Recent IELTS Writing Topics 2019

Recent IELTS Writing Topics 2019

*This post is updated weekly to reflect new questions from the test!

I have painstakenly collected from various official and unofficial sources, the recent questions from IELTS writing 2019.

If you want some feedback from a former IELTS examiner you can post your writing below and if you recently took the test please help me out by posting the writing task 1 or writing task 2 questions in the comments below – thank you!

If you want to read my sample answers you can find them all here:

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answers

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answers

IELTS Speaking Model Answers and Tips

Enjoy and best of luck on your test!

For further support on IELTS, my exclusive online courses, where 100% of the materials are made by me, can be found here: Dave’s Online Courses!

 

August 2019

Some people think that it is better to include more public parks and sports facilities in new towns rather than shopping malls.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Studies have shown that most criminals have low levels of educations. Because of this many believe that the best way to reduce crime is to educate prisoners so they can get a job after being released.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Governements should spend less money on restoring old buildings and more money for new housing and roads development. 

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

In certain countries, unemployment is so high that some have suggested children should stop their education after primary school to learn skills necessary to join the workforce.

Do you agree or disagree?

In many parts of the world, people look up their family history. Some people think that researching previous generations is a good idea but others think that it is better to be focused on the present and future generations.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Experts claim that if older people do more exercise they will be healthier and happier. However, many elderly people suffer from a lack of fitness.

What are the causes of this and what are some possible solutions?

These days many people throw away damaged items rather than repairing them.

Why has this change occurred?

What are the effects of this change in attitude?

Some people think that living in a country is essential to learn that country’s language and culture. 

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

July 2019

Much of the food people eat gets transported from farms thousands of miles away. Some believe it would be better for the environment and economy if people only ate food from local farmers.

Would the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

The qualities and skills that people require to be successful in today’s world cannot be learned at university or at other academic institutions.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

These days, more and more business meetings and business training are taking place online.

Do the advantages of this change outweigh the disadvantages?

Some believe that because everyone needs a place to live, governments should provide houses for those who are too poor to afford their own.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people think that sports are needed for society while others think they are just a simple form of recreation.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Many believe that young people should spend more of their free time with their family instead of other entertainment. 

Do you agree or disagree?

The media tends to focus on problems rather than positive developments. Some people think that this is harmful to individuals and society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many employers are looking for people with good social skills as well as good qualifications.

Are social skills as important as qualifications?

How could this be a problem?

 

June 2019

Many developing countries are expanding their tourist industries.

Why is this?

Is this a positive development?

These days many parents pressure their children to be successful.

What are the reasons for this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

Some educators think international exchange programs would benefit teenagers in High School.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Earlier developments in technology brought more benefits to changethe lives of ordinary people than recent ones do now.

Do you agree or disagree?

More and more people today are buying and driving cars which has a positive impact for the economy but can hurt the environment.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Machines and robots are increasingly replacing workers in a number of industries.

Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?

People from poor rural areas often have difficulty getting into good universities. Therefore, universities should make it easier for these people to be accepted.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many famous sports players advertise sports products.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Many are of the opinion that schools should stop using books in favour of videos, films, and computers.

To what extent do you agree?

In many countries, visitors to art galleries has been declining steadily.

What are the reasons for this?

What could be done to improve this development?

Universities should develop methods to support students who come from rural and disadvantageous backgrounds.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people think that libraries are a waste of money and resourcse and computers can largely replace them.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

For people in many countries consumer goods have become an essential part of their lives.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

In many countries men and women both work full-time jobs and it is logical that they should share household tasks equally.

Do you agree or disagree?

May 2019

As internation travel is becoming cheaper, more and more countries are allowing in more tourists.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

In many countries, people believe secondary schools should aim to provide a general education of a range of subjects. In other countries, students focus on subjects that will be useful for future careers.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Many believe that there should be few restrictions on the office buildings and homes that people can build in cities while others think the designs should be limited.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people think that it is important to let children act independently and make their own decisions from an early age.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this?

The amount of advertising that is around us all the time now has a negative impact on people’s quality of life.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

People are now living in a “throwaway society” where things are used for a short period of time and then thrown away.

What are the causes of this and what problems does it cause?

Shopping is now one of the most popular forms of leisure activities in many countries for young adults.

Why is this?

Do you think this is a positive or a negative development?

These days many kids spend a lot of their time playing computer games instead of doing sports.

What is the cause of this?

Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

Many people think that television is the best place to get your news while others believe there are better platforms.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Some think that one of the best ways to solve environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuel for cars and other vehicles.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people think that the best way of combatting environmental problems is increasing the cost of fuel for cars and similar vehicles.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many think that studying in a group is better than self-study. Others think that it is better to study by yourself.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Many shops today stay open later than in the past and this has an effect on shoppers and the community.

Is this a positive or negative development?

 

April 2019

Some people think that inviduals should be responsible for planning for their retirement while others feel that it is the responsibility of governments to help them.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Many museums and historical sites are not visited by local people.

What are the causes of this and what can be done about it?

Many say manufactures and supermarkets are responsible for reducing the amount of packaging of products they sell and others say it is the consumers responsibility to stop buying products with too much packaging.

Discuss both views.

In many countries, people can buy a wider range of household goods, such as  microwaves, ovens and rice cookers than ever before.

Is this a positive or negative change?

Many people claim that parents should place restrictions on the hours children spend watching TV and playing videogames and encourage them to spend more time reading books .

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many people feel that all teenagers should have to do unpaid work during their free time to help the local community and for the benefit of society as a whole.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many countries are struggling with increases in crime rates and some think that having more police on the streets is the best way to reduce these increasing levels of crime.

Do you agree or disagree?

Some people think parents should supervise their children’s activities , while others believe children should be free to do what they want in their free time.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Today, many people do not realise the importance of the natural world.

Why is this?

How can people be encouraged to learn more about how important the natural world is?

Some people believe that in order to reduce the amount of time people spend commuting ,  parks and gardens close to city centres should be replaced by apartment buildings. Others disagree with this idea.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people believe that it is the responsibilty of individuals to take care of the environment while others think this is the responsibility of the government.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Government funding should be used to support sports and the arts in school rather than professional sports and arts for the general public.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

More and more people are becoming seriously overweight. Some people have suggested that governments should increase the cost of unhealthy foods.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

March 2019

In the future there will be more older people than younger people in most countries.

Is this a positive or negative development?

Some people believe that family has the greatest influence on childrens’ development while others think that other areas such as television and friends have greater influence.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Scientists have been warning for many years about environmental protection and how important it is to limit our personal energy consumption.

What are the causes of overconsumption of electricity?

How can people be encouraged to use less energy?

Many countries spend a lot of money on improved transport for urban areas while neglecting rural transport.

What are the problems associated with this?

What are some possible solutions?

Some people believe that teenagers should focus on all school subjects while others think that they should concentrate on the subjects where they do the best or find the most interesting.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

The workplace is changing rapidly and many people can no longer rely on having one job their entire life.

Describe the possible causes of this and suggest how this problem can be dealt with.

Some believe that older people make better leaders than young people in companies and organisations.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people believe that the increasing number of vehicles is one of the biggest problem facing cities, while others believe that cities have bigger challenges.

Discuss both views and state your opinion.

Some people think that men are naturally more competitive than women.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

These days, mobile phones and the internet are very important to the ways in which people relate to one another socially.

Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?

Scientists believe that in order to protect the environment, people must use less energy in their daily lives. However, most people have not changed the way they live.

Why do you think many people have not taken individual action?

What could be done to encourage them to take action?

Films and computer games which contain violence are very popular. Some people believe they have a negative effect on society and so should be banned. Other people, however, say they are just harmless and help people to relax.

Discuss both these points of view and give your own opinion.

Some people think that higher institutions should concentration more on academic subjects such as history and the physical sciences, while others think that they should concentrate more on practical subjects such as car mechanics and cookery, and so on.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion

 

February 2019

Around the world, the rich are becoming richer and poor are becoming poorer.

What is the cause of this?

What solutions are there to tackle it?

Economic growth is the best way of ending global poverty but it can also have a negative effect on the environment.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

Many people want to look younger than their real age.

What are the causes of this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

Some think that testing new medicines on animals is necessary while others believe it is not right. 

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Some peole prefer to buy international products rather than local ones. 

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Films and games can be viewed and played at any time on mobile devices. 

Do the advantages of such a development outweigh the disadvantages?

Some people think that the quality of a product drives its sales and advertising is an unnecessary form of entertainment.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many young people are leaving the countryside to live in cities leaving behind an elderly population.

What are the problems associated with this?

What can be done about it?

Some people think that the government is wasting money by funding the arts and this money could be better spent elsewhere.

To what extent do you agree with this view?

Advances in computer technology allow young adults to work from home and children to study at home.

Do you think this is a positive or negative change?

People today get less sleep than in the past.

What is the cause of this? 

What are the possible effects of this development?

Some people think that a good diet and exercise are not necessary to live a long and healthy life.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some people think that high-end technology can prevent and cut down the crime rate. 

Do you agree or disagree?

Some people think that family is the most powerful influence on a child’s development while others feel that other factors such as television and friends play a greater role today.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

The main reason that people work hard is to make money.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Over consumption of sugar is unhealthy. Some people think that governments should take the responsibility to control sugar intake while other thing it is the responsibility of individuals. 

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

 

January 2019

An increasing number of people are buying what they need online.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this development?

People live longer today than in the past so they should stay in the workforce longer. 

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Money ought to be spent on new public buildings such as museums or town halls rather than renovating existing ones.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

All people in a company should be treated equally and provided with the same amount of vacation in a year.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many people say that a person’s success is a result of the way they have been brought up by their parents.

Do you agree or disagree?

Some parents claim that advertisements are misleading for children while others allege that they provide useful information.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Public celeberations (such as national days, festivals etc) are held in most countries. These are often quite expensive and some people say that governments should spend money on more useful things.

Do you agree or disagree?

Some people say that young people should be encouraged to leave home when they become adults while others claim it would be better to remain with their family.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Some people think that a high salary is the most important facrtor when choosing a company to work for, while others think that a good working atmosphere is more important.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Parents should take courses in parenting in order to improve the lives of their children.

To what extent do you agree?

More and more people prefer to buy readymade food from restaurants or convenience stores instead of cooking for themselves.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Some people think that the best way to get the news is through newspapers while others think it is through online media.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Employers should focus on personal qualities instead of qualifications and experience when choosing someone for a job. 

To what extent do you agree?

 

Comment below any questions that you had on the test or any writing that you want some feedback on!

Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2019

Recent IELTS Speaking Topics 2019

*There was a new IELTS booklet for speaking released in May and the new questions are marked as ‘New Booklet’!

I’ve spent a lot of time talking to IELTS examiners and former candidates to compile a list of all the current IELTS speaking questions in 2019.

There are two booklets for IELTS and they change them once a year so the questions change. Study them now before they start changing!

A quick word about a lot of IELTS forecasts and the importance of the questions below.

A lot of websites will claim to have advance copies of the tests and offer forecasts or predictions about the test. These are 100% lies.

All they have done is take the past speaking questions (which are repeated – though there are 30 possible part 1 speaking questions and nearly a hundred possible part 2 and 3 speaking topics) and predict the writing based on common topics.

Don’t believe them or pay money for them!

It’s still important to practice and have familiarity with topics that will come up. DO NOT memorise answers because this will not work – the questions will probably not come up and you can’t memorise that many questions.

Also, even if the question does come up, the examiner is instructed to mark you down for memorised answers!

Use the questions below to practice your English in general and become more familiar with IELTS in specific.

You can find my speaking model answers and tips here!

 

Speaking Part 1: Personal Questions

In part 1 of IELTS speaking you will first be asked 3 questions about work/study/living area. These are the basic questions that begin every test.

Then the examiner will move on to a personal topic with 4 questions related to it. The examiner can only ask the exact question on the card.

He will not explain any questions if you ask – he will simply repeat the question once and if you don’t understand, then he will move on.

You can ask about the meaning of particular words – for example:

Examiner: ‘What’s your favouriste season?’

Candidate: ‘What do you mean by ‘season’?’

That is ok!

The examiner will ask about 2 topics and then move on to part 2 (combined with the basic intro questions that is around 11 questions in part 1)).

There will be the occasional general question about your country (not about you) and it will usually be the last question about a topic.

Take a good look!

 

Where you Live

  1. Have you lived for a long time in your current city?
  2. What kind of a home are you living in?
  3. How could your living area be improved?

Where you Live (Alternate Booklet)

  1. Where do you live at the moment?
  2. What do you like about your neighborhood?
  3. Are there any parks where you live?

Work

  1. Why did you choose your job?
  2. How much work do you do in a week?
  3. Do you have to work on weekends as well?

Work (Alternate Booklet)

  1. Do you work or study?
  2. Do you like the place where you work?
  3. What would make your work more interesting?

Coffee or Tea

  1. Do you drink coffee or tea?
  2. When did you last drink coffee or tea?
  3. Is coffee or tea more popular in your country?
  4. Which would you offer to visitors who came to your home?

Relatives

  1. Are your relatives or friends more important to you?
  2. When did you last see your relatives?
  3. How do you spend time with your relatives?
  4. Are people in your country usually close with their relatives?

 

Pets

  1. Have you ever had a pet?
  2. What kind of pets do people like to have?
  3. What kinds of pets are common in your country?
  4. Do many people in your country have pets?

Study

  1. What is your major?
  2. Do you like it?
  3. Why did you choose that major?
  4. Which major would you want to change it to?

Seasons

  1. Which season do you like the most?
  2. Is it better to live in a place with 4 seasons or just 1?
  3. What is the weather like in your city?
  4. How do people in your country deal with bad weather?

Teachers

  1. Did you ever want to be a teacher?
  2. Which teacher do you remember best?
  3. What did you like most about your teachers?
  4. Do teachers remember their students in your country?

Crowded Places

  1. Which places in your city are crowded?
  2. Why are those places so crowded?
  3. How do you feel in crowded places?
  4. Have you ever felt comfortable in a very crowded place?

Film/Movie Star

  1. Who is your favourite film star?
  2. Would you like to be a film star?
  3. Have you ever met a film star in person?
  4. Are film stars popular in your country?

Perfume

  1. Do you like perfume?
  2. Do you use perfume?
  3. Would you ever give perfume as a gift?
  4. Do people in your country often wear perfume?

Cinema

  1. Do you often go to the cinema?
  2. What kinds of movies do you like to watch?
  3. Did you like to go to the cinema when you were a child?
  4. Do you prefer to go alone or with friends?

Morning Routine

  1. What is your morning routine?
  2. How is your routine different from when you were a child?
  3. What would you like to change about your current routine?
  4. What is a typical morning routine like for people in your country?

Travelling

  1. Do you like travelling?
  2. What is the most beautiful country you have visited?
  3. Would you like to have a job that demands travelling to other countries?
  4. What problems can occur when travelling?

Cooking

  1. Do you like to cook?
  2. Why do some people like cooking?
  3. Do you usually eat at home or eat out?
  4. What do people in your country usually cook?

Sunglasses

  1. Do you like sunglasses?
  2. How often do you wear sunglasses?
  3. Would you give sunglasses as a gift?
  4. Is it worth it to spend a lot of money on sunglasses?

Music

  1. Do you like music?
  2. Which types of music do you like?
  3. Would you like to learn a musical instrument?
  4. Have you ever been to a live concert?

Plants

  1. Do you like plants?
  2. When you were a child, did you like plants?
  3. Have you ever received a plant as a gift?
  4. Where can you learn about growing plants from?

Boredom

  1. How often do you get bored?
  2. What activity do you do when you are bored?
  3. Do you get bored more now compared to when you were younger?
  4. How do most people in your country deal with boredom?

Colors

  1. What is your favourite color?
  2. What color do you think is good for rooms?
  3. Do you prefer light or dark colors?
  4. What colors do people in your country like to wear?

Sharing

  1. What kinds of things do you share with friends?
  2. Did your parents encourage you to share?
  3. Is there anything you would not share?
  4. Are people in your country in the habit of sharing a lot?

Water

  1. Do you drink a lot of water?
  2. Do you prefer bottled or tap water?
  3. Did you drink a lot of water when you were younger?
  4. Would you say that bottled water is expensive in your country?

Skies

  1. Do you often look at the sky?
  2. Do you prefer to look at the sky during the day or at night?
  3. Have you ever taken a course about stars?
  4. Where is the best view of the sky where you live?

 

Public Holidays (New Booklet)

  1. What public holidays do you celebrate in your country?
  2. Which public holiday do you like the most?
  3. What do you do during that holiday?
  4. Do you think there should be more public holidays in your country?

Shoes

  1. Do you prefer to wear shoes that are comfortable or fashionable?
  2. Do you buy many shoes?
  3. How many pairs of shoes do you have?
  4. What is your favourite pair of shoes?

Handwriting

  1. Do you have good handwriting?
  2. How did you learn your handwriting?
  3. Do you like receiving hand-written letters?
  4. How important is handwriting in your country?

Emails (New Booklet)

  1. Do you communicate via emails?
  2. Do you prefer getting texts or emails?
  3. Have you ever received an email that made you happy?
  4. Is email popular in your country?

 

Reading 

  1. Do you like to read?
  2. When do you usually read?
  3. Did you like to read when you were younger?
  4. Do people read less today?

 

Food

  1. What kinds of foods do you like to eat?
  2. How different is food in your country today from when you were younger?
  3. Which foods do you dislike?
  4. What foods do people in your country buy at the market?

Drawing 

  1. Do you like drawing?
  2. Which types of drawings do you like?
  3. Would you like to decorate your room with paintings?
  4. Have you ever learned about drawing in school?

Smiling

  1. When do you usually smile?
  2. How can you identify a fake smile?
  3. When was the last time you saw a bunch of people smiling?
  4. Do you often smile when taking photos?

Street Markets (New Booklet)

  1. Do you like street markets?
  2. What’s the difference between street markets and supermarkets?
  3. Would you prefer a street market or a supermarket in a foreign country?
  4. How popular are street markets in your country?

Rubbish/Garbage/Litter (New Booklet)

  1. How do you react when you see litter on the streets?
  2. Do you recycle?
  3. How do you help keep the streets tidy?
  4. What would you do if someone else dropped some litter?

 

Mathematics (New Booklet)

  1. Do you like mathematics?
  2. Did you take mathematics lessons?
  3. How do math skills come in handy in daily life?
  4. Have you ever used an electronic calculator?

 

Sleep

  1. How much do you sleep every night?
  2. Do you think it’s a good idea to have a nap during the day?
  3. Did you sleep more in the past than you do now?
  4. Do you think old people need more sleep than young people?

 

Sport

  1. What sport do you like?
  2. Do you prefer team or individual sports?
  3. Who is your favourite sports star?
  4. What is the most popular sport in your country?

Cards and invitations

  1. Do you often send cards?
  2. On what occasions do you send cards?
  3. Do you prefer to receive cards or emails?
  4. Is sending cards common in your country?

Speaking Part 2 – Describe a…

In part 2 of the test, you will be given 1 minute to plan and 2 minutes to talk. If the examiner does not do this, then you can make an official complaint.

The topics vary between personal and more general. Be sure to keep talking the whole time – the examiner will stop you.

At the end of part 2 the examiner will ask a rounding-off question – don’t give another long answer for this. A short answer to this question is best.

The next part of the test will continue with the same topic.

Do some practice with the questions below – here are some ideas for how you can practice alone without a speaking partner.

These are all the current topics that can come up.

Talk about a…

  • person who motivated you to achieve a goal (New Booklet)
  • something that technology has helped you to achieve (New Booklet)
  • trip with your friends that you enjoyed a lot (New Booklet)
  • famous person from another country you would like to meet (New Booklet)
  • quiz or game show (New Booklet)
  • language other than English that you would like to learn (New Booklet)
  • item you brought to your family or friends after a trip (New Booklet)
  • time the internet helped you in your work or study (New Booklet)
  • person that you have not met face to face but have talked to on the phone (New Booklet)
  • someone you know hid the truth from you (New Booklet)
  • person from work or a friend who helped you in your life or career (New Booklet)
  • important event in your country (New Booklet)
  • time you invited a friend to eat a meal with you (New Booklet)
  • water sport that you want to try (New Booklet)
  • favourite band or singer (New Booklet)
  • garden or park in your town or city (New Booklet)
  • something that is good for your health (New Booklet)
  • time you gave advice to someone else (New Booklet)
  • effigy in your town (New Booklet)
  • prize that you would like to win (New Booklet)
  • gift you presented to a friend on a special occasion (New Booklet)
  • market in your city (New Booklet)
  • time when your vehicle broke down (New Booklet)
  • time that you received a telemarketing phone call in public (New Booklet)
  • time when you had to change your plans (New Booklet)
  • time you received false information (New Booklet)
  • time when you found something that you lost (New Booklet)
  • lecture that you attended
  • building that you like
  • comedy that made you laugh
  • person who you would like to meet
  • recent development in your city
  • webiste that you use frequently
  • teacher that you liked
  • subject you did not enjoy
  • poisonous plant you know
  • interesting place in your country
  • activity that you do when you are alone
  • family business that you know
  • person you wanted to be like when you were growing up
  • subject you did not like at school but are interested in now
  • classmate influenced you deeply
  • time you had to ask someone for advice regarding a decision
  • problem that you had with a piece of equipment
  • talkative person you know
  • person who can speak another language well
  • time that you heard a person you didn’t know on their phone
  • sport that you played in your childhood
  • something your borrowed from a friend or family member
  • special date in your country’s history
  • job that your grandparents did
  • place where you would like to travel
  • advertisment you watched and will not forget
  • game you enjoyed playing when you were younger
  • somethin you bought but never use
  • book you recently read
  • intelligent person that you know
  • person who helps other people
  • good law in your country
  • time you wanted to do something but didn’t have the time
  • time when you didn’t tell the complete truth
  • handsome or beautiful person you have met
  • person you know who is doing something to help the environment
  • place where you can study indoors or outdoors
  • family event that you attended
  • searched for something on the internet
  • person that you encouraged to accomplish something
  • piece of clothing that you really like
  • typical food that is eaten at special events in your country
  • time when you received bad service 
  • ideal house to live in
  • thing that helps you get started working or studying
  • time when you got up very early in the morning
  • practical skill that you learned
  • book that you read recently
  • city that you think is beautiful
  • time when you intended to do something but did not have enough time
  • outdoor sport that you would like to try
  • interesting old person you know
  • time when you felt proud of a friend
  • period of history that you would like to learn more about
  • public facility in your country
  • person you know with interesting opinions
  • piece of good news that you saw on television or the internet
  • teenager you know
  • gift of money that you received
  • intelligent person you know
  • party that you attended
  • time when you searched for information
  • sport that you would be interested in trying out
  • remote place you have travelled to
  • time that you gave money as a gift
  • quiet place
  • time when you needed to repair something

Speaking Part 3

Speaking part 3 will begin with the topic from part 2 but expand on it to make it more general and complex.

Most questions will be general so try not to give personal examples or talk about yourself (it is fine if you do this sometimes).

Typically, the examiner will ask between 6 and 10 questions in this part of the test.

The examiner must paraphrase what is in his book (unlike part 1, where he just reads from the booklet). That’s the reason why students will report slightly different wording for the questions –  no two examiners will use exactly the same words but the meaning of the questions will be the same.

The examiner is also supposed to ask one follow-up question for each question in the booklet. These follow-up questions will be different depending on the examiner and if you are a strong candidate the examiner will ask more difficult questions to challenge you.

Read on!

 

Speaking and Listening

  1. What is the difference between a good speaker and listener?
  2. How can someone be a good listener?
  3. Is it more important to be good at listening or speaking?
  4. Why are some people not good listeners?
  5. How important is listening to political leaders?

School Subjects

  1. What courses or subjects do you think will be added into high schools?
  2. What courses or subjects will be helpful in future work?
  3. Is it more effective to read online than in a book?
  4. What do students do after school in your country? 
  5. Do you think students should choose subjects they like?

The Internet

  1. How often do most people use the internet?
  2. Are there drawbacks to its overuse?
  3. What kind of information can people find online?
  4. How has this changed the way that people get their information?
  5. How will the internet change society in the future?

 

Language

  1. Can learning a language help you understand more about a culture?
  2. Why is it so difficult to learn a new language?
  3. How will language learning change in the future?
  4. Should governments invest more in second language learning in schools?
  5. What are the benefits of learning another language for your country?

Study Focus

  1. Why do some people study badly?
  2. Is it a good idea to have a firm plan when studying?
  3. Why are many girls better at concentrating?
  4. Is it better to study online or in a classroom?
  5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of studying in a group?

Making Plans

  1. How do people usually make plans?
  2. Should you get advice when making plans?
  3. Who is the best advisor for big plans?
  4. What plans do governments have to make?
  5. How important is the public in helping governments to make plans?

 

Phones in Public

  1. Why do people talk on their phones on public transport?
  2. Is it common in your country?
  3. Is silence valued in your city?
  4. Why do some people have trouble staying silent?
  5. Is there too much noise from technology today?

 

Friends

  1. What can we learn from making new friends?
  2. How important is it to have a social life?
  3. Why is having good friends important?
  4. What role do friends play in your life as you get older?
  5. Do most people share both good and bad experiences with their friends?

 

Motivation

  1. How can children be motivated to achieve their goals?
  2. Who is more responsible – parents or teachers?
  3. Is it always necessary to set goals to motivate children?
  4. What motivates adults?
  5. Why are some people seemingly much more motivated than others?

 

Gardens

  1. Do people in your country usually have gardens in their homes?
  2. Which age group visits gardens the most?
  3. Is it good for people to take care of a garden?
  4. Why do people grown their own plants at home sometimes?
  5. Is it common for people in your country to grow fruits and vegetables at home?

 

Outdoor Sports

  1. What are the benefits of doing an outdoor sport?
  2. Why do some pople enjoy doing dangerous sports?
  3. Why were dangerous sports created at all?
  4. Is it better to do outdoor sports in groups?
  5. Do both old and young people enjoy outdoor sport?

 

Public Transportation

  1. Do old or young people use public transportation more?
  2. What are the drawbacks of private vehicles?
  3. How could public transportation be improved?
  4. Should city planners consider public transport when designing cities?
  5. What can the government do to improve public transport outside of urban areas?

 

Looking up to People

  1. Do you think kids today grow up differently than in the past?
  2. Are famous people good exampels for children?
  3. What can children learn from bad examples?
  4. Should companies use celebrities to advertise their products?
  5. Do people really trust celebrity endorsed products?

 

 

Competition

  1. How helpful is competition for children?
  2. Is it good to have a competitive attitude?
  3. How are the attitudes of professionals and amateurs different?
  4. How are children awarded competition prizes in your country?
  5. What are the adverse effects of competition on children?

 

Law

  1. Who is most responsible for enforcing the law?
  2. Which international laws are you familiar with?
  3. Why do you think law is important?
  4. Should laws be more universal?
  5. What is the relationship between law and justice?

 

Health

  1. How can people improve their physical health?
  2. What about their mental health?
  3. In what ways can teachers encourage students to do sports?
  4. What is the role of doctors in raising health awareness?
  5. Can social media also play a role?

 

Individuals and the Environment

  1. What are the main environmental problems we face today?
  2. What can individuals do to protect the environment?
  3. How much do politicians in your country care about the environment?
  4. Should nations work together to protect the environment?
  5. What are the roadblocks to this?

 

Old People

  1. What are the advantages of having an elderly person at home? 
  2. Is there anything that older people should learn from the younger generation?
  3. What can the younger generation learn from the older generation? 
  4. What qualities does a person need to take care of older people? 
  5. Do you think elderly people should be allowed to work? 

Arts and Crafts

  1. Why do people undervalue art?
  2. Are artistic skills innate?
  3. Should cities have more art in public spaces?
  4. Why do people admire art and artists so much?
  5. What is the difference between good and bad art?

Truth in Crime

  1. Why do witnesses of crimes sometimes disagree in their accounts?
  2. How can modern technology help solve crimes?
  3. Will teaching children to be honest reduce crime in the future?
  4. Should there be more severe penalties for crimes like libel?
  5. How will the detection of lies change in the future?

Talkative Chidren

  1. Do think being talkative is a good quality for children?
  2. Is it good for children to talk a lot in every situation?
  3. Why do children talk so much?
  4. What makes children talk less as the get older sometimes?
  5. What can teachers do to encourage children to talk more?

Intelligence

  1. Do people with high IQs tend to be selfish?
  2. Can computers improve your intelligence?
  3. What is the difference between intelligence and knowledge?
  4. How much can intelligence change during a lifetime and how much of it is fixed?
  5. Has technology made people less intelligent?

Difficult Jobs

  1. Why do some people see their jobs as very difficult?
  2. Should jobs with high degrees of difficulty earn more money?
  3. What determines the jobs that people choose?
  4. Do companies do enough to train employees for difficult jobs?
  5. What incentives can governments offer for those taking on difficult jobs?

Success

  1. When a person is successful, are they also happy?
  2. What is success?
  3. Do relationships affect success?
  4. Which is more important for success: opportunity or hard work?
  5. What defines success for people in your country?

Classmates

  1. Is it important for children in school to get along with their classmates?
  2. What are the advantages of getting along well with others in school?
  3. Should children be allowed to sit where they want in class?
  4. How has technology changed the way that students interact with each other?
  5. How important is it for children to learn about sharing?

Urban Planning

  1. How important is urban planning for a city?
  2. What are the possible drawbacks of not having a good plan?
  3. How do cities in your country differ?
  4. What effect do businesses have on urban planning?
  5. How can people make their voices heard when it comes to urban planning?

Information

  1. How did people find out information in the past?
  2. How has that changed now?
  3. Do people today rely too much on online information?
  4. Can a personal diary be a reliable source of information?
  5. How do historians verify the information they come across?

Shopping

  1. Do people in your country shop at malls or street markets?
  2. Is online shopping common?
  3. Is it better to shop alone or with friends?
  4. Why is online shopping becoming more popular?
  5. Is shopping a waste of time?

Teenagers

  1. Is the behaviour of teenagers today better than when you were a teenager?
  2. When should teenagers start to take on more responsibilities?
  3. What kinds of responsibilities?
  4. How have attitudes towards teenagers changed in recent years?
  5. What can parents do if teenagers are unwilling to take on more responsibility?

Laughing

  1. What is the importance of laughing?
  2. What is the difference between the laughing of children and adults?
  3. Why do children laugh more easily than adults?
  4. How does it impact students if their teacher is funny?
  5. Is it possible to enjoy comedy from foreign countries?

Business

  1. Do most people in your country work for small or large businesses?
  2. What kind of businesses need the most help?
  3. Should the government help businesses or leave them alone?
  4. How important is regulation of large businesses?
  5. What rights to large companies have?

Decisions

  1. What sort of important decisions do teenagers face today?
  2. What are the difficult decisions that national leaders face?
  3. How can they make these decisions?
  4. Who should be considered when taking an important decision?
  5. Is it better to take your time or make a quick decision?

Websites

  1. What internet sites do people in your country use for entertainment?
  2. Why is more and more news now published on social media websites?
  3. What can we do to stop the spread of unreliable news?
  4. How have websites changed in the last decade?
  5. Should there be tighter regulation on websites?

Online Information

  1. Is online information reliable?
  2. Do you think there is too much information online?
  3. How can people consume online news responsibly?
  4. Is the information provided on television useful?
  5. What’s the difference between news in newspapers and online news?

Time Management

  1. How can people manage their time better now compared to the past?
  2. What are the differences in what people do with their time now?
  3. How has technology helped people to save time?
  4. What are the qualities of a person with good time management?
  5. Will people have more free time in the future?

 

Sport

  1. Which sports are popular in your country?
  2. How can amateurs be attracted to participate in sports?
  3. What are the benefits of doing sport?
  4. How does loyalty help a sport become popular?
  5. What makes a sport popular?

Holidays

  1. Where do most people in your country go for holidays?
  2. Why do some people prefer to spend their holidays at home?
  3. Do you think young people benefit from having a gap-year before university?
  4. How does tourism for holidays affect your country?
  5. What benefits does it have?

Losing Things

  1. Why do people lose things?
  2. Which things do people usually lose?
  3. What should parents do when children bring home something they found?
  4. How can people better remember things?
  5. How important is memory?

Reading

  1. Do people in your country read a lot?
  2. Will reading still be a popular hobby in the future?
  3. Do children read a lot these days?
  4. Is developing a love of reading the responsibility of parents?
  5. How can governments encourage people to read more?

Beauty

  1. What is beauty for you? 
  2. Do you think the media influences our idea of beauty? 
  3. Do you think advertisements portrayal of beauty is correct? 
  4. How has people’s idea of beauty changed over the last few decades?
  5. Do you think beauty only relates to a person’s appearance? 

Fashion

  1. Why are designer bran clothes popular?
  2. Why are these brands so expensive?
  3. How has fashion changed in your country?
  4. Is it important for designers to stay up to date with the latest fashions?
  5. Is fashion more important than adapting your clothes to the weather?

 

Repairs

  1. Why do things break?
  2. Is it worth repairing something instead of buying a new one?
  3. Should we teach kids to repair things?
  4. Does the government have a responsibilty to fix certain things?
  5. How well do people in your country take care of public facilities?

International Events/Parties

  1. What sort of internation events does your country host?
  2. Do you think these types of events divide people?
  3. Why are these events celebrated?
  4. What activities are common for these celebrations?
  5. Are there many events that are celebrated across national borders?

Social Websites

  1. Do you often use social websites?
  2. Why do you use social websites?
  3. Do people spend too much time on social websites?
  4. Would you like to spend more time on these websites?

 

Borrowing and Lending

  1. Have you ever borrowed a book from someone else?
  2. Do you like to lend to others?
  3. Would you ever lend a friend money?
  4. Would you lend someone your phone to make a phone call?

 

Places to Play

  1. Where did you play when you were a child?
  2. Did you often play at a friend’s home?
  3. Did you prefer playing inside or outside when you were younger?
  4. Do you think it’s important for children to play outside?

 

Money and Gifts

  1. Is money a good gift?
  2. What is the difference between buying with cash and a credit card?
  3. What are the advantages of buying with cash?
  4. Should people include receipts when they give gifts?
  5. Is it common to return gifts in your country?

Bad Service

  1. Why do some people not complain about bad service?
  2. What should people do if they receive bad service?
  3. How can companies deal with bad service?
  4. Can bad service ever be a positive experience?
  5. What organisations are famous for bad service in your country?

 

Public Facilities

  1. Are there many public facilities in your country?
  2. What are the benefits of parks?
  3. Should parks be free of charge?
  4. How can parks better serve the poor?
  5. How important is it to have parks in urban areas?

Parties

  1. Which types of parties are popular in your country?
  2. Is it true that everybody likes parties?
  3. Do you prefer receiving emails or birthday cards on your birthday? 
  4. How does alcohol affect the atmosphere of a party? 
  5. Is music important to a party?

Quiet Places

  1. Why do old people prefer quiet places?
  2. What are the main causes of noise in cities?
  3. Why are suburbs quieter?
  4. Why might some people not enjoy quiet places?
  5. Will cities be nosier in the future?

Communication

  1. How important is communication in the workplace?
  2. How does that differ from communication at home?
  3. What different types of communication are there?
  4. How have mobile phones changed the way we communicate?
  5. What is the future of communication?

 

Countryside

  1. Why is the country quieter than the city?
  2. Why do many people prefer to live in the countryside?
  3. Where are the quiestest places in cities?
  4. What will the countryside look like in your countr in the future?
  5. Are there any drawbacks to investing in publich transport in the countryside?

 

 

Comment below any questions that you had on the test, questions about IELTS in general or sample answers to the questions above!

 

Remember to check out my speaking model answers here!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Family and the Home

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Family and the Home

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam concerned with the topic of family and moving out of the home.

Questions about family are fairly common on IELTS and could come up in listening, reading, writing, or (most likely) speaking.

Read my sample answer below and practice some of the vocabulary related to family!

Here is some review on IELTS Task 2 Writing structures.

These are some other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Family and the Home)

Many parents encourage young people to leave home when they become older, while others think they should stay at home with the family. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

It has become increasingly prevalent for young adults to leave home before getting married. In my opinion, this is a positive trend taken as a whole because it fosters independence but it can have rare debilitating financial drawbacks.

The main drawback to moving out early is losing a parental safety net that safeguards financial stability. In large cities such as New York, real estate prices are so high that without  a high-paying job you will struggle to contend with rent, food, transportation costs, and allowances for leisure activities. It is even possible that these hardships could prove overwhelming and pride may prevent your from going back to your parents. These individuals might end up taking a job with a low salary or that is not their passion.

The aforementioned drawbacks are the exceptions; the majority of people who move out are successful because they become self-reliant. A standout example of this is the typical American university student. Most students leave their parental home at 18 and never look back. These students take their first baby steps towards looking after themselves by doing their own laundry, managing their finances to an extent, and taking on campus employment. Once they graduate from university they will likely take over their entire financial outlay. This means they must find a good job and spend more responsibly. These qualities, of frugality and responsibility, will serve them well in their lives and increase their odds of future success.

In conclusion, the majority benefit from the added responsibility that leaving home brings. To encourage more people to move out parents should provide a degree of financial support when necessary but focus moreso on fostering their children’s independence.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Family and the Home)

1. It has become increasingly prevalent for young adults to leave home before getting married. 2. In my opinion, this is a positive trend taken as a whole because it fosters independence but it can have rare debilitating financial drawbacks.

1. My first sentence simple  restates the main topic for the whole essay. If you misunderstand the question and write about the wrong topic you will end up with a band 3, 4, or 5 maximum for task achievement! Spend some time carefully reading the question but then write this sentence fast because you are simply paraphrasing.

2. The next sentence is my opinion. Make your opinion 100% clear or you could get a task achievement band 5! (And repeat it again in the conclusion later.)

1. The main drawback to moving out early is losing a parental safety net that safeguards financial stability. 2. In large cities such as New York, real estate prices are so high that without  a high-paying job you will struggle to contend with rent, food, transportation costs, and allowances for leisure activities. 3. It is even possible that these hardships could prove overwhelming and pride may prevent your from going back to your parents. 4. These individuals might end up taking a job with a low salary or that is not their passion.

1. The first sentence is the topic sentence for the paragraph that contains my main idea (financial stability). My whole paragraph will focus on this one idea!

2. My second sentence explains some of the costs that can come up in life.

3. The third sentence describes the possible results of financial hardships.

4. My final sentence describes the results. Don’t make statements that are too strong – for example, don’t say ‘People will then turn to crime’ because this is both factually incorrect and much too strong of a statement for a short essay!

1. The aforementioned drawbacks are the exceptions; the majority of people who move out are successful because they become self-reliant. 2. A standout example of this is the typical American university student. 3. Most students leave their parental home at 18 and never look back. 4. These students take their first baby steps towards looking after themselves by doing their own laundry, managing their finances to an extent, and taking on campus employment. 5. Once they graduate from university they will likely take over their entire financial outlay. 6. This means they must find a good job and spend more responsibly. 7. These qualities, of frugality and responsibility, will serve them well in their lives and increase their odds of future success.

1. The first sentence is another topic sentence with my new main idea: moving out makes young adults more self-reliant.

2. My second sentence starts my example.

3. The third sentence continues to develop this example.

4. My fourth sentence also further develops the example by describing the tasks they must do independently.

5. The fifth sentence also continues this example by introducing finances.

6. My sixth sentence focuses on what they must do to meet their financial obligations.

7. The final sentence concludes how these qualities will help them in a more general sense.

1. In conclusion, the majority benefit from the added responsibility that leaving home brings. 2. To encourage more people to move out parents should provide a degree of financial support when necessary but focus moreso on fostering their children’s independence.

1. My first sentence repeats my overall opinion. Be crystal clear – don’t sit in the middle!

2. The final sentence adds an extra detail to the paragraph that many examiners will require for at least band 7 for task achievement.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

It has become increasingly prevalent for young adults to leave home before getting married. In my opinion, this is a positive trend taken as a whole because it fosters independence but it can have rare debilitating financial drawbacks.

The main drawback to moving out early is losing a parental safety net that safeguards financial stability. In large cities such as New York, real estate prices are so high that without  a high-paying job you will struggle to contend with rent, food, transportation costs, and allowances for leisure activities. It is even possible that these hardships could prove overwhelming and pride may prevent your from going back to your parents. These individuals might end up taking a job with a low salary or that is not their passion.

The aforementioned drawbacks are the exceptions; the majority of people who move out are successful because they become self-reliant. A standout example of this is the typical American university student. Most students leave their parental home at 18 and never look back. These students take their first baby steps towards looking after themselves by doing their own laundry, managing their finances to an extent, and taking on campus employment. Once they graduate from university they will likely take over their entire financial outlay. This means they must find a good job and spend more responsibly. These qualities, of frugality and responsibility, will serve them well in their lives and increase their odds of future success.

In conclusion, the majority benefit from the added responsibility that leaving home brings. To encourage more people to move out parents should provide a degree of financial support when necessary but focus moreso on fostering their children’s independence.

Answers:

increasingly prevalent: more and more common

young adults: young people

taken as a whole: considered overall

fosters independence: encourages them to be self-reliant

rare debilitating financial drawbacks: uncommon very bad consequences for their money

safety net: something to protect you in bad times

safeguards: protects from

financial stability: regular income

high-paying job: making a lot of money in your work

struggle: have difficulty with

contend: deal with

allowances: exceptions/money set aside

hardships: difficult times

prove overwhelming: be too much to get past

pride: feelings of self-worth

end up: finally be

passion: love for something

aforementioned drawback: previously stated negative

self-reliant: don’t need help from others

A standout example of this is the typical: A good example of this is the average

parental home: their parent’s home

never look back: do no return

first baby steps: early, basic stages

to an extent: not fully/somewhat

taking on: assuming responsibility for

take over: be in charge of

financial outlay: the amount of money you have to spend

spend more responsibly: spend your money more wisely

frugality: not spending a lot of money

serve them well: work well for them

increase their odds of: make it more likely that

provide a degree of financial support: help out with money somewhat

focus moreso: instead concentrate on

fostering their children’s independence: encouraging their children to be more responsible

 

Pronunciation

ɪnˈkriːsɪŋli ˈprɛvələnt 

jʌŋ ˈædʌlts 

ˈteɪkən æz ə həʊl 

ˈfɒstəz ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns 

reə dɪˈbɪlɪteɪtɪŋ faɪˈnænʃəl ˈdrɔːbæks 

ˈseɪfti nɛt 

ˈseɪfgɑːdz 

faɪˈnænʃəl stəˈbɪlɪti:  

haɪˈpeɪɪŋ ʤɒb 

ˈstrʌgl 

kənˈtɛnd 

əˈlaʊənsɪz 

ˈhɑːdʃɪps 

pruːv ˌəʊvəˈwɛlmɪŋ 

praɪd 

ɛnd ʌp 

ˈpæʃən 

əˌfɔːˈmɛnʃənd ˈdrɔːbæk 

sɛlfrɪˈlaɪənt 

ə ˈstændaʊt ɪgˈzɑːmpl ɒv ðɪs ɪz ðə ˈtɪpɪk(ə)l 

pəˈrɛntl həʊm 

ˈnɛvə lʊk bæk 

fɜːst ˈbeɪbi stɛps 

tuː ən ɪksˈtɛnt 

ˈteɪkɪŋ ɒn 

teɪk ˈəʊvə 

faɪˈnænʃəl ˈaʊtleɪ 

spɛnd mɔː rɪsˈpɒnsəbli 

fru(ː)ˈgælɪti 

sɜːv ðɛm wɛl 

ˈɪnkriːs ðeəɒdz ɒv 

prəˈvaɪd ə dɪˈgriː ɒv faɪˈnænʃəl səˈpɔːt 

ˈfəʊkəs mɔːsəʊ 

ˈfɒstərɪŋ ðeə ˈʧɪldrənz ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

It has become _________________ for _________________ to leave home before getting married. In my opinion, this is a positive trend _________________ because it _________________ but it can have _________________.

The main drawback to moving out early is losing a parental _________________ that _________________. In large cities such as New York, real estate prices are so high that without  a _________________ you will _________________ to _________________ with rent, food, transportation costs, and _________________ for leisure activities. It is even possible that these _________________ could _________________ and _________________ may prevent your from going back to your parents. These individuals might _________________ taking a job with a low salary or that is not their _________________.

The _________________ are the exceptions; the majority of people who move out are successful because they become _________________. _________________ American university student. Most students leave their _________________ at 18 and _________________. These students take their _________________ towards looking after themselves by doing their own laundry, managing their finances _________________, and _________________ campus employment. Once they graduate from university they will likely _________________ their entire _________________. This means they must find a good job and _________________. These qualities, of _________________ and responsibility, will _________________ in their lives and _________________ future success.

In conclusion, the majority benefit from the added responsibility that leaving home brings. To encourage more people to move out parents should _________________ when necessary but _________________ on _________________.

Family Links from YouTube and Articles

The Left-Behind Children

Mom vs Dad: What did you Inherit

Mr. Trump, Meet my Family

Comment below  – write your own essay and I will give you some feedback!

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Crime and the Police (Real IELTS Exam)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Crime and the Police (Real IELTS Exam)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam about the topic of crime, which comes up frequently on the test.

These questions are really common in the writing test and can come up on IELTS speaking as well.

Read my sample answer below and practice some of the vocabulary related to crime!

Here is some review on IELTS Task 2 Writing structures.

These are some other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

 

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Crime and the Police)

Some countries are struggling with increases in crime rates. Some believe that having more police on the streets is best way to reduce and combat crime. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many countries today are grappling with the best ways to curb rising crime rates and some have suggested that increased police presence on the streets is the optimal solution. Although I think this would have a positive effect for obvious reasons, the best solution is more nuanced and requires a deeper understanding of the sources underlying crime.

There is little doubt that employing greater numbers of police officers will have an adverse affect on criminality. One of the best examples of this would be in New York City under Mayor Rudy Giuliani during the late 1980s and early 90s. At that time, New York was a haven for criminals and many areas of the city were deemed too dangerous by residents to safely live in or walk through at night. One of the many measures that Giuliani used to reduce crime was significantly increasing the number of police officers during his time in office. This led to a reciprocal decline in crime and made the tourist-heavy neighbourhoods almost entirely safe and the rougher districts at least passably crime-free.

The above-mentioned measures were only effective because administrators also tackled the root causes of crime. It is generally agreed upon that the principle causes of crime are related to education indirectly and poverty more directly. If you look at countries with extremely low poverty and unemployment rates, such as Japan, you will see correspondingly low rates of crime. In Japan, this begins with one of the world’s most renowned educational systems. Students graduate from high school and university with immediately employable skills and most are employed throughout their lifetimes. Since they have money to afford a good standard of living there is little incentive for criminal behaviour and the crime rate is among the lowest in the world.

In conclusion, the best way to reduce crime in the long-term is to invest more in education and the economy to stimulate job growth and address the catalysts spurring on crime. Any government that is serious about making their country a safer place must first take steps to improve their educational system as that will have the largest impact on creating the stable jobs that discourage criminality in all its forms.

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Crime and the Police)

1. Many countries today are grappling with the best ways to curb rising crime rates and some have suggested that increased police presence on the streets is the optimal solution. 2. Although I think this would have a positive effect for obvious reasons, the best solution is more nuanced and requires a deeper understanding of the sources underlying crime.

1. My first sentence quickly restates the topic for the essay – spend a lot of time understanding the question correctly but don’t waste time writing this sentence – it isn’t that important!

2. Next is my opinion. State your opinion 100% clearly or you could get a task achievement band 5!

1. There is little doubt that employing greater numbers of police officers will have an adverse affect on criminality. 2. One of the best examples of this would be in New York City under Mayor Rudy Giuliani during the late 1980s and early 90s. 3. At that time, New York was a haven for criminals and many areas of the city were deemed too dangerous by residents to safely live in or walk through at night. 4. One of the many measures that Giuliani used to reduce crime was significantly increasing the number of police officers during his time in office. 5. This led to a reciprocal decline in crime and made the tourist-heavy neighbourhoods almost entirely safe and the rougher districts at least passably crime-free.

1. The first sentence is my topic sentence with the topic (police on the street) and my main idea (negative effect on crime).

2. My second sentence already begins my example. Don’t waste time – run right to your example as fast as you can!

3. The third sentence further develops the same example – don’t run away from the example – stick with it!

4. My fourth sentence continues to develop the same example.

5. Even my fifth sentence develops this same example! You can also include a conclusion sentence for the paragraph if you have time.

1. The above-mentioned measures were only effective because administrators also tackled the root causes of crime. 2. It is generally agreed upon that the principle causes of crime are related to education indirectly and poverty more directly. 3. If you look at countries with extremely low poverty and unemployment rates, such as Japan, you will see correspondingly low rates of crime. 4. In Japan, this begins with one of the world’s most renowned educational systems. 5. Students graduate from high school and university with immediately employable skills and most are employed throughout their lifetimes. 6. Since they have money to afford a good standard of living there is little incentive for criminal behaviour and the crime rate is among the lowest in the world.

1. The first sentence is again the topic sentence for the paragraph with my main idea – tackling the root causes of crime.

2. My second sentence explains my main idea before I get to my example.

3. The third sentence begins my example by mentioning Japan and why its crime is so low.

4. My fourth sentence continues to develop the answer about Japan.

5. The fifth sentence still continues describing the example of Japan.

6. My sixth sentence concludes the example and paragraph.

1. In conclusion, the best way to reduce crime in the long-term is to invest more in education and the economy to stimulate job growth and address the catalysts spurring on crime. 2. Any government that is serious about making their country a safer place must first take steps to improve their educational system as that will have the largest impact on creating the stable jobs that discourage criminality in all its forms.

1. My first sentence says my opinions for the second time. Be clear! Don’t sit in the middle with your opinion, you must choose a side!

2. The second sentence adds an extra detail to the paragraph that many examiners will require for at least band 7 for task achievement.

 

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

Many countries today are grappling with the best ways to curb rising crime rates and some have suggested that increased police presence on the streets is the optimal solution. Although I think this would have a positive effect for obvious reasons, the best solution is more nuanced and requires a deeper understanding of the sources underlying crime.

There is little doubt that employing greater numbers of police officers will have an adverse effect on criminality. One of the best examples of this would be in New York City under Mayor Rudy Giuliani during the late 1980s and early 90s. At that time, New York was a haven for criminals and many areas of the city were deemed too dangerous by residents to safely live in or walk through at night. One of the many measures that Giuliani used to reduce crime was significantly increasing the number of police officers during his time in office. This led to a reciprocal decline in crime and made the tourist-heavy neighbourhoods almost entirely safe and the rougher districts at least passably crime-free.

The above-mentioned measures were only effective because administrators also tackled the root causes of crime. It is generally agreed upon that the principle causes of crime are related to education indirectly and poverty more directly. If you look at countries with extremely low poverty and unemployment rates, such as Japan, you will see correspondingly low rates of crime. In Japan, this begins with one of the world’s most renowned educational systems. Students graduate from high school and university with immediately employable skills and most are employed throughout their lifetimes. Since they have money to afford a good standard of living there is little incentive for criminal behaviour and the crime rate is among the lowest in the world.

In conclusion, the best way to reduce crime in the long-term is to invest more in education and the economy to stimulate job growth and address the catalysts spurring on crime. Any government that is serious about making their country a safer place must first take steps to improve their educational system as that will have the largest impact on creating the stable jobs that discourage criminality in all its forms.

 

 

Answers:

grappling with: strugglling with/fighting

curb: slow down

crime rates: the level of crime

increased police presence: more police on the streets

optimal solution: best way of dealing with

obvious reasons: clear, definite justifications

nuanced: complex

requires a deeper understanding: needs more study/analysis

underlying: root causes/foundation

There is little doubt that: no question that

adverse effect: negative impact

criminality: crime

under: while someone serves in office (under Obama, Trump, Napoleon, etc.)

haven: safe place for

deemed: considered/thought to be

measures: methods

reciprocal decline: related decrease

tourist-heavy neighbourhoods: areas where tourists frequent

rougher districts at least passably crime-free: dangerous areas at least mostly free of crime

above-mentioned: said before

administrators: people working in offices/government

tackled: combatted

root causes: sources

principle causes: main reasons

indirectly: not directly

poverty: being poor

directly: from a clearly identified source

unemployment rates: the number of people without jobs

correspondingly: related

most renowned educational systems: good schools

employable skills: skills that help you to get a job

lifetimes: as long as you live

good standard of living: good quality of life

little incentive: no reason for

long-term: over a long period of time

stimulate job growth: increase the number of jobs for people

catalysts spurring on: causes leading to

take steps: take action towards

stable jobs: good jobs that don’t go away easily

discourage criminality in all its forms: decrease all crimes

 

Pronunciation

ˈgræplɪŋ wɪð 

kɜːb 

kraɪm reɪts 

ɪnˈkriːst pəˈliːs ˈprɛzns 

ˈɒptɪməl səˈluːʃən 

ˈɒbvɪəs ˈriːznz 

nju(ː)ˈɑːnst 

rɪˈkwaɪəz ə ˈdiːpəˌʌndəˈstændɪŋ 

ˌʌndəˈlaɪɪŋ 

ðeəɪz ˈlɪtl daʊt ðæt 

ˈædvɜːs ɪˈfɛkt 

ˌkrɪmɪˈnælɪti 

ˈʌndə 

ˈheɪvn 

diːmd 

ˈmɛʒəz 

rɪˈsɪprəkəl dɪˈklaɪn 

ˈtʊərɪstˈhɛvi ˈneɪbəhʊdz 

ˈrʌfə ˈdɪstrɪkts æt liːst ˈpɑːsəbli kraɪmfriː 

əˈbʌvˈmɛnʃ(ə)nd 

ədˈmɪnɪstreɪtəz 

ˈtækld 

ruːt ˈkɔːzɪz 

ˈprɪnsəpl ˈkɔːzɪz 

ˌɪndɪˈrɛktli 

ˈpɒvəti 

dɪˈrɛktli 

ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt reɪts 

ˌkɒrɪsˈpɒndɪŋli 

məʊst rɪˈnaʊnd ˌɛdju(ː)ˈkeɪʃənl ˈsɪstɪmz 

ɪmˈplɔɪəbl skɪlz 

ˈlaɪftaɪmz 

gʊd ˈstændəd ɒv ˈlɪvɪŋ 

ˈlɪtl ɪnˈsɛntɪv 

ˈlɒŋtɜːm 

ˈstɪmjʊleɪt ʤɒb grəʊθ 

ˈkætəlɪsts ˈspɜːrɪŋ ɒn 

teɪk stɛps 

ˈsteɪbl ʤɒbz 

dɪsˈkʌrɪʤ ˌkrɪmɪˈnælɪti ɪn ɔːl ɪts fɔːmz

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Many countries today are _____________ the best ways to _____________ rising _____________ and some have suggested that _____________ on the streets is the _____________. Although I think this would have a positive effect for  _____________, the best solution is more _____________ and _____________ of the sources _____________ crime.

_____________ employing greater numbers of police officers will have an _____________ on  _____________. One of the best examples of this would be in New York City  _____________ Mayor Rudy Giuliani during the late 1980s and early 90s. At that time, New York was a _____________ for criminals and many areas of the city were _____________ too dangerous by residents to safely live in or walk through at night. One of the many _____________ that Giuliani used to reduce crime was significantly increasing the number of police officers during his time in office. This led to a _____________ in crime and made the _____________ almost entirely safe and the _____________.

The _____________ measures were only effective because _____________ also _____________ the _____________ of crime. It is generally agreed upon that the _____________ of crime are related to education _____________ and _____________ more  _____________. If you look at countries with extremely low poverty and _____________, such as Japan, you will see _____________ low rates of crime. In Japan, this begins with one of the world’s _____________. Students graduate from high school and university with immediately _____________ and most are employed throughout their  _____________. Since they have money to afford a _____________ there is _____________ for criminal behaviour and the crime rate is among the lowest in the world.

In conclusion, the best way to reduce crime in the _____________ is to invest more in education and the economy to _____________ and address the _____________ crime. Any government that is serious about making their country a safer place must first _____________ to improve their educational system as that will have the largest impact on creating the _____________ that _____________.

 

Crime Links from YouTube and Articles

Why Japan’s Crime Rate Is So Low

CRIME:The Animated Series – Marcus Mcghee – MOCAtv (Explicit Language)

Why should you read “Crime and Punishment”? – Alex Gendler

 

Comment below – Have you ever committed a crime?

Lots of times! I remember once I …

Just the once … 

Yeah, a few times…

What?! I’d never…

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS (and up to date with me)!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Health Problems Individuals/Governments (Real IELTS Exam)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Health Problems Individuals/Governments (Real IELTS Exam)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam about the topic of health, governments and individuals.

It is really common to get questions that show the conflict between individuals and the government/society/companies.

Keep reading to see how I deal with it and practice some useful grammar and vocabulary.

Here is some review on IELTS Task 2 Writing structures.

These are some other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Health Problems Individuals/Governments (Real IELTS Exam)

Many people believe that every individual is responsible for his/her own healthy lifestyle. Others believe that governments should take care of it. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

There has been much recent policy advocacy related to what the proper role of governments in healthcare should be. Although I believe governments have begun to treat this issue with the seriousness it merits, the responsibility for taking care of one’s health should ultimately rest with individuals as they are more likely to stick with habits that they themselves have cultivated.

Those who favour strong governmental intervention often point out the role of the state in forming healthy eating habits through early intervention at public schools. In the United States, the vast majority of students attend state schools and in recent years the government has been implementing new policies aimed at curbing addiction to unhealthy foods. This means that they have reduced the total intake of saturated fats in school lunches and drastically cut down on sugar not only in prepared lunches but also in the ubiquitous vending machines placed around most schools. In the short term this has led to improved health for students but its true effect will be over the next several decades when these children grow up and are more likely to eschew fast food for the healthier alternatives now opening up to meet the growing demands of an increasingly health-conscious nation.

While there are clear benefits to governmental action, individuals are better at regulating their own behaviour in the long-term. People have always found ways to get around rules in order to satisfy their most basic desires, including those related to food. No matter what steps governments take, people will always crave unhealthy, delicious foods as our brains are hardwired to feel pleasure from saturated fats, carbohydrates, and sugar. For example, even a country like France, which has imposed strict rules over the food that children are served, is still facing an obesity crises. Therefore the only way for people to consistently combat poor health is to develop the discipline on their own. Individuals who make the choice to eat healthier are more likely to stick with this habit having worked out the reasons for themselves, rather than simply following a rule imposed by their schools at the behest of the government.

In conclusion, governments have a large role to play in public health but only individuals can take control of their own lives and make decisions that will truly benefit them in the future. In this case, the best solution is simply no solution. Standing back and allowing people to become more self-reliant will not only have more long-lasting effects but will also empower individuals in various other areas of their life to be more responsible.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. There has been much recent policy advocacy related to what the proper role of governments in healthcare should be. 2. Although I believe governments have begun to treat this issue with the seriousness it merits, the responsibility for taking care of one’s health should ultimately rest with individuals as they are more likely to stick with habits that they themselves have cultivated.

1. My first sentence quickly states the topic for the essay – spend a lot of time understanding the question correctly but don’t waste time writing this sentence – it isn’t that important!

2. Next is my opinion. State your opinion 100% clearly or you risk getting band 5 for task achievement!

1. Those who favour strong governmental intervention often point out the role of the state in forming healthy eating habits through early intervention at public schools. 2. In the United States, the vast majority of students attend state schools and in recent years the government has been implementing new policies aimed at curbing addiction to unhealthy foods. 3. This means that they have reduced the total intake of saturated fats in school lunches and drastically cut down on sugar not only in prepared lunches but also in the ubiquitous vending machines placed around most schools. 4. In the short term this has led to improved health for students but its true effect will be over the next several decades when these children grow up and are more likely to eschew fast food for the healthier alternatives now opening up to meet the growing demands of an increasingly health-conscious nation.

1. The first sentence is a topic sentence with my main idea for the whole paragraph (governments had a large impact in schools). Write a short, simple topic sentence to make your writing clear to the examiner!

2. My second sentence starts my example. Don’t waste any time – get right to your example and start to develop it for a really high task achievement score.

3. The third sentence continues to develop my example by talking about the specific effects of healthy foods at school.

4. My fourth sentence concludes the examples by further talking about the impact later in life for students who develop healthy eating habits from a young age due to government intervention.

1. While there are clear benefits to governmental action, individuals are better at regulating their own behaviour in the long-term. 2. People have always found ways to get around rules in order to satisfy their most basic desires, including those related to food. 3. No matter what steps governments take, people will always crave unhealthy, delicious foods as our brains are hardwired to feel pleasure from saturated fats, carbohydrates, and sugar. 4. For example, even a country like France, which has imposed strict rules over the food that children are served, is still facing an obesity crises. 5. Therefore the only way for people to consistently combat poor health is to develop the discipline on their own. 6. Individuals who make the choice to eat healthier are more likely to stick with this habit having worked out the reasons for themselves, rather than simply following a rule imposed by their schools at the behest of the government.

1. My first sentence is the topic sentence for this paragraph – again, keep it short, simple and clear as this will help both your cohesion/coherence and task achievement scores!

2. The second sentence begins to develop my main idea by explaining why unhealthy eating is so common.

3. The third sentence develops my idea by giving a counter-example: even with government intervention people still eat unhealthily.

4. My fourth sentence gives a more specific example to support my argument.

5. The fifth sentence suggests that people need to develop their own habits.

6. The sixth sentence argues that people who develop their own habits are more likely to stick to them because they understand the reasoning behind them well.

1. In conclusion, governments have a large role to play in public health but only individuals can take control of their own lives and make decisions that will truly benefit them in the future. 2. In this case, the best solution is simply no solution. 3. Standing back and allowing people to become more self-reliant will not only have more long-lasting effects but will also empower individuals in various other areas of their life to be more responsible.

1. The first sentence repeats my opinion. Be sure to have a clear opinion (choose a side) and say it in both your introduction and conclusion for full task achievement and cohesion/coherence marks.

2. My second sentence adds further support for my opinion.

3. The third sentence adds an extra detail that many examiners require for band 7+ and above for task achievement. You only need 2 sentences in your conclusion – maximum 3! 

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

There has been much recent policy advocacy related to what the proper role of governments in healthcare should be. Although I believe governments have begun to treat this issue with the seriousness it merits, the responsibility for taking care of one’s health should ultimately rest with individuals as they are more likely to stick with habits that they themselves have cultivated.

Those who favour strong governmental intervention often point out the role of the state in forming healthy eating habits through early intervention at public schools. In the United States, the vast majority of students attend state schools and in recent years the government has been implementing new policies aimed at curbing addiction to unhealthy foods. This means that they have reduced the total intake of saturated fats in school lunches and drastically cut down on sugar not only in prepared lunches but also in the ubiquitous vending machines placed around most schools. In the short term this has led to improved health for students but its true effect will be over the next several decades when these children grow up and are more likely to eschew fast food for the healthier alternatives now opening up to meet the growing demands of an increasingly health-conscious nation.

While there are clear benefits to governmental action, individuals are better at regulating their own behaviour in the long-term. People have always found ways to get around rules in order to satisfy their most basic desires, including those related to food. No matter what steps governments take, people will always crave unhealthy, delicious foods as our brains are hardwired to feel pleasure from saturated fats, carbohydrates, and sugar. For example, even a country like France, which has imposed strict rules over the food that children are served, is still facing an obesity crises. Therefore the only way for people to consistently combat poor health is to develop the discipline on their own. Individuals who make the choice to eat healthier are more likely to stick with this habit having worked out the reasons for themselves, rather than simply following a rule imposed by their schools at the behest of the government.

In conclusion, governments have a large role to play in public health but only individuals can take control of their own lives and make decisions that will truly benefit them in the future. In this case, the best solution is simply no solution. Standing back and allowing people to become more self-reliant will not only have more long-lasting effects but will also empower individuals in various other areas of their life to be more responsible.

Answers:

policy advocacy: supporting a policy

proper role: what you should be responsible for

the seriousness it merits: how important it really is

ultimately rest: finally must be responsible for

stick with: continue/maintain/keep up

cultivated: grown/made themselves

strong governmental intervention: the government making strong laws/policies

point out: argue/think

early intervention: taking action at an early stage

public schools: state funded schools

vast majority: most

implementing new policies: introducing new laws/rules

curbing: slowing down

total intake: the amount consumed

drastically cut down: decreased a lot

ubiquitous: common/everywhere

short term: not too far in the future

true effect: actual impact

eschew: avoid

healthier alternatives: more healthy options

meet the growing demands: supply the desires of consumers

increasingly health-conscious nation: a country more and more concerned with health

clear benefits: definite advantages

regulating: controlling

long-term: in the distant future

get around rules: avoid mandates

most basic desires: what people desire as humans

no matter what steps governments take: regardless of what governments try to do

crave: desire

hardwired: biologically fixed

imposed strict rules: enact harsh laws

served: given

facing an obesity crises: lots of fat people

consistently combat poor health: often unhealthy

discipline: punish

worked out: figure out

imposed: force

at the behest of the government: at the government’s request

large role: big part in

take control: be in charge

truly benefit: actual positive impact on

standing back: doing nothing

self-reliant: depending on only yourself

long-lasting effects: impact in the future

empower: give power

 

Pronunciation

ˈpɒlɪsi ˈædvəkəsi 

ˈprɒpə rəʊl 

ðə ˈsɪərɪəsnɪs ɪt ˈmɛrɪts 

ˈʌltɪmɪtli rɛst 

stɪk wɪð 

ˈkʌltɪveɪtɪd 

strɒŋ ˌgʌvənˈmɛntl ˌɪntə(ː)ˈvɛnʃən 

pɔɪnt aʊt 

ˈɜːli ˌɪntə(ː)ˈvɛnʃən 

ˈpʌblɪk skuːlz 

vɑːst məˈʤɒrɪti 

ˈɪmplɪmɛntɪŋ njuː ˈpɒlɪsiz 

ˈkɜːbɪŋ 

ˈtəʊtl ˈɪnteɪk 

ˈdræstɪk(ə)li kʌt daʊn 

ju(ː)ˈbɪkwɪtəs 

ʃɔːt tɜːm 

truː ɪˈfɛkt 

ɪsˈʧuː 

ˈhɛlθɪəɔːlˈtɜːnətɪvz 

miːt ðə ˈgrəʊɪŋ dɪˈmɑːndz 

ɪnˈkriːsɪŋli hɛlθˈkɒnʃəs ˈneɪʃən 

klɪə ˈbɛnɪfɪts 

ˈrɛgjʊleɪtɪŋ 

ˈlɒŋtɜːm 

gɛt əˈraʊnd ruːlz 

məʊst ˈbeɪsɪk dɪˈzaɪəz 

nəʊ ˈmætə wɒt stɛps ˈgʌvnmənts teɪk 

kreɪv 

hɑːdˈwaɪəd 

ɪmˈpəʊzd strɪkt ruːlz 

sɜːvd 

ˈfeɪsɪŋ ən əʊˈbiːsɪti ˈkraɪsiːz 

kənˈsɪstəntli ˈkɒmbæt pʊə hɛlθ 

ˈdɪsɪplɪn 

wɜːkt aʊt 

ɪmˈpəʊzd 

æt ðə bɪˈhɛst ɒv ðə ˈgʌvnmənt 

lɑːʤ rəʊl 

teɪk kənˈtrəʊl 

ˈtruːli ˈbɛnɪfɪt 

ˈstændɪŋ bæk 

sɛlfrɪˈlaɪənt 

lɒŋˈlɑːstɪŋ ɪˈfɛkts 

ɪmˈpaʊə 
 

 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

There has been much recent ___________________ related to what the ___________________ of governments in healthcare should be. Although I believe governments have begun to treat this issue with ___________________, the responsibility for taking care of one’s health should ___________________ with individuals as they are more likely to ___________________ habits that they themselves have ___________________.

Those who favour ___________________ often ___________________ the role of the state in forming healthy eating habits through ___________________ at ___________________. In the United States, the ___________________ of students attend state schools and in recent years the government has been ___________________ aimed at ___________________ addiction to unhealthy foods. This means that they have reduced the ___________________ of saturated fats in school lunches and ___________________ on sugar not only in prepared lunches but also in the ___________________ vending machines placed around most schools. In the ___________________ this has led to improved health for students but its ___________________ will be over the next several decades when these children grow up and are more likely to ___________________ fast food for the ___________________ now opening up to ___________________ of an ___________________.

While there are ___________________ to governmental action, individuals are better at ___________________ their own behaviour in the ___________________. People have always found ways to ___________________ in order to satisfy their ___________________, including those related to food. ___________________, people will always ___________________ unhealthy, delicious foods as our brains are ___________________ to feel pleasure from saturated fats, carbohydrates, and sugar. For example, even a country like France, which has ___________________ over the food that children are ___________________, is still ___________________. Therefore the only way for people to ___________________ is to develop the discipline on their own. Individuals who make the choice to eat healthier are more likely to stick with this habit having ___________________ the reasons for themselves, rather than simply following a rule ___________________ by their schools ___________________.

In conclusion, governments have a ___________________ to play in public health but only individuals can ___________________ of their own lives and make decisions that will ___________________ them in the future. In this case, the best solution is simply no solution. ___________________ and allowing people to become more ___________________ will not only have more ___________________ but will also ___________________ individuals in various other areas of their life to be more responsible.

Links from YouTube and Articles

Which Diets Actually Work?

How the Food you Eat Affects your Brain

Myths You Learned in Health Class

Comment below – What are your most unhealthy habits?

I can’t resist …

My weak spot is …

I’m an absolute addict when it comes to …

I’ve got a real sweet tooth and I’m especially keen on …

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS (and up to date with me)!