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This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from IELTS Cambridge 14 showing pie charts of what makes up breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks in the average meal in the USA.

The first thing to notice about this graph is that it does not show time.

That means that you won’t be writing about trends, increase, decrease, etc.

Instead, it is basically all comparision of different percentages/proportions. I think that makes these graphs easier to write about.

The trickiest part is the general overview and the structure of the paragraphs.

Read the essay and analysis below to see how I handled these two problems!

If you want to read some more sample answers from IELTS Cambridge 14, you can read a task 2 about unsatisfactory lives here.

Enjoy!

 

 

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Percentages of Sodium, Saturated Fats, Sugars in Meals (IELTS Cambridge 14)

The charts below show the average percentages in typical meals of three types of nutrients, all of which may be unhealthy if eaten too much.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features,
and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Cambridge 14 Pie Charts

IELTS Cambridge 14 Pie Charts

The graph shows how much sodium, saturated fat and added sugars were consumed in the average meal in the United States. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the majority of sodium and fat were consumed at dinner, while most sugar was eaten in snacks. Lunch also tended to be salty and have a lot of fat while breakfast had the lowest percentages for all three nutrients.

Dinner and lunch had roughly similar, large proportions for both sodium (43% for dinner and 29% for lunch) and saturated fat (37% for dinner and 26% for lunch). The amount of sugar in an average meal for dinner and lunch was much lower at 23% and 19%, respectively.

Turning to breakfast and lunch, which also had comparable percentages, they were both made up of 14% sodium. For saturated fats, snacks contained 21% and breakfast was slightly lower at 16%. In terms of sugar, there was the greatest disparity with 42% of snacks being sugary and just 18% of breakfasts being made up of sugar.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The graph shows how much sodium, saturated fat and added sugars were consumed in the average meal in the United States. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the majority of sodium and fat were consumed at dinner, while most sugar was eaten in snacks. 3. Lunch also tended to be salty and have a lot of fat while breakfast had the lowest percentages for all three nutrients.

1. The first sentence of the essay should just paraphrase the topic – don’t waste too much time on this sentence.

2-3. Next is the most most important sentence of your essay – your general overview. For this type of graph just make a comparision of ALL the different areas. Read more about overviews here.

1. Dinner and lunch had roughly similar, large proportions for both sodium (43% for dinner and 29% for lunch) and saturated fat (37% for dinner and 26% for lunch). 2. The amount of sugar in an average meal for dinner and lunch was much lower at 23% and 19%, respectively.

1. The first sentence contains the meals I will talk about. I chose to focus on lunch and dinner first and then in the next paragraph breakfast and snacks because they have more similar numbers. It would have been harder to write about the ingredients instead of the meals. But it is possible! Just make sure you have some kind of a logical structure for your paragraphs!

2. The second sentence finishes givin the data. Always include the data or you will get band 5 for task achievement!

1. Turning to breakfast and lunch, which also had comparable percentages, they were both made up of 14% sodium. 2. For saturated fats, snacks contained 21% and breakfast was slightly lower at 16%. 3. In terms of sugar, there was the greatest disparity with 42% of snacks being sugary and just 18% of breakfasts being made up of sugar.

1. The first sentence focuses on the other meals, gives my reason for focusing on them and describes the data. 

2. My next sentence continues to describe and compare the data for lunch and snacks.

3. My final sentence finishes the data. You don’t need a conclusion! You can include one if you feel that your overview needs a bit more detail though…

Sample Answer Vocabulary

Try to figure out what the words in bold mean from the sentences. Write down your guesses and then check your answers below.

The graph shows how much sodium, saturated fat and added sugars were consumed in the average meal in the United States. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the majority of sodium and fat were consumed at dinner, while most sugar was eaten in snacks. Lunch also tended to be salty and have a lot of fat while breakfast had the lowest percentages for all three nutrients.

Dinner and lunch had roughly similar, large proportions for both sodium (43% for dinner and 29% for lunch) and saturated fat (37% for dinner and 26% for lunch). The amount of sugar in an average meal for dinner and lunch was much lower at 23% and 19%, respectively.

Turning to breakfast and lunch, which also had comparable percentages, they were both made up of 14% sodium. For saturated fats, snacks contained 21% and breakfast was slightly lower at 16%. In terms of sugar, there was the greatest disparity with 42% of snacks being sugary and just 18% of breakfasts being made up of sugar.

Answers:

consumed: eaten

average meal: the amount that people normally eat

readily apparent: very clear

majority: most of

tended to be: usually did

nutrients: the compounds that make up foods

roughly similar: not that different

respectively: in turn/for each category

turning to: looking at the next area

comparable: similiar

made up of: composed/consisting of

slightly lower: a little bit less

greatest disparity: biggest difference

sugary: full of sugar/sweet

Pronunciation:

kənˈsjuːmd 
ˈævərɪʤ miːl 
ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
ˈtɛndɪd tuː biː 
ˈnjuːtrɪənts
ˈrʌfli ˈsɪmɪlə 
rɪsˈpɛktɪvli
ˈtɜːnɪŋ tuː  
ˈkɒmpərəbl 
meɪd ʌp ɒv 
ˈslaɪtli ˈləʊə 
ˈgreɪtɪst dɪsˈpærɪti 
ˈʃʊgəri 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The graph shows how much sodium, saturated fat and added sugars were ___________ in the ___________ in the United States. Looking from an overall perspective, it is ___________ that the ___________ of sodium and fat were consumed at dinner, while most sugar was eaten in snacks. Lunch also ___________ salty and have a lot of fat while breakfast had the lowest percentages for all three ___________.

Dinner and lunch had ___________, large proportions for both sodium (43% for dinner and 29% for lunch) and saturated fat (37% for dinner and 26% for lunch). The amount of sugar in an average meal for dinner and lunch was much lower at 23% and 19%, ___________.

___________ breakfast and lunch, which also had ___________percentages, they were both ___________ 14% sodium. For saturated fats, snacks contained 21% and breakfast was ___________ at 16%. In terms of sugar, there was the ___________ with 42% of snacks being ___________and just 18% of breakfasts being made up of sugar.

Links from YouTube and Articles

School Lunches Around the World

Profiting from School Lunches

This is 200 Calories

USA vs South Korean Food

Comment below – What do people in your country usually eat for breakfast/lunch/dinner/snacks?

A lot of people will have…

The biggest lunch here is …

For ________, most people get something like…

It’s really common in _______ to…

 

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