IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Public Park Map (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Public Park Map (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from IELTS Cambridge 14 about the map of a public park. It’s a nice break from graphs to write about a map!

It does present some challenges, though. The overview is really tough – so is the structure of the paragraphs and some of the vocabulary!

Read on to see how I handled those problems…

Here are some other IELTS Task 1 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Public Park Map (IELTS Cambridge 14)

The plans below show a public park when it first opened in 1920 and the samepark today.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Cambridge 14 Map

IELTS Cambridge 14 Map

The maps detail the changes since 1920 to today of Grand Park. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the park added and expanded areas mainly related to entertainment including a larger stage and various areas for recreation. There was also significant relocation in terms of seating and the only areas that remained the same were the entrances and one minor garden.

The most striking change is in the center of the park where the fountain has been removed in favour of a rose garden with full seating around it. To the left of the new garden, the previous stage for musicians has been turned into a much larger ampitheatre facing the opposite direction that will allow for concerts in the park. This change has necessitated the removal of both seating on the far left side as well as the rose garden in the bottom left corner of the map.

The entrances at the top and bottom in the middle have remained unchanged but on the right side a cafe has replaced the rose garden and where there was a pond for water plants in the top right corner, there is now a children’s play area. Instead of the pond, a water feature has been built occupying the bottom right corner (replacing a glasshouse and some seats). Finally, leading to the water park is a new entrance for an underground car park.

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The maps detail the changes since 1920 to today of Grand Park. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the park added and expanded areas mainly related to entertainment including a larger stage and various areas for recreation. 3. There was also significant relocation in terms of seating and the only areas that remained the same were the entrances and one minor garden.

1. The first sentence paraphrases what map is showing – write this sentence very quickly because it hardly effects your score at all!

2-3. Then is my overview for the map. For a map, don’t list all the changes and don’t include any opinion. Instead, try to group and describe/define the changes. It is very similar to the overview for a process.

1. The most striking change is in the center of the park where the fountain has been removed in favour of a rose garden with full seating around it. 2. To the left of the new garden, the previous stage for musicians has been turned into a much larger ampitheatre facing the opposite direction that will allow for concerts in the park. 3. This change has necessitated the removal of both seating on the far left side as well as the rose garden in the bottom left corner of the map.

1. The first sentence focuses on the fountain in the centre. Try to choose a logical area to start and then expand from there so that your writing has a natural structure and it helps your cohesion/coherence store.

2. My second sentence describes the major changes next to the fountain.

3. The third sentence concludes the paragraph by describing some other related areas of the map.

1. The entrances at the top and bottom in the middle have remained unchanged but on the right side a cafe has replaced the rose garden and where there was a pond for water plants in the top right corner, there is now a children’s play area. 2. Instead of the pond, a water feature has been built occupying the bottom right corner (replacing a glasshouse and some seats). 3. Finally, leading to the water park is a new entrance for an underground car park.

1. My first sentence looks at the areas that didn’t change and the areas next to those that did change. Always compare the two maps!

2. The second sentence describes the water feature in the corner and what it replaced.

3. My final sentence talks about the only other areas I didn’t mention. Be sure to talk about everying on the map.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The maps detail the changes since 1920 to today of Grand Park. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the park added and expanded areas mainly related to entertainment including a larger stage and various areas for recreation. There was also significant relocation in terms of seating and the only areas that remained the same were the entrances and one minor garden.

The most striking change is in the center of the park where the fountain has been removed in favour of a rose garden with full seating around it. To the left of the new garden, the previous stage for musicians has been turned into a much larger ampitheatre facing the opposite direction that will allow for concerts in the park. This change has necessitated the removal of both seating on the far left side as well as the rose garden in the bottom left corner of the map.

The entrances at the top and bottom in the middle have remained unchanged but on the right side a cafe has replaced the rose garden and where there was a pond for water plants in the top right corner, there is now a children’s play area. Instead of the pond, a water feature has been built occupying the bottom right corner (replacing a glasshouse and some seats). Finally, leading to the water park is a new entrance for an underground car park.

Answers:

detail: describes/illustrates

expanded: make larger

mainly related to: mostly about

significant relocation in terms of: big move to

minor: small

The most striking change: biggest difference

in favour of: in order to have

previous: prior

turned into: becomes

facing the opposite direction: looking the other way

allow for: makes it possible for

necessitated: makes it possible

as well as: and

replaced: takes the place of

occupying: in the place of

leading to: going towards

Pronunciation:

ˈdiːteɪl 

ɪksˈpændɪd 

ˈmeɪnli rɪˈleɪtɪd tuː 

sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt ˌriːləʊˈkeɪʃən ɪn tɜːmz ɒv 

ˈmaɪnə 

ðə məʊst ˈstraɪkɪŋ ʧeɪnʤ 

ɪn ˈfeɪvəɒv 

ˈpriːviəs 

tɜːnd ˈɪntuː 

ˈfeɪsɪŋ ði ˈɒpəzɪt dɪˈrɛkʃən 

əˈlaʊ fɔː 

nɪˈsɛsɪteɪtɪd 

æz wɛl æz 

rɪˈpleɪst 

ˈɒkjʊpaɪɪŋ 

ˈliːdɪŋ tuː

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The maps _____________ the changes since 1920 to today of Grand Park. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the park added and _____________ areas _____________ entertainment including a larger stage and various areas for recreation. There was also _____________ seating and the only areas that remained the same were the entrances and one _____________ garden.

_____________ is in the center of the park where the fountain has been removed _____________ a rose garden with full seating around it. To the left of the new garden, the _____________ stage for musicians has been _____________ a much larger ampitheatre _____________ that will _____________ concerts in the park. This change has _____________ the removal of both seating on the far left side _____________ the rose garden in the bottom left corner of the map.

The entrances at the top and bottom in the middle have remained unchanged but on the right side a cafe has _____________ the rose garden and where there was a pond for water plants in the top right corner, there is now a children’s play area. Instead of the pond, a water feature has been built _____________ the bottom right corner (replacing a glasshouse and some seats). Finally, _____________ the water park is a new entrance for an underground car park.

Learn about the World’s Most Famous Park: NYC’s Central Park 

Comment below – Is there a park near where you live?

Kind of. Near my house is a …

Not really but… 

Where I live…

My city is well-known for…

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS (and up to date with me)!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Hydroelectric Power Station Process Diagram (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Hydroelectric Power Station Process Diagram (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the IELTS Cambridge 14 book of past sample tests and it is a process describing a hydroelectric power station.

Interesting stuff…

Processes are a bit tricky both in terms of the general overview and the structure of the writing.

I find it really hard to write enough words about a process. They are really simple to describe and you can often end up short of the word count.

Your writing might also sound mechanical if you just follow it step by step without giving an overall picture of the process.

For most processes, you will also need to use more of the passive voice than you are used to.

There are a lot of complex moving parts in a process – just like in a hydroelectric power station!

Read on to see how I handled it!

You can find more of my task 1 sample answers here.

And my task 2 sample answers here.

Finally, here is everything that you need to know to practice well with IELTS Cambridge 14.

 

 

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Map Hydroelectric Power Station (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Cambridge 14 Process

IELTS Cambridge 14 Process

The diagram below shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The process shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. In general, the diagram can be broadly separated into day and night stages with the daylight stages involving the generation of electricity from a river and storage of water in a reservoir. At night the water flows back in the other direction towards an initial reservoir and the river.

The first stage of the process involves channelling the river into a high-level reservoir backed up by a dam. There is an intake area leading to the power station that is open during the day and closes at night. Water flows during the day to generate electricity through the power station turbines and the resulting electricity is sent to a national grid through power lines while the excess water runs to a low-level reservoir.

The reversible turbines that operate the generator during the day allow the station to pump the water in the low-level reservoir back into the high-level reservoir for use the next day.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The process shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. 2. In general, the diagram can be broadly separated into day and night stages with the daylight stages involving the generation of electricity from a river and storage of water in a reservoir. 3. At night the water flows back in the other direction towards an initial reservoir and the river.

1. The first sentence states the topic – write this sentence very quickly because it’s not that important.

2-3. The next two sentences are my overview. This is the key sentence for your whole writing. For a process, don’t just list all the steps- try to groups and describe them somehow. Careful not to include any opinion!

1. The first stage of the process involves channelling the river into a high-level reservoir backed up by a dam. 2. There is an intake area leading to the power station that is open during the day and closes at night. 3. Water flows during the day to generate electricity through the power station turbines and the resulting electricity is sent to a national grid through power lines while the excess water runs to a low-level reservoir.

1. My first sentence focuses on the first stage of the process. This is the natural place to start.

2. The second sentence continues with the water flow through the process.

3. My third sentence describes the effect of the water going through the power station.

1. The reversible turbines that operate the generator during the day allow the station to pump the water in the low-level reservoir back into the high-level reservoir for use the next day.

1. My final sentence concludes by summarising where the water goes at night. Usually a paragraph should have at least two sentences but this one was simple enough to write so it works!

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The process shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. In general, the diagram can be broadly separated into day and night stages with the daylight stages involving the generation of electricity from a river and storage of water in a reservoir. At night the water flows back in the other direction towards an initial reservoir and the river.

The first stage of the process involves channelling the river into a high-level reservoir backed up by a dam. There is an intake area leading to the power station that is open during the day and closes at night. Water flows during the day to generate electricity through the power station turbines and the resulting electricity is sent to a national grid through power lines while the excess water runs to a low-level reservoir.

The reversible turbines that operate the generator during the day allow the station to pump the water in the low-level reservoir back into the high-level reservoir for use the next day.

Answers:

hydroelectric power station: a place that produces electricity by using water

broadly separated: divided generally into

involving: includes

flows back: goes back in the direction of

channelling: forcing into a certain direction

backed up by: supported by

leading to: going towards

open during the day: not closed during daytime

flows: goes

through: pass into and out of

resulting: the result or effect/impact

excess water: extra water

operate: function/work

pump back: push the water to where it came from

for use: to be used

 

Pronunciation:

 ˌhaɪdrəʊɪˈlɛktrɪk ˈpaʊə ˈsteɪʃən 
ˈbrɔːdli ˈsɛpəreɪtɪd 
ɪnˈvɒlvɪŋ 
fləʊz bæk 
ˈʧænlɪŋ 
bækt ʌp baɪ 
ˈliːdɪŋ tuː 
ˈəʊpən ˈdjʊərɪŋ ðə deɪ 
fləʊz 
θruː 
rɪˈzʌltɪŋ 
ɪkˈsɛs ˈwɔːtə 
ˈɒpəreɪt 
pʌmp 
bæk 
fɔː juːz 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The process shows how electricity is generated in a ____________________. In general, the diagram can be

____________________ into day and night stages with the daylight stages

____________________ the generation of electricity from a river and storage of water in a resevoir. At night the water

____________________ in the other direction towards an initial resevoir and the river.

The first stage of the process involves ____________________ the river into a high-level resevoir ____________________ a dam. There is an intake area ____________________ the power station that is ____________________ and closes at night. Water ____________________ during the day to generate electricity ____________________ the power station turbines and the ____________________ electricity is sent to a national grid through power lines while the ____________________ runs to a low-level resevoir.

The reversible turbines that ____________________ the generator during the day allow the station to ____________________ the water in the low-level resevoir ____________________ into the high-level resevoir ____________________ the next day.

 

Learn a bit more about Hydro-Electric Power – What is it?

Comment your own writing below for some feedback from me!

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS (and up to date with me)!t+

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Exports in Various Categories (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Exports in Various Categories (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from IELTS Cambridge 14 about exports and it is a bar graph (and a table!).

Most students struggle with questions that include two different kinds of graphs. In some ways this can be tricky, especially if the graphs are not really related to each other.

Luckily for these two the graphs are closely related and fairly simple.

It is still a challenge to write a clear over – keep reading to see how I did it!

Take a look here at how to describe multiple charts.

Here are some other IELTS Task 1 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Exports in Various Categories (IELTS Cambridge 14)

The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in
each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Cambrdige 14 Bar Chart Table

IELTS Cambrdige 14 Bar Chart and Table

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and enginered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

 

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. 3. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and enginered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

1. The first sentence is just a simple paraphrase of the topic – don’t waste time on this sentence because it has very little impact on your score!

2-3. These sentences have a huge impact on your score! Write your general overview carefully and make sure that you include the trend, the speed and a ranking. Read more about overviews here. Be careful for this mistake that tons of students make with overviews for table.

1. The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). 2. That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

1. My first sentence focuses on the two most common areas and includes the data. Make sure that you include the data for every sentence!

2. The second sentence relates that same data to the percentage increases in the table. For these types of two chart questions, there isn’t always a strong relationship between the charts. But for this one there is so I wrote about them in the same paragraph!

1. Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. 2. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. 3. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. 4. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

1. My first sentence focuses on the other exports. I grouped them this way just to give my paragraphs some structure and help my cohesion and coherence score.

2. My second sentence focuses on the data for the only export to decrease over the period.

3. The third sentence includes all the data for agricultural goods and compares it to gems and jewellery – always compare!

4. The fourth sentence finishes describing the last area with all the data.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and enginered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

Answers:

across: through all the areas

overall perspective: in general

readily apparent: clear

moderate drop: small decrease

made the largest percentile jumps: the largest increases (by percentage)

just over: a little bit above

translates: means

more sizeable increase: larger jumps

were much lower: a lot less

despite this drop: even though it decreased

respectively: in turn/for each

pulled approximately level with: was almost equal

 

Pronunciation

Try to remember and correctly pronounce the vocabulary from above:

ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪv

ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt

ˈmɒdərɪt drɒp

meɪd ðə ˈlɑːʤɪst percentile ʤʌmps

ʤʌst ˈəʊvə

trænsˈleɪts

mɔː ˈsaɪzəbl ˈɪnkriːs

wɜː mʌʧ ˈləʊə

dɪsˈpaɪt ðɪs drɒp

rɪsˈpɛktɪvli

pʊld əˈprɒksɪmɪtli ˈlɛvl wɪð

 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country ______________ several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an ______________, it is ______________ that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a ______________. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and enginered goods, while textiles and engineered goods ______________.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from ______________ $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That ______________ to a 3% rise for petroleum and a ______________ of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products ______________. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. ______________, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, ______________. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had ______________ agriculture by 2016.

Comment below –

What are the chief exports from your country?

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Self-Employment (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Self-Employment (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Cambridge 14 Sample Answer for task 2 writing from a real past past on the topic of work and self-employment.

Regardless of the country where you are currently living, this is probably a really pertinent question. It seems that everyone wants their own business – me included!

Read on to see how I dealt with it as well as for some vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar activities and more!

If you need some review on structures your can read about IELTS Task 2 Writing structure here.

Here are some other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

Keep up the good work!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Self-Employment (IELTS Cambridge 14)

Nowadays many people choose to be self-employed, rather than to work for a company or organisation. Why might this be the case? What could be the disadvantages of being self-employed?

An increasing number of people today are opting to start their own companies instead of working for a company mainly because of the increased support for young entrepreneurs. In my opinion, the main disadvantages of not having an employer are lack of expertise and its overall effect on businesses.

The number of self-employed is related to young entrepreneurs and has its origin in widespread angel investment across a variety of industries. One well-known example of this can be seen on the popular show ‘Shark Tank,’ where a panel of investors and executives hear product pitches and compete to purchase stakes in budding entrepreneurs’ businesses. This show has launched a number of successful products by securing initial funding, which has led to a trickle down effect from this show: not only has it turned specific dreams into realities but it also encourages viewers in general to be more ambitious and has therefore been one of the main catalysts for the frenzy of self-run businesses popping up in recent years.

Though there are undoubtedly positives to all these start-up companies, I think that the overall impact is negative because it results in many poorly run businesses. For example, in recent years a number of ride-sharing apps including Uber, Grab, Lyft, Be, Go-Viet and countless others have sprung up. The established companies provide a functioning app with high-quality service to meet the growing demands of this industry. However, the majority of small start-ups find themselves in over their heads with apps that barely function and driver shortages that specialise in inconveniencing customers. It would be better for the people starting these derivative businesses to either work in companies, gain valuable experience, look for gaps in the market, and then develop develop worthy competitors or simply be content to have a good job in a good company that they do not own.

In conclusion, I feel that the rising number of new companies has led to a cult of overconfidence. If more people were satisfied working for others rather than pursuing unrealisable ambitions, this would likely lead to better consumer products across the board as well as increased national economic prosperity.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. An increasing number of people today are opting to start their own companies instead of working for a company mainly because of the increased support for young entrepreneurs. 2. In my opinion, the main disadvantages of not having an employer are lack of expertise and its overall effect on businesses.

1. The first sentence paraphrases the essay topic. This sentence is relatively unimportant so write it as fast your pen/pencil can fly!

2. My second sentence states my opinion – always have a CLEAR opinion or you risk getting band 5 for task achievement…

1. The number of self-employed is related to young entrepreneurs and has its origin in widespread angel investment across a variety of industries. 2. One well-known example of this can be seen on the popular show ‘Shark Tank,’ where a panel of investors and executives hear product pitches and compete to purchase stakes in budding entrepreneurs’ businesses. 3. This show has launched a number of successful products by securing initial funding, which has led to a trickle down effect from this show: not only has it turned specific dreams into realities but it also encourages viewers in general to be more ambitious and has therefore been one of the main catalysts for the frenzy of self-run businesses popping up in recent years.

1. My first sentence is a topic sentence that gives the main idea for the paragraph: investment has led to more entrepreneurs. 

2. My second sentence begins my example. Don’t waste any time getting to your example as it is all that really matters for your task achievement score!

3. The third sentence further develops and connects the example to my main idea. Usually I write longer paragraphs (and shorter sentences) but there are always exceptions! Aim for about 4 – 5 sentences per paragraph for your writing.

1. Though there are undoubtedly positives to all these start-up companies, I think that the overall impact is negative because it results in many poorly run businesses. 2. For example, in recent years a number of ride-sharing apps including Uber, Grab, Lyft, Be, Go-Viet and countless others have sprung up. 3. The established companies provide a functioning app with high-quality service to meet the growing demands of this industry. 4. However, the majority of small start-ups find themselves in over their heads with apps that barely function and driver shortages that specialise in inconveniencing customers. 5. It would be better for the people starting these derivative businesses to either work in companies, gain valuable experience, look for gaps in the market, and then develop develop worthy competitors or simply be content to have a good job in a good company that they do not own.

1. The first sentence is another topic sentence with the idea for the paragraph: this development is bad because it results in bad businesses.

2. My second sentence again begins my example right away.

3. The third sentence continues to develop the example. Don’t run away from your examples – take some time to date them!

4. My fourth sentence also continues the same example. Notice all the great vocabulary that comes out of a specific, detailed example!

5. My fifth sentence focuses on the effect of the example and relates it back to my main idea.

1. In conclusion, I feel that the rising number of new companies has led to a cult of overconfidence. 2. If more people were satisfied working for others rather than pursuing unrealisable ambitions, this would likely lead to better consumer products across the board as well as increased national economic prosperity.

1. My first sentence states my opinion for the second time and my main reason why: overconfidence.

2. I finish the essay with a suggestion for how to encourage this in the future. Be sure to have some extra detail/suggestion at the end of your writing beyond just a summary of your opinion!

Sample Answer Vocabulary

Try to figure out what the words in bold below mean. Don’t use a dictionary at first! See if you can write your own definition based on the sentence and then check in a dictionary. Guess if you have to but don’t cheat even if you want to!

An increasing number of people today are opting to start their own companies instead of working for a company mainly because of the increased support for young entrepreneurs. In my opinion, the main disadvantages of not having an employer are lack of expertise and its overall effect on businesses.

The number of self-employed is related to young entrepreneurs and has its origin in widespread angel investment across a variety of industries. One well-known example of this can be seen on the popular show ‘Shark Tank,’ where a panel of investors and executives hear product pitches and compete to purchase stakes in budding entrepreneurs’ businesses. This show has launched a number of successful products by securing initial funding, which has led to a trickle down effect from this show: not only has it turned specific dreams into realities but it also encourages viewers in general to be more ambitious and has therefore been one of the main catalysts for the frenzy of self-run businesses popping up in recent years.

Though there are undoubtedly positives to all these start-up companies, I think that the overall impact is negative because it results in many poorly run businesses. For example, in recent years a number of ride-sharing apps including Uber, Grab, Lyft, Be, Go-Viet and countless others have sprung up. The established companies provide a functioning app with high-quality service to meet the growing demands of this industry. However, the majority of small start-ups find themselves in over their heads with apps that barely function and driver shortages that specialise in inconveniencing customers. It would be better for the people starting these derivative businesses to either work in companies, gain valuable experience, look for gaps in the market, and then develop develop worthy competitors or simply be content to have a good job in a good company that they do not own.

In conclusion, I feel that the rising number of new companies has led to a cult of overconfidence. If more people were satisfied working for others rather than pursuing unrealisable ambitions, this would likely lead to better consumer products across the board as well as increased national economic prosperity.

Answers:

opting: choosing

entrepreneurs: people who start their own business

lack of expertise: not experts/skilled in an area

overall effect: the main impact of something

origin: cause/where it comes from

widespread: common

angel investment: early investment in a start-up company

panel of investors: group of people giving money to a product or service

product pitches: making a case/proposing a service or product

purchase stakes: buy a piece of a company

budding businesses: early/beginning/just forming businesses

launched products: started/premiered

securing initial funding: getting early money for something

trickle down effect: domino effect/effects other areas indirectly

dreams into realities: makes hopes/dreams comes true

main catalysts: primary causes

frenzy: lots of activity

popping up: appearing

Though there are undoubtedly positives: despite the fact there are advantages

start-up companies: companies that are just beginning

poorly run: not well managed

ride-sharing apps: applications on your phone to call a ride like Uber

established companies: well-known companies with good reputations

meet the growing demands: be able to provide a service for people who want it

in over their heads: beyond what they are capable of

barely function: hardly works at all

driver shortages: not enough drivers

specialise: focus on/become an expert in one area of

derivative: unoriginal

gain valuable experience: learn a lot

gaps in the market: areas where no company is meeting current demand/need

cult of overconfidence: lots of people being arrogant

unrealisable: impossible to make into a reality

across the board: everywhere/in all areas or industries

prosperity: wealth

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

An increasing number of people today are _______________ to start their own companies instead of working for a company mainly because of the increased support for young _______________. In my opinion, the main disadvantages of not having an employer are _______________ and its _______________ on businesses.

The number of self-employed is related to young entrepreneurs and has its _______________ in _______________ across a variety of industries. One well-known example of this can be seen on the popular show ‘Shark Tank,’ where a _______________ and executives hear _______________ and compete to _______________ in _______________ entrepreneurs’ _______________. This show has _______________  a number of successful _______________ by _______________, which has led to a _______________ from this show: not only has it turned specific _______________ but it also encourages viewers in general to be more ambitious and has therefore been one of the _______________ for the _______________of self-run businesses _______________ in recent years.

_______________ to all these _______________, I think that the overall impact is negative because it results in many _______________ businesses. For example, in recent years a number of _______________ including Uber, Grab, Lyft, Be, Go-Viet and countless others have sprung up. The _______________ provide a functioning app with high-quality service to _______________ of this industry. However, the majority of small start-ups find themselves _______________ with apps that _______________ and _______________ that _______________in inconveniencing customers. It would be better for the people starting these _______________businesses to either work in companies, _______________, look for _______________, and then develop develop worthy competitors or simply be content to have a good job in a good company that they do not own.

In conclusion, I feel that the rising number of new companies has led to a _______________. If more people were satisfied working for others rather than pursuing _______________ ambitions, this would likely lead to better consumer products _______________ as well as increased national economic _______________.

Links from YouTube and Articles

Worst Shark Tank Pitches

Brightwheel Pitch

Best Pitch Ever!

50 Entrepreneurs Share Priceless Advice 

Comment below – Do you want to open your own business someday?

I’m not into that sort of thing…

I’d make a great…

I’d give it a shot if …

No chance because …

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – stay up-to-date with your English and your IELTS (and up-to-date with me)!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Environmental Problems Plants and Animals (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Environmental Problems Plants and Animals (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from IELTS Cambridge 14 about environmental problems effecting plants and animals and it is an interesting question. You can read about another question from Cambridge 14 on the topic of changing your life here.

Here is the question:

Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

I think this question is really tricky. The topic itself is simple: environmental problems.

Some IELTS questions have tough topics – like space tourism – but this one is easy enough for most people to write about.

The tricky part is related to the question itself. It is not asking you to just write about environmental problems.

You must have a clear reason why losing animals and plants is the most important problem.

And then a different reason, not related to plants or animals, that a different problem is more important!

It’s tough! So read below on how I handled this tentacled question…

Once you’re done with that, check out the other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

You might feel like this panda trying to answer this tricky IELTS question…

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Environmental Problems Plants and Animals (IELTS Cambridge 14)

Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Many are of the opinion that the risks for endangered plants and wildlife are the most severe consequences of our worsening environment while others would argue that other problems are more pressing. While I consider the impact of recurring natural disasters to be important, in my opinion the loss of wildlife is the most serious threat to the environment.

The rise in recent catastrophic natural disasters has been strongly linked to climate change. Many scientists have made the case that incremental rises in temperature, specifically involving the oceans, has increased the frequency and potency of hurricanes, tsunamis, and blizzards. There are countless instances of these from the last two decades but the tsunami affecting mainly Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand in 2004 is a particularly striking example. This was the largest natural disaster this century and resulted in thousands of deaths, injuries and billions of dollars in damages, the effects of which set these developing nations back economically for years. People lost their lives, homes, and livelihood in many cases.

The main reason that many people including myself are so focused on plant and animal life is because of the rising number of endangered animals in recent decades. One of the most well-known examples of this is the often cited case of polar bears. Polar bears live mainly in the Arctic and recent melting of the polar ice caps has resulted in reduced ice for polar bears to hunt on. Polar bears have become an endangered species and it is often forecast that by 2100 they will be entirely extinct in the wild. Their extinction will likely have a domino effect on the fragile ecosystems of the arctic and other endangered animals like seals and narwhales. This is just one example of the impact of global warming on animals and plants of our planet. Extinction is irreversible and there is no more lasting impression we can leave than to deplete the world entirely of a species.

In my opinion, the loss of ecological diversity trumps any other environmental concerns. In order to remedy this problem governments and individuals need to take serious steps to not only invest more in conservation efforts for endangered animals but also work towards long term reforms related to fossil fuels, carbon emissions and the other apparent catalysts for climate change.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. Many are of the opinion that the risks for endangered plants and wildlife are the most severe consequences of our worsening environment while others would argue that other problems are more pressing. 2. While I consider the impact of recurring natural disasters to be important, in my opinion the loss of wildlife is the most serious threat to the environment.

1. The first sentence states the topic – write this sentence very quickly because it’s not that important.

2. Next is my opinion, be sure that this is clear and include it in both your introduction and conclusion.

1. The rise in recent catastrophic natural disasters has been strongly linked to climate change. 2. Many scientists have made the case that incremental rises in temperature, specifically involving the oceans, has increased the frequency and potency of hurricanes, tsunamis, and blizzards. 3. There are countless instances of these from the last two decades but the tsunami affecting mainly Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand in 2004 is a particularly striking example. 4. This was the largest natural disaster this century and resulted in thousands of deaths, injuries and billions of dollars in damages, the effects of which set these developing nations back economically for years. 5. People lost their lives, homes, and livelihood in many cases.

1. The first sentence is a topic sentence with the main idea for the whole paragraph – natural disasters are important and linked to climate change.

2. My second sentence provides specific evidence of this and support from researchers. Try not to use research that it is too specific (like a 1992 study by the University of Michigan showed…) because it is obviously made up. That technically shouldn’t hurt your score but some examiners may take exception.

3. The third sentence focuses on a specific example of a tsunami in Southeast Asia.

4. The fourth sentence develops the example by talking about the implications of the tsunami. This question is all about how important the environmental problem is so be sure to focus on the effects to show the importance!

5. The fifth sentence continues with the effects of the disasters.

1. The main reason that many people including myself are so focused on plant and animal life is because of the rising number of endangered animals in recent decades. 2. One of the most well-known examples of this is the often cited case of polar bears. 3. Polar bears live mainly in the Arctic and recent melting of the polar ice caps has resulted in reduced ice for polar bears to hunt on. 4. Polar bears have become an endangered species and it is often forecast that by 2100 they will be entirely extinct in the wild. 5. Their extinction will likely have a domino effect on the fragile ecosystems of the arctic and other endangered animals like seals and narwhales. 6. This is just one example of the impact of global warming on animals and plants of our planet. 7. Extinction is irreversible and there is no more lasting impression we can leave than to deplete the world entirely of a species.

1. The first sentence is another topic sentence stating why I think the less of plants and animals is more important – because animals may go extinct.

2. My second sentence starts my example. Try to get to your examples as fast as possible – they are like life-preservers tossed to the struggling IELTS student in the water!

3. The third sentence focuses more closely on the example.

4. My fourth sentence focuses more closely on the example

5. The fifth sentence continues the example by describing the effect on the entire arctic ecosystem.

6. The sixth sentence makes the example more general by extending it to other animal species around the world.

7. The final sentence gives more support for my opinion that animal extinction is the most important problem.

1. In my opinion, the loss of ecological diversity trumps any other environmental concerns. 2. In order to remedy this problem governments and individuals need to take serious steps to not only invest more in conservation efforts for endangered animals but also work towards long term reforms related to fossil fuels, carbon emissions and the other apparent catalysts for climate change.

1. My first sentence restates my overall opinion and the main reason for it.

2. The last sentence gives some suggestions about what people can do to combat this problem. Be sure to have an extra detail in your final sentence because many examiners require it for band 7+ for task achievement.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

Try to figure out what the vocabulary in bold means from the context of the whole sentence. Don’t worry if you are not 100% sure – over time you will become more sure of the meaning (don’t use a dictionary in your native language because you will most likely learn the wrong word).

Many are of the opinion that the risks for endangered plants and wildlife are the most severe consequences of our worsening environment while others would argue that other problems are more pressing. While I consider the impact of recurring natural disasters to be important, in my opinion the loss of wildlife is the most serious threat to the environment.

The rise in recent catastrophic natural disasters has been strongly linked to climate change. Many scientists have made the case that incremental rises in temperature, specifically involving the oceans, has increased the frequency and potency of hurricanes, tsunamis, and blizzards. There are countless instances of these from the last two decades but the tsunami affecting mainly Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand in 2004 is a particularly striking example. This was the largest natural disaster this century and resulted in thousands of deaths, injuries and billions of dollars in damages, the effects of which set these developing nations back economically for years. People lost their lives, homes, and livelihood in many cases.

The main reason that many people including myself are so focused on plant and animal life is because of the rising number of endangered animals in recent decades. One of the most well-known examples of this is the often cited case of polar bears. Polar bears live mainly in the Arctic and recent melting of the polar ice caps has resulted in reduced ice for polar bears to hunt on. Polar bears have become an endangered species and it is often forecast that by 2100 they will be entirely extinct in the wild. Their extinction will likely have a domino effect on the fragile ecosystems of the arctic and other endangered animals like seals and narwhales. This is just one example of the impact of global warming on animals and plants of our planet. Extinction is irreversible and there is no more lasting impression we can leave than to deplete the world entirely of a species.

In my opinion, the loss of ecological diversity trumps any other environmental concerns. In order to remedy this problem governments and individuals need to take serious steps to not only invest more in conservation efforts for endangered animals but also work towards long term reforms related to fossil fuels, carbon emissions and the other apparent catalysts for climate change.

Answers:

of the opinion: in my opinion/I think

endangered: not many left, close to extinction

severe consequences: very bad results

worsening environment: environment getting worse

pressing: important

recurring natural disasters: natural disasters like hurricanes, earthquakes, etc. happening again and again

serious threat: could really hurt something/someone

strongly linked: strong evidence to suggest a relationship

climate change: global warming

incremental rises: small increases

potency: strength of

hurricanes: lots of wind and rain in a powerful storm

tsunamis: big waves after an earthquake

blizzards: snowy storms

countless instances: many examples of

particularly striking example: very strong/good example

set back: hinder/hold back/hurt

livelihood: jobs/making money

well-known examples: famous examples

often cited case: frequently mentioned

polar ice caps: icebergs at the top of the Earth

forecast: predicted

in the wild: not in captivity, living naturally outside

domino effect: cause more related problems

fragile ecosystems: easily hurt food chains/relationships in nature

lasting impression: long-term impact

deplete: decrease/lesson/make less of

ecological diversity: lots of different plants/animals

trumps: is more important than/outweighs

remedy: fix/heal

conservation efforts: attempts to save

long term reforms: lasting changes

fossil fuels: oil, gas, etc. taken from the Earth

carbon emissions: the amount of gas/pollusion put into the air

catalysts: causes

Pronunciation

ɒv ði əˈpɪnjən 
ɪnˈdeɪnʤəd 
sɪˈvɪə ˈkɒnsɪkwənsɪz 
ˈwɜːsnɪŋ ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt 
ˈprɛsɪŋ 
rɪˈkɜːrɪŋ ˈnæʧrəl dɪˈzɑːstəz 
ˈsɪərɪəs θrɛt 
ˈstrɒŋli lɪŋkt 
ˈklaɪmɪt ʧeɪnʤ 
ˌɪnkrɪˈmɛnt(ə)l ˈraɪzɪz 
ˈpəʊtənsi 
ˈhʌrɪkənz 
tsuːˈnɑːmiz 
ˈblɪzədz 
ˈkaʊntlɪs ˈɪnstənsɪz 
pəˈtɪkjʊləli ˈstraɪkɪŋ ɪgˈzɑːmpl 
sɛt 
bæk 
ˈlaɪvlɪhʊd 
wɛlnəʊn ɪgˈzɑːmplz 
ˈɒf(ə)n ˈsaɪtɪd keɪs 
ˈpəʊləaɪs ˈkæps 
ˈfɔːkɑːst 
ɪn ðə waɪld 
ˈdɒmɪnəʊ ɪˈfɛkt 
ˈfræʤaɪl ˈiːkəʊˌsɪstəmz 
ˈlɑːstɪŋ ɪmˈprɛʃən 
dɪˈpliːt 
ˌɛkəˈlɒʤɪkəl daɪˈvɜːsɪti trʌmps 
ˈrɛmɪdi 
ˌkɒnsə(ː)ˈveɪʃən ˈɛfəts 
lɒŋ tɜːm ˌriːˈfɔːmz 
ˈfɒsl fjʊəlz 
ˈkɑːbən ɪˈmɪʃənz 
ˈkætəlɪsts 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Many are ______________ that the risks for ______________ plants and wildlife are the most ______________ of our ______________ while others would argue that other problems are more ______________. While I consider the impact of ______________ to be important, in my opinion the loss of wildlife is the most ______________ to the environment.

The rise in recent catastrophic natural disasters has been ______________ to ______________. Many scientists have made the case that ______________ in temperature, specifically involving the oceans, has increased the frequency and ______________ of ____________________________, and______________. There are ______________ of these from the last two decades but the tsunami affecting mainly Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand in 2004 is a ______________. This was the largest natural disaster this century and resulted in thousands of deaths, injuries and billions of dollars in damages, the effects of which ______________ these developing nations ______________ economically for years. People lost their lives, homes, and ______________ in many cases.

The main reason that many people including myself are so focused on plant and animal life is because of the rising number of endangered animals in recent decades. One of the most ______________ of this is the ______________ of polar bears. Polar bears live mainly in the Arctic and recent melting of the ______________ has resulted in reduced ice for polar bears to hunt on. Polar bears have become an endangered species and it is often ______________ that by 2100 they will be entirely extinct______________. Their extinction will likely have a ______________ on the ______________ of the arctic and other endangered animals like seals and narwhales. This is just one example of the impact of global warming on animals and plants of our planet. Extinction is irreversible and there is no more ______________ we can leave than to ______________ the world entirely of a species.

In my opinion, the loss of ______________ any other environmental concerns. In order to ______________ this problem governments and individuals need to take serious steps to not only invest more in ______________ for endangered animals but also work towards ______________ related to ____________________________ and the other apparent ______________ for climate change.

Links Narrated by David Attenborough

Tasmania

The Deep Ocean

Empire of the Ants

Iguanas vs Snakes 

Comment below – Which animals will you miss the most if they go extinct?

I’d have to say…

I guess I’d be the most gutted about…

I’d hate to see…

I wouldn’t be all that bothered about…

 

You can continue your IELTS and English studies in my private Facebook group, on my YouTube channel and my Instagram – don’t miss out!