IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Studying Abroad (Real IELTS Test)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Studying Abroad (Real IELTS Test)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer about students living abroad written by me, Dave, a former IELTS examiner.

I did this question with one of my classes and I found that it was a great teaching tool for two reasons.

Firstly, because students very slightly misunderstood the question. That slight misunderstanding led to lots of them getting band 5 for task achievement.

Here is the question:

Compared to the past, more people are now studying abroad because it is more convenient and cheaper than before. Do you think this is beneficial to the foreign student’s home country? Will this trend change much in the future?

Real Past IELTS Cambridge Tests

There is one tricky part. The topic is simple enough – more and more people study abroad now (you can ignore the convenience and cheaper part; it’s not important for the questions that you have to answer).

The tricky part is in the first question – will it be beneficial to the foreign student’s home country?

A lot of my students focused on individual benefits: a better career, more money, etc.

That is irrelevant to the question and will get you a band 4 or 5 for task achievement.

Instead, you must focus on the benefits for the home country: more specialised knowledge, more creative ideas, economic development, etc.

The second part of the question is simpler – just state whether or not you will think it will continue and why. For this part you could talk about individual benefits like making more money as the reason why the trend will continue.

Secondly, this question lends itself to a really detailed, specific answer and that is the most important skill to pracitce for your IELTS writing task 2.

I’m sure that you can think of lots of famous examples from your country of entrepreneurs, scientists, or politicians who studied abroad at some point.

Read below for my essay, analysis and more!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer by Dave: Studying Abroad

Compared to the past, more people are now studying abroad because it is more convenient and cheaper than before. Do you think this is beneficial to the foreign student’s home country? Will this trend change much in the future?

Nowadays, there are more and more students choosing to study overseas due to a variety of benefits for their own future life and career. From my perspective, I believe that this trend can also be beneficial to the foreign student’s home country and will continue developing in the next few years because of these benefits.

I think it is beneficial to the foreign student’s home country because after they finish studying, they may choose to come back and contribute to their homeland. For example, Vietnamese Professor, Ngo Bao Chau was announced by the 2010 International Congress of Mathematics as one of four mathematicians to win the Fields Medal, which is the world’s most prestigious mathematics award. After returning to Vietnam, he started to help and encourage aspiring Vietnamese from universities to study mathematics further. He not only contributed directly to the burgeoning field of Vietnamese mathematics but also continues to serve as aspirational example to students of the rewards of studying abroad and then returning home.

In the future, I believe that this trend will continue as both foreign and domestic countries will support students through scholarships. For example, in Vietnam it is common for students to apply for scholarships to study in countries like the USA, the UK, Australia, France, and so on. These countries have the means and are willing to support students from foreign countries because it enhances the diversity of their campuses. Additionally, the government in Vietnam encourages studying abroad through scholarships for underprivileged students. They do this because students who study abroad typically return to Vietnam and help push forward economic development, as in the case of Ngo Bao Chau.

In conclusion, I feel that there are clear advantages for the foreign student’s home country because of their potential academic and economic contributions after coming back home. Developing nations in particular should invest heavily in programs to send students abroad, besides funding their own educational infrastructure, if they want to have the kind of secure foundation that will allow the country to flourish for many years.

Word count: 340 (a bit high – aim for 300!)

Analysis

1. Nowadays, there are more and more students choosing to study overseas due to a variety of benefits for their own future life and career. 2. From my perspective, I believe that this trend can also be beneficial to the foreign student’s home country and will continue developing in the next few years because of these benefits.

  1. My first sentence is a topic sentence that lays out the topic for the whole essay. Don’t waste much time writing this sentence, just quickly paraphrase the general topic for the essay.
  2. The second sentence gives my opinions about the two questions asked. This is important for your task achievement and cohesion/coherence scores. You don’t have to include your main ideas in your introduction.

1. I think it is beneficial to the foreign student’s home country because after they finish studying, they may choose to come back and contribute to their homeland. 2. For example, Vietnamese Professor, Ngo Bao Chau was announced by the 2010 International Congress of Mathematics as one of four mathematicians to win the Fields Medal, which is the world’s most prestigious mathematics award. 3. After returning to Vietnam, he started to help and encourage aspiring Vietnamese from universities to study mathematics further. 4. He not only contributed directly to the burgeoning field of Vietnamese mathematics but also continues to serve as aspirational example to students of the rewards of studying abroad and then returning home.

  1. The first sentence is my topic sentence for this paragraph which contains two parts: the topic (benefits to the home country) and my main idea (come back and contribute. Keep this sentence short, simple and clear!
  2. My second sentence begins my example. Don’t waste any time getting to your example. The faster you start writing about it, the more you will be able to develop it fully.
  3. The third sentence continues my example. Don’t run away from your examples – keep developing them fully because it will help your task achievement, cohesion and coherence and force you to use more good vocabulary.
  4. My final sentence concludes the paragraph and adds further detail to my example. The more you develop your example, the higher your task achievement score will be!

1. In the future, I believe that this trend will continue as both foreign and domestic countries will support students through scholarships. 2. For example, in Vietnam it is common for students to apply for scholarships to study in countries like the USA, the UK, Australia, France, and so on. 3. These countries have the means and are willing to support students from foreign countries because it enhances the diversity of their campuses. 4. Additionally, the government in Vietnam encourages studying abroad through scholarships for underprivileged students. 5. They do this because students who study abroad typically return to Vietnam and help push forward economic development, as in the case of Ngo Bao Chau.

  1. My first sentence is a topic sentence that contains both the topic and the main idea for the whole paragraph. Focus on one main idea so that you can develop it 100%!
  2. The second sentence begins my example right away – just like in the last paragraph.
  3. My next sentence develops my example.
  4. The fourth sentence further develops the example – keep developing!
  5. The fifth sentence further supports my main reason by detailing the reason why countries invest in scholarships.

1. In conclusion, I feel that there are clear advantages for the foreign student’s home country because of their potential academic and economic contributions after coming back home. 2. Developing nations in particular should invest heavily in programs to send students abroad, besides funding their own educational infrastructure, if they want to have the kind of secure foundation that will allow the country to flourish for many years.

  1. My first sentence is a topic sentence that lays out the topic for the whole essay. Don’t waste much time writing this sentence, just quickly paraphrase the general topic for the essay.
  2. The second sentence gives my opinions about the two questions asked. This is important for your task achievement and cohesion/coherence scores. You don’t have to include your main ideas in your introduction.

Vocabulary Practice

Try to write a definition or a synonym for the vocabulary in bold below.

Nowadays, there are more and more students choosing to study overseas due to a variety of benefits for their own future life and career. From my perspective, I believe that this trend can also be beneficial to the foreign student’s home country and will continue developing in the next few years because of these benefits.

I think it is beneficial to the foreign student’s home country because after they finish studying, they may choose to come back and contribute to their homeland. For example, Vietnamese Professor, Ngo Bao Chau was announced by the 2010 International Congress of Mathematics as one of four mathematicians to win the Fields Medal, which is the world’s most prestigious mathematics award. After returning to Vietnam, he started to help and encourage aspiring Vietnamese from universities to study mathematics further. He not only contributed directly to the burgeoning field of Vietnamese mathematics but also continues to serve as aspirational example to students of the rewards of studying abroad and then returning home.

In the future, I believe that this trend will continue as both foreign and domestic countries will support students through scholarships. For example, in Vietnam it is common for students to apply for scholarships to study in countries like the USA, the UK, Australia, France, and so on. These countries have the means and are willing to support students from foreign countries because it enhances the diversity of their campuses. Additionally, the government in Vietnam encourages studying abroad through scholarships for underprivileged students. They do this because students who study abroad typically return to Vietnam and help push forward economic development, as in the case of Ngo Bao Chau.

In conclusion, I feel that there are clear advantages for the foreign student’s home country because of their potential academic and economic contributions after coming back home. Developing nations in particular should invest heavily in programs to send students abroad, besides funding their own educational infrastructure, if they want to have the kind of secure foundation that will allow the country to flourish for many years.

Answers

variety lots of different kinds

From my perspective I think

trend general direction

beneficial good for

benefits the verb form meaning something is good for

contribute add to

homeland where you’re from

announced make public

mathematicians academics who study math

prestigious renowned/sought-after

encourage support

burgeoning emerging

aspirational something to look up to (adjective)

rewards benefits

scholarships money to study abroad

apply for scholarships ask for scholarship money

the means the ability to be able to

enhances makes stronger

diversity different races, genders, orientations, etc.

underprivileged students poor students

push forward economic development boost the economy

contributions efforts/help

invest heavily put money into

educational infrastructure schools in a country

secure foundation strong infrastructure that will last

flourish do very well

Pronunciation

vəˈraɪəti 
frɒm maɪ pəˈspɛktɪv
trɛnd 
ˌbɛnɪˈfɪʃəl
ˈbɛnɪfɪts
kənˈtrɪbju(ː)t 
ˈhəʊmlænd
əˈnaʊnst 
ˌmæθɪməˈtɪʃənz 
prɛˈstɪʤəs 
ɪnˈkʌrɪʤ 
kənˈtrɪbju(ː)tɪd 
ˈbɜːʤənɪŋ
ˌæspəˈreɪʃ(ə)n(ə)l 
rɪˈwɔːdz
ˈskɒləʃɪps
əˈplaɪ fɔː ˈskɒləʃɪps 
ðə miːnz 
ɪnˈhɑːnsɪz 
daɪˈvɜːsɪti 
ˌʌndəˈprɪvɪlɪʤd ˈstjuːdənts
pʊʃ ˈfɔːwəd ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk dɪˈvɛləpmənt
ˌkɒntrɪˈbjuːʃənz 
ɪnˈvɛst ˈhɛvɪli 
ˌɛdju(ː)ˈkeɪʃənl ˈɪnfrəˌstrʌkʧə
sɪˈkjʊə faʊnˈdeɪʃən
ˈflʌrɪʃ

More Vocabulary Practice

Nowadays, there are more and more students choosing to study overseas due to a ____________of benefits for their own future life and career. ____________, I believe that this ____________ can also be ____________ to the foreign student’s home country and will continue developing in the next few years because of these ____________ .

I think it is beneficial to the foreign student’s home country because after they finish studying, they may choose to come back and ____________ to their ____________ . For example, Vietnamese Professor, Ngo Bao Chau was ____________ by the 2010 International Congress of Mathematics as one of four ____________ to win the Fields Medal, which is the world’s most ____________ mathematics award. After returning to Vietnam, he started to help and ____________ aspiring Vietnamese from universities to study mathematics further. He not only ____________ directly to the ____________ field of Vietnamese mathematics but also continues to serve as ____________ example to students of the ____________ of studying abroad and then returning home.

In the future, I believe that this trend will continue as both foreign and domestic countries will support students through ____________ . For example, in Vietnam it is common for students to ____________ to study in countries like the USA, the UK, Australia, France, and so on. These countries have ____________ and are willing to support students from foreign countries because it the ____________ of their campuses. Additionally, the government in Vietnam encourages studying abroad through scholarships for ____________ . They do this because students who study abroad typically return to Vietnam and help ____________ , as in the case of Ngo Bao Chau.

In conclusion, I feel that there are clear advantages for the foreign student’s home country because of their potential academic and economic ____________ after coming back home. Developing nations in particular should in programs to send students abroad, besides funding their own ____________ , if they want to have the kind of ____________ that will allow the country to ____________ for many years.

Links

This is a video related to studying abroad. You can use some of the ideas here about listening to practice while you watch.

Here is a related article and some ideas for how to read the news and improve your IELTS reading score.

Was my study abroad experience authentic? From The New York Times

Comment your own writing or any other questions that you have below!

The Most Common IELTS Writing Topics (with Sample Answers!)

The Most Common IELTS Writing Topics (with Sample Answers!)

These are the most common IELTS writing topics that I have come across as an examiner and from student reports over the last year.

The most commons topics are: Age & Generations, Art, Business, Cities, Crime, Education, Environment, Family, Health, Government, Media & Newspapers, Psychology, Society, Sport, Technology & Science, Transport, and Work.

Below are some IELTS writing task 2 samples (all written by me) on the most common topics!

Comment your own essays below and I will give you some feedback!

Age & Generations

Some people say that music is a good way of bringing people of different cultures and ages together.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Music Bringing People Together (IELTS Cambridge 14)

At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.

Do the advantage of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Populations, Young People (IELTS Cambridge 14)

 

Agriculture

In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry. Why is this the case? What can be done about this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge. Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Agriculture (IELTS Cambridge 13)

 

Art

Museums and art galleries should focus on works that show the history and culture of their own country rather than works of other parts of the world.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Museums

 

Business

Recent research has shown that business meetings and training are increasingly taking place online.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Business

 

Cities

When designing a building, the most important factor is the intended use of the building rather than its outward appearance.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Buildings

 

Living in large cities today poses many problems for people.

What are these problems? Should governments encourage more people to live in smaller towns?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Cities

 

Traffic and housing problems in major cities could be solved by moving companies, factories and their employees to the countryside.

Do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Overpopulation

 

 

Crime

Some countries are struggling with increases in crime rates. Some believe that having more police on the streets is best way to reduce and combat crime.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Crime and the Police)

 

 

Education

Some people say that school children should be mainly taught about the literature (e.g fiction and poetry) of their own country because it is more important than that of other countries.

To what extent do you agree?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Literature

 

Environment

Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

 IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Environmental Problems Plants and Animals (IELTS Cambridge 14)

 

Climate change is a phenomenon that affects countries all over the world. Many people strongly believe that it is the responsibility of individuals, rather than corporations and governments, to deal with this problem.

To what extent do you agree?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Climate Change

 

Plastic shopping bags are used widely and cause many environmental problems. Some people say they should be banned.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Plastic Bags

 

Family & Children

Many parents encourage young people to leave home when they become older, while others think they should stay at home with the family. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Family and the Home)

 

Health

Many people believe that every individual is responsible for his/her own healthy lifestyle. Others believe that governments should take care of it. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Health Problems Individuals/Governments (Real IELTS Exam)

 

The best way to prevent people from smoking is to impose high taxes on tobacco products. In this way, people will be less likely to develop a long-term addiction to smoking.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Smoking (Real IELTS Exam)

 

History

Some people say history is one the most important school subjects. Other people think that, in today’s world, subjects like science and technology are more important than history. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge. Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer from Cambridge 13: History (by Dave)

 

Government

The best way to prevent people from smoking is to impose high taxes on tobacco products. In this way, people will be less likely to develop a long-term addiction to smoking.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer: Government (by Dave)

 

 

Language

Living in a country where you have to speak a foreign language can cause serious social problems, as well as practical problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Foreign Languages (Cambridge 13)

 

 

Media & Newspapers

Some people think that newspapers are the best way to learn news. However, others believe that they can learn news better through other media. Discuss both views and give your opinion

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer from Cambridge 13: Newspapers and the Media (by Dave)

 

 

Personal Life

Many people try to balance work and other parts of their life. However, this is very difficult to do. What are the problems associated with this? What is the best way to achieve a better balance?

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer: Work-Life Balance (by Dave)

 

Psychology

Some people believe that it is best to accept a bad situation, such as an unsatisfactory job or shortage of money. Others argue that it is better to try and improve such situations.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Acceptance / Unsatisfactory (IELTS Cambridge 14) by Dave

 

Some are of the opinion that people are naturally born as good leaders while others feel that leadership skills can be learned.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Leadership

 

 

Society

Some people believe that nowadays we have too many choices. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge. Write at least 250 words.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer from Cambridge 13: Choice (by Dave)

 

In many countries people are living in a “throwaway society” where things are used for a short time and thrown away. 

What are the causes of this and what problems does it lead to?

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer from Cambridge 13: Society (by Dave)

 

 

Sport

Some people think that it is a waste of money for countries to host big sporting events like the world cup, and that the money would be better spent on other things. However, others think that hosting large sporting events has a clear, positive impact on a country.

Discuss both these views and give your opinion.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: The World Cup and Olympics

 

Technology & Science

Some people believe that it is good to share as much information as possible in scientific research, business, and the academic world. Others believe that some information is too important or too valuable to be shared freely.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Scientific Research (IELTS Cambridge 12) by Dave

 

Transport

Some people think that governments should invest mainly in making public transportation faster while other think there are more important priorities (cost, the environment).

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer from Cambridge 13: Transportation (by Dave)

 

Some people believe that the best way to increase the road safety is to increase the minimum legal age for driving cars.

To what extent do you agree or disagree.

 IELTS Examiner Sample Answer from Cambridge 13: Traffic and Road Safety (by Dave)

 

Work

Nowadays many people choose to be self-employed, rather than to work for a company or organisation.

Why might this be the case? What could be the disadvantages of being self-employed?

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Self-Employment (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Government and Housing

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Government and Housing

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam about government, a topic that comes up all over the test.

It’s an interesting and important area to focus on because there is a very good chance that you will have to talk or write about government (and housing) at some point on IELTS.

My sample answer below contains extra practice with vocabulary and the topic – read on!

You can also review the IELTS Task 2 Writing structures.

Here are my other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

Finally, here are my Task 1 Sample Answers!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Government)

Some believe that because everyone needs a place to live, governments should provide houses for those who are too poor to afford their own.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many reformers are of the opinion that it is the responsibility of governments to provide public housing for members of the public too poor to afford their own homes. In my opinion, although there are some situations when this might be necessary, it is better to allow people the opportunity to pull themselves out of poverty.

Those who support government assistance in housing programs point out the institutional shackles that keep people in poverty. In the United States, there is a long, painful history concerning African Americans that began with slavery, discrimination and still shows its impact in various more muted forms of racism. These people have few chances to escape poverty and own their own homes because they have difficulty getting a good education and then a job. If governments provide them with housing, that frees up their money to go to the education of their children and can break the long chain of poverty that has blighted their path in America.

Although the above-mentioned argument has its merits, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to be able to maintain their success. Charity is a notoriously double edged sword because it fosters dependence. Someone who is in poverty who works hard and finds and escape and manages to own a home will develop reserves of willpower and determination that will serve them their entire life. Their self-respect will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold onto their house, regardless of obstacles. If the government simply gifts this person a house, they will be much less inclined to take care of it and will not develop any of the qualities that will spell out their success in life more generally.

In conclusion, people who are more self-reliant are more likely to be successful and hold onto their homes. The role of government ought to be more subtle and include educational reforms aimed at opening up opportunities that individuals can themselves seize.

 Word count: 329

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Society)

1. Many reformers are of the opinion that it is the responsibility of governments to provide public housing for members of the public too poor to afford their own homes. 2. In my opinion, although there are some situations when this might be necessary, it is better to allow people the opportunity to pull themselves out of poverty.

1. My first sentence paraphrases (restates) the main topic for the essay. Write this sentence quickly because it is not that important compared to other sentences in your essay. Don’t over-paraphrase or you are likely to make mistakes that will confuse the examiner!

2. The next sentence is my opinion. Don’t sit in the middle – make sure that you have an overall opinion!

1. Those who support government assistance in housing programs point out the institutional shackles that keep people in poverty. 2. In the United States, there is a long, painful history concerning African Americans that began with slavery, discrimination and still shows its impact in various more muted forms of racism. 3. These people have few chances to escape poverty and own their own homes because they have difficulty getting a good education and then a job. 4. If governments provide them with housing, that frees up their money to go to the education of their children and can break the long chain of poverty that has blighted their path in America.

1. The first sentence is my topic sentence which has two parts: the topic (positives of government housing) and the main idea (relationship to poverty). Write short, clear topic sentence with 1 main idea.

2. My second sentence begins my example. Make your examples specific and detailed – I will continue to develop this one example for the rest of the paragraph.

3. The third sentence develops the example by giving specific details about why poverty makes it difficult to own a home.

4. My next sentence concludes the paragraph by suggesting the importance of the government for this one particular example.

(5. I do not include, but you could include, a sentence making this more general or applying it globally.)

1. Although the above-mentioned argument has its merits, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to be able to maintain their success. 2. Charity is a notoriously double edged sword because it fosters dependence. 3. Someone who is in poverty who works hard and finds and escape and manages to own a home will develop reserves of willpower and determination that will serve them their entire life. 4. Their self-respect will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold onto their house, regardless of obstacles. 5. If the government simply gifts this person a house, they will be much less inclined to take care of it and will not develop any of the qualities that will spell out their success in life more generally.

1. My first sentence is another topic sentence but I am now focusing on the other side: why the government should not provide housing. Focus on one main idea so that you can fully support it; I focus on why charity does not work in many cases.

2. My next sentence explains my main idea. You do not always need this sentence. I did not do it in the previous paragraph.

3.The third sentence begins a hypthetical example. It is fine to use an imaginary example! Try not to use personal examples if possible though…

4. My fourth sentence includes the specific reasons why buying your own house is a good thing.

5. The fifth sentence uses a counter-example to explain why the government giving houses will prevent people from developing themselves.

1. In conclusion, people who are more self-reliant are more likely to be successful and hold onto their homes. 2. The role of government ought to be more subtle and include educational reforms aimed at opening up opportunities that individuals can themselves seize.

1. My first sentence repeats my opinion and the main reason why. Do not use a new reason!

3. The second sentence adds an extra detail. Many examiners require an extra detail sentence for band 7+. You can read more about that sentence here.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words below in bold mean? If you’re not sure, try not to use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

Many reformers are of the opinion that it is the responsibility of governments to provide public housing for members of the public too poor to afford their own homes. In my opinion, although there are some situations when this might be necessary, it is better to allow people the opportunity to pull themselves out of poverty.

Those who support government assistance in housing programs point out the institutional shackles that keep people in poverty. In the United States, there is a long, painful history concerning African Americans that began with slavery, discrimination and still shows its impact in various more muted forms of racism. These people have few chances to escape poverty and own their own homes because they have difficulty getting a good education and then a job. If governments provide them with housing, that frees up their money to go to the education of their children and can break the long chain of poverty that has blighted their path in America.

Although the above-mentioned argument has its merits, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to be able to maintain their success. Charity is a notoriously double edged sword because it fosters dependence. Someone who is in poverty who works hard and finds and escape and manages to own a home will develop reserves of willpower and determination that will serve them their entire life. Their self-respect will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold onto their house, regardless of obstacles. If the government simply gifts this person a house, they will be much less inclined to take care of it and will not develop any of the qualities that will spell out their success in life more generally.

In conclusion, people who are more self-reliant are more likely to be successful and hold onto their homes. The role of government ought to be more subtle and include educational reforms aimed at opening up opportunities that individuals can themselves seize.

Answers:

reformers: people who want to make changes

of the opinion: believe

public housing: houses or apartments for people in need

afford: be able to buy

pull themselves out of: escape from

poverty: not having much money

point out: think

institutional shackles: the world holding you back

muted: mild

racism: believing that another race is inferior

escape poverty: get out of being poor/become middle-class

frees up: allows for

break the long chain of poverty: get out of poverty

blighted their path: stood in their way/held them back

above-mentioned argument: the ideas from the previous paragraph

merits: deserves

maintain their success: continue to do well

charity: giving to others

notoriously double edged sword: famously has pros and cons

fosters dependence: makes people reliant on

reserves: extra supplies

willpower: ability to do what you want

determination: continue on despite troubles

serve them their entire life: help them throughout life

self-respect: thinking highly of yourself

regardless of obstacles: no matter the challenges

gifts: the verb of gift/to give for nothing

less inclined: do not want to

spell out: defines

generally: in general, not applying to everyone

self-reliant: depend on yourself

hold onto: keep

subtle: mild, not strong

educational reforms: improving education

opening up opportunities: making new things possible

seize: take

Pronunciation

rɪˈfɔːməz 

ɒv ði əˈpɪnjən 

ˈpʌblɪk ˈhaʊzɪŋ 

əˈfɔːd 

pʊl ðəmˈsɛlvz aʊt 

ˈpɒvəti

pɔɪnt aʊt 

ˌɪnstɪˈtjuːʃən(ə)l ˈʃæklz 

ˈmjuːtɪd 

ˈreɪsɪzm 

ɪsˈkeɪp ˈpɒvəti 

friːz ʌp 

breɪk ðə lɒŋ ʧeɪn ɒv ˈpɒvəti 

ˈblaɪtɪd ðeə pɑːθ 

əˈbʌvˈmɛnʃ(ə)nd ˈɑːgjʊmənt 

ˈmɛrɪts 

meɪnˈteɪn ðeə səkˈsɛs 

ˈʧærɪti 

nəʊˈtɔːrɪəsli ˈdʌbl ɛʤd sɔːd 

ˈfɒstəz dɪˈpɛndəns 

rɪˈzɜːvz 

ˈwɪlˌpaʊə 

dɪˌtɜːmɪˈneɪʃən 

sɜːv ðɛm ðeəɪnˈtaɪə laɪf 

sɛlfrɪsˈpɛkt 

rɪˈgɑːdlɪs ɒv ˈɒbstəklz 

gɪfts 

lɛs ɪnˈklaɪnd 

spɛl aʊt 

ˈʤɛnərəli 

sɛlfrɪˈlaɪənt 

həʊld ˈɒntʊ 

ˈsʌtl 

ˌɛdju(ː)ˈkeɪʃənl ˌriːˈfɔːmz 

ˈəʊpnɪŋ ʌp ˌɒpəˈtjuːnɪtiz 

siːz

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Many ______________ are ______________ that it is the responsibility of governments to provide ______________ for members of the public too poor to ______________ their own homes. In my opinion, although there are some situations when this might be necessary, it is better to allow people the opportunity to ______________ of ______________.

Those who support government assistance in housing programs ______________ the ______________ that keep people in poverty. In the United States, there is a long, painful history concerning African Americans that began with slavery, discrimination and still shows its impact in various more ______________ forms of ______________. These people have few chances to ______________ and own their own homes because they have difficulty getting a good education and then a job. If governments provide them with housing, that ______________ their money to go to the education of their children and can ______________ that has ______________ in America.

Although the ______________ has its ______________, in my opinion people who help themselves are more likely to be able to ______________. ______________ is a ______________ because it ______________. Someone who is in poverty who works hard and finds and escape and manages to own a home will develop ______________ of ______________ and ______________ that will ______________. Their ______________will also help them in their work and encourage them to hold onto their house, ______________. If the government simply ______________ this person a house, they will be much ______________ to take care of it and will not develop any of the qualities that will ______________ their success in life more ______________.

In conclusion, people who are more ______________ are more likely to be successful and ______________ their homes. The role of government ought to be more _________________ and include ___________________ aimed at __________________ that individuals can themselves ______________.

Government & Housing Article

It’s really important to review the language from the above topic and get some more experience with coming up with ideas related to this.

Read the article below to continue learning about this topic. You can read some ideas about using the news to improve your reading here.

Mexico’s Housing Projects (Wired.com)

Public Housing IELTS

Public Housing IELTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Government & Housing Video

Don’t neglect your listening skills either!

The more time that you spend reviewing a single topic in a variety of ways (through listening, reading, writing and speaking), the more likely it is that your will improve your ideas and ability to think about complex topics like government and housing.

Read more here for some ideas for how to watch this video.

 

Comment below  – write your own essay about government and I will give you some feedback!

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Smoking

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Smoking

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam about the topic of smoking.

For this one, I’ve written my own sample answer with analysis and provided some vocabulary activities.

A lot of my sample answers tend to be 300 or more words. I think writing 300 words is a good goal and it is possible to fully support your argument with that many words.

But for this one I tried to write it much closer to 250 words – just 260 in fact!

You can also read a high level writing sample (band 7) and my corrections on it for the 4 band descriptors: task achievement, grammar, vocabulary, cohesion and coherence.

You can read here my other writing task 2 samples.

Here are my task 1 sample answers.

If you need more help, you can consider my online courses here.

Best of luck!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Smoking Corrections

IELTS Writing Task 2 Smoking Corrections

Click here to read the full pdf corrections of a students sample: IELTS Writing Task 2 Smoking

 

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Smoking)

The best way to prevent people from smoking is to impose high taxes on tobacco products. In this way, people will be less likely to develop a long-term addiction to smoking.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some have suggested that the best method of reducing the number of smokers is for governments to raise taxes. Although there are economic disadvantages, I believe that this will have the greatest impact.

The economic disadvantage of increasing taxes on smoking is that it will hurt the large tobacco industries in countries like the United States. In the USA, Phillip Morris, the largest tobacco company in the world, provides thousands of jobs and pays large taxes on its revenue to prop up state and federal budgets. If taxes on tobacco had their desired effect then many people would lose their jobs and budgets would be slashed. This is a sacrifice that many might be willing to accept but that would be nonetheless negative.

Despite the aforementioned drawbacks, raising the cost of smoking is the best way to reduce smoking. A good example of this can be seen in a comparison of countries with little or no tax on tobacco products with those with high taxes. Indonesia famously has a particularly high number of smokers and the main reason for this is that the tobacco lobbies have blocked tax legislation, keeping the price of a pack below a dollar. In many European countries, smoking is on the decline because few can justify paying more than ten dollars for a pack of cigarettes.

In conclusion, although it might have a negative impact on the economy and jobs, raising taxes on tobacco related goods will reduce smoking. If more governments embraced this approach, they would reap future rewards in reduced spending for medicare.

Word count: 260

 

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Smoking)

1. Some have suggested that the best method of reducing the number of smokers is for governments to raise taxes. 2. Although there are economic disadvantages, I believe that this will have the greatest impact.

1. My first sentence restates what the topic is about. Don’t stress about making this sentence perfect – change some words and get quickly to your next sentence.

2. The next sentence is my opinion. This sentence is opinion though you can write it very quickly. Don’t sit in the middle, have an opinion! You will repeat it again in your conclusion.

1. The economic disadvantage of increasing taxes on smoking is that it will hurt the large tobacco industries in countries like the United States. 2. In the USA, Phillip Morris, the largest tobacco company in the world, provides thousands of jobs and pays large taxes on its revenue to prop up state and federal budgets. 3. If taxes on tobacco had their desired effect then many people would lose their jobs and budgets would be slashed. 4. This is a sacrifice that many might be willing to accept but that would be nonetheless negative.

1. My first sentence is the topic sentence for the paragraph that has two parts: the topic (increasing taxes on smoking) and the main idea (will hurt businesses).

2. The second sentence begins my example right away. Don’t waste time – if you are only writing about 250 words you need to get to your example fast to be able to fully develop it.

3. My third sentence continues the example by describing the specific effect.

4. The next sentence concludes the paragraph by saying that this will have a negative effect (though some might not mind).

1. Despite the aforementioned drawbacks, raising the cost of smoking is the best way to reduce smoking. 2. A good example of this can be seen in a comparison of countries with little or no tax on tobacco products with those with high taxes. 3. Indonesia famously has a particularly high number of smokers and the main reason for this is that the tobacco lobbies have blocked tax legislation, keeping the price of a pack below a dollar. 4. In many European countries, smoking is on the decline because few can justify paying more than ten dollars for a pack of cigarettes.

1. My first sentence is another topic sentence with topic (increasing taxes) with the main idea (best way to reduct smoking). Focus on one main idea per paragraph because you don’t have the space or time to develop another main idea.

2. The second sentence introduces my example of countries where smoking is cheap.

3. My third sentence makes the example even more specific by talking about Indonesia. Be as specific as possible!

4. The fourth sentence concludes the paragraph by detailing how countries with higher taxes also see a decline in smoking.

1. In conclusion, although it might have a negative impact on the economy and jobs, raising taxes on tobacco related goods will reduce smoking. 2. If more governments embraced this approach, they would reap future rewards in reduced spending for medicare.

1. My first sentence restates my overall opinion. Be crystal clear – never sit in the middle or be unclear!

2. The final sentence puts forth an extra detail to the paragraph that many examiners will require for at least band 7 for task achievement.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words below in bold mean? If you’re not sure, try not to use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

Some have suggested that the best method of reducing the number of smokers is for governments to raise taxes. Although there are economic disadvantages, I believe that this will have the greatest impact.

The economic disadvantage of increasing taxes on smoking is that it will hurt the large tobacco industries in countries like the United States. In the USA, Phillip Morris, the largest tobacco company in the world, provides thousands of jobs and pays large taxes on its revenue to prop up state and federal budgets. If taxes on tobacco had their desired effect then many people would lose their jobs and budgets would be slashed. This is a sacrifice that many might be willing to accept but that would be nonetheless negative.

Despite the aforementioned drawbacks, raising the cost of smoking is the best way to reduce smoking. A good example of this can be seen in a comparison of countries with little or no tax on tobacco products with those with high taxes. Indonesia famously has a particularly high number of smokers and the main reason for this is that the tobacco lobbies have blocked tax legislation, keeping the price of a pack below a dollar. In many European countries, smoking is on the decline because few can justify paying more than ten dollars for a pack of cigarettes.

In conclusion, although it might have a negative impact on the economy and jobs, raising taxes on tobacco related goods will reduce smoking. If more governments embraced this approach, they would reap future rewards in reduced spending for medicare.

Answers:

raise: increase

greatest impact: largest effect

industries: businesses

revenue: total money earned

prop up: support

federal budgets: money for the national government to spend

desired effect: intended impact

budgets would be slashed: governments would have to cut spending

sacrifice: reluctantly lose something

nonetheless: despite this

aforementioned drawbacks: disadvantages written about before

particularly: especially

lobbies: groups representing the interests of businesses

blocked tax legislation: stopped taxes from being enacted

pack: box of cigarettes

on the decline: decreasing

justify: rationalise, do because of

reap rewards: get back something good

reduced spending: less money used on

medicare: medical care

Pronunciation

reɪz 

ˈgreɪtɪst ˈɪmpækt

ˈɪndəstriz 

ˈrɛvɪnjuː tuː prɒp ʌp 

ˈfɛdərəl ˈbʌʤɪts 

dɪˈzaɪəd ɪˈfɛkt 

ˈbʌʤɪts wʊd biː slæʃt 

ˈsækrɪfaɪs 

ˌnʌnðəˈlɛs 

əˌfɔːˈmɛnʃənd ˈdrɔːbæks 

pəˈtɪkjʊləli 

ˈlɒbiz 

blɒkt tæks ˌlɛʤɪsˈleɪʃən 

pæk 

ɒn ðə dɪˈklaɪn 

ˈʤʌstɪfaɪ 

riːp 

rɪˈwɔːdz 

rɪˈdjuːst ˈspɛndɪŋ 

ˈmɛdɪkeər

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Some have suggested that the best method of reducing the number of smokers is for governments to ____________ taxes. Although there are economic disadvantages, I believe that this will have the ____________.

The economic disadvantage of increasing taxes on smoking is that it will hurt the large tobacco ____________ in countries like the United States. In the USA, Phillip Morris, the largest tobacco company in the world, provides thousands of jobs and pays large taxes on its ____________ to ____________  state and ____________. If taxes on tobacco had their ____________ then many people would lose their jobs and ____________. This is a ____________ that many might be willing to accept but that would be ____________ negative.

Despite the ____________, raising the cost of smoking is the best way to reduce smoking. A good example of this can be seen in a comparison of countries with little or no tax on tobacco products with those with high taxes. Indonesia famously has a ____________ high number of smokers and the main reason for this is that the tobacco ____________ have ____________, keeping the price of a ____________ below a dollar. In many European countries, smoking is ____________ because few can ____________ paying more than ten dollars for a pack of cigarettes.

In conclusion, although it might have a negative impact on the economy and jobs, raising taxes on tobacco related goods will reduce smoking. If more governments embraced this approach, they would ____________ future ____________ in ____________ for ____________.

Smoking in Indonesia:

Comment below  – write your own essay about smoking and I will give you some feedback below!

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Society (Real IELTS Exam)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Society (Real IELTS Exam)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam about the type of society we live in.

Society is a really common topic and can come up in many different ways. This one focuses specifically on a ‘throwaway society’ where people use items once and then toss them out.

Read my sample answer below and practice some of the vocabulary related to society!

Here is some review on IELTS Task 2 Writing structures.

These are some other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

Here are some Task 1 Sample Answers as well!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Society) by Dave

In many countries people are living in a “throwaway society” where things are used for a short time and thrown away. 

What are the causes of this and what problems does it lead to?

The proliferation of single use products is a major concern for all countries. In my opinion, the main cause of this is increased disposable income coupled with advances in technology and the main result of this trend is environmental degradation.

The rise of single or limited use products comes from new technologies and people’s ability to afford these items. A hundred years ago, it would not have been possible to cheaply produce plastic products on a mass scale. The technological advances of the last hundred years have made these products profitable for large companies like Walmart. Of course the advances in technology have only met demand from a burgeoning global middle class. People today do not have to use the same plates, dishes, and bags that previous generations would have been more protective of; nowadays people can afford to buy and throw out various household items.

The main result of the overdependence on single use products is burning more fossil fuels which in turn escalates climate change. Cheap plastic is made through a chemical process involving raw oil and is then transported on ships or planes running on petrol before being carted on trucks to supermarkets. The total accumulation of fossil fuel consumption is therefore massive. In the last half century this has precipitated climate change leading to increases in the severity of natural disasters, further endangerment of plant and animal species and dire warnings by climate scientists for the standard of living of future generations.

In conclusion, the so-called ‘throwaway society’ is a result of economic and technological factors and is taking a massive toll on the environment. More governments should seek to curb this problem by instituting wide-reaching bans on single-use plastics like straws and bags.

Word count: 289

 

 

Video Analysis

This is preview of a video from my online courses that you can access here for the full video and lessons on other topics.

 

Learn more about my full online lessons here!

 

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Society) by Dave

1. The proliferation of single use products is a major concern for all countries. 2. In my opinion, the main cause of this is increased disposable income coupled with advances in technology and the main result of this trend is environmental degradation.

1. The first sentence restates the topic for the essay. Spend a lot of time understanding the question correctly but you can write this sentence really quickly as it is simply paraphrasing!

2. My next sentence is my opinion. Say your opinion in the introduction and the conclusion to make it 100% clear.

1. The rise of single or limited use products comes from new technologies and people’s ability to afford these items. 2. A hundred years ago, it would not have been possible to cheaply produce plastic products on a mass scale. 3. The technological advances of the last hundred years have made these products profitable for large companies like Walmart. 4. Of course the advances in technology have only met demand from a burgeoning global middle class. 5. People today do not have to use the same plates, dishes, and bags that previous generations would have been more protective of; nowadays people can afford to buy and throw out various household items.

1. My first sentence is a topic sentence that lets the reader know what the whole paragraph is about. Read more about topic sentences here.

2. The second sentence compares now to the past to show the cause.

3. My third sentence details what has changed over the years leading to the throwaway society.

4. The next sentence adds further detail by talking about a related cause – the growing middle class.

5. My final sentence concludes by describing how those two causes combined.

1. The main result of the overdependence on single use products is burning more fossil fuels which in turn escalates climate change. 2. Cheap plastic is made through a chemical process involving raw oil and is then transported on ships or planes running on petrol before being carted on trucks to supermarkets. 3. The total accumulation of fossil fuel consumption is therefore massive. 4. In the last half century this has precipitated climate change leading to increases in the severity of natural disasters, further endangerment of plant and animal species and dire warnings by climate scientists for the standard of living of future generations.

1. The first sentence is my topic sentence and describes the result (what this society leads to). Be sure to address the question prompt as directly as possible to be sure that you are focused on answering the correct question – otherwise you risk getting a band 4 or 5 for task achievement!

2. My second sentence describes the result as specifically as possible. Be specific and detailed!

3. The third sentence continues to describe the result.

4. My fourth sentence also further details the consequences of burning fossil fuels and concludes my paragraph.

1. In conclusion, the so-called ‘throwaway society’ is a result of economic and technological factors and is taking a massive toll on the environment. 2. More governments should seek to curb this problem by instituting wide-reaching bans on single-use plastics like straws and bags.

1. My first sentence restates my overall opinion. Be crystal clear – never sit in the middle or be unclear!

2. The final sentence puts forth an extra detail to the paragraph that many examiners will require for at least band 7 for task achievement.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words below in bold mean? If you’re not sure, try not to use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The proliferation of single use products is a major concern for all countries. In my opinion, the main cause of this is increased disposable income coupled with advances in technology and the main result of this trend is environmental degradation.

The rise of single or limited use products comes from new technologies and people’s ability to afford these items. A hundred years ago, it would not have been possible to cheaply produce plastic products on a mass scale. The technological advances of the last hundred years have made these products profitable for large companies like Walmart. Of course the advances in technology have only met demand from a burgeoning global middle class. People today do not have to use the same plates, dishes, and bags that previous generations would have been more protective of; nowadays people can afford to buy and throw out various household items.

The main result of the overdependence on single use products is burning more fossil fuels which in turn escalates climate change. Cheap plastic is made through a chemical process involving raw oil and is then transported on ships or planes running on petrol before being carted on trucks to supermarkets. The total accumulation of fossil fuel consumption is therefore massive. In the last half century this has precipitated climate change leading to increases in the severity of natural disasters, further endangerment of plant and animal species and dire warnings by climate scientists for the standard of living of future generations.

In conclusion, the so-called ‘throwaway society’ is a result of economic and technological factors and is taking a massive toll on the environment. More governments should seek to curb this problem by instituting wide-reaching bans on single-use plastics like straws and bags.

Answers:

proliferation: spread throughout

single use products: products that can only be used once

disposable income: salary that you can use freely on what you want (not for rent, food, etc.)

coupled with: combined with

environmental degradation: the environment getting worse

afford: be able to buy

cheaply: inexpensively

on a mass scale: on a very large scale/affecting a lot of people/places

technological advances: improvements in science

profitable: making money

demand: want/desire

burgeoning global middle class: growing groups of people with disposable income

previous generations: past generations

household: your home

overdependence: rely too much on

fossil fuels: oil and gas dug up in the Earth

escalates: speeds up

chemical process: using chemical substances to create or transform

carted: carried

total accumulation: the amount saved/combined

massive: huge

half century: 50 years

precipitated: led to

severity: very strong/powerful

further endangerment: causing more risk/danger

dire warnings: signs of trouble in the future

standard of living: how well people live

so-called: claimed/supposed

‘throwaway society’: society where people often throw things away after using them

massive toll: large (negative) impact

curb: slow down

instituting wide-reaching bans: enacting stops of things across a lot of areas

 

Pronunciation

prəʊˌlɪfəˈreɪʃən 

ˈsɪŋgl juːz ˈprɒdʌkts 

dɪsˈpəʊzəbl ˈɪnkʌm 

ˈkʌpld wɪð 

ɪnˌvaɪərənˈmɛntl ˌdɛgrəˈdeɪʃən 

əˈfɔːd 

ˈʧiːpli 

ɒn ə mæs skeɪl 

ˌtɛknəˈlɒʤɪk(ə)l ədˈvɑːnsɪz 

ˈprɒfɪtəbl 

dɪˈmɑːnd 

ˈbɜːʤənɪŋ ˈgləʊbəl ˈmɪdl klɑːs 

ˈpriːviəs ˌʤɛnəˈreɪʃənz 

ˈhaʊshəʊld 

ˌəʊvədɪˈpɛndəns 

ˈfɒsl fjʊəlz 

ˈɛskəleɪts   

ˈkɛmɪkəl ˈprəʊsɛs 

ˈkɑːtɪd 

ˈtəʊtl əˌkjuːmjʊˈleɪʃ(ə)n 

ˈmæsɪv 

hɑːf ˈsɛnʧʊri 

prɪˈsɪpɪteɪtɪd 

sɪˈvɛrɪti 

ˈfɜːðəɪnˈdeɪnʤəmənt 

ˈdaɪə ˈwɔːnɪŋz 

ˈstændəd ɒv ˈlɪvɪŋ 

ˈsəʊˈkɔːld 

ˈθrəʊəweɪ səˈsaɪəti 

ˈmæsɪv təʊl 

kɜːb 

ˈɪnstɪtjuːtɪŋ waɪdˈriːʧɪŋ bænz

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The __________________ of __________________ is a major concern for all countries. In my opinion, the main cause of this is increased __________________ advances in technology and the main result of this trend is __________________.

The rise of single or limited use products comes from new technologies and people’s ability to __________________ these items. A hundred years ago, it would not have been possible to __________________ produce plastic products __________________. The __________________ of the last hundred years have made these products __________________ for large companies like Walmart. Of course the advances in technology have only met __________________ from a __________________. People today do not have to use the same plates, dishes, and bags that __________________ would have been more protective of; nowadays people can afford to buy and throw out various __________________ items.

The main result of the __________________ on single use products is burning more __________________ which in turn __________________ climate change. Cheap plastic is made through a __________________ involving raw oil and is then transported on ships or planes running on petrol before being __________________ on trucks to supermarkets. The__________________ of fossil fuel consumption is therefore __________________. In the last __________________ this has __________________ climate change leading to increases in the __________________ of natural disasters, __________________ of plant and animal species and __________________ by climate scientists for the __________________ of future generations.

In conclusion, the __________________  __________________ is a result of economic and technological factors and is taking a __________________ on the environment. More governments should seek to __________________ this problem by __________________ on single-use plastics like straws and bags.

Society Links from YouTube and Articles

Single-Use Plastic – Explained in Stop-Motion

One Month Without Single-Use Plastics | One Small Step | NowThis

Throw Away Culture

Comment below  – write your own essay about society and I will give you some feedback!

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and IELTS!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Family and the Home

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer: Family and the Home

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the real IELTS exam concerned with the topic of family and moving out of the home.

Questions about family are fairly common on IELTS and could come up in listening, reading, writing, or (most likely) speaking.

Read my sample answer below and practice some of the vocabulary related to family!

Here is some review on IELTS Task 2 Writing structures.

These are some other IELTS Task 2 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer (Family and the Home)

Many parents encourage young people to leave home when they become older, while others think they should stay at home with the family. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

It has become increasingly prevalent for young adults to leave home before getting married. In my opinion, this is a positive trend taken as a whole because it fosters independence but it can have rare debilitating financial drawbacks.

The main drawback to moving out early is losing a parental safety net that safeguards financial stability. In large cities such as New York, real estate prices are so high that without  a high-paying job you will struggle to contend with rent, food, transportation costs, and allowances for leisure activities. It is even possible that these hardships could prove overwhelming and pride may prevent your from going back to your parents. These individuals might end up taking a job with a low salary or that is not their passion.

The aforementioned drawbacks are the exceptions; the majority of people who move out are successful because they become self-reliant. A standout example of this is the typical American university student. Most students leave their parental home at 18 and never look back. These students take their first baby steps towards looking after themselves by doing their own laundry, managing their finances to an extent, and taking on campus employment. Once they graduate from university they will likely take over their entire financial outlay. This means they must find a good job and spend more responsibly. These qualities, of frugality and responsibility, will serve them well in their lives and increase their odds of future success.

In conclusion, the majority benefit from the added responsibility that leaving home brings. To encourage more people to move out parents should provide a degree of financial support when necessary but focus moreso on fostering their children’s independence.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis (Family and the Home)

1. It has become increasingly prevalent for young adults to leave home before getting married. 2. In my opinion, this is a positive trend taken as a whole because it fosters independence but it can have rare debilitating financial drawbacks.

1. My first sentence simple  restates the main topic for the whole essay. If you misunderstand the question and write about the wrong topic you will end up with a band 3, 4, or 5 maximum for task achievement! Spend some time carefully reading the question but then write this sentence fast because you are simply paraphrasing.

2. The next sentence is my opinion. Make your opinion 100% clear or you could get a task achievement band 5! (And repeat it again in the conclusion later.)

1. The main drawback to moving out early is losing a parental safety net that safeguards financial stability. 2. In large cities such as New York, real estate prices are so high that without  a high-paying job you will struggle to contend with rent, food, transportation costs, and allowances for leisure activities. 3. It is even possible that these hardships could prove overwhelming and pride may prevent your from going back to your parents. 4. These individuals might end up taking a job with a low salary or that is not their passion.

1. The first sentence is the topic sentence for the paragraph that contains my main idea (financial stability). My whole paragraph will focus on this one idea!

2. My second sentence explains some of the costs that can come up in life.

3. The third sentence describes the possible results of financial hardships.

4. My final sentence describes the results. Don’t make statements that are too strong – for example, don’t say ‘People will then turn to crime’ because this is both factually incorrect and much too strong of a statement for a short essay!

1. The aforementioned drawbacks are the exceptions; the majority of people who move out are successful because they become self-reliant. 2. A standout example of this is the typical American university student. 3. Most students leave their parental home at 18 and never look back. 4. These students take their first baby steps towards looking after themselves by doing their own laundry, managing their finances to an extent, and taking on campus employment. 5. Once they graduate from university they will likely take over their entire financial outlay. 6. This means they must find a good job and spend more responsibly. 7. These qualities, of frugality and responsibility, will serve them well in their lives and increase their odds of future success.

1. The first sentence is another topic sentence with my new main idea: moving out makes young adults more self-reliant.

2. My second sentence starts my example.

3. The third sentence continues to develop this example.

4. My fourth sentence also further develops the example by describing the tasks they must do independently.

5. The fifth sentence also continues this example by introducing finances.

6. My sixth sentence focuses on what they must do to meet their financial obligations.

7. The final sentence concludes how these qualities will help them in a more general sense.

1. In conclusion, the majority benefit from the added responsibility that leaving home brings. 2. To encourage more people to move out parents should provide a degree of financial support when necessary but focus moreso on fostering their children’s independence.

1. My first sentence repeats my overall opinion. Be crystal clear – don’t sit in the middle!

2. The final sentence adds an extra detail to the paragraph that many examiners will require for at least band 7 for task achievement.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

It has become increasingly prevalent for young adults to leave home before getting married. In my opinion, this is a positive trend taken as a whole because it fosters independence but it can have rare debilitating financial drawbacks.

The main drawback to moving out early is losing a parental safety net that safeguards financial stability. In large cities such as New York, real estate prices are so high that without  a high-paying job you will struggle to contend with rent, food, transportation costs, and allowances for leisure activities. It is even possible that these hardships could prove overwhelming and pride may prevent your from going back to your parents. These individuals might end up taking a job with a low salary or that is not their passion.

The aforementioned drawbacks are the exceptions; the majority of people who move out are successful because they become self-reliant. A standout example of this is the typical American university student. Most students leave their parental home at 18 and never look back. These students take their first baby steps towards looking after themselves by doing their own laundry, managing their finances to an extent, and taking on campus employment. Once they graduate from university they will likely take over their entire financial outlay. This means they must find a good job and spend more responsibly. These qualities, of frugality and responsibility, will serve them well in their lives and increase their odds of future success.

In conclusion, the majority benefit from the added responsibility that leaving home brings. To encourage more people to move out parents should provide a degree of financial support when necessary but focus moreso on fostering their children’s independence.

Answers:

increasingly prevalent: more and more common

young adults: young people

taken as a whole: considered overall

fosters independence: encourages them to be self-reliant

rare debilitating financial drawbacks: uncommon very bad consequences for their money

safety net: something to protect you in bad times

safeguards: protects from

financial stability: regular income

high-paying job: making a lot of money in your work

struggle: have difficulty with

contend: deal with

allowances: exceptions/money set aside

hardships: difficult times

prove overwhelming: be too much to get past

pride: feelings of self-worth

end up: finally be

passion: love for something

aforementioned drawback: previously stated negative

self-reliant: don’t need help from others

A standout example of this is the typical: A good example of this is the average

parental home: their parent’s home

never look back: do no return

first baby steps: early, basic stages

to an extent: not fully/somewhat

taking on: assuming responsibility for

take over: be in charge of

financial outlay: the amount of money you have to spend

spend more responsibly: spend your money more wisely

frugality: not spending a lot of money

serve them well: work well for them

increase their odds of: make it more likely that

provide a degree of financial support: help out with money somewhat

focus moreso: instead concentrate on

fostering their children’s independence: encouraging their children to be more responsible

 

Pronunciation

ɪnˈkriːsɪŋli ˈprɛvələnt 

jʌŋ ˈædʌlts 

ˈteɪkən æz ə həʊl 

ˈfɒstəz ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns 

reə dɪˈbɪlɪteɪtɪŋ faɪˈnænʃəl ˈdrɔːbæks 

ˈseɪfti nɛt 

ˈseɪfgɑːdz 

faɪˈnænʃəl stəˈbɪlɪti:  

haɪˈpeɪɪŋ ʤɒb 

ˈstrʌgl 

kənˈtɛnd 

əˈlaʊənsɪz 

ˈhɑːdʃɪps 

pruːv ˌəʊvəˈwɛlmɪŋ 

praɪd 

ɛnd ʌp 

ˈpæʃən 

əˌfɔːˈmɛnʃənd ˈdrɔːbæk 

sɛlfrɪˈlaɪənt 

ə ˈstændaʊt ɪgˈzɑːmpl ɒv ðɪs ɪz ðə ˈtɪpɪk(ə)l 

pəˈrɛntl həʊm 

ˈnɛvə lʊk bæk 

fɜːst ˈbeɪbi stɛps 

tuː ən ɪksˈtɛnt 

ˈteɪkɪŋ ɒn 

teɪk ˈəʊvə 

faɪˈnænʃəl ˈaʊtleɪ 

spɛnd mɔː rɪsˈpɒnsəbli 

fru(ː)ˈgælɪti 

sɜːv ðɛm wɛl 

ˈɪnkriːs ðeəɒdz ɒv 

prəˈvaɪd ə dɪˈgriː ɒv faɪˈnænʃəl səˈpɔːt 

ˈfəʊkəs mɔːsəʊ 

ˈfɒstərɪŋ ðeə ˈʧɪldrənz ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

It has become _________________ for _________________ to leave home before getting married. In my opinion, this is a positive trend _________________ because it _________________ but it can have _________________.

The main drawback to moving out early is losing a parental _________________ that _________________. In large cities such as New York, real estate prices are so high that without  a _________________ you will _________________ to _________________ with rent, food, transportation costs, and _________________ for leisure activities. It is even possible that these _________________ could _________________ and _________________ may prevent your from going back to your parents. These individuals might _________________ taking a job with a low salary or that is not their _________________.

The _________________ are the exceptions; the majority of people who move out are successful because they become _________________. _________________ American university student. Most students leave their _________________ at 18 and _________________. These students take their _________________ towards looking after themselves by doing their own laundry, managing their finances _________________, and _________________ campus employment. Once they graduate from university they will likely _________________ their entire _________________. This means they must find a good job and _________________. These qualities, of _________________ and responsibility, will _________________ in their lives and _________________ future success.

In conclusion, the majority benefit from the added responsibility that leaving home brings. To encourage more people to move out parents should _________________ when necessary but _________________ on _________________.

Family Links from YouTube and Articles

The Left-Behind Children

Mom vs Dad: What did you Inherit

Mr. Trump, Meet my Family

Comment below  – write your own essay and I will give you some feedback!

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS!