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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of crimes rates and how technology can prevent crime from the real IELTS exam.

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Dave

IELTS Essay: Crime Rates and Technological Prevention

Crime rates will fall as advances in technology make it easier to detect and prevent crimes.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many people believe that as technology advances, it will ease the challenges of law enforcement. I am generally in agreement though these innovations will not completely eliminate criminality as it is inherent to human nature.

Critics would argue that crime is a natural human instinct. Crime has existed in all human society for thousands of years and improvements in law enforcement can only hope to limit, not extinguish, a basic element of human nature. The reason for this is the natural conflict between the desires of individuals and the expectations of society. In most cases, an individual inhibits his or her impulses, but some lack this restraint and violate the dictates of society. Many of these individuals, for reasons related to nature or upbringing, would struggle to control themselves even if there was near-certainty they would be apprehended.

Nonetheless, crime can be effectively countered by more invasive surveillance. Governments now have the capacity to install cameras in the physical world and watch individuals carefully online as well. The best known examples of this would be in countries where cameras are common. In these, often authoritarian nations, governments are able to record footage of nearly every street. As criminals are aware there is a near 100% chance they will be filmed and arrested, crime statistics in those areas are negligible. This reduction in crime due to an awareness of ubiquitous surveillance can also be extended to the online sphere, where law enforcement can monitor VPNs, IP addresses to detect and trace illegal activity.

In conclusion, despite the likelihood that crime will never be completely eliminated, the advent of increased surveillance in particular will lead to drastic reductions in offences in the coming decades. Governments will then, as always, have to balance the priorities of safety against claims to freedom and privacy.

Analysis

1. Many people believe that as technology advances, it will ease the challenges of law enforcement. 2. I am generally in agreement though these innovations will not completely eliminate criminality as it is inherent to human nature.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Critics would argue that crime is a natural human instinct. 2. Crime has existed in all human society for thousands of years and improvements in law enforcement can only hope to limit, not extinguish, a basic element of human nature. 3. The reason for this is the natural conflict between the desires of individuals and the expectations of society. 4. In most cases, an individual inhibits his or her impulses, but some lack this restraint and violate the dictates of society. 5. Many of these individuals, for reasons related to nature or upbringing, would struggle to control themselves even if there was near-certainty they would be apprehended.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Extend with some long sentences as well.

1. Nonetheless, crime can be effectively countered by more invasive surveillance. 2. Governments now have the capacity to install cameras in the physical world and watch individuals carefully online as well. 3. The best known examples of this would be in countries where cameras are common. 4. In these, often authoritarian nations, governments are able to record footage of nearly every street. 5. As criminals are aware there is a near 100% chance they will be filmed and arrested, crime statistics in those areas are negligible. 6. This reduction in crime due to an awareness of ubiquitous surveillance can also be extended to the online sphere, where law enforcement can monitor VPNs, IP addresses to detect and trace illegal activity.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Continue developing it…
  5. as fully as possible!
  6. Continue the hypothetical example.

1. In conclusion, despite the likelihood that crime will never be completely eliminated, the advent of increased surveillance in particular will lead to drastic reductions in offences in the coming decades. 2. Governments will then, as always, have to balance the priorities of safety against claims to freedom and privacy.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Many people believe that as technology advances, it will ease the challenges of law enforcement. I am generally in agreement though these innovations will not completely eliminate criminality as it is inherent to human nature.

Critics would argue that crime is a natural human instinct. Crime has existed in all human society for thousands of years and improvements in law enforcement can only hope to limit, not extinguish, a basic element of human nature. The reason for this is the natural conflict between the desires of individuals and the expectations of society. In most cases, an individual inhibits his or her impulses, but some lack this restraint and violate the dictates of society. Many of these individuals, for reasons related to nature or upbringing, would struggle to control themselves even if there was near-certainty they would be apprehended.

Nonetheless, crime can be effectively countered by more invasive surveillance. Governments now have the capacity to install cameras in the physical world and watch individuals carefully online as well. The best known examples of this would be in countries where cameras are common. In these, often authoritarian nations, governments are able to record footage of nearly every street. As criminals are aware there is a near 100% chance they will be filmed and arrested, crime statistics in those areas are negligible. This reduction in crime due to an awareness of ubiquitous surveillance can also be extended to the online sphere, where law enforcement can monitor VPNs, IP addresses to detect and trace illegal activity.

In conclusion, despite the likelihood that crime will never be completely eliminated, the advent of increased surveillance in particular will lead to drastic reductions in offences in the coming decades. Governments will then, as always, have to balance the priorities of safety against claims to freedom and privacy.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

advances developments

ease becomes easier

challenges difficulties

law enforcement police

innovations new ideas/products

completely eliminate criminality totally get rid of crime

inherent natural

human nature how are people are

critics people against it

argue claim

natural human instinct basic way people behave

human society people interacting

improvements developments

hope try to

limit control

extinguish eliminate

basic element of human nature characteristic of all people

conflict fight

desires impulses

expectations of society what the world wants you to do

in most cases usually

inhibits controls

impulses desires

lack this restraint can’t control themselves

violate break the rules

dictates rules

related to concerning

nature how you are born

upbringing how you were raised

struggle fight against

control inhibit yourself

even if in the case that

near-certainty almost definitely

apprehended arrested

nonetheless regardless

effectively countered well dealt with

invasive surveillance cameras watching your personal life

capacity ability

install cameras put up surveillance

physical world real life

online the internet

the best known examples of this most noteworthy instances

common ubiquitous

authoritarian nations countries with controlling governments

record footage of nearly every street film all places in a city

near 100% chance almost definitely

filmed recorded

arrested apprehended

crime statistics records of how many crimes there were

negligible not significant

reduction decreased

awareness knowing about

ubiquitous surveillance watching everything with cameras

extended lengthened

online sphere online

monitor VPNs watch where your computer is from

IP addresses the location of your computer

detect find

trace illegal activity follow criminal actions

likelihood good chance of it

advent introduction of

in particular especially

lead to drastic reductions in offences in the coming decades cause big decreases in crimes soon

priorities what you consider important

safety not harmful

claims arguments

freedom ability to do what you want

privacy not public

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ədˈvɑːnsɪz
iːz 
ˈʧælɪnʤɪz 
lɔː ɪnˈfɔːsmənt
ˌɪnəʊˈveɪʃənz 
kəmˈpliːtli ɪˈlɪmɪneɪt ˌkrɪmɪˈnælɪti 
ɪnˈhɪərənt 
ˈhjuːmən ˈneɪʧə
ˈkrɪtɪks 
ˈɑːgjuː 
ˈnæʧrəl ˈhjuːmən ˈɪnstɪŋkt
ˈhjuːmən səˈsaɪəti 
ɪmˈpruːvmənts 
lɔː ɪnˈfɔːsmənt 
həʊp 
ˈlɪmɪt
ɪksˈtɪŋgwɪʃ
ˈbeɪsɪk ˈɛlɪmənt ɒv ˈhjuːmən ˈneɪʧə
ˈkɒnflɪkt 
dɪˈzaɪəz 
ˌɛkspɛkˈteɪʃənz ɒv səˈsaɪəti
ɪn məʊst ˈkeɪsɪz
ɪnˈhɪbɪts 
ˈɪmpʌlsɪz
læk ðɪs rɪsˈtreɪnt 
ˈvaɪəleɪt 
ˈdɪkteɪts 
rɪˈleɪtɪd tuː 
ˈneɪʧə 
ˈʌpˌbrɪŋɪŋ
ˈstrʌgl 
kənˈtrəʊl 
ˈiːvən ɪf 
nɪə-ˈsɜːtnti 
ˌæprɪˈhɛndɪd
ˌnʌnðəˈlɛs
ɪˈfɛktɪvli ˈkaʊntəd 
ɪnˈveɪsɪv sɜːˈveɪləns
kəˈpæsɪti 
ɪnˈstɔːl ˈkæmərəz 
ˈfɪzɪkəl wɜːld 
ˈɒnˌlaɪn 
ðə bɛst nəʊn ɪgˈzɑːmplz ɒv ðɪs 
ˈkɒmən
ɔːˌθɒrɪˈteərɪən ˈneɪʃənz
ˈrɛkɔːd ˈfʊtɪʤ ɒv ˈnɪəli ˈɛvri striːt
nɪər ə ˈhʌndrəd pəˈsɛnt ʧɑːns 
fɪlmd 
əˈrɛstɪd
kraɪm stəˈtɪstɪks 
ˈnɛglɪʤəbl
rɪˈdʌkʃən 
əˈweənəs 
ju(ː)ˈbɪkwɪtəs sɜːˈveɪləns 
ɪksˈtɛndɪd 
ˈɒnˌlaɪn sfɪə
ˈmɒnɪtə viː-piː-ɛnz
aɪ-piː əˈdrɛsɪz 
dɪˈtɛkt 
treɪs ɪˈliːgəl ækˈtɪvɪti
ˈlaɪklɪhʊd 
ˈædvənt 
ɪn pəˈtɪkjʊlə 
liːd tuː ˈdræstɪk rɪˈdʌkʃənz ɪn əˈfɛnsɪz ɪn ðə ˈkʌmɪŋ ˈdɛkeɪdz
praɪˈɒrɪtiz 
ˈseɪfti 
kleɪmz 
ˈfriːdəm 
ˈprɪvəsi

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Many people believe that as technology a____________s, it will e_____e the c_____________s of l________________t. I am generally in agreement though these i__________________s will not c___________________________y as it is i_____________t to h_______________e.

C_________s would a_______e that crime is a n______________________t. Crime has existed in all h_______________y for thousands of years and i________________s in l_____________________t can only h______e to l_______t, not e_____________h, a b__________________________e. The reason for this is the natural c____________t between the d__________s of individuals and the e__________________________y. I_________________s, an individual i____________s his or her i_____________s, but some l_________________________t and v____________e the d____________s of society. Many of these individuals, for reasons r______________________e or u_______________g, would s_____________e to c__________l themselves e________f there was n__________________y they would be a_________________d.

N_______________s, crime can be e____________________d by more i_______________________e. Governments now have the c_____________y to i______________s in the p_____________d and watch individuals carefully o___________e as well. T_________________________________s would be in countries where cameras are c__________n. In these, often a_______________________s, governments are able to r______________________________t. As criminals are aware there is a n__________________e they will be f________d and a____________d, c_______________s in those areas are n___________e. This r___________n in crime due to an a_____________s of u__________________________e can also be e_____________d to the o_____________e, where law enforcement can m__________________s, I____________s to d_________t and t_________________y.

In conclusion, despite the l____________d that crime will never be completely eliminated, the a_________t of increased surveillance i___________r will l_________________________________________________________s. Governments will then, as always, have to b___________e the p__________s of s_______y against c________s to f_________m and p__________y.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching videos from The New York Times YouTube channel below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.indiatimes.com/trending/social-relevance/most-surveilled-cities-in-the-world-among-delhi-548153.html

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Truth in Crime

  1. Why do witnesses of crimes sometimes disagree in their accounts?
  2. How can modern technology help solve crimes?
  3. Will teaching children to be honest reduce crime in the future?
  4. Should there be more severe penalties for crimes like libel?
  5. How will the detection of lies change in the future?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

Some people believe that there should be a fixed punishment for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion. 


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