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This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from IELTS Cambridge 14 about exports and it is a bar graph (and a table!).

Most students struggle with questions that include two different kinds of graphs. In some ways this can be tricky, especially if the graphs are not really related to each other.

Luckily for these two the graphs are closely related and fairly simple.

It is still a challenge to write a clear over – keep reading to see how I did it!

Take a look here at how to describe multiple charts.

Here are some other IELTS Task 1 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Exports in Various Categories (IELTS Cambridge 14)

The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in
each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Cambrdige 14 Bar Chart Table

IELTS Cambrdige 14 Bar Chart and Table

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and engineered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

 

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. 3. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and engineered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

1. The first sentence is just a simple paraphrase of the topic – don’t waste time on this sentence because it has very little impact on your score!

2-3. These sentences have a huge impact on your score! Write your general overview carefully and make sure that you include the trend, the speed and a ranking. Read more about overviews here. Be careful for this mistake that tons of students make with overviews for table.

1. The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). 2. That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

1. My first sentence focuses on the two most common areas and includes the data. Make sure that you include the data for every sentence!

2. The second sentence relates that same data to the percentage increases in the table. For these types of two chart questions, there isn’t always a strong relationship between the charts. But for this one there is so I wrote about them in the same paragraph!

1. Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. 2. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. 3. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. 4. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

1. My first sentence focuses on the other exports. I grouped them this way just to give my paragraphs some structure and help my cohesion and coherence score.

2. My second sentence focuses on the data for the only export to decrease over the period.

3. The third sentence includes all the data for agricultural goods and compares it to gems and jewellery – always compare!

4. The fourth sentence finishes describing the last area with all the data.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and engineered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

Answers:

across: through all the areas

overall perspective: in general

readily apparent: clear

moderate drop: small decrease

made the largest percentile jumps: the largest increases (by percentage)

just over: a little bit above

translates: means

more sizeable increase: larger jumps

were much lower: a lot less

despite this drop: even though it decreased

respectively: in turn/for each

pulled approximately level with: was almost equal

 

Pronunciation

Try to remember and correctly pronounce the vocabulary from above:

ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪv

ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt

ˈmɒdərɪt drɒp

meɪd ðə ˈlɑːʤɪst percentile ʤʌmps

ʤʌst ˈəʊvə

trænsˈleɪts

mɔː ˈsaɪzəbl ˈɪnkriːs

wɜː mʌʧ ˈləʊə

dɪsˈpaɪt ðɪs drɒp

rɪsˈpɛktɪvli

pʊld əˈprɒksɪmɪtli ˈlɛvl wɪð

 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country ______________ several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an ______________, it is ______________ that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a ______________. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and engineered goods, while textiles and engineered goods ______________.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from ______________ $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That ______________ to a 3% rise for petroleum and a ______________ of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products ______________. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. ______________, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, ______________. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had ______________ agriculture by 2016.

Comment below –

What are the chief exports from your country?

 

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