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This is a very rare 5 paragraph IELTS essay from me – the only one on my site!

I did this because there were 3 areas to deal with in the question prompt so it made sense to have one paragraph for each.

The drawback is that each idea has less development than most of my other essays.

Dave

IELTS Essay: Fast Food, Families, Nutrition & the Environment

Many claim that the fast food industry had a negative effect on the environment, eating habits, and families.

To what extend do you agree or disagree?

Some would argue that the prevalence of fast food in society negatively impacts families, nutrition, and the environment. I am in complete agreement with this sentiment.

Firstly, fast food has destabilized traditional family meals. In the past, it was common for individuals to spend time eating a family meal so that parents and children could share quality time together. Fast food does not make this impossible, however, consumers are more likely to eat fast food while driving, watching television, or outside the home. The impact on families is marginal since fast food meals may be the exception though it is also decidedly negative.

Secondly, few would claim that fast food is healthy. The products at most fast food establishments are extremely high in sugar, fat, calories, and chemical preservatives. For instance, a cheeseburger from McDonald’s contains red meat that has been treated with steroids, salty cheese, and various other ingredients with, at best, doubtful dietary implications. This applies for the majority of fast food and is the main reason many today strive to eat at home or at healthier restaurants.

Finally, the production of fast food has significant environmental repercussions. Firstly, this involves factory farming. In order to supply beef, chicken, and pork there are massive farms that not only occupy land but also produce methane and other gases harmful to the ozone layer. Secondly, the transportation of goods that ensures consistency across franchises requires fossil fuel consumption. The chief culprits here are cars, trucks, and airplanes.

In conclusion, though there may be limited benefits related to convenience, fast food is an overwhelming negative in terms of families, eating habits, and the natural world. Whenever possible, consumers should not opt for fast food.

Analysis

1. Some would argue that the prevalence of fast food in society negatively impacts families, nutrition, and the environment. 2. I am in complete agreement with this sentiment.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Firstly, fast food has destabilized traditional family meals. 2. In the past, it was common for individuals to spend time eating a family meal so that parents and children could share quality time together. 3. Fast food does not make this impossible, however, consumers are more likely to eat fast food while driving, watching television, or outside the home. 4. The impact on families is marginal since fast food meals may be the exception though it is also decidedly negative.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.

1. Secondly, few would claim that fast food is healthy. 2. The products at most fast food establishments are extremely high in sugar, fat, calories, and chemical preservatives. 3. For instance, a cheeseburger from McDonald’s contains red meat that has been treated with steroids, salty cheese, and various other ingredients with, at best, doubtful dietary implications. 4. This applies for the majority of fast food and is the main reason many today strive to eat at home or at healthier restaurants.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Continue developing it…

1. Finally, the production of fast food has significant environmental repercussions. 2. Firstly, this involves factory farming. 3. In order to supply beef, chicken, and pork there are massive farms that not only occupy land but also produce methane and other gases harmful to the ozone layer. 4. Secondly, the transportation of goods that ensures consistency across franchises requires fossil fuel consumption. 5. The chief culprits here are cars, trucks, and airplanes.

  1. In this odd essay with 5 paragraphs, add the last main idea here.
  2. Begin developing the first part.
  3. Add more detail.
  4. In this I have another main idea to develop.
  5. Make sure there is at least one more sentence of development.

1. In conclusion, though there may be limited benefits related to convenience, fast food is an overwhelming negative in terms of families, eating habits, and the natural world. 2. Whenever possible, consumers should not opt for fast food.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Some would argue that the prevalence of fast food in society negatively impacts families, nutrition, and the environment. I am in complete agreement with this sentiment.

Firstly, fast food has destabilized traditional family meals. In the past, it was common for individuals to spend time eating a family meal so that parents and children could share quality time together. Fast food does not make this impossible, however, consumers are more likely to eat fast food while driving, watching television, or outside the home. The impact on families is marginal since fast food meals may be the exception though it is also decidedly negative.

Secondly, few would claim that fast food is healthy. The products at most fast food establishments are extremely high in sugar, fat, calories, and chemical preservatives. For instance, a cheeseburger from McDonald’s contains red meat that has been treated with steroids, salty cheese, and various other ingredients with, at best, doubtful dietary implications. This applies for the majority of fast food and is the main reason many today strive to eat at home or at healthier restaurants.

Finally, the production of fast food has significant environmental repercussions. Firstly, this involves factory farming. In order to supply beef, chicken, and pork there are massive farms that not only occupy land but also produce methane and other gases harmful to the ozone layer. Secondly, the transportation of goods that ensures consistency across franchises requires fossil fuel consumption. The chief culprits here are cars, trucks, and airplanes.

In conclusion, though there may be limited benefits related to convenience, fast food is an overwhelming negative in terms of families, eating habits, and the natural world. Whenever possible, consumers should not opt for fast food.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

argue claim

prevalence how common it is

fast food McDonald’s, KFC, Domino’s, etc.

negatively impacts hurts

nutrition healthy foods

complete agreement 100% on the same side

sentiment belief

destabilized weakened

traditional family meals normal dinners with family

common pervasive

share quality time together have a nice time together as a family

impossible can’t happen

consumers people who buy

outside not indoors

marginal slight

exception not normal

decidedly negative definitely bad

claim argue

establishments places

extremely high in a lot of in it

sugar sweetness

fat from butter, cheese, etc.

calories measurement for how much is in a food

chemical preservatives artificial additives

contains red meat has beef, pork, lamb in it

treated with steroids had a chemical injected into it

salty full of salt

various different kinds

ingredients what’s inside it

at best in the best situation

doubtful dietary implications questionable nutrition

applies is also true for

majority most of

strive try hard

production making of

significant big

repercussions effects

involves factory farming concerns big farms

in order to supply so that they have enough

massive large

occupy land take up the space

produce methane make gas

gases harmful to emissions that hurt

ozone layer atmosphere

transportation cars, trains, etc.

ensures consistency keeps it all the same

across franchises different restaurants all under the same brand

requires fossil fuel consumption needs gas

chief culprits main causes

limited benefits not much help

related to concerning

convenience makes it easy

overwhelming massive

whenever possible if they can

not opt for not choose

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈɑːgjuː 
ˈprɛvələns 
fɑːst fuːd 
ˈnɛgətɪvli ˈɪmpækts 
nju(ː)ˈtrɪʃən
kəmˈpliːt əˈgriːmənt 
ˈsɛntɪmənt
ˌdiːˈsteɪb(ə)laɪzd 
trəˈdɪʃənl ˈfæmɪli miːlz
ˈkɒmən 
ʃeə ˈkwɒlɪti taɪm təˈgɛðə 
ɪmˈpɒsəbl
kənˈsjuːməz 
ˌaʊtˈsaɪd 
ˈmɑːʤɪnəl 
ɪkˈsɛpʃən 
dɪˈsaɪdɪdli ˈnɛgətɪv
kleɪm 
ɪsˈtæblɪʃmənts 
ɪksˈtriːmli haɪ ɪn 
ˈʃʊgə
fæt
ˈkæləriz 
ˈkɛmɪkəl prɪˈzɜːvətɪvz
kənˈteɪnz rɛd miːt 
ˈtriːtɪd wɪð ˈstɛrɔɪdz
ˈsɔːlti 
ˈveərɪəs 
ɪnˈgriːdiənts 
æt bɛst
ˈdaʊtfʊl ˈdaɪətəri ˌɪmplɪˈkeɪʃənz 
əˈplaɪz 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
straɪv 
prəˈdʌkʃən 
sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt 
ˌriːpɜːˈkʌʃənz
ɪnˈvɒlvz ˈfæktəri ˈfɑːmɪŋ
ɪn ˈɔːdə tuː səˈplaɪ 
ˈmæsɪv 
ˈɒkjʊpaɪ lænd 
ˈprɒdjuːs ˈmiːθeɪn 
ˈgæsɪz ˈhɑːmfʊl tuː 
ˈəʊzəʊn ˈleɪə 
ˌtrænspɔːˈteɪʃən 
ɪnˈʃʊəz kənˈsɪstənsi 
əˈkrɒs ˈfrænʧaɪzɪz 
rɪˈkwaɪəz ˈfɒsl fjʊəl kənˈsʌm(p)ʃən
ʧiːf ˈkʌlprɪts 
ˈlɪmɪtɪd ˈbɛnɪfɪts 
rɪˈleɪtɪd tuː 
kənˈviːniəns
ˌəʊvəˈwɛlmɪŋ 
wɛnˈɛvə ˈpɒsəbl
nɒt ɒpt fɔː 

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Some would a____e that the p___________e of f___________d in society n_________________s families, n_____________n, and the environment. I am in c_____________________t with this s_____________t.

Firstly, fast food has d________________d t_________________________s. In the past, it was c__________n for individuals to spend time eating a family meal so that parents and children could s___________________________r. Fast food does not make this i______________e, however, c____________s are more likely to eat fast food while driving, watching television, or o___________e the home. The impact on families is m_________l since fast food meals may be the e____________n though it is also d_________________e.

Secondly, few would c_____m that fast food is healthy. The products at most fast food e________________s are e_____________________n s________r, f___t, c_________s, and c_________________________s. For instance, a cheeseburger from McDonald’s c_________________________t that has been t____________________________s, s________y cheese, and v__________s other i________________s with, a_________t, d________________________________s. This a_________s for the m___________y of fast food and is the main reason many today s________e to eat at home or at healthier restaurants.

Finally, the p____________n of fast food has s_____________t environmental r_________________s. Firstly, this i____________________g. I________________________y beef, chicken, and pork there are m__________e farms that not only o________________d but also p_________________e and other g___________________o the o_____________r. Secondly, the t________________n of goods that e____________________________________s r_________________________________________n. The c________________s here are cars, trucks, and airplanes.

In conclusion, though there may be l_______________________s r__________________________e, fast food is an o______________g negative in terms of families, eating habits, and the natural world. W___________________e, consumers should n______________r fast food.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching videos from The New York Times YouTube channel below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.healthline.com/health/fast-food-effects-on-body

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the IELTS speaking exam:

Discuss a food that you really like. Include

What it is

Why you like it

When you had it last

How much it costs

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

In many countries, fast food is becoming cheaper and more widely available.

Do the disadvantages of this outweigh the advantages?


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