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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer from the real test/exam with 4 pie charts related to working in a town.

A student drew this picture so that we can all practice with it – big thanks to her!

Here are some other key IELTS exam resources to help you out:

Recent IELTS Writing Task 1

Recent IELTS Writing Task 2

Recent Speaking Questions and Topics

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answers

Good luck with your test!

Dave

Before you read my sample answer, you can listen to the audio and make some notes (or don’t look at the graph and try to draw it from my audio):

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Working Pie Charts (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

The given pie charts compare employment sectors in towns A and B in 1960 and 2010. Overall, sales positions became less common in both towns, while manufacturing showed the reverse trend and service jobs decreased in town A but not town B. By 2010, manufacturing supplanted sales as the predominant industry in town A, while in town B sales remained top.

Manufacturing underwent the largest growth going from 29% to an overwhelming 64% in town A and more than doubling from 10% to 25% in town B. For both towns this necessitated a decline in sales positions with town A dropping from 41% to 21% and town B falling from 70% to 53%, albeit still accounting for the majority of jobs.

Services had contrasting trends, though by 2010 this sector employed the lowest proportions for both towns. In town A services nearly halved (30% down to 16%) whereas in town B it rose marginally by 2% to 22%.

Analysis

1. The given pie charts compare employment sectors in towns A and B in 1960 and 2010. 2. Overall, sales positions became less common in both towns, while manufacturing showed the reverse trend and service jobs decreased in town A but not town B. 3. By 2010, manufacturing supplanted sales as the predominant industry in town A, while in town B sales remained top.

  1. Simply paraphrase what the graphs show for your first sentence. Don’t waste much time on this sentence.
  2. Begin your overview – maximum two sentences.
  3. For an overview you must full cover the trend (are the areas going up/down/staying the same) and some of the ranking or speed (which one is highest overall, maybe one of them has increased/decreased a lot). Read more about overviews here.

1. Manufacturing underwent the largest growth going from 29% to an overwhelming 64% in town A and more than doubling from 10% to 25% in town B. 2. For both towns this necessitated a decline in sales positions with town A dropping from 41% to 21% and town B falling from 70% to 53%, albeit still accounting for the majority of jobs.

  1. Begin to describe the data. You must describe all the data in the graphs.
  2. Make sure that you always compare. I divided the paragraphs into sectors with the same trend and then sectors with different trends below.

1. Services had contrasting trends, though by 2010 this sector employed the lowest proportions for both towns. 2. In town A services nearly halved (30% down to 16%) whereas in town B it rose marginally by 2% to 22%.

  1. Make sure that you have clear paragraphs and reasons for them. Here I switch to describe the smallest area which also had a differing trend for the two towns.
  2. Double check to make sure that you have mentioned all data.

Vocabulary

The given pie charts compare employment sectors in towns A and B in 1960 and 2010. Overall, sales positions became less common in both towns, while manufacturing showed the reverse trend and service jobs decreased in town A but not town B. By 2010, manufacturing supplanted sales as the predominant industry in town A, while in town B sales remained top.

Manufacturing underwent the largest growth going from 29% to an overwhelming 64% in town A and more than doubling from 10% to 25% in town B. For both towns this necessitated a decline in sales positions with town A dropping from 41% to 21% and town B falling from 70% to 53%, albeit still accounting for the majority of jobs.

Services had contrasting trends, though by 2010 this sector employed the lowest proportions for both towns. In town A services nearly halved (30% down to 16%) whereas in town B it rose marginally by 2% to 22%.

Answers

compare contrast

sectors areas

positions rankings

showed the reverse trend went in the opposite direction

supplanted overtook/took the place of

predominant industry most powerful sector

while in contrast to

underwent experienced/happened

overwhelming very strong

more than doubling increasing by more than 50%

necessitated required

dropping decreasing

falling decreasing

albeit although

accounting for taking up

majority most of

contrasting trends opposite patterns

lowest proportions smallest percentage

nearly halved almost cut in half

whereas in contrast to

rose marginally increase a little

Pronunciation

kəmˈpeə 
ˈsɛktəz 
pəˈzɪʃənz 
ʃəʊd ðə rɪˈvɜːs trɛnd 
səˈplɑːntɪd 
prɪˈdɒmɪnənt ˈɪndəstri 
waɪl 
ˌʌndəˈwɛnt 
ˌəʊvəˈwɛlmɪŋ 
mɔː ðæn ˈdʌblɪŋ 
nɪˈsɛsɪteɪtɪd 
ˈdrɒpɪŋ 
ˈfɔːlɪŋ 
ɔːlˈbiːɪt 
əˈkaʊntɪŋ fɔː 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
kənˈtrɑːstɪŋ trɛndz
ˈləʊɪst prəˈpɔːʃənz 
ˈnɪəli hɑːvd 
weərˈæz 
rəʊz ˈmɑːʤɪnəli 

Listen and repeat:

Vocabulary Practice

The given pie charts ___________ employment ___________ in towns A and B in 1960 and 2010. Overall, sales ___________ became less common in both towns, while manufacturing ___________ and service jobs decreased in town A but not town B. By 2010, manufacturing ___________ sales as the ___________ in town A, ___________ in town B sales remained top.

Manufacturing ___________ the largest growth going from 29% to an ___________ 64% in town A and ___________ from 10% to 25% in town B. For both towns this ___________ a decline in sales positions with town A ___________ from 41% to 21% and town B ___________ from 70% to 53%, ___________ still ___________ the ___________ of jobs.

Services had ___________, though by 2010 this sector employed the ___________ for both towns. In town A services ___________ (30% down to 16%) ___________ in town B it ___________ by 2% to 22%.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Review the topic of jobs with this video:

Reading Practice

Read more about pie charts here:

How to Analyse Pie Charts Over Time

Comment your questions or concerns below!


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