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This is my IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of taxing industries from the real IELTS exam.

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Dave

IELTS Essay: Taxing Industries

Some people believe that increasing tax on various industries will reduce pollution whereas others believe that there are better alternative ways.

Discuss both the view and give your opinion.

Many today argue that the environment can be best protected by heavily taxing various industries. In my opinion, though this has worked in certain cases, taxation is not as effective as more positive reforms.

The case for taxing industry is that it will discourage the worst practices of companies. This has been evidenced in the European Union where enterprises are taxed at higher rates, oftentimes depending on their relative carbon footprints. The result is that businesses are incentivized to adopt cleaner energy practices. The companies that are greener can therefore enjoy both the benefits of reduced taxes and the public opinion boost concomitant with eco-friendly initiatives. The caveat to this approach is that many multinationals are able to simply move their production facilities and waste to nearby nations.

Moreover, there are more positive policies that can encourage, rather than discourage, the corporate world. Taxation is a fundamentally reactive measure that supposes companies would not wish to inherently protect the planet. A more proactive approach would involve funding green industries. For example, companies such as Tesla have received billions in government subsidies to build stability for a green industry. Over time, more companies will be able to establish themselves and turn profits and there will be less of a need to use taxes to discourage industries from polluting. This solution will be longer lasting as it rewards good behavior instead of punishing bad behavior.

In conclusion, despite taxing industries having an immediate effect, a greater impact would result from subsidies for various companies. Governments should pursue this more positive strategy.

Analysis

1. Many today argue that the environment can be best protected by heavily taxing various industries. 2. In my opinion, though this has worked in certain cases, taxation is not as effective as more positive reforms.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. The case for taxing industry is that it will discourage the worst practices of companies. 2. This has been evidenced in the European Union where enterprises are taxed at higher rates, oftentimes depending on their relative carbon footprints. 3. The result is that businesses are incentivized to adopt cleaner energy practices. 4. The companies that are greener can therefore enjoy both the benefits of reduced taxes and the public opinion boost concomitant with eco-friendly initiatives. 5. The caveat to this approach is that many multinationals are able to simply move their production facilities and waste to nearby nations.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. You can sometimes include the counterpoint here too.

1. Moreover, there are more positive policies that can encourage, rather than discourage, the corporate world. 2. Taxation is a fundamentally reactive measure that supposes companies would not wish to inherently protect the planet. 3. A more proactive approach would involve funding green industries. 4. For example, companies such as Tesla have received billions in government subsidies to build stability for a green industry. 5. Over time, more companies will be able to establish themselves and turn profits and there will be less of a need to use taxes to discourage industries from polluting. 6. This solution will be longer lasting as it rewards good behavior instead of punishing bad behavior.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Add as much information as you can and make sure it links logically.
  5. Continue your development.
  6. Finish the paragraph strong.

1. In conclusion, despite taxing industries having an immediate effect, a greater impact would result from subsidies for various companies. 2. Governments should pursue this more positive strategy.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Many today argue that the environment can be best protected by heavily taxing various industries. In my opinion, though this has worked in certain cases, taxation is not as effective as more positive reforms.

The case for taxing industry is that it will discourage the worst practices of companies. This has been evidenced in the European Union where enterprises are taxed at higher rates, oftentimes depending on their relative carbon footprints. The result is that businesses are incentivized to adopt cleaner energy practices. The companies that are greener can therefore enjoy both the benefits of reduced taxes and the public opinion boost concomitant with eco-friendly initiatives. The caveat to this approach is that many multinationals are able to simply move their production facilities and waste to nearby nations.

Moreover, there are more positive policies that can encourage, rather than discourage, the corporate world. Taxation is a fundamentally reactive measure that supposes companies would not wish to inherently protect the planet. A more proactive approach would involve funding green industries. For example, companies such as Tesla have received billions in government subsidies to build stability for a green industry. Over time, more companies will be able to establish themselves and turn profits and there will be less of a need to use taxes to discourage industries from polluting. This solution will be longer lasting as it rewards good behavior instead of punishing bad behavior.

In conclusion, despite taxing industries having an immediate effect, a greater impact would result from subsidies for various companies. Governments should pursue this more positive strategy.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

environment nature

best protected by safeguarded in the best way

heavily taxing governments taxing

various industries different companies and businesses

though despite

in certain cases in some instances

not as effective as doesn’t work as well as

positive reforms active polities

the case for taxing industry the reason to impose taxes on businesses

discourage not encourage

worst practices most bad things they do

evidenced in support for this comes from

European Union collection of countries in Europe

enterprises companies

higher rates most taxes they must pay

oftentimes usually

depending on comes down to

relative carbon footprints how much each one pollutes

The result is that what happens from this is

incentivized encouraged

adopt cleaner energy practices be more environmentally friendly

benefits advantages

reduced taxes not having to pay the government as much

public opinion boost people supporting it, good publicity

concomitant with eco-friendly initiatives related to protecting the environment

caveat warning, drawback

approach way

multinationals international companies

production facilities factories

waste trash

nearby nations countries near there

positive policies good actions, proactive

encourage motivate

rather than instead of

corporate world businesses

fundamentally reactive measure basically responding to

supposes assumes

inherently protect naturally keep safe

proactive approach active way of dealing with it

funding green industries contributing to eco-friendly businesses

received billions in government subsidies got lots of federal money

build stability for form a strong foundation for

green industry eco-friendly businesses

over time in the long-term

establish create

turn profits make money

less of a need not necessity for

longer lasting will take a while

rewards incentives

instead of rather than

despite taxing industries despite making businesses pay

immediate effect right away impact

greater impact bigger effect

pursue seek after

positive strategy proactive approach

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt 
bɛst prəˈtɛktɪd baɪ 
ˈhɛvɪli ˈtæksɪŋ 
ˈveərɪəs ˈɪndəstriz
ðəʊ 
ɪn ˈsɜːtn ˈkeɪsɪz
nɒt æz ɪˈfɛktɪv æz 
ˈpɒzətɪv ˌriːˈfɔːmz
ðə keɪs fɔː ˈtæksɪŋ ˈɪndəstri 
dɪsˈkʌrɪʤ 
wɜːst ˈpræktɪsɪz 
ˈɛvɪdənst ɪn 
ˌjʊərəˈpi(ː)ən ˈjuːnjən 
ˈɛntəpraɪzɪz 
ˈhaɪə reɪts
ˈɒfntaɪmz 
dɪˈpɛndɪŋ ɒn 
ˈrɛlətɪv ˈkɑːbən ˈfʊtprɪnts
ðə rɪˈzʌlt ɪz ðæt 
incentivized 
əˈdɒpt ˈkliːnər ˈɛnəʤi ˈpræktɪsɪz
ˈbɛnɪfɪts 
rɪˈdjuːst ˈtæksɪz 
ˈpʌblɪk əˈpɪnjən buːst 
kənˈkɒmɪtənt wɪð ˈiːkəʊ-ˈfrɛndli ɪˈnɪʃɪətɪvz 
ˈkeɪvɪæt 
əˈprəʊʧ 
ˌmʌltɪˈnæʃənlz 
prəˈdʌkʃən fəˈsɪlɪtiz 
weɪst 
ˈnɪəbaɪ ˈneɪʃənz
ˈpɒzətɪv ˈpɒlɪsiz 
ɪnˈkʌrɪʤ
ˈrɑːðə ðæn 
ˈkɔːpərɪt wɜːld
ˌfʌndəˈmɛntli ri(ː)ˈæktɪv ˈmɛʒə 
səˈpəʊzɪz 
ɪnˈhɪərəntli prəˈtɛkt 
prəʊˈæktɪv əˈprəʊʧ 
ˈfʌndɪŋ griːn ˈɪndəstriz
rɪˈsiːvd ˈbɪljənz ɪn ˈgʌvnmənt ˈsʌbsɪdiz 
bɪld stəˈbɪlɪti fɔː 
griːn ˈɪndəstri.
ˈəʊvə taɪm
ɪsˈtæblɪʃ 
tɜːn ˈprɒfɪts 
lɛs ɒv ə niːd 
ˈlɒŋgə ˈlɑːstɪŋ 
rɪˈwɔːdz 
ɪnˈstɛd ɒv 
dɪsˈpaɪt ˈtæksɪŋ ˈɪndəstriz 
ɪˈmiːdiət ɪˈfɛkt 
ˈgreɪtər ˈɪmpækt 
pəˈsjuː 
ˈpɒzətɪv ˈstrætɪʤi

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Many today argue that the e_____________t can be b_____________________y h________________________________________s. In my opinion, t_________h this has worked i_________________s, taxation is n_____________________s more p________________s.

T_____________________________y is that it will d_______________e the w___________________s of companies. This has been e______________________n the E____________________n where e___________s are taxed at h___________s, o___________s d_____________________n their r_____________________________s. T_________________t businesses are i_______________d to a________________________________s. The companies that are greener can therefore enjoy both the b_________s of r_________________s and the p____________________t c___________________h e_____________________s. The c______t to this a__________h is that many m_______________s are able to simply move their p_____________________s and w_____e to n_______________s.

Moreover, there are more p___________________s that can e___________e, r___________n discourage, the c_____________d. Taxation is a f_______________________________e that s___________s companies would not wish to i______________t the planet. A more p_________________h would involve f____________________s. For example, companies such as Tesla have r_____________________________________________s to b_______________________r a g_______________y. O_______e, more companies will be able to e____________h themselves and t__________s and there will be l_____________d to use taxes to discourage industries from polluting. This solution will be l_________________g as it r__________s good behavior i_____________f punishing bad behavior.

In conclusion, d______________________________s having an i_________________________t, a g___________________t would result from subsidies for various companies. Governments should p_________e this more p_________________y.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching from YouTube below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.businessinsider.com/the-complete-tesla-story-2014-7

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Environment

  1. How are environmental problems dealt with in your country?
  2. What can be done to make people recycle more often?
  3. What is the most pressing environmental problem?
  4. Is recycling a common practice in your country?
  5. Are governments or individuals more responsible?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topics below:

Governments in many countries have recently introduced special taxes on foods and beverages with high levels of sugar. Some think these taxes are a good idea while others disagree.

Discuss both views and give you own opinion.


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