IELTS Essays for Every Topic with Sample Essays!

IELTS Essays for Every Topic with Sample Essays!

Advertising

Some people say that advertising is extremely successful at persuading us to buy things. Other people think that advertising is so common that we no longer pay attention to it.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

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Some believe that people will purchase a product based on their needs and advertising is not needed.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Art

Some think that quality art can be made by anyone while others think that it requires special talent and ability.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

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Many people believe that film is a less important art than other forms such as literature and painting.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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The number of people who are interested in and wearing fashionable clothes is increasing.

Is this a positive or negative development?

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Many museums charge for admission while others are free.

Do you think the advantages of charging people for admission to museums outweigh the disadvantages?

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Nowadays because of digital technology it is possible for not only studios but also individuals to produce their own films.

Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

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Museums and art galleries should focus on works that show the history and culture of their own country rather than works of other parts of the world.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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When designing a building, the most important factor is the intended use of the building rather than its outward appearance.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Children

Although families have influence on a children’s development, factors outside the home play a bigger part in their lives nowadays.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some people believe that children that commit crimes should be punished. Others think the parents should be punished instead.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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In some cultures, children are often told that they can achieve anything if they try hard enough.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of giving children this message?

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Giving children and adolescents pocket money is common throughout the world.

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this practice and give your own opinion.

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Cities

Some cities create housing for growing populations by building taller buildings while other cities have opted to build on wider areas of land.

Which solution is better?

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Too much money is wasted on repairing old buildings that should be used to knock them down and build new ones.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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The roads in major cities today are often difficult to travel on.

What are the causes of this?

What are some possible solutions?

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Traffic and housing problems in major cities could be solved by moving companies, factories and their employees to the countryside.

Do you agree or disagree?

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Living in large cities today poses many problems for people.

What are these problems?

Should governments encourage more people to live in smaller towns?

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Computers

Some scientists believe that in the future computers will be more intelligent than human beings. While some see this as a positive development others worry about the negative consequences.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

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Crime

Watching TV shows and movies about crime is becoming more and more popular.

Why is this?

What effect does that have on society?

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Plagiarism in academics has become a pressing problem in many countries today.

What are the causes of this problem?

What are some possible solutions?

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The crime rate nowadays is decreasing compared to the past due to advances in technology.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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The most common solution for criminal behaviour is prison but many believe education is a better method.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some countries are struggling with increases in crime rates. Some believe that having more police on the streets is best way to reduce and combat crime.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Culture

Some believe that it is beneficial to show foreign films while others feel this can have a negative impact on local culture.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Some people say that music is a good way of bringing people of different cultures and ages together.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

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Economics

Developing the economy will always damage the environment.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Many believe that the best way to ensure a happier society is to reduce the difference in income earnings between the rich and poor.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Recent research has shown that business meetings and training are increasingly taking place online.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

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Education

Full-time university students spend a lot of time studying. Some say they should do other activities too.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some think schools should rewards students who have the best academic results, while others think it’s more important to reward students who achieve other types of success (such as sports, music, and good behaviour).

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Some educational systems make students study specialised subjects from the age of fifteen while others require students to study a wide range.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

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Some people argue children should stay in school until the age of 18 while others think that 14 years is long enough.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

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Some people believe that one-on-one lessons are better for learning while others think that group lessons are superior.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Some today argue that schools are no longer necessary because children can learn so much from the internet and be educated at home.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some believe that money for education should mainly be spent on better computers while others believe it would be better spent on teachers.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Many feel that students today should learn practical skills at school such as car maintenance and managing a bank account.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Many people who drop out of school are more successful than those who complete their studies.

Why does this happen?

What does it require to be successful?

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Many people feel that students should learn from online materials while others feel that it is better to use printed materials.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age. Some think they should begin at least 7 years old.

Discuss both views give opinions.

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Students should be primarily taught academic subjects so that they can pass exams, and practical skills such as cooking should not be taught.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some people believe that education is the key to tackling hunger worldwide while others feel that the answer is in food aid.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Compared to the past, more people are now studying abroad because it is more convenient and cheaper than before.

Do you think this is beneficial to the foreign student’s home country?

Will this trend change much in the future?

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Some people say that school children should be mainly taught about the literature (e.g fiction and poetry) of their own country because it is more important than that of other countries.

To what extent do you agree?

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Environment

The increase in the production of consumer goods results in damage to the natural environment.

What are the causes of this?

What can be done to solve this problem?

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Online shopping is becoming more common these days.

What effect could this have on the environment and the types of jobs required?

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Many believe that individuals can do little to improve the environment. Only governments and large companies can make a real difference.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Scientists have been warning for many years about environmental protection and how important it is to limit our personal energy consumption.

What are the causes of the over-consumption of electricity?

How can people be encouraged to use less energy?

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Most agree that we should be training children to recycle waste to preserve the Earth’s natural resources. However, some believe that it is parents who should teach their children to recycle waste while others feels schools are more responsible.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Some people say that the main environmental problem of our time is the loss of particular species of plants and animals. Others say that there are more important environmental problems.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

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Plastic shopping bags are used widely and cause many environmental problems. Some people say they should be banned.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Climate change is a phenomenon that affects countries all over the world. Many people strongly believe that it is the responsibility of individuals, rather than corporations and governments, to deal with this problem.

To what extent do you agree?

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Family

Many parents today do not spend much time with their children.

Why is this?

Does this affect parents or children more?

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Many parents encourage young people to leave home when they become older, while others think they should stay at home with the family.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Food

Some feel that countries should produce most of the food that is eaten in their country and import as little as possible.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry.

Why is this the case?

What can be done about this problem?

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Gender

In many schools and universities today, women have a tendency to study the humanities (such as the arts and languages) while men more often major in science related subjects. Some believe this tendency should be changed.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Throughout history, male leaders have led us into violence and conflict. If a society is governed by female leaders it will be more peaceful.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

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Government

Many people believe that every individual is responsible for his/her own healthy lifestyle. Others believe that governments should take care of it.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

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Some believe that because everyone needs a place to live, governments should provide houses for those who are too poor to afford their own.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Health

Some believe that the best way to stay fit is to join a gym or health club while others think doing everyday activities such as walking and climbing stairs is enough.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Some think that governments should tax unhealthy foods to encourage people to eat healthier.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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More and more people today are drinking sugar-based drinks.

What are the reasons for this?

What are the solutions?

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Many think that in today’s world it is very difficult for people to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Others, however, feel that it is easy for people to be healthy and fit if they want to be.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

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Some people think that it is better to build more public parks and sports facilities in new towns rather than shopping malls.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Many feel that going to the gym is the best way to stay fit. Others think there are more effective methods.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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The best way to prevent people from smoking is to impose high taxes on tobacco products. In this way, people will be less likely to develop a long-term addiction to smoking.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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History

It is better to learn the way people lived in the past through films and video records than written documents.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some believe that history has little to teach us about today while others think that the study of the past helps us to understand the present.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Some people say history is one the most important school subjects. Other people think that, in today’s world, subjects like science and technology are more important than history.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

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Homes

In some countries, owning a home rather than renting one is very important for people.

Why might this be the case?

Do you think this is a positive or negative situation?

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There are severe social consequences to housing shortages in cities and only the government can solve these problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Language

Some think that students must travel to another country in order to learn its language and customs.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some believe that we should invent a new language for international communication.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

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Many local languages today are dying out due to the rise of languages like English.

Is this a positive or negative development?

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Living in a country where you have to speak a foreign language can cause serious social problems, as well as practical problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

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Media

In the future, nobody will buy printed newspapers or books because they will be able to read everything they want online without paying.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

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Watching a live performance such as a play, concert, or sporting event is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Due to television and the internet it is easier today for a large number of people to become famous.

Is this a positive or negative development?

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Nowadays, entertainers get paid more than politicians.

What are the reasons for this?

Is this a negative or positive development?

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Nowadays children watch much more television than they did in the past and spend less time being active or creative.

What is the reason for this?

What measures should be taken to encourage children to be more active?

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Some people think that the news media has become much more influential in people’s lives today and it is a negative development.

Do you agree or disagree?

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Some people think that newspapers are the best way to learn news. However, others believe that they can learn news better through other media.

Discuss both views and give your opinion

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Medicine

Research into medical treatments are essential to improve health and fight disease.

Who do you think should fund this research: individuals, private companies or governments?

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Governments should spend more money on medical research and less on researching the environment.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some people say that it is acceptable to test medicine intended for people on animals. Others, however, believe that it is not right to use animals in this research.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Old People

Many retired people today are choosing to live in other countries.

What are the advantages of disadvantages of this?

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Some old people today struggle with the use of modern technologies such as smartphones and computers.

What is the cause of this?

What are some possible solutions?

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Even though doctors advise old people to get more exercise, many old people do not get enough.

What are the reasons for this?

What are some possible solutions for this?

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Many people think that it is better to get advice from old rather than young people.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Some think that governments should support retired people financially while others believe they should take care of themselves.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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At the present time, the population of some countries includes a relatively large number of young adults, compared with the number of older people.

Do the advantage of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?

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Psychology

Some think that ambition is a good quality.

Is it important to be ambitious?

Is it a positive or negative characteristic?

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Some believe that people are naturally born as leaders while others feel that leadership skills can develop.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Many psychologists recommend that the best way to relieve stress is to do nothing at all for a period of time during the day.

Do you agree or disagree?

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Some people believe that it is best to accept a bad situation, such as an unsatisfactory job or shortage of money. Others argue that it is better to try and improve such situations.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

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Some people believe that nowadays we have too many choices.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Science

More and more students at university today are not choosing to study science.

Why is this happening?

What are the effects of this?

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Some people believe that it is good to share as much information as possible in scientific research, business, and the academic world. Others believe that some information is too important or too valuable to be shared freely.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

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Smartphones/Mobile Phones

Many people think that mobile phones should be banned in public places such as libraries, shops and public transport.

Do you agree or disagree?

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Some people believe that smartphones are destroying social interaction today.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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More and more people today are becoming overly dependent on the internet and phones.

Is this a positive or negative development?

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Society

Many people believe that music is just a form of entertainment, whilst others believe that music has a much larger impact on society today.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion. 

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As well as making money, businesses also have a responsibility towards society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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The use of social media is replacing face-to-face interaction among many people in society.

Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

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Some people think that paying taxes is their only responsibility towards society while others feel that everyone should do more.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Many people believe that social networking sites (such as Facebook) have a huge negative impact on both individuals and society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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People have historically attempted to achieve a perfect society. However, it is difficult to decide what a perfect society would be like.

What would be the most important element of an ideal society?

What can normal people do to make society more perfect?

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Some people believe that allowing children to make their own choices on everyday matters (such as food, clothes and entertainment) is likely to result in a society of individuals who only think about their own wishes. Other people believe that it is important for children to make decisions about matters that affect them.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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In many countries people are living in a “throwaway society” where things are used for a short time and thrown away. 

What are the causes of this and what problems does it lead to?

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Space

In the future, people may have to live on other planets. Some think that it is therefore important to spend money researching other planets such as Mars.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Sports

One good way to promote world peace is through international sporting events.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Extreme sports such as sky diving and skiing are very dangerous and should be banned.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this view?

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Some people think that it is a waste of money for countries to host big sporting events like the world cup, and that the money would be better spent on other things. However, others think that hosting large sporting events has a clear, positive impact on a country.

Discuss both these views and give your opinion.

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Technology

Some believe technology has made our lives too complex and the solution is to lead a simpler life without technology.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Nowadays more tasks at home and work are being performed by robots.

Is this a negative or positive development?

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Tourism

Some believe that tourism does more to create tension between countries rather than helping individuals better understand other cultures.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Transportation

When cars and cyclists use the same roads, there are often problems.

Why is this the case?

What are the solutions?

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More and more people in developing countries are purchasing cars for the first time.

What problems does this cause?

What do you think are the possible solutions?

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In a number of countries, some people think it is necessary to spend large sums of money on constructing new railway lines for very fast trains between cities. Others believe the money should be spent on improving existing public transport.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

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Some people think that governments should invest mainly in making public transportation faster while other think there are more important priorities (cost, the environment).

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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Some people believe that the best way to increase the road safety is to increase the minimum legal age for driving cars.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Travel

After graduation many students take a year to travel. Some think that it would be more useful to work for a year.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Many people today are choosing to travel to other countries.

Why is this happening?

Is this a positive or negative development?

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People today often use the internet to learn about the culture of other countries. This means that it is not that important to travel to those countries.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Wildlife

Some people think that resources should be spent on protecting wild animals, while others think those would be better used for the human population.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

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Many people think that zoos are cruel. Others think they are helpful in protecting rare animals.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

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Work

Many schools today require students to work without pay for companies as part of their education.

Is this more advantageous to students or companies?

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In some countries, governments provide payments for unemployed people.

How does this impact people?

Is this a positive or negative development?

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Some people like to spend their leisure time after work with co-workers while others prefer to keep their private life separate from their work life.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

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A lot of companies and organisations require employees to wear uniforms.

Which kind of jobs are uniforms suitable for?

Are there any disadvantages to wearing a uniform to work?

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In many countries, teenagers are encouraged to find part-time jobs. Some think this is a good development while others disagree.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

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Some people argue that job satisfaction is more important than job security, while others believe that they cannot always expect job satisfaction and a permanent job is more important.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

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These days people spend more and more time at work and less time at home.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

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The job market today is very competitive and it is best to choose a career or field of study early in order to get a good job later in life.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Nowadays many people choose to be self-employed, rather than to work for a company or organisation.

Why might this be the case?

What could be the disadvantages of being self-employed?

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Many people try to balance work and other parts of their life. However, this is very difficult to do.

What are the problems associated with this?

What is the best way to achieve a better balance?

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Nations should spend more money on skills and vocational training for practical work, rather than on university education.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample answer for this question here.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Skills and Vocational Training (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Skills and Vocational Training (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay related to the topic of skills and vocational training or university education from the real IELTS exam.

It is a very common kind of question and these topics also come up a lot.

If you want to receive my IELTS PDFs you can sign up on Patreon here, or find my online courses here and my correction service here.

Dave

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Skills and Vocational Training

Nations should spend more money on skills and vocational training for practical work, rather than on university education.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Real Past IELTS Exam

Many today feel that countries should prioritise vocational training over higher education due to changes in the labour market. In my opinion, though there are strong economic reasons to support this idea, university education holds greater value.

Those in favour of more practical skills training point out the financial benefits. Most university graduates are burdened with student debt and face uncertain job prospects. In contrast, training schools are cheap, fast, and ease students into steady employment immediately. The jobs they train for are also most likely recession-proof and durable, including positions as cooks, hotel managers, and skilled technicians. Someone who is firmly established in such a job in their early 20s does not have to deal with the pressures associated with university life and its incumbent debts. Instead, they can begin to set aside money for a house or start a family.

Nonetheless, lacking a university degree limits one’s options. The jobs available will pay well initially and be secure but offer narrow scope for advancement and virtually no opportunity to switch career paths. An individual with a university degree, on the other hand, might begin from a lower position but has a higher ceiling on future earnings. It is also possible for them to explore a variety of fields. Most good jobs require at least a bachelor’s degree even for simple internship vacancies. Lacking such a degree, means restricting oneself to manual labour or service industry jobs. The actual learning that takes place at university, particularly for those with multi-disciplinary majors or studying at liberal arts schools, also encourages students to consider a wide range of possible career options.

In conclusion, increasing funding for vocational training is an attractive yet short-sighted approach that curbs possibilities. Governments ought to continue to support higher education even in dark economic times in order to reap future rewards.

Analysis

1. Many today feel that countries should prioritise vocational training over higher education due to changes in the labour market. 2. In my opinion, though there are strong economic reasons to support this idea, university education holds greater value.

  1. Paraphrase the overall topic for the essay.
  2. Give a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Those in favour of more practical skills training point out the financial benefits. 2. Most university graduates are burdened with student debt and face uncertain job prospects. 3. In contrast, training schools are cheap, fast, and ease students into steady employment immediately. 4. The jobs they train for are also most likely recession-proof and durable, including positions as cooks, hotel managers, and skilled technicians. 5. Someone who is firmly established in such a job in their early 20s does not have to deal with the pressures associated with university life and its incumbent debts. 6. Instead, they can begin to set aside money for a house or start a family.

  1. Write a clear topic sentence with a main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Use specific details to develop your main idea.
  4. Include specific examples.
  5. State the full results.
  6. Continue detailing the results.

1. Nonetheless, lacking a university degree limits one’s options. 2. The jobs available will pay well initially and be secure but offer narrow scope for advancement and virtually no opportunity to switch career paths. 3. An individual with a university degree, on the other hand, might begin from a lower position but has a higher ceiling on future earnings. 4. It is also possible for them to explore a variety of fields. 5. Most good jobs require at least a bachelor’s degree even for simple internship vacancies. 6. Lacking such a degree, means restricting oneself to manual labour or service industry jobs. 7. The actual learning that takes place at university, particularly for those with multi-disciplinary majors or studying at liberal arts schools, also encourages students to consider a wide range of possible career options.

  1. Write another topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea again.
  3. Use a hypothetical example if you don’t know a real one.
  4. Vary your long and short sentences.
  5. Keep developing the same main idea.
  6. Using counter-points to make your argument stronger.
  7. State the full results and add in any more development for the same main idea.

1. In conclusion, increasing funding for vocational training is an attractive yet short-sighted approach that curbs possibilities. 2. Governments ought to continue to support higher education even in dark economic times in order to reap future rewards.

  1. Summarise your main ideas and repeat your opinion.
  2. Add a final thought/detail. Learn more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

Many today feel that countries should prioritise vocational training over higher education due to changes in the labour market. In my opinion, though there are strong economic reasons to support this idea, university education holds greater value.

Those in favour of more practical skills training point out the financial benefits. Most university graduates are burdened with student debt and face uncertain job prospects. In contrast, training schools are cheap, fast, and ease students into steady employment immediately. The jobs they train for are also most likely recession-proof and durable, including positions as cooks, hotel managers, and skilled technicians. Someone who is firmly established in such a job in their early 20s does not have to deal with the pressures associated with university life and its incumbent debts. Instead, they can begin to set aside money for a house or start a family.

Nonetheless, lacking a university degree limits one’s options. The jobs available will pay well initially and be secure but offer narrow scope for advancement and virtually no opportunity to switch career paths. An individual with a university degree, on the other hand, might begin from a lower position but has a higher ceiling on future earnings. It is also possible for them to explore a variety of fields. Most good jobs require at least a bachelor’s degree even for simple internship vacancies. Lacking such a degree, means restricting oneself to manual labour or service industry jobs. The actual learning that takes place at university, particularly for those with multi-disciplinary majors or studying at liberal arts schools, also encourages students to consider a wide range of possible career options.

In conclusion, increasing funding for vocational training is an attractive yet short-sighted approach that curbs possibilities. Governments ought to continue to support higher education even in dark economic times in order to reap future rewards.

Answers

prioritise vocational training focus more on skilled training

higher education university

labour market jobs and employment

strong economic reasons good financial justifications

holds greater value has more importance

practical skills training vocational training for jobs such as cook, electrician, etc.

financial benefits monetary advantages

burdened with student debt have lots of money to pay back

face uncertain job prospects may struggle to get work

in contrast however

ease without effort

steady employment good job

recession-proof can survive difficult economic times

durable secure

skilled technicians electricians, plumbers, IT people

firmly established secure

deal with handle

pressures associated with stress related to

incumbent debts money owed that comes along with uni

set aside money save money

lacking not having

limits one’s options not as many choices

pay well initially make good salary at the beginning

secure safe

narrow scope not diverse, limited

virtually essentially

switch career paths find a new kind of job

university degree bachelor’s degree, masters, etc.

on the other hand however

lower position not as high up

higher ceiling on future earnings cap on what you can make in the future

explore look through

variety of fields lots of different jobs, areas

require at least must have at minimum

internship vacancies open unpaid jobs

restricting limiting

manual labour jobs that require hard work

service industry jobs hotels, restaurants, etc.

multi-disciplinary majors studying more than one subject

liberal arts schools schools where you focus on many subjects

encourages inspires

consider think about

wide range of possible career options many choices for a job

attractive appealing

short-sighted approach not a good long-term strategy

curbs possibilities limits choices

dark economic times when the economy is poor

reap future rewards get a lot out of it later

Pronunciation

praɪˈɒrɪˌtaɪz vəʊˈkeɪʃənl ˈtreɪnɪŋ 
ˈhaɪər ˌɛdju(ː)ˈkeɪʃən 
ˈleɪbə ˈmɑːkɪt
strɒŋ ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk ˈriːznz 
həʊldz ˈgreɪtə ˈvæljuː
ˈpræktɪkəl skɪlz ˈtreɪnɪŋ 
faɪˈnænʃəl ˈbɛnɪfɪts
ˈbɜːdnd wɪð ˈstjuːdənt dɛt 
feɪs ʌnˈsɜːtn ʤɒb ˈprɒspɛkts
ɪn ˈkɒntrɑːst
iːz 
ˈstɛdi ɪmˈplɔɪmənt 
rɪˈsɛʃən-pruːf 
ˈdjʊərəbl
skɪld tɛkˈnɪʃənz
ˈfɜːmli ɪsˈtæblɪʃt 
diːl wɪð 
ˈprɛʃəz əˈsəʊʃɪeɪtɪd wɪð 
ɪnˈkʌmbənt dɛts
sɛt əˈsaɪd ˈmʌni 
ˈlækɪŋ 
ˈlɪmɪts wʌnz ˈɒpʃənz
peɪ wɛl ɪˈnɪʃəli 
sɪˈkjʊə 
ˈnærəʊ skəʊp 
ˈvɜːtjʊəli 
swɪʧ kəˈrɪə pɑːðz
ˌjuːnɪˈvɜːsɪti dɪˈgriː
ɒn ði ˈʌðə hænd
ˈləʊə pəˈzɪʃən 
ˈhaɪə ˈsiːlɪŋ ɒn ˈfjuːʧər ˈɜːnɪŋz
ɪksˈplɔː 
vəˈraɪəti ɒv fiːldz
rɪˈkwaɪər æt liːst 
ˈɪntɜːnʃɪp ˈveɪkənsiz
rɪsˈtrɪktɪŋ 
ˈmænjʊəl ˈleɪbə 
ˈsɜːvɪs ˈɪndəstri ʤɒbz
ˈmʌltɪ-ˈdɪsɪplɪnəri ˈmeɪʤəz 
ˈlɪbərəl ɑːts skuːlz
ɪnˈkʌrɪʤɪz 
kənˈsɪdə 
waɪd reɪnʤ ɒv ˈpɒsəbl kəˈrɪər ˈɒpʃənz
əˈtræktɪv 
ʃɔːt-ˈsaɪtɪd əˈprəʊʧ 
kɜːbz ˌpɒsəˈbɪlɪtiz
dɑːk ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk taɪmz 
riːp ˈfjuːʧə rɪˈwɔːdz

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Many today feel that countries should p__________________________g over h______________________n due to changes in the l__________________t. In my opinion, though there are s_________________________s to support this idea, university education h____________________e.

Those in favour of more p________________________g point out the f_________________________s. Most university graduates are b__________________________t and f__________________________s. I_______________t, training schools are cheap, fast, and e_____e students into s________________________t immediately. The jobs they train for are also most likely r__________________f and d____________e, including positions as cooks, hotel managers, and s____________________s. Someone who is f_______________________d in such a job in their early 20s does not have to d______________h the p______________________h university life and its i_______________________s. Instead, they can begin to s__________________y for a house or start a family.

Nonetheless, l___________g a university degree l______________________s. The jobs available will p____________________y and be s__________e but offer n__________________e for advancement and v____________y no opportunity to s_____________________s. An individual with a u___________________e, o_______________________d, might begin from a l_______________n but has a h_____________________________s. It is also possible for them to e___________e a v____________________s. Most good jobs r_________________t a bachelor’s degree even for simple i_____________________s. Lacking such a degree, means r______________g oneself to m______________r or s_________________________s. The actual learning that takes place at university, particularly for those with m_________________________s or studying at l______________________s, also e______________s students to c____________r a w_____________________________________s.

In conclusion, increasing funding for vocational training is an a______________e yet s_________________________h that c________________________s. Governments ought to continue to support higher education even in d______________________s in order to r_______________________s.

Listening Practice

Listen about training in the United States and Germany below from The New York Times YouTube channel:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Sun5FS6VKw

and here about this exact topic:

Reading Practice

Read more about this same topic from The Atlantic:

https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2009/06/skip-college-and-get-a-job/20009/

Speaking Practice

Practice speaking with the following topics from the IELTS speaking test:

Work

  1. Do you work or are you a student?
  2. What do you like about your work?
  3. What has changed at your work since you started?
  4. Do you like to work in the morning or afternoon?

Writing Practice

Write about the following related topic and check with my sample answer:

Full-time university students spend a lot of time studying. Some say they should do other activities too.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Writing Exam
IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay General Training: Workplace Hours (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay General Training: Workplace Hours (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay from the general training exam on the topic of spending more time in the workplace.

Click here to get my full essay PDFs, here for my online courses, and here for my corrections service.

Dave

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay General Training: Workplace Hours

In many countries, people are spending more time in their workplace.

Why is this?

Is this a negative or positive development?

Real Past IELTS Writing Exam

More and more employees find themselves worker long hours these days. This is chiefly due to the evolving nature of work in the 21st century and it is decidedly not a positive change.

Younger generations today cannot expect to work a traditional 9 to 5 and receive good compensation. In the past, a person collected the majority of their income from salary and was able to afford a car, a home, and a stable family life. Nowadays, salaries are lower relative to living expenses, many good jobs have disappeared as technology improves and companies become more efficient, and investing capital now makes up the major share of income. This shift means the average worker often has to work long hours or take a second job to strive for the same standard of living they remember from childhood. It is unsurprising that many today are therefore discontent with their work-life balance.

This is typically a negative development because it leads to mental health problems. The exception is when an individual has a passion for their job, but few today have the luxury of working in their chosen field. Instead, most must accept jobs they do not love with low salaries. Working long hours, making little money, and not having passion for work can result in the formation of an unhealthy mental state. This ranges according to the individual from mild unhappiness and restlessness to more extreme manifestations such as depression and panic attacks. Many people today have begun self-medicating with alcohol and drugs or turning to a therapist who is only too happy to prescribe mood-altering pharmaceuticals to address the symptoms rooted in large-scale societal problems.

In conclusion, many people work too much today because of lower overall salaries and this worsens mental health. It is important for individuals today to cut back on living expenses to lead a happy life with less money.

Analysis

1. More and more employees find themselves worker long hours these days. 2. This is chiefly due to the evolving nature of work in the 21st century and it is decidedly not a positive change.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear answer to each of the two questions. Read more here about two-part questions.

1. Younger generations today cannot expect to work a traditional 9 to 5 and receive good compensation. 2. In the past, a person collected the majority of their income from salary and was able to afford a car, a home, and a stable family life. 3. Nowadays, salaries are lower relative to living expenses, many good jobs have disappeared as technology improves and companies become more efficient, and investing capital now makes up the major share of income. 4. This shift means the average worker often has to work long hours or take a second job to strive for the same standard of living they remember from childhood. 5. It is unsurprising that many today are therefore discontent with their work-life balance.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Starting by comparing to the past is a good approach.
  3. Use specific details and examples to support your main idea.
  4. State the results.
  5. Finish by relating it back to the overall question.

1. This is typically a negative development because it leads to mental health problems. 2. The exception is when an individual has a passion for their job, but few today have the luxury of working in their chosen field. 3. Instead, most must accept jobs they do not love with low salaries. 4. Working long hours, making little money, and not having passion for work can result in the formation of an unhealthy mental state. 5. This ranges according to the individual from mild unhappiness and restlessness to more extreme manifestations such as depression and panic attacks. 6. Many people today have begun self-medicating with alcohol and drugs or turning to a therapist who is only too happy to prescribe mood-altering pharmaceuticals to address the symptoms rooted in large-scale societal problems.

  1. Write another topic sentence with a new main idea.
  2. You can start with an exception.
  3. Then explain your main idea.
  4. Develop it with specific support.
  5. Give clera specific examples.
  6. Conclude with a strong statement and the fullest possible results.

1. In conclusion, many people work too much today because of lower overall salaries and this worsens mental health. 2. It is important for individuals today to cut back on living expenses to lead a happy life with less money.

  1. Summarise your main ideas and repeat your opinion.
  2. Add a final thought/detail.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

More and more employees find themselves worker long hours these days. This is chiefly due to the evolving nature of work in the 21st century and it is decidedly not a positive change.

Younger generations today cannot expect to work a traditional 9 to 5 and receive good compensation. In the past, a person collected the majority of their income from salary and was able to afford a car, a home, and a stable family life. Nowadays, salaries are lower relative to living expenses, many good jobs have disappeared as technology improves and companies become more efficient, and investing capital now makes up the major share of income. This shift means the average worker often has to work long hours or take a second job to strive for the same standard of living they remember from childhood. It is unsurprising that many today are therefore discontent with their work-life balance.

This is typically a negative development because it leads to mental health problems. The exception is when an individual has a passion for their job, but few today have the luxury of working in their chosen field. Instead, most must accept jobs they do not love with low salaries. Working long hours, making little money, and not having passion for work can result in the formation of an unhealthy mental state. This ranges according to the individual from mild unhappiness and restlessness to more extreme manifestations such as depression and panic attacks. Many people today have begun self-medicating with alcohol and drugs or turning to a therapist who is only too happy to prescribe mood-altering pharmaceuticals to address the symptoms rooted in large-scale societal problems.

In conclusion, many people work too much today because of lower overall salaries and this worsens mental health. It is important for individuals today to cut back on living expenses to lead a happy life with less money.

Answers

more and more increasingly

find themselves are in the situation

chiefly due to mainly because of

evolving nature of work in the 21st century how employment is changing since 2000

decidedly not definitely not

cannot expect should not anticipate

traditional 9 to 5 normal office job

compensation salary

collected made

majority most of

income salary

afford can pay for

stable family life normal family

lower relative to living expenses less money compared to how much things cost

investing capital stocks, land, etc.

makes up forms

major share majority of

shift change

average worker normal person

take a second job get another occupation

strive try for

same standard of living equal living conditions

unsurprising not surprising

therefore discontent it follows they are unhappy

work-life balance enough free time

typically normally

mental health problems psychological issues

exception outside the normal cases

luxury extravagance

chosen field what they want to do

instead however

accept jobs take positions

formation development/starting

unhealthy mental state psychological problems

ranges according to can include

mild unhappiness a bit unhappy

restlessness discontentment

extreme manifestations furthest examples

depression very sad

panic attacks breakdowns

self-medicating using drugs to deal with issues

turning to seeking advice/help from

therapist psychiatrist

only too happy very willing to

prescribe mood-altering pharmaceuticals give drugs to make them happier

address deal with

symptoms effects

rooted in sourced in

large-scale societal problems systemic issues

lower overall salaries less money earned

worsens gets bad

cut back reduce

living expenses rent, food, etc.

lead a happy life have a good life

Pronunciation

mɔːr ænd mɔː 
faɪnd ðəmˈsɛlvz 
ˈʧiːfli djuː tuː 
ɪˈvɒlvɪŋ ˈneɪʧər ɒv wɜːk ɪn ðə ˈtwɛnti fɜːst ˈsɛnʧʊri 
dɪˈsaɪdɪdli nɒt 
ˈkænɒt ɪksˈpɛkt 
trəˈdɪʃənl naɪ tuː faɪv
ˌkɒmpɛnˈseɪʃən
kəˈlɛktɪd 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
ˈɪnkʌm 
əˈfɔːd 
ˈsteɪbl ˈfæmɪli laɪf
ˈləʊə ˈrɛlətɪv tuː ˈlɪvɪŋ ɪksˈpɛnsɪz
ɪnˈvɛstɪŋ ˈkæpɪtl 
meɪks ʌp 
ˈmeɪʤə ʃeə 
ʃɪft 
ˈævərɪʤ ˈwɜːkə 
teɪk ə ˈsɛkənd ʤɒb 
straɪv 
seɪm ˈstændəd ɒv ˈlɪvɪŋ 
ˌʌnsəˈpraɪzɪŋ 
ˈðeəfɔː ˌdɪskənˈtɛnt 
wɜːk-laɪf ˈbæləns
ˈtɪpɪk(ə)li 
ˈmɛntl hɛlθ ˈprɒbləmz
ɪkˈsɛpʃən 
ˈlʌkʃəri 
ˈʧəʊzn fiːld
ɪnˈstɛd
əkˈsɛpt ʤɒbz 
fɔːˈmeɪʃən 
ʌnˈhɛlθi ˈmɛntl steɪt
ˈreɪnʤɪz əˈkɔːdɪŋ tuː 
maɪld ʌnˈhæpɪnəs 
ˈrɛstlɪsnɪs 
ɪksˈtriːm ˌmænɪfɛsˈteɪʃənz 
dɪˈprɛʃən 
ˈpænɪk əˈtæks
sɛlf-ˈmɛdɪkeɪtɪŋ 
ˈtɜːnɪŋ tuː 
ˈθɛrəpɪst 
ˈəʊnli tuː ˈhæpi 
prɪsˈkraɪb muːd-ˈɔːltərɪŋ ˌfɑːməˈsjuːtɪkəlz 
əˈdrɛs 
ˈsɪmptəmz 
ˈruːtɪd ɪn 
lɑːʤ-skeɪl səˈsaɪətl ˈprɒbləmz
ˈləʊər ˈəʊvərɔːl ˈsæləriz 
ˈwɜːsnz 
kʌt bæk 
ˈlɪvɪŋ ɪksˈpɛnsɪz 
liːd ə ˈhæpi laɪf 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

M______________e employees f________________s worker long hours these days. This is c_______________o the e___________________________________________y and it is d__________________t a positive change.

Younger generations today c__________________t to work a t___________________5 and receive good c_________________n. In the past, a person c_______________d the m_____________y of their i____________e from salary and was able to a___________d a car, a home, and a s________________e. Nowadays, salaries are l____________________________s, many good jobs have disappeared as technology improves and companies become more efficient, and i_______________________l now m_______________p the m_____________e of income. This s________t means the a_________________r often has to work long hours or t_____________________b to s__________e for the s__________________________g they remember from childhood. It is u_____________________g that many today are t____________________t with their w_____________________e.

This is t________________y a negative development because it leads to m_________________________s. The e______________n is when an individual has a passion for their job, but few today have the l____________y of working in their c________________d. I___________d, most must a_____________s they do not love with low salaries. Working long hours, making little money, and not having passion for work can result in the f____________n of an u________________________e. This r_____________________o the individual from m____________________s and r_______________s to more e________________________s such as d_______________n and p__________________s. Many people today have begun s__________________g with alcohol and drugs or t________________o a t_______________t who is o___________________y to p_______________________________________s to a_______________s the s____________s r____________n l__________________________s.

In conclusion, many people work too much today because of l_________________________s and this w____________s mental health. It is important for individuals today to c______________k on l_____________________s to l______________________e with less money.

Listening Practice

Watch the video below for some interesting ideas on this topic:

Reading Practice

Read from the BBC below if your long hours are killing you:

https://www.bbc.co.uk/teach/are-my-long-hours-killing-me/zk2ky9q

Speaking Practice

Answer the following questions from the real IELTS speaking exam below:

Work

Do you work or are you a student?

What do you like about your work?

What has changed at your work since you started?

Do you like to work in the morning or afternoon?

IELTS Speaking Exam

Writing Practice

Write about the following related topic then check with my sample answer:

Some people like to spend their leisure time after work with co-workers while others prefer to keep their private life separate from their work life.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

IELTS Writing Exam
IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Children & Crime (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Children & Crime (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of children and crime from the real IELTS exam.

For more essays, sign up to my Patreon here.

You can also sign up for my online courses here and my writing corrections here.

Dave

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer Essay: Children & Crime

Some people believe that children that commit crimes should be punished. Others think the parents should be punished instead.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Real Past IELTS Exam

Some today are calling for parents to be held responsible for crimes committed by their children. In my opinion, there are exceptions but many cases merit greater punishment for parents.

Those arguing against this reform point out that parents are not always culpable. There are numerous instances of loving parents who raise their child well but social problems still manifest from a young age. This is often the case if the child suffers from a mental illness such as schizophrenia or a dissociative disorder. These conditions may stem from simple genetics, in which case parents should not be punished, or from trauma the primary caregivers are unaware of. For example, if they have been abused at school or by a relative then it follows logically the offending, rather than innocent, party should be brought to justice.

Despite the important exceptions above that courts must sort through, parental abuse and neglect should be punishable. Studies have shown that most young children who commit crimes have been abused in some way by their parents. Serial killers are an extreme but useful case in point. Nearly every serial killer begins antisocial behaviour from a young age, including the criminal torture of animals. There are also no known examples of serial killers coming from happy homes; they are all the product of varying degrees of abuse from their parents. This is clear evidence that parents play the pivotal role in molding the psyche of young children. As children grow up and have more influences this may change but for young children, parents are chiefly responsible and courts should recognise this fact.

In conclusion, there are some cases where parents may not be at fault for criminal acts by children but in most situations they are the driving force. Trying parents for their child’s crime and seeking treatment for the children would therefore be a modern, progressive, and positive reform.

Analysis

1. Some today are calling for parents to be held responsible for crimes committed by their children. 2. In my opinion, there are exceptions but many cases merit greater punishment for parents.

  1. Paraphrase the overall topic for the essay.
  2. Write a clear opinion that you will repeat later. Read more about introductions here.

1. Those arguing against this reform point out that parents are not always culpable. 2. There are numerous instances of loving parents who raise their child well but social problems still manifest from a young age. 3. This is often the case if the child suffers from a mental illness such as schizophrenia or a dissociative disorder. 4. These conditions may stem from simple genetics, in which case parents should not be punished, or from trauma the primary caregivers are unaware of. 5. For example, if they have been abused at school or by a relative then it follows logically the offending, rather than innocent, party should be brought to justice.

  1. Write a clear topic sentence with your main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific details.
  4. Continue to develop them and don’t switch to another main idea.
  5. Use specific examples to support your main idea.

1. Despite the important exceptions above that courts must sort through, parental abuse and neglect should be punishable. 2. Studies have shown that most young children who commit crimes have been abused in some way by their parents. 3. Serial killers are an extreme but useful case in point. 4. Nearly every serial killer begins antisocial behaviour from a young age, including the criminal torture of animals. 5. There are also no known examples of serial killers coming from happy homes; they are all the product of varying degrees of abuse from their parents. 6. This is clear evidence that parents play the pivotal role in molding the psyche of young children. 7. As children grow up and have more influences this may change but for young children, parents are chiefly responsible and courts should recognise this fact.

  1. Write another topic sentence with a new main idea for the idea that you agree with.
  2. Use research to support your opinion if possible.
  3. Use a specific example.
  4. Develop the example.
  5. Keep developing it and don’t switch to a new one.
  6. Generalise from the example back to your main idea.
  7. Conclude with a strong statement.

1. In conclusion, there are some cases where parents may not be at fault for criminal acts by children but in most situations they are the driving force. 2. Trying parents for their child’s crime and seeking treatment for the children would therefore be a modern, progressive, and positive reform.

  1. Repeat your opinion and summarise your main ideas.
  2. Add a final thought or detail to support your opinion.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

Some today are calling for parents to be held responsible for crimes committed by their children. In my opinion, there are exceptions but many cases merit greater punishment for parents.

Those arguing against this reform point out that parents are not always culpable. There are numerous instances of loving parents who raise their child well but social problems still manifest from a young age. This is often the case if the child suffers from a mental illness such as schizophrenia or a dissociative disorder. These conditions may stem from simple genetics, in which case parents should not be punished, or from trauma the primary caregivers are unaware of. For example, if they have been abused at school or by a relative then it follows logically the offending, rather than innocent, party should be brought to justice.

Despite the important exceptions above that courts must sort through, parental abuse and neglect should be punishable. Studies have shown that most young children who commit crimes have been abused in some way by their parents. Serial killers are an extreme but useful case in point. Nearly every serial killer begins antisocial behaviour from a young age, including the criminal torture of animals. There are also no known examples of serial killers coming from happy homes; they are all the product of varying degrees of abuse from their parents. This is clear evidence that parents play the pivotal role in molding the psyche of young children. As children grow up and have more influences this may change but for young children, parents are chiefly responsible and courts should recognise this fact.

In conclusion, there are some cases where parents may not be at fault for criminal acts by children but in most situations they are the driving force. Trying parents for their child’s crime and seeking treatment for the children would therefore be a modern, progressive, and positive reform.

Answers

calling for wanting

held responsible be tried in court

committed did

exceptions cases that don’t apply

many cases merit most situations deserve

arguing against don’t believe

reform change

culpable responsible

numerous instances many examples

raise their child well bring up a kid in a good way

social problems can’t interact with others well

manifest become real

this is often the case if usually happens when

suffers from a mental illness have a mental disorder

schizophrenia a serious mental illness

dissociative disorder suffering a trauma and then a condition from that

conditions environment

stem from come from

genetics what you are born with, your nature

trauma problems in life

primary caregivers parents or whoever takes care of you

unaware of know about

abused getting hurt

relative someone in your family

follows logically naturally

offending guilty

innocent not guilty

party person

brought to justice tried in court, punished

important exceptions above key cases mentioned before

courts where you are tried for a crime

sort through work through

parental abuse and neglect parents hurting or not paying attention to their kids

punishable can be punished (adjective)

in some way through some method

serial killers people who kill multiple victims

extreme serious

useful case in point important example

nearly every almost all

begins antisocial behaviour starts to behave badly

criminal torture of animals hurting animals

no known examples no instances of

coming from happy homes raised well

the product of varying degrees of abuse the result of different levels of abuse

clear evidence obvious support

play the pivotal role important part

molding the psyche influencing their mind

influences what effects you

chiefly responsible mostly accountable

recognise this fact be aware of

at fault their responsibility

driving force main influence

trying parents putting parents on trial

seeking treatment therapy

modern new

progressive modern

positive reform good change

Pronunciation

ˈkɔːlɪŋ fɔː 
hɛld rɪsˈpɒnsəbl 
kəˈmɪtɪd 
ɪkˈsɛpʃənz 
ˈmɛni ˈkeɪsɪz ˈmɛrɪt 
ˈɑːgjuːɪŋ əˈgɛnst 
ˌriːˈfɔːm 
ˈkʌlpəbl
ˈnjuːmərəs ˈɪnstənsɪz 
reɪz ðeə ʧaɪld wɛl 
ˈsəʊʃəl ˈprɒbləmz 
ˈmænɪfɛst 
ðɪs ɪz ˈɒf(ə)n ðə keɪs ɪf 
ˈsʌfəz frɒm ə ˈmɛntl ˈɪlnɪs 
ˌskɪtsəʊˈfriːniə 
dɪˈsəʊsɪətɪv dɪsˈɔːdə
kənˈdɪʃənz 
stɛm frɒm 
ʤɪˈnɛtɪks
ˈtrɔːmə 
ˈpraɪməri ˈkeəˌgɪvəz 
ˌʌnəˈweər ɒv
əˈbjuːzd 
ˈrɛlətɪv 
ˈfɒləʊz ˈlɒʤɪkəli 
əˈfɛndɪŋ
ˈɪnəsənt
ˈpɑːti 
brɔːt tuː ˈʤʌstɪs
ɪmˈpɔːtənt ɪkˈsɛpʃənz əˈbʌv 
kɔːts 
sɔːt θruː
pəˈrɛntl əˈbjuːs ænd nɪˈglɛkt 
ˈpʌnɪʃəbl
ɪn sʌm weɪ 
ˈsɪərɪəl ˈkɪləz 
ɪksˈtriːm 
ˈjuːsfʊl keɪs ɪn pɔɪnt
ˈnɪəli ˈɛvri 
bɪˈgɪnz ˌæntɪˈsəʊʃ(ə)l bɪˈheɪvjə 
ˈkrɪmɪnl ˈtɔːʧər ɒv ˈænɪməlz
nəʊ nəʊn ɪgˈzɑːmplz 
ˈkʌmɪŋ frɒm ˈhæpi həʊmz
ðə ˈprɒdʌkt ɒv ˈveəriɪŋ dɪˈgriːz ɒv əˈbjuːs 
klɪər ˈɛvɪdəns 
pleɪ ðə ˈpɪvətl rəʊl 
ˈməʊldɪŋ ðə ˈsaɪki(ː) 
ˈɪnflʊənsɪz 
ˈʧiːfli rɪsˈpɒnsəbl 
ˈrɛkəgnaɪz ðɪs fækt
æt fɔːlt 
ˈdraɪvɪŋ fɔːs
ˈtraɪɪŋ ˈpeərənts 
ˈsiːkɪŋ ˈtriːtmənt 
ˈmɒdən
prəʊˈgrɛsɪv
ˈpɒzətɪv ˌriːˈfɔːm

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Some today are c___________r parents to be h__________________e for crimes c_________________d by their children. In my opinion, there are e_____________s but m_________________t greater punishment for parents.

Those a__________________t this r__________m point out that parents are not always c__________e. There are n_____________________s of loving parents who r________________________l but s_________________s still m____________t from a young age. T________________________f the child s____________________________s such as s_________________a or a d______________________r. These c_____________s may s____________m simple g____________s, in which case parents should not be punished, or from t__________a the p_________________________s are u_________________f. For example, if they have been a_________d at school or by a r__________e then it f____________________y the o____________g, rather than i____________t, p_______y should be b_____________________e.

Despite the i______________________________e that c_________s must s______________________h, p__________________________t should be p______________e. Studies have shown that most young children who commit crimes have been abused i________________y by their parents. S__________________s are an e_____________e but u________________________t. N_______________y serial killer b______________________________r from a young age, including the c_______________________________s. There are also n_________________________s of serial killers c___________________________s; they are all t_________________________________________e from their parents. This is c__________________e that parents p_____________________e in m________________________e of young children. As children grow up and have more i______________s this may change but for young children, parents are c_____________________e and courts should r_____________________t.

In conclusion, there are some cases where parents may not be a___________t for criminal acts by children but in most situations they are the d____________________e. T_________________s for their child’s crime and s_____________________t for the children would therefore be a m__________n, p_______________e, and p___________________m.

Listening Practice

Here is a TedTalk on this topic:

Reading Practice

Read from The New York Times about this topic:

Speaking Practice

Answer the following questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Age

Do you like your current age?

What was the biggest decision you made in your life?

At what age are people happiest?

IELTS Speaking Exam

Writing Practice

Write about the following related topic and then check with my sample answer below:

Although families have influence on a children’s development, factors outside the home play a bigger part in their lives nowadays.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Writing Exam

IELTS Reports & Test Results (New/Recent/Latest Questions & Topics)

Post a report of your IELTS exam below for feedback from me and other users!

You can share any details about your listening, reading, writing, or speaking questions or topics from a recent IELTS exam.

I will collect them and write samples for the writing task 1 here, writing task 2 here, general training here, and the speaking exam here.

Post below!

Dave