IELTS Essay General Training: Fast Food’s Effect on Lifestyle and Diet

IELTS Essay General Training: Fast Food’s Effect on Lifestyle and Diet

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of the effect of fast food on lifestyle and diet from the real IELTS exam.

Please consider supporting me on Patreon.com/howtodoielts to receive my exclusive IELTS Ebooks – you can even sign up for private live lessons with me!

Dave

IELTS Essay General Training: Strict Teachers

Fast food has become more common in recent years. Some people think that it has a negative effect on lifestyles and diets.

Do you agree or disagree?

Many individuals feel that the widespread proliferation of fast food negatively impacts both lifestyles and eating habits. I am in complete agreement.

Firstly, as a result of fast food consumption, lifestyles are more passive. Before such restaurants, it was more common for consumers to buy raw ingredients and prepare nutritious meals at home. This occurs less often now as fast food offers a cheap, quick alternative. Over time, this can lead to worsening cooking skills and a generally more lethargic lifestyle predicated around ordering meals and watching TV shows and movies. Moreover, the ingredients in fast food are often empty calories that do not provide the vitamins and minerals necessary to support an active lifestyle. A person who eats McDonald’s and KFC most days is more likely to lack energy and be unproductive.

Secondly, fast food is one of the least healthy possible additions to an individual’s diet. Healthy foods tend to be fresh fruits and vegetables and fast food consists largely of preservatives, chemicals and addictive fats, sugars and carbohydrates. Even eating a single fast food meal a day has been shown in numerous independent research studies to increase the risk of diseases ranging from diabetes and cardiovascular disease to cancer and obesity. Fast food companies have recognized this themselves and now offer healthy alternatives such as mini-salads to appeal to an increasingly health conscious public.

In conclusion, the evidence for the negative impact of fast foods is nearly irrefutable as it encourages a more sedentary lifestyle and is high in harmful fats and sugars. Whenever possible, individuals should resist the immediate gratification of fast food.

Analysis

1. Many individuals feel that the widespread proliferation of fast food negatively impacts both lifestyles and eating habits. 2. I am in complete agreement.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Firstly, as a result of fast food consumption, lifestyles are more passive. 2. Before such restaurants, it was more common for consumers to buy raw ingredients and prepare nutritious meals at home. 3. This occurs less often now as fast food offers a cheap, quick alternative. 4. Over time, this can lead to worsening cooking skills and a generally more lethargic lifestyle predicated around ordering meals and watching TV shows and movies. 5. Moreover, the ingredients in fast food are often empty calories that do not provide the vitamins and minerals necessary to support an active lifestyle. 6. A person who eats McDonald’s and KFC most days is more likely to lack energy and be unproductive.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Stay focused on the same main idea.
  6. Finish with a strong statement.

1. Secondly, fast food is one of the least healthy possible additions to an individual’s diet. 2. Healthy foods tend to be fresh fruits and vegetables and fast food consists largely of preservatives, chemicals and addictive fats, sugars and carbohydrates. 3. Even eating a single fast food meal a day has been shown in numerous independent research studies to increase the risk of diseases ranging from diabetes and cardiovascular disease to cancer and obesity. 4. Fast food companies have recognized this themselves and now offer healthy alternatives such as mini-salads to appeal to an increasingly health conscious public.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Continue developing it fully!

1. In conclusion, the evidence for the negative impact of fast foods is nearly irrefutable as it encourages a more sedentary lifestyle and is high in harmful fats and sugars. 2. Whenever possible, individuals should resist the immediate gratification of fast food.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Many individuals feel that the widespread proliferation of fast food negatively impacts both lifestyles and eating habits. I am in complete agreement.

Firstly, as a result of fast food consumption, lifestyles are more passive. Before such restaurants, it was more common for consumers to buy raw ingredients and prepare nutritious meals at home. This occurs less often now as fast food offers a cheap, quick alternative. Over time, this can lead to worsening cooking skills and a generally more lethargic lifestyle predicated around ordering meals and watching TV shows and movies. Moreover, the ingredients in fast food are often empty calories that do not provide the vitamins and minerals necessary to support an active lifestyle. A person who eats McDonald’s and KFC most days is more likely to lack energy and be unproductive.

Secondly, fast food is one of the least healthy possible additions to an individual’s diet. Healthy foods tend to be fresh fruits and vegetables and fast food consists largely of preservatives, chemicals and addictive fats, sugars and carbohydrates. Even eating a single fast food meal a day has been shown in numerous independent research studies to increase the risk of diseases ranging from diabetes and cardiovascular disease to cancer and obesity. Fast food companies have recognized this themselves and now offer healthy alternatives such as mini-salads to appeal to an increasingly health conscious public.

In conclusion, the evidence for the negative impact of fast foods is nearly irrefutable as it encourages a more sedentary lifestyle and is high in harmful fats and sugars. Whenever possible, individuals should resist the immediate gratification of fast food.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

widespread proliferation more and more common

fast food KFC, McDonald’s, Lotteria, etc.

negatively impacts hurts a lot

lifestyles the way that people life

eating habits diets

I am in complete agreement I 100% agree

firstly the first point is that

as a result of the leads to

consumption eating

passive not active

before such restaurants priorly these establishments

common happens a lot

raw ingredients not yet cooked

prepare nutritious meals make healthy foods

at home in the house

occurs happens

offers makes available

cheap inexpensive

quick alternative fast other option

over time over a period of time

lead to causes

worsening getting worse

cooking skills how good you are at cooking

generally overall

lethargic lazy, passive

predicated around focused on

ordering meals getting food delivered

moreover also

empty calories not nutritious foods

provide give

vitamins health nutrients

minerals healthy parts of foods

support aid

active not passive

most days typically

lack energy feel lazy

unproductive not active

secondly also

least healthy possible additions not a nutritious new food to eat

diet eating habits

tend to be normally

fresh fruits and vegetables apples, oranges, broccoli, onions, etc.

consists largely made up mostly of

preservatives chemicals that keep foods good

chemicals additives in foods

addictive make you want to keep eating them

sugars sweet foods

carbohydrates breads, pasta, rice

single fast food meal a day once a day eating fast food

numerous independent research studies many papers

increase the risk make it more likely

diseases conditions

ranging from including

diabetes disease related to eating too much sugar

cardiovascular disease heart disease

cancer a common disease

obesity being overweight

offer make available

alternatives different options

mini-salads small salads

appeal attract

increasingly health conscious public more and more caring about health

evidence support

nearly irrefutable almost definitely true

encourages motivates

sedentary passive

high elevated

harmful injurious

whenever possible if it can be done

resist hold out

immediate gratification feeling pleasure right away

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈwaɪdsprɛd prəʊˌlɪfəˈreɪʃən 
fɑːst fuːd 
ˈnɛgətɪvli ˈɪmpækts 
ˈlaɪfˌstaɪlz 
ˈiːtɪŋ ˈhæbɪts
aɪ æm ɪn kəmˈpliːt əˈgriːmənt
ˈfɜːstli
æz ə rɪˈzʌlt ɒv 
kənˈsʌm(p)ʃən
ˈpæsɪv
bɪˈfɔː sʌʧ ˈrɛstrɒnts
ˈkɒmən 
rɔː ɪnˈgriːdiənts 
prɪˈpeə nju(ː)ˈtrɪʃəs miːlz 
æt həʊm
əˈkɜːz 
ˈɒfəz 
ʧiːp
kwɪk ɔːlˈtɜːnətɪv
ˈəʊvə taɪm
liːd tuː 
ˈwɜːsnɪŋ 
ˈkʊkɪŋ skɪlz 
ˈʤɛnərəli 
lɛˈθɑːʤɪk 
ˈprɛdɪkeɪtɪd əˈraʊnd 
ˈɔːdərɪŋ miːlz 
mɔːˈrəʊvə
ˈɛmpti ˈkæləriz 
prəˈvaɪd 
ˈvɪtəmɪnz 
ˈmɪnərəlz 
səˈpɔːt 
ˈæktɪv 
məʊst deɪz 
læk ˈɛnəʤi 
ˌʌnprəˈdʌktɪv
ˈsɛkəndli
liːst ˈhɛlθi ˈpɒsəbl əˈdɪʃ(ə)nz 
ˈdaɪət
tɛnd tuː biː 
frɛʃ fruːts ænd ˈvɛʤtəb(ə)lz 
kənˈsɪsts ˈlɑːʤli 
prɪˈzɜːvətɪvz
ˈkɛmɪkəlz 
əˈdɪktɪv 
ˈʃʊgəz 
ˈkɑːbəʊˈhaɪdreɪts
ˈsɪŋgl fɑːst fuːd miːl ə deɪ 
ˈnjuːmərəs ˌɪndɪˈpɛndənt rɪˈsɜːʧ ˈstʌdiz 
ˈɪnkriːs ðə rɪsk 
dɪˈziːzɪz 
ˈreɪnʤɪŋ frɒm 
ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz 
ˌkɑːdɪəʊˈvæskjʊlə dɪˈziːz 
ˈkænsə 
əʊˈbiːsɪti
ˈɒfə 
ɔːlˈtɜːnətɪvz 
ˈmɪnɪ-ˈsælədz 
əˈpiːl 
ɪnˈkriːsɪŋli hɛlθ ˈkɒnʃəs ˈpʌblɪk
ˈɛvɪdəns 
ˈnɪəli ɪˈrɛfjʊtəbl 
ɪnˈkʌrɪʤɪz 
ˈsɛdntəri 
haɪ 
ˈhɑːmfʊl 
wɛnˈɛvə ˈpɒsəbl
rɪˈzɪst 
ɪˈmiːdiət ˌgrætɪfɪˈkeɪʃən 

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Many individuals feel that the w_________________________n of f___________d n___________________s both l____________s and e________________s. I______________________________t.

F__________y, a____________f fast food c_______________n, lifestyles are more p__________e. B________________________s, it was more c_________n for consumers to buy r____________________s and p_________________________s a______________e. This o_________s less often now as fast food o_______s a c________p, q____________________e. O__________e, this can l_________o w_______________________s and a g__________y more l__________c lifestyle p_____________________d o_______________s and watching TV shows and movies. M____________r, the ingredients in fast food are often e________________s that do not p__________e the v___________s and m__________s necessary to s___________t an a________e lifestyle. A person who eats McDonald’s and KFC m____________s is more likely to l______________y and be u_________________e.

S____________y, fast food is one of the l___________________________s to an individual’s d______t. Healthy foods t_____________e f______________________________s and fast food c________________y of p________________s, c_____________s and a___________e fats, s_________s and c__________________s. Even eating a s____________________________y has been shown in n__________________________________s to i_________________k of d_________________________m d____________s and c___________________e to c__________r and o_________y. Fast food companies have recognized this themselves and now o______r healthy a_______________s such as m____________s to a__________l to an i____________________________________c.

In conclusion, the e__________e for the negative impact of fast foods is n____________________e as it e_______________s a more s___________y lifestyle and is h_____h in h__________l fats and sugars. W____________________e, individuals should r__________t the i____________________________n of fast food.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic in the funny video below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.buzzfeed.com/hannahloewentheil/heres-what-your-favorite-fast-food-chains-serve-around-the

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Food

  1. What kinds of foods do you like to eat?
  2. How different is food in your country today from when you were younger?
  3. Which foods do you dislike?
  4. What foods do people in your country buy at the market?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

In many countries, traditional foods are being replaced by fast food. This has a negative impact on families, individuals and society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Essay: Ban Advertising

IELTS Essay: Ban Advertising

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of banning advertising completely from the real IELTS exam.

Please consider supporting me on Patreon.com/howtodoielts to receive my exclusive IELTS Ebooks – you can even sign up for private live lessons with me!

Dave

IELTS Essay: Ban Advertising

Some people think that there should be a complete ban on all forms of advertising.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

There are those who have suggested the possibility of totally banning all advertising. In my opinion, though this would seemingly improve society, the actual impact would be to imperil the global economy.

Supporters of a prohibition argue the injurious impact of advertising on human society and health. On the most superficial level, advertising is distracting. Individuals must strive to avoid ads on television, online, on billboards, and in magazines. All this can contribute to the anxiety and declining mental health that characterizes modern man. Beyond this, advertising has a pernicious impact on how the world operates. Corporations and entire national economies are structured around an ideal of continual consumption that not only harms the environment but also transforms individuals into a means for a financial end.

Nonetheless, actually banning advertising would disrupt the global financial system. Nearly every nation and economy depends on advertising as the foundation of a capitalist system. Some of the largest companies in the world, including Facebook and Google, generate the vast majority of their revenue from targeted marketing and their dissolution would have ramifications across a range of industries. The implications could also become deeper. If individuals and companies no longer had the ability to advertise products and services, they would likely lose the motivation to innovate. Over time, this could result in stifling progress in major fields ranging from medicine and internet technology to entertainment and the sciences more generally.

In conclusion, despite the negative effects of advertising on human society, it is an important catalyst for growth in the modern world. Advertisements should be regulated but not eliminated entirely.

Analysis

1. There are those who have suggested the possibility of totally banning all advertising. 2. In my opinion, though this would seemingly improve society, the actual impact would be to imperil the global economy.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Supporters of a prohibition argue the injurious impact of advertising on human society and health. 2. On the most superficial level, advertising is distracting. 3. Individuals must strive to avoid ads on television, online, on billboards, and in magazines. 4. All this can contribute to the anxiety and declining mental health that characterizes modern man. 5. Beyond this, advertising has a pernicious impact on how the world operates. 6. Corporations and entire national economies are structured around an ideal of continual consumption that not only harms the environment but also transforms individuals into a means for a financial end.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. You can have some long sentences like this to really argue your point.
  6. State the fullest possible result.

1. Nonetheless, actually banning advertising would disrupt the global financial system. 2. Nearly every nation and economy depends on advertising as the foundation of a capitalist system. 3. Some of the largest companies in the world, including Facebook and Google, generate the vast majority of their revenue from targeted marketing and their dissolution would have ramifications across a range of industries. 4. The implications could also become deeper. 5. If individuals and companies no longer had the ability to advertise products and services, they would likely lose the motivation to innovate. 6. Over time, this could result in stifling progress in major fields ranging from medicine and internet technology to entertainment and the sciences more generally.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Continue developing it…
  5. as fully as possible!
  6. Conclude with a strong statement.

1. In conclusion, despite the negative effects of advertising on human society, it is an important catalyst for growth in the modern world. 2. Advertisements should be regulated but not eliminated entirely.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

There are those who have suggested the possibility of totally banning all advertising. In my opinion, though this would seemingly improve society, the actual impact would be to imperil the global economy.

Supporters of a prohibition argue the injurious impact of advertising on human society and health. On the most superficial level, advertising is distracting. Individuals must strive to avoid ads on television, online, on billboards, and in magazines. All this can contribute to the anxiety and declining mental health that characterizes modern man. Beyond this, advertising has a pernicious impact on how the world operates. Corporations and entire national economies are structured around an ideal of continual consumption that not only harms the environment but also transforms individuals into a means for a financial end.

Nonetheless, actually banning advertising would disrupt the global financial system. Nearly every nation and economy depends on advertising as the foundation of a capitalist system. Some of the largest companies in the world, including Facebook and Google, generate the vast majority of their revenue from targeted marketing and their dissolution would have ramifications across a range of industries. The implications could also become deeper. If individuals and companies no longer had the ability to advertise products and services, they would likely lose the motivation to innovate. Over time, this could result in stifling progress in major fields ranging from medicine and internet technology to entertainment and the sciences more generally.

In conclusion, despite the negative effects of advertising on human society, it is an important catalyst for growth in the modern world. Advertisements should be regulated but not eliminated entirely.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

suggested advised

possibility chance

totally banning completely stopping

advertising marketing, ads, commercials, etc.

seemingly it appears to be

improve society make the world better

actual impact real effect

imperil put in danger

global economy how the world makes money, jobs, etc.

supporters those in favor of

prohibition banning

argue say

injurious impact hurts

human society all people in a country

health wellness

on the most superficial level the first impact

distracting lose focus

strive try hard

avoid stay away from

anxiety feeling nervous

declining mental health less mentally healthy, more anxious

characterizes modern man defines people today

beyond this outside of this

pernicious harmful

operates works

entire national economies the whole system in a country

structured around the foundation of

ideal perfect

continual consumption always making and using more

not only harms the environment doesn’t just hurt nature

transforms changes

means method

financial end final product related to money

nonetheless regardless

disrupt impair

global financial system economies around the world

nearly almost

depends on has to do with

foundation basis

capitalist system exhanging money for goods and having companies

generate earn

vast majority most of

revenue money made

targeted marketing advertising looking at certain groups of people

dissolution disappearing

ramifications effects

across a range of industries many different sectors

implications effects

no longer not anymore

services streaming platforms, delivery, etc.

motivation encouragement

innovate creating new things

over time in the future

stifling progress slowing down

major fields big industries

ranging from including

the sciences more generally areas of science like biology, physics, etc.

despite regardless of

catalyst cause of

regulated restricted

eliminated entirely completely gone

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

səˈʤɛstɪd 
ˌpɒsəˈbɪlɪti 
ˈtəʊtli ˈbænɪŋ 
ˈædvətaɪzɪŋ
ˈsiːmɪŋli 
ɪmˈpruːv səˈsaɪəti
ˈækʧʊəl ˈɪmpækt 
ɪmˈpɛrɪl 
ˈgləʊbəl i(ː)ˈkɒnəmi
səˈpɔːtəz 
ˌprəʊɪˈbɪʃən 
ˈɑːgjuː 
ɪnˈʤʊərɪəs ˈɪmpækt 
ˈhjuːmən səˈsaɪəti 
hɛlθ
ɒn ðə məʊst ˌsjuːpəˈfɪʃəl ˈlɛvl
dɪsˈtræktɪŋ
straɪv 
əˈvɔɪd 
æŋˈzaɪəti 
dɪˈklaɪnɪŋ ˈmɛntl hɛlθ 
ˈkærɪktəraɪzɪz ˈmɒdən mæn
bɪˈjɒnd ðɪs
pɜːˈnɪʃəs 
ˈɒpəreɪts
ɪnˈtaɪə ˈnæʃənl i(ː)ˈkɒnəmiz 
ˈstrʌkʧəd əˈraʊnd 
aɪˈdɪəl 
kənˈtɪnjʊəl kənˈsʌm(p)ʃən 
nɒt ˈəʊnli hɑːmz ði ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt 
trænsˈfɔːmz 
miːnz 
faɪˈnænʃəl ɛnd
ˌnʌnðəˈlɛs
dɪsˈrʌpt 
ˈgləʊbəl faɪˈnænʃəl ˈsɪstɪm
ˈnɪəli 
dɪˈpɛndz ɒn 
faʊnˈdeɪʃən 
ˈkæpɪtəlɪst ˈsɪstɪm
ˈʤɛnəreɪt 
vɑːst məˈʤɒrɪti 
ˈrɛvɪnjuː 
ˈtɑːgɪtɪd ˈmɑːkɪtɪŋ 
ˌdɪsəˈluːʃən 
ˌræmɪfɪˈkeɪʃənz 
əˈkrɒs ə reɪnʤ ɒv ˈɪndəstriz
ˌɪmplɪˈkeɪʃənz 
nəʊ ˈlɒŋgə 
ˈsɜːvɪsɪz
ˌməʊtɪˈveɪʃən 
ˈɪnəʊveɪt
ˈəʊvə taɪm
ˈstaɪflɪŋ ˈprəʊgrəs 
ˈmeɪʤə fiːldz 
ˈreɪnʤɪŋ frɒm 
ðə ˈsaɪənsɪz mɔː ˈʤɛnərəli
dɪsˈpaɪt 
ˈkætəlɪst 
ˈrɛgjʊleɪtɪd 
ɪˈlɪmɪneɪtɪd ɪnˈtaɪəli

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

There are those who have s_____________d the p_____________y of t_________________g all a_____________g. In my opinion, though this would s______________y i_________________y, the a__________________t would be to i__________l the g__________________y.

S_______________s of a p______________n a_________e the i______________________t of advertising on h________________y and h________h. O_____________________________l, advertising is d____________g. Individuals must s_______e to a_________d ads on television, online, on billboards, and in magazines. All this can contribute to the a_________y and d____________________h that c__________________________n. B______________s, advertising has a p______________s impact on how the world o__________s. Corporations and e___________________________s are s__________________d an i________l of c________________________n that n__________________________________t but also t______________s individuals into a m_________s for a f____________________d.

N_______________s, actually banning advertising would d___________t the g_______________________m. N_______y every nation and economy d____________n advertising as the f______________n of a c____________________m. Some of the largest companies in the world, including Facebook and Google, g____________e the v____________y of their r___________e from t_____________________g and their d___________n would have r_______________________________________________s. The i______________s could also become deeper. If individuals and companies n_____________r had the ability to advertise products and s____________s, they would likely lose the m____________n to i______________e. O____________e, this could result in s__________________s in m____________s r______________m medicine and internet technology to entertainment and t____________________________y.

In conclusion, d_________e the negative effects of advertising on human society, it is an important c________t for growth in the modern world. Advertisements should be r__________d but not e______________________y.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic in the video below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Describe and advertisement you have seen. Include

Where it was

What it advertised

Why you remember it

If you bought the product in question.

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

Some believe that people will purchase a product based on their needs and advertising is not needed.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Essay: Letter to a Manager

IELTS Essay: Letter to a Manager

This is an IELTS writing task 1 letter from the real general training exam on the topic of writing a letter to your manager to ask about giving a presentation based on a conference you attended.

Please consider supporting my efforts to creative high quality IELTS materials for students around the world by signing up for my Patreon (and don’t miss any of my exclusive IELTS Ebooks)!

Dave

IELTS Essay: Letter to a Manager

You recently attended a conference and would like to give a presentation to your colleagues about it. Write a letter to your manager and include

  • The topic of the conference
  • Why you want to present about it
  • When it could be done

Dear Lisa,

How are you? I am writing because I recently attended a conference while I was out of town last week on the topic of marketing in the digital age. The conference pooled together a collection of researchers, influencers, and corporate figures who shared novel strategies and developments taking place recently.

I would like to do a presentation for all the employees at our office because I feel what I learned was pertinent to our current transition. We are increasing our social media presence and the majority of our marketing budget is now online but many of my colleagues are not up to date with changes in the field.

My suggestion is at the next all-staff meeting, I can take a 10 minutes slot before or after lunch to go over the key points. It should not take much longer than that as I can send out my notes and some research articles by email afterwards.

Let me know if you think this is a viable idea.

Regards,

Abdul

Analysis

1. Dear Lisa,

2. How are you? 3. I am writing because I recently attended a conference while I was out of town last week on the topic of marketing in the digital age. 4. The conference pooled together a collection of researchers, influencers, and corporate figures who shared novel strategies and developments taking place recently.

  1. Address the letter to someone.
  2. You can begin with a greeting.
  3. Include the first bullet point.
  4. Add in some more detail if you want.

1. I would like to do a presentation for all the employees at our office because I feel what I learned was pertinent to our current transition. 2. We are increasing our social media presence and the majority of our marketing budget is now online but many of my colleagues are not up to date with changes in the field.

  1. Begin to develop the second point.
  2. Add more detail to it.

1. My suggestion is at the next all-staff meeting, I can take a 10 minutes slot before or after lunch to go over the key points. 2. It should not take much longer than that as I can send out my notes and some research articles by email afterwards.

3. Let me know if you think this is a viable idea.

4. Regards,

5. Abdul

  1. Develop the last point.
  2. Keep developing it.
  3. Add an ending sentence.
  4. Use a phrase like regards or sincerely.
  5. Write your name at the end of the letter.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Take notes on a piece of paper to aid memory retention.

Dear Lisa,

How are you? I am writing because I recently attended a conference while I was out of town last week on the topic of marketing in the digital age. The conference pooled together a collection of researchers, influencers, and corporate figures who shared novel strategies and developments taking place recently.

I would like to do a presentation for all the employees at our office because I feel what I learned was pertinent to our current transition. We are increasing our social media presence and the majority of our marketing budget is now online but many of my colleagues are not up to date with changes in the field.

My suggestion is at the next all-staff meeting, I can take a 10 minutes slot before or after lunch to go over the key points. It should not take much longer than that as I can send out my notes and some research articles by email afterwards.

Let me know if you think this is a viable idea.

Regards,

Abdul

Answers

Practice writing sentences with the words below on a piece of paper:

recently attended went there not that long ago

conference big meeting

while as I was

out of town in another city

last week a week ago

topic subject

marketing advertising

digital age now that computers are everywhere

pooled together combined

collection put together

researchers scientists

influencers people popular on social media

corporate figures businesspeople

shared novel strategies told about new ways

developments taking place recently changes happening in the last few years

employees colleagues

pertinent very relevant

current transition changing now

increasing growing

social media presence more time on Facebook, Instagram, TikTok, etc.

majority most of

marketing budget money for advertising

colleagues co-workers

up to date current

in the field the area being studied

suggestion advice

all-staff meeting all employees together

slot place

go over talk about

key points crucial areas

should not take much longer than that won’t be that long

send out email

notes what you wrote down

research articles scientific papers

afterwards following that

let me know if you think this is a viable idea tell me if it is a good idea

Regards sincerely

Pronunciation

Practice with this tip using Google voice search to improve your pronunciation:

ˈriːsntli əˈtɛndɪd 
ˈkɒnfərəns 
waɪl 
aʊt ɒv taʊn 
lɑːst wiːk 
ˈtɒpɪk 
ˈmɑːkɪtɪŋ 
ˈdɪʤɪtl eɪʤ
puːld təˈgɛðə 
kəˈlɛkʃən 
rɪˈsɜːʧəz
ˈɪnflʊənsəz
ˈkɔːpərɪt ˈfɪgəz 
ʃeəd ˈnɒvəl ˈstrætɪʤiz 
dɪˈvɛləpmənts ˈteɪkɪŋ pleɪs ˈriːsntli
ˌɛmplɔɪˈiːz 
ˈpɜːtɪnənt 
ˈkʌrənt trænˈzɪʃ(ə)n
ɪnˈkriːsɪŋ 
ˈsəʊʃəl ˈmiːdiə ˈprɛzns 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
ˈmɑːkɪtɪŋ ˈbʌʤɪt 
ˈkɒliːgz 
ʌp tuː deɪt 
ɪn ðə fiːld
səˈʤɛsʧən 
ɔːl-stɑːf ˈmiːtɪŋ
slɒt 
gəʊ ˈəʊvə 
kiː pɔɪnts
ʃʊd nɒt teɪk mʌʧ ˈlɒŋgə ðæn ðæt 
sɛnd aʊt 
nəʊts 
rɪˈsɜːʧ ˈɑːtɪklz 
ˈɑːftəwədz
lɛt miː nəʊ ɪf juː θɪŋk ðɪs ɪz ə ˈvaɪəbl aɪˈdɪə
rɪˈgɑːdz

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Dear Lisa,

How are you? I am writing because I r_____________________d a c______________e w________e I was o_____________n l____________k on the t_______c of m____________g in the d____________e. The conference p___________________r a c____________n of r______________s, i______________s, and c__________________s who s____________________s and d_________________________________y.

I would like to do a presentation for all the e________________s at our office because I feel what I learned was p__________t to our c_____________________n. We are i____________g our s__________________e and the m__________y of our m______________________t is now online but many of my c____________s are not u___________e with changes i______________d.

My s________________n is at the next a__________________g, I can take a 10 minutes s______t before or after lunch to g_________r the k____________s. It s____________________________________t as I can s_________t my n_________s and some r______________________s by email a________________s.

L_________________________________________________a.

R_________s,

Abdul

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic in the video below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.skillsyouneed.com/present/presentation-tips.html

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Public Speaking

  1. Why is public speaking important?
  2. What qualities make someone a good public speaker?
  3. What kind of people are usually asked to do public speaking?
  4. Has the way that people speak in public changed much?
  5. Why are people so scared of public speaking?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related topic below and then check with my sample answer:

You want to arrange a conference for your company, and you need to ask one of your colleagues to give a presentation in this conference.

Write a letter to your colleague. In your letter include:

Details about the conference

Why you want your colleague to give presentation

What arrangement will you do for this conference

IELTS Essay: Private or Public Healthcare

IELTS Essay: Private or Public Healthcare

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of private or public healthcare and medical services from the real IELTS exam.

Please consider supporting me on Patreon.com/howtodoielts to receive my exclusive IELTS Ebooks – you can even sign up for private live lessons with me!

Dave

IELTS Essay: Private or Public Healthcare

Some feel governments, rather than private companies, should be in charge of medical services.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

There has been widespread debate in recent years concerning whether healthcare should be private or public. In my opinion, despite the importance of government regulation in the healthcare industry, a freer system will naturally encourage greater innovation.

The best support for government controlled healthcare comes from the exorbitant costs of private care. The United States is the best known example of this phenomenon. There are countless stories of vulnerable individuals requiring medical attention who face the prospect of years of nearly insurmountable medical bills. If the government runs the hospitals, as is the case in more progressive nations including Canada and England, the average person does not have to worry about prohibitively expensive medical emergencies. Citizens living in these countries now consider free medical treatment for the injured or ill as a foundational human right that governments have a responsibility to safeguard.

However, governments are notorious for stiffling innovation. This applies to a range of sectors and can best be evidenced by the failure of communism as an economic model. The less extreme forms of socialism that guide many European nations guarantee basic care but hospitals are not motivated to compete and excel. Despite the many drawbacks of the U.S. healthcare system, hospitals there routinely fund and are driven to uncover new treatments and procedures in order to attract more patients. While surging costs may leave behind vulnerable segments of the population, hospitals have a powerful motivation to produce the best possible results for those who can afford treatment.

In conclusion, medicine should be available for all citizens but this cannot be at the expense of the quality of healthcare. Governments should regulate the medical industry and provide welfare schemes yet still allow for a competitive environment.

Analysis

1. There has been widespread debate in recent years concerning whether healthcare should be private or public. 2. In my opinion, despite the importance of government regulation in the healthcare industry, a freer system will naturally encourage greater innovation.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. The best support for government controlled healthcare comes from the exorbitant costs of private care. 2. The United States is the best known example of this phenomenon. 3. There are countless stories of vulnerable individuals requiring medical attention who face the prospect of years of nearly insurmountable medical bills. 4. If the government runs the hospitals, as is the case in more progressive nations including Canada and England, the average person does not have to worry about prohibitively expensive medical emergencies. 5. Citizens living in these countries now consider free medical treatment for the injured or ill as a foundational human right that governments have a responsibility to safeguard.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Relate it back to the overall topic.

1. However, governments are notorious for stiffling innovation. 2. This applies to a range of sectors and can best be evidenced by the failure of communism as an economic model. 3. The less extreme forms of socialism that guide many European nations guarantee basic care but hospitals are not motivated to compete and excel. 4. Despite the many drawbacks of the U.S. healthcare system, hospitals there routinely fund and are driven to uncover new treatments and procedures in order to attract more patients. 5. While surging costs may leave behind vulnerable segments of the population, hospitals have a powerful motivation to produce the best possible results for those who can afford treatment.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Continue developing it fully!
  5. Vary short and long sentences.

1. In conclusion, medicine should be available for all citizens but this cannot be at the expense of the quality of healthcare. 2. Governments should regulate the medical industry and provide welfare schemes yet still allow for a competitive environment.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

There has been widespread debate in recent years concerning whether healthcare should be private or public. In my opinion, despite the importance of government regulation in the healthcare industry, a freer system will naturally encourage greater innovation.

The best support for government controlled healthcare comes from the exorbitant costs of private care. The United States is the best known example of this phenomenon. There are countless stories of vulnerable individuals requiring medical attention who face the prospect of years of nearly insurmountable medical bills. If the government runs the hospitals, as is the case in more progressive nations including Canada and England, the average person does not have to worry about prohibitively expensive medical emergencies. Citizens living in these countries now consider free medical treatment for the injured or ill as a foundational human right that governments have a responsibility to safeguard.

However, governments are notorious for stiffling innovation. This applies to a range of sectors and can best be evidenced by the failure of communism as an economic model. The less extreme forms of socialism that guide many European nations guarantee basic care but hospitals are not motivated to compete and excel. Despite the many drawbacks of the U.S. healthcare system, hospitals there routinely fund and are driven to uncover new treatments and procedures in order to attract more patients. While surging costs may leave behind vulnerable segments of the population, hospitals have a powerful motivation to produce the best possible results for those who can afford treatment.

In conclusion, medicine should be available for all citizens but this cannot be at the expense of the quality of healthcare. Governments should regulate the medical industry and provide welfare schemes yet still allow for a competitive environment.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

widespread debate lots of controversy

in recent years in the last several years

concerning having to do with

whether if

healthcare hospital and medicine

private not public, open to companies and profit making

public owned by the government

In my opinion I think

despite regardless of

regulation rules

healthcare industry hospitals

freer system more open industry

naturally of course

encourage foster

greater innovation more new ideas

best support superior help

government controlled healthcare nations running hospitals

exorbitant costs very expensive

private care not public hospitals

best known example most famous instance

phenomenon development

countless stories many instances

vulnerable weak

requiring medical attention need help from doctors

face the prospect potentially must deal with

nearly insurmountable almost unbeatable

medical bills money to be paid to hospitals

runs in charge of

as is the case in more progressive nations which is true in more modern countries

including such as

average person normal person

prohibitively expensive costs too much

emergencies have to deal with right away

consider free medical treatment think of free hospitals

injured hurt

ill sick

foundational human right basic human privilege

responsibility duty

safeguard keep safe

notorious infamous

stiffling innovation slowing new ideas

range of sectors many industries

best be evidenced clearest support

failure didn’t work

communism system of government with state-owned enterprises

economic model way of running a country

less extreme forms of socialism not as a severe as communism

guide way forward

guarantee basic care safeguard a degree of help

compete fight agains each other

excel do well

drawbacks tradeoffs

U.S. healthcare system United States hospitals

routinely fund typically give money to

driven pushed by

uncover discover

treatments new techniques

procedures ways of treating a sickness

attract bring people in

surging increasing

leave behind can’t catch up

vulnerable segments of the population poorer people

powerful motivation big incentives

produce make

best possible results ideal outcomes

afford can pay for

available on offer

at the expense of to the detriment of

quality how good something is

regulate keep in check, supervise

medical industry hospitals

provide welfare schemes support poor people

allow for gives the opportunity

competitive environment capitalist economy

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈwaɪdsprɛd dɪˈbeɪt 
ɪn ˈriːsnt jɪəz 
kənˈsɜːnɪŋ 
ˈwɛðə 
ˈhɛlθkeə 
ˈpraɪvɪt 
ˈpʌblɪk
ɪn maɪ əˈpɪnjən
dɪsˈpaɪt 
ˌrɛgjʊˈleɪʃən 
ˈhɛlθkeər ˈɪndəstri
ˈfriːə ˈsɪstɪm 
ˈnæʧrəli 
ɪnˈkʌrɪʤ 
ˈgreɪtər ˌɪnəʊˈveɪʃən
bɛst səˈpɔːt 
ˈgʌvnmənt kənˈtrəʊld ˈhɛlθkeə 
ɪgˈzɔːbɪtənt kɒsts 
ˈpraɪvɪt keə
bɛst nəʊn ɪgˈzɑːmpl 
fɪˈnɒmɪnən
ˈkaʊntlɪs ˈstɔːriz 
ˈvʌlnərəbl 
rɪˈkwaɪərɪŋ ˈmɛdɪkəl əˈtɛnʃ(ə)n 
feɪs ðə ˈprɒspɛkt 
ˈnɪəli ˌɪnsə(ː)ˈmaʊntəbl 
ˈmɛdɪkəl bɪlz
rʌnz 
æz ɪz ðə keɪs ɪn mɔː prəʊˈgrɛsɪv ˈneɪʃənz 
ɪnˈkluːdɪŋ 
ˈævərɪʤ ˈpɜːsn 
prəˈhɪbɪtɪvli ɪksˈpɛnsɪv 
ɪˈmɜːʤənsiz
kənˈsɪdə friː ˈmɛdɪkəl ˈtriːtmənt 
ˈɪnʤəd 
ɪl 
faʊnˈdeɪʃən(ə)l ˈhjuːmən raɪt 
rɪsˌpɒnsəˈbɪlɪti 
ˈseɪfgɑːd
nəʊˈtɔːrɪəs 
ˈstaflɪɪŋ ˌɪnəʊˈveɪʃən
reɪnʤ ɒv ˈsɛktəz 
bɛst biː ˈɛvɪdənst 
ˈfeɪljə 
ˈkɒmjʊnɪzm 
ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk ˈmɒdl
lɛs ɪksˈtriːm fɔːmz ɒv ˈsəʊʃəlɪzm 
gaɪd 
ˌgærənˈtiː ˈbeɪsɪk keə 
kəmˈpiːt 
ɪkˈsɛl
ˈdrɔːbæks 
juː.ɛsˈhɛlθkeə ˈsɪstɪm
ruːˈtiːnli fʌnd 
ˈdrɪvn 
ʌnˈkʌvə 
ˈtriːtmənts 
prəˈsiːʤəz 
əˈtrækt 
ˈsɜːʤɪŋ 
liːv bɪˈhaɪnd 
ˈvʌlnərəbl ˈsɛgmənts ɒv ðə ˌpɒpjʊˈleɪʃən
ˈpaʊəfʊl ˌməʊtɪˈveɪʃən 
ˈprɒdjuːs 
bɛst ˈpɒsəbl rɪˈzʌlts 
əˈfɔːd 
əˈveɪləbl 
æt ði ɪksˈpɛns ɒv 
ˈkwɒlɪti 
ˈrɛgjʊleɪt 
ˈmɛdɪkəl ˈɪndəstri 
prəˈvaɪd ˈwɛlfeə skiːmz 
əˈlaʊ fɔː 
kəmˈpɛtɪtɪv ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

There has been w____________________e i________________s c_____________g w____________r h______________e should be p__________e or p_______c. I_____________n, d_________e the importance of government r___________n in the h___________________y, a f_______________m will n___________y e_____________e g___________________n.

The b_______________t for g______________________________e comes from the e_________________s of p_____________e. The United States is the b________________e of this p________________n. There are c__________________s of v______________e individuals r____________________________n who f_____________________t of years of n_________________________e m______________s. If the government r______s the hospitals, a________________n m_____________________s i______________g Canada and England, the a_________________n does not have to worry about p_________________________e medical e________________s. Citizens living in these countries now c____________________________t for the i_________d or i__l as a f____________________________t that governments have a r_______________y to s__________d.

However, governments are n___________s for s________________n. This applies to a r_________________s and can b________________d by the f__________e of c_______________m as an e_________________l. The l__________________________m that g_________e many European nations g___________________e but hospitals are not motivated to c_________e and e_______l. Despite the many d______________s of the U___________________m, hospitals there r________________d and are d________n to u_________r new t_____________s and p_____________s in order to a__________t more patients. While s_________g costs may l_______________d v_________________________n, hospitals have a p_____________________n to p____________e the b_________________________s for those who can a_________d treatment.

In conclusion, medicine should be a______________e for all citizens but this cannot be a___________________f the q__________y of healthcare. Governments should r_____________e the m________________y and p______________________s yet still a_____________r a c_____________________________t.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic in the video below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Health

  1. How can people improve their physical health?
  2. What about their mental health?
  3. In what ways can teachers encourage students to do sports?
  4. What is the role of doctors in raising health awareness?
  5. Can social media also play a role?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

Some think that governments should tax unhealthy foods to encourage people to eat healthier.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Speaking: Flowers

IELTS Speaking: Flowers

These are some IELTS speaking questions related to the topic of flowers from the real IELTS exam.

Here are the questions – comment your answers below for some feedback!

What kind of flowers do you know?

Are there any flowers that have special meanings in China?

Have you ever planted any flowers?

Have you sent flowers to others?

Here is a preview of the answer to the first question:

What kind of flowers do you know?

I wouldn’t say I’m a big flower person but naturally I recognize roses, lilies, sunflowers – the famous ones, haha. In my hometown in the spring tourists flock there to see the flowers blooming – the plum blossom, cherry blossoms and so on. Taking selfies with flowers is one of the biggest national pastimes in China.

If you want sample answers for these questions, the full speaking Ebook is only available on my Patreon.