewhat justified. 2. In Vietnam, the vast majority of High School graduates are pushed early by their parents into safe fields like finance and the sciences. 3. There are a number of hard skills required for these fields such as good mathematical acumen, industriousness, and logical thinking. 4. If students start to learn these skills at a very young age or beginning in High School then they will have a head start on their peers that can continue through university into the job market. 5. This is the theory that guides specialization.

  1. This is a topic sentence with my main idea for the paragraph – specialising early is a safe bet.
  2. In my second sentence I focus on the example right away – don’t waste time, be specific and detailed!
  3. The third sentence further develops my example with the specific skills you can learn.
  4. My fourth sentnence relates this back to the job market. If you start to stray from the main question, be sure to relate your example back to it.
  5. The last sentence concludes the paragraph. This sentence is not totally necessary and if you are worried about time, don’t write it!

1. It is difficult to dispute the above logic, however, recent research has shown that having a breadth of knowledge and experience is a much better predictor of future success. 2. A recent book by David Epstein titled ‘Range’ debunked the commonly held belief that early specialization is safer. 3. In fact, the majority of leaders in their fields experimented with a large number of subject areas and professions before settling on one. 4. The early specialisers were the exceptions and are therefore a poor model to imitate. 5. The core argument of that book is that experience in multiple fields helps you to make connections and learn a diverse range of skills that you can later bring to bear on your chosen profession.

  1. My first sentence is another topic sentence with my main idea for the paragraph – have a range of skills is more important for success.
  2. The second sentence begins my main example which comes from a book called ‘Range.’
  3. My third sentence continues to talk about the book – develop your examples fully!
  4. The fourth sentence also further develops the same example – stick to one, fully developed example!
  5. The final sentence concludes the argument from the book and my paragraph.

1. In conclusion, having a range of experience is more important than locking yourself into a field of study early in order to enhance later career options. 2. Universities ought to make a shift to adopt some of the principles of liberal arts schools to better prepare graduates for an uncertain future world economy.

  1. My first sentence summarises my opinion – make sure that you have a clear opinion – don’t sit in the middle!
  2. The final sentence adds an extra detail/piece of support that a lot of examiners will require for band 7+ for task achievement.

Word Count: 323 (Try to keep your writing to 275-300 words)

Vocabulary

Try to figure out or think of a synonym for the vocabulary in bold below:

Today’s hyper-competitive job market encourages parents and educators to push specialization at increasingly earlier ages. Although choosing a career early on is a safe option, it will not produce the best results in my opinion.

The reason that opting in to a career from an early age has become so prevalent is that it affords people a sense of security that is at least somewhat justified. In Vietnam, the vast majority of High School graduates are pushed early by their parents into safe fields like finance and the sciences. There are a number of hard skills required for these fields such as good mathematical acumen, industriousness, and logical thinking. If students start to learn these skills at a very young age or beginning in High School then they will have a head start on their peers that can continue through university into the job market. This is the theory that guides specialization.

It is difficult to dispute the above logic, however, recent research has shown that having a breadth of knowledge and experience is a much better predictor of future success. A recent book by David Epstein titled ‘Range’ debunked the commonly held belief that early specialization is safer. In fact, the majority of leaders in their fields experimented with a large number of subject areas and professions before settling on one. The early specialisers were the exceptions and are therefore a poor model to imitate. The core argument of that book is that experience in multiple fields helps you to make connections and learn a diverse range of skills that you can later bring to bear on your chosen profession.

In conclusion, having a range of experience is more important than locking yourself into a field of study early in order to enhance later career options. Universities ought to make a shift to adopt some of the principles of liberal arts schools to better prepare graduates for an uncertain future world economy.

Word Count: 323

Answers

hyper-competitive job market: very difficult to get a job

push specialization: encourage kids to focus on one area

early on: from a young age

safe option: choice most likely to result in a good job

best results: good outcome

opting in: signing up for

prevalent: common

affords: allows for

sense of security: feeling safe

somewhat justified: some good reason for it

vast majority: most people

safe fields: less risky occupations

the sciences: chemistry, biology, computer sciences, etc.

hard skills: discrete skills

mathematical acumen: good mathematical ability

industriousness: hard-working

head start: more advanced than others

peers: classmates/coworkers

guides: underpins

dispute: argue with

breadth of knowledge: wide range of areas you know about

predictor: indicates/predicts

debunked: disproven

commonly held belief: unquestioned belief

early specialization: focusing on one area from a young age

experimented: tried out

subject areas: fields of study

settling on: deciding on

exceptions: different cases

poor model: bad example

imitate: copy

core argument: crux of their position

connections: links

diverse range: lots of different areas

bring to bear: able to call on

chosen profession: chosen field

locking yourself into: getting stuck with

enhance later career options: have a better job in the future

shift: change/alter

adopt: start using

liberal arts schools: schools where you study a range of subjects

better prepare: more ready for

uncertain future world economy: uncertain future job market

Pronunciation

ˈhaɪpə-kəmˈpɛtɪtɪv ʤɒb ˈmɑːkɪt 
pʊʃ ˌspɛʃəlaɪˈzeɪʃən 
ˈɜːli ɒn 
seɪf ˈɒpʃən
bɛst rɪˈzʌlts 
ˈɒptɪŋ ɪn 
ˈprɛvələnt 
əˈfɔːdz 
sɛns ɒv sɪˈkjʊərɪti 
ˈsʌmwɒt ˈʤʌstɪfaɪd
vɑːst məˈʤɒrɪti 
seɪf fiːldz 
ðə ˈsaɪənsɪz
hɑːd skɪlz 
ˌmæθɪˈmætɪkəl əˈkjuːmɛn
ɪnˈdʌstrɪəsnəs
hɛd stɑːt 
pɪəz 
gaɪdz 
dɪsˈpjuːt 
brɛdθ ɒv ˈnɒlɪʤ 
prɪˈdɪktə 
ˌdiːˈbʌŋkt 
ˈkɒmənli hɛld bɪˈliːf 
ˈɜːli ˌspɛʃəlaɪˈzeɪʃən 
ɪksˈpɛrɪmɛntɪd 
ˈsʌbʤɪkt ˈeərɪəz 
ˈsɛtlɪŋ ɒn 
ɪkˈsɛpʃənz 
pʊə ˈmɒdl 

ˈɪmɪteɪt
kɔːr ˈɑːgjʊmənt
kəˈnɛkʃənz
daɪˈvɜːs reɪnʤ
brɪŋ tuː beə
ˈʧəʊzn prəˈfɛʃən
ˈlɒkɪŋ jɔːˈsɛlf ˈɪntuː
ɪnˈhɑːns ˈleɪtə kəˈrɪər ˈɒpʃənz
ʃɪft
əˈdɒpt
ˈlɪbərəl ɑːts skuːlz
ˈbɛtə prɪˈpeə
ʌnˈsɜːtn ˈfjuːʧə wɜːld i(ː)ˈkɒnəmi

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

Fill in the blanks:

Today’s _________________ encourages parents and educators to push _________________ at increasingly earlier ages. Although choosing a career early _________________ is a safe _________________, it will not produce the best _________________ in my opinion.

The reason that opting _________________ to a career from an early age has become so _________________ is that it _________________ people a sense of _________________ that is at least somewhat _________________. In Vietnam, the vast _________________ of High School graduates are pushed early by their parents into safe _________________ like finance and the _________________. There are a number of hard _________________ required for these fields such as good mathematical _________________, _________________, and logical thinking. If students start to learn these skills at a very young age or beginning in High School then they will have a head _________________ on their _________________ that can continue through university into the job market. This is the theory that _________________ specialization.

It is difficult to _________________ the above logic, however, recent research has shown that having a breadth of _________________ and experience is a much better _________________ of future success. A recent book by David Epstein titled ‘Range’ _________________ the commonly held _________________ that early _________________ is safer. In fact, the majority of leaders in their fields _________________ with a large number of subject _________________ and professions before settling _________________ one. The early specialisers were the _________________ and are therefore a poor _________________ to _________________. The core _________________ of that book is that experience in multiple fields helps you to make _________________ and learn a diverse _________________ of skills that you can later bring to _________________ on your chosen _________________.

In conclusion, having a range of experience is more important than locking yourself _________________ a field of study early in order to enhance later career _________________. Universities ought to make a _________________ to _________________ some of the principles of liberal arts _________________ to better _________________ graduates for an uncertain future world _________________.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Reading Practice

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/28/books/review/david-epstein-range.html

Speaking Practice:

Answer the following questions related to changing jobs. You can use the activities here if you don’t have a speaking partner.

Do you think that it is risky to change jobs a lot?

How important is it to work or study in a number of different fields?

How did you choose your major or career?

Sample IELTS Speaking Questions

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