IELTS Topic: Psychology

IELTS Topic: Psychology

Here all the psychology sample answer IELTS essays that I have written!

If you want to support my efforts to write these free essays for everyone (and get the exclusive EBooks), consider signing up for my Patreon below.

Check out my EBooks here on Patreon.

Dave

IELTS Topic: Psychology

Some are of the opinion that people are naturally born as good leaders while others feel that leadership skills can be learned.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Read my sample here.

Some people think that competition at work, at school and in daily life is a good thing. Others believe that we should try to cooperate more, rather than competing against each other.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Read my sample here.

Young people are often influenced in their behaviors by others in the same age group. Some argue that peer pressure is important while others feel it has distinct disadvantages.

Do the disadvantages of peer pressure outweigh the advantages?

Read my sample here.

Friendships that take place online are not as meaningful as those where people meet each other face to face. 

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

Many today feel that attention spans are becoming shorter due to the prevalence of social media.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

Some believe that students should begin learning a language very early in school while others think these subjects should be taught later.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

Read my sample here.

Some children spend hours every day on their smartphones. 

Why is this the case?

Do you think this is a positive or a negative development?

Read my sample here.

Some young people like to copy the behaviour and clothes of famous people today.

Why might this be the case? 

What problems can it cause?

Read my sample here.

It is important for people to take risks, in both their professional lives and personal lives.

Do the advantages of taking these risks outweigh the disadvantages?

Read my sample here.

Some think that politicians should always be honest while others feel that there are times when they must lie.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

Read my sample here.

Some people believe that engaging in an active pastime does more to develop children’s life skills than time spent reading.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

In some countries, there has been an increase in the number of advertisements which try to persuade children to buy snacks, toys, and other goods. Parents often claim that these ads are unfair.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Read my sample here.

In the 20th century, contact between many different parts of the world has developed rapidly through air travel and telecommunications.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

Read my sample here.

Some people think that enjoying the present is more important than planning for the future for both countries and individuals.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same things and avoiding change. Others, however, think that change is always good.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Read my sample here.

Nowadays, families are not as close as in the past and a lot of people have become used to this.

Why is this happening?

Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the drawbacks?

Read my sample here.

Some claim that men are naturally more competitive than women.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

Some people think personal happiness is directly related to economic success, while others believe this depends on other factors.

Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

Read my sample here.

Some people think children should have the freedom to make mistakes, while other people believe that adults should prevent children from making mistakes.

Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

Read my sample here.

Many students find it difficult to focus or pay attention at school nowadays.

What are the reasons for this?

What can be done to solve this problem?

Read my sample here.

Some people think that individuals today are more dependent on each other. Others believe people have become more independent.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Read my sample here.

Many students find it difficult to pay attention at school.

What are the reasons for this?

What could be done to solve this problem?

Read my sample here.

Some people think that the most important function of music is to help people relax.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

Although families have influence on a children’s development, factors outside the home play a bigger part in their lives nowadays.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

I

In some cultures, children are often told that they can achieve anything if they try hard enough.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of giving children this message?

Read my sample here.

Some people say that advertising is extremely successful at persuading us to buy things. Other people think that advertising is so common that we no longer pay attention to it.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Read my sample here.

Some think that ambition is a good quality.

Is it important to be ambitious?

Is it a positive or negative characteristic?

Read my sample here.

Many psychologists recommend that the best way to relieve stress is to do nothing at all for a period of time during the day.

Do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

Some people believe that nowadays we have too many choices. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my sample here.

IELTS Topic: Health

IELTS Topic: Health

Here all the health sample answer IELTS essays that I have written!

If you want to support my efforts to write these free essays for everyone (and get the exclusive EBooks), consider signing up for my Patreon below.

Check out my EBooks here on Patreon.

Dave

IELTS Topic: Health

Health services are a basic necessity. However, private companies have made them quite costly for ordinary individuals.

Do the advantages of private health care outweigh its disadvantages?

Read my answer here.

Some feel that governments should prioritize healthcare instead of other important areas.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Some people say that to prevent illness and disease, governments should focus more on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Research shows that some activities are good for health and others are bad. Despite knowing that, millions of people engage in unhealthy activities.

What is the cause of this?

What can be done?

Read my answer here.

Nowadays, an increasing number of people with health problems are using alternative medicines and treatments instead of visiting their normal doctor.

Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

Read my answer here.

Some people say that now is the best time in history to be living.

What is your opinion about this?

What other time in history would be interesting to live in?

Read my answer here.

In many countries, children are becoming overweight and unhealthy. Some people think that the government has the responsibility to solve this problem.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Many doctors recommend that older people exercise regularly, but most patients do not follow an exercise routine.

Why do you think this happens?

How can people be encouraged to exercise regularly?

Read my answer here.

Many people today do not feel safe either at home or when they are out.

What are the causes?

What are the solutions?

Read my answer here.

Many claim that the fast food industry had a negative effect on the environment, eating habits, and families.

To what extend do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Everyone should become vegetarian because they do not need to eat meat to have a healthy diet.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Many people believe that it is easier to have a healthy lifestyle in the countryside. Other believe that there are health benefits to living in cities.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Read my answer here.

Fast food has become more common in recent years. Some people think that it has a negative effect on lifestyles and diets.

Do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Some feel governments, rather than private companies, should be in charge of medical services.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Convenience foods will become increasingly prevalent and eventually replace traditional foods and methods of preparation.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Many manufactured food and drink products contain high levels of sugar, which causes many health problems. Sugary products should be made more expensive to encourage people to consume less sugar.

Do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Some people today prefer to get advice for medical problems and do not want to visit a doctor.

Why is this?

Is this a positive or a negative development?

Read my answer here.

Childhood obesity has become a serious problem in recent years.

What are the primary causes of this?

What measures should be taken to reduce childhood obesity?

Read my answer here.

Some people play sport when they are young but then stop doing physical exercise when they become adults.

Why is this?

What can be done to solve this problem?

Read my answer here.

Nowadays nurses should not just be required to do basic training but they must have other qualities as well to do their jobs well.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

In many countries, traditional foods are being replaced by fast food. This has a negative impact on families, individuals and society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

In many countries, fast food is becoming cheaper and more widely available.

Do the disadvantages of this outweigh the advantages?

Read my answer here.

Governments should spend more money on medical research and less on researching the environment.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Some think that governments should tax unhealthy foods to encourage people to eat healthier.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

More and more people today are drinking sugar-based drinks.

What are the reasons for this?

What are the solutions?

Read my answer here.

Many think that in today’s world it is very difficult for people to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Others, however, feel that it is easy for people to be healthy and fit if they want to be.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Read my answer here.

Many psychologists recommend that the best way to relieve stress is to do nothing at all for a period of time during the day.

Do you agree or disagree?

Read my answer here.

Many feel that going to the gym is the best way to stay fit. Others think there are more effective methods.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Read my answer here.

Many people believe that every individual is responsible for his/her own healthy lifestyle. Others believe that governments should take care of it.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Read my answer here.

IELTS Essay: Health Services

IELTS Essay: Health Services

This is my IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of health services.

If you sign up for my Patreon below, you will get access to many years’ worth of past EBook and PDFs – that are only available on Patreon here:

Patreon Ebooks

Dave

IELTS Essay: Health Services

Health services are a basic necessity. However, private companies have made them quite costly for ordinary individuals.

Do the advantages of private health care outweigh its disadvantages?

Today, the cost of basic health services due to privatization has risen dramatically. In my opinion, although this can lead to greater innovation in the medical field, it is a negative burden overall for the average person.

Those who argue in favor of private medical care point out the benefits for medical knowledge generally. There is significant evidence in a wide range of industries as to the efficacy of privatization in driving innovation. The medical field is no different as hospitals in countries such as the United States compete to develop innovative therapies and procedures that can enhance their reputations and generate higher revenues. These efforts in turn encourage the hiring of the brightest medical minds in the world. Without such competition, it is unlikely that many current advances in medical technology would exist at all.

However, these advances do little to alleviate the dramatic financial repercussions for ordinary citizens. In the United States, a person without medical insurance is likely to owe at least thousands for relatively simple procedures such as repairing a broken bone or conducting a simple non-invasive surgical procedure. Contrast this approach with many western European nations that function on a socialized approach to medicine. In these countries, a person is comforted by the knowledge that a trip to the hospital or consultation with a doctor will be largely paid for by the government. The result of this more equal system is that there is little disparity in the care given to the wealthy and less affluent segments of the population.

In conclusion, despite the value of stimulating competition among medical institutions, there would be greater impact in a scheme wherein the individual could receive medical care without incurring excessive expenses. In many countries, this is already the situation.

Analysis

1. Today, the cost of basic health services due to privatization has risen dramatically. 2. In my opinion, although this can lead to greater innovation in the medical field, it is a negative burden overall for the average person.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Those who argue in favor of private medical care point out the benefits for medical knowledge generally. 2. There is significant evidence in a wide range of industries as to the efficacy of privatization in driving innovation. 3. The medical field is no different as hospitals in countries such as the United States compete to develop innovative therapies and procedures that can enhance their reputations and generate higher revenues. 4. These efforts in turn encourage the hiring of the brightest medical minds in the world. 5. Without such competition, it is unlikely that many current advances in medical technology would exist at all.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Better to have more detail.

1. However, these advances do little to alleviate the dramatic financial repercussions for ordinary citizens. 2. In the United States, a person without medical insurance is likely to owe at least thousands for relatively simple procedures such as repairing a broken bone or conducting a simple non-invasive surgical procedure. 3. Contrast this approach with many western European nations that function on a socialized approach to medicine. 4. In these countries, a person is comforted by the knowledge that a trip to the hospital or consultation with a doctor will be largely paid for by the government. 5. The result of this more equal system is that there is little disparity in the care given to the wealthy and less affluent segments of the population.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Add as much information as you can and make sure it links logically.
  5. This essay is a bit long – aim for about 275 words.

1. In conclusion, despite the value of stimulating competition among medical institutions, there would be greater impact in a scheme wherein the individual could receive medical care without incurring excessive expenses. 2. In many countries, this is already the situation.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Today, the cost of basic health services due to privatization has risen dramatically. In my opinion, although this can lead to greater innovation in the medical field, it is a negative burden overall for the average person.

Those who argue in favor of private medical care point out the benefits for medical knowledge generally. There is significant evidence in a wide range of industries as to the efficacy of privatization in driving innovation. The medical field is no different as hospitals in countries such as the United States compete to develop innovative therapies and procedures that can enhance their reputations and generate higher revenues. These efforts in turn encourage the hiring of the brightest medical minds in the world. Without such competition, it is unlikely that many current advances in medical technology would exist at all.

However, these advances do little to alleviate the dramatic financial repercussions for ordinary citizens. In the United States, a person without medical insurance is likely to owe at least thousands for relatively simple procedures such as repairing a broken bone or conducting a simple non-invasive surgical procedure. Contrast this approach with many western European nations that function on a socialized approach to medicine. In these countries, a person is comforted by the knowledge that a trip to the hospital or consultation with a doctor will be largely paid for by the government. The result of this more equal system is that there is little disparity in the care given to the wealthy and less affluent segments of the population.

In conclusion, despite the value of stimulating competition among medical institutions, there would be greater impact in a scheme wherein the individual could receive medical care without incurring excessive expenses. In many countries, this is already the situation.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

Here are the synonyms for each line:

  1. the cost of basic health services: the price of primary healthcare
  2. due to: because of
  3. privatization: the transfer to private ownership/control
  4. risen dramatically: increased significantly
  5. lead to greater innovation in the medical field: result in enhanced creativity in the healthcare sector
  6. negative burden overall: adverse impact overall
  7. average person: typical individual
  8. Those who argue in favor of: Advocates for
  9. medical care: healthcare
  10. benefits for medical knowledge generally: advantages for medical expertise in general
  11. There is significant evidence in: Substantial proof exists in
  12. a wide range of industries as to: numerous sectors regarding
  13. efficacy: effectiveness
  14. driving innovation: propelling innovation
  15. compete to develop innovative therapies: vie to create groundbreaking treatments
  16. procedures: medical procedures
  17. enhance their reputations: bolster their reputations
  18. generate higher revenues: produce increased revenues
  19. These efforts: These endeavors
  20. in turn encourage: subsequently promote
  21. hiring: employing
  22. brightest medical minds in the world: most brilliant medical professionals globally
  23. Without such competition: In the absence of such competition
  24. many current advances in: numerous present advancements in
  25. exist: have
  26. do little to alleviate: provide limited relief for
  27. the dramatic financial repercussions: the significant financial consequences
  28. for ordinary citizens: for regular individuals
  29. owe: require
  30. relatively simple procedures: moderately straightforward treatments
  31. repairing: mending
  32. conducting a simple non-invasive surgical procedure: performing a basic non-invasive surgical operation
  33. Contrast this approach with: Compare this method to
  34. function on a socialized approach to medicine: operate under a socialized healthcare system
  35. comforted by the knowledge: reassured by the awareness
  36. consultation: medical consultation
  37. largely paid for by the government: mostly funded by the government
  38. The result of this more equal system is: As a consequence of this fairer system,
  39. little disparity: minimal difference
  40. care given: healthcare provided
  41. less affluent segments of the population: economically disadvantaged sections of society
  42. despite the value of stimulating competition among medical institutions: notwithstanding the importance of fostering competition among medical establishments
  43. there would be greater impact in a scheme wherein: there would be a more significant effect in a setup where
  44. receive medical care without incurring excessive expenses: obtain healthcare without incurring exorbitant costs
  45. situation: circumstance

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ðə kɒst ɒv ˈbeɪsɪk hɛlθ ˈsɜːvɪsɪz

djuː tuː

ˌpraɪvətaɪˈzeɪʃᵊn

ˈrɪzᵊn drəˈmætɪkᵊli

liːd tuː ˈɡreɪtər ˌɪnəˈveɪʃᵊn ɪn ðə ˈmɛdɪkᵊl fiːld

ˈnɛɡətɪv ˈbɜːdᵊn ˌəʊvəˈrɔːl

ˈævᵊrɪʤ ˈpɜːsᵊn

ðəʊz huː ˈɑːɡjuː ɪn ˈfeɪvər ɒv

ˈmɛdɪkᵊl keə

ˈbɛnɪfɪts fɔː ˈmɛdɪkᵊl ˈnɒlɪʤ ˈʤɛnᵊrᵊli

ðeər ɪz sɪɡˈnɪfɪkᵊnt ˈɛvɪdᵊns ɪn

ə waɪd reɪnʤ ɒv ˈɪndəstriz æz tuː

ˈɛfɪkəsi

ˌpraɪvətaɪˈzeɪʃᵊn

ˈdraɪvɪŋ ˌɪnəˈveɪʃᵊn

kəmˈpiːt tuː dɪˈvɛləp ˈɪnəvətɪv ˈθɛrəpiz

prəˈsiːʤəz

ɪnˈhɑːns ðeə ˌrɛpjəˈteɪʃᵊnz

ˈʤɛnəreɪt ˈhaɪə ˈrɛvənjuːz

ðiːz ˈɛfəts

ɪn tɜːn ɪnˈkʌrɪʤ

ˈhaɪərɪŋ

ˈbraɪtɪst ˈmɛdɪkᵊl maɪndz ɪn ðə wɜːld

wɪˈðaʊt sʌʧ ˌkɒmpəˈtɪʃᵊnɪt ɪz ʌnˈlaɪkli

ˈmɛni ˈkʌrᵊnt ədˈvɑːnsɪz ɪn ˈmɛdɪkᵊl tɛkˈnɒləʤi

ɪɡˈzɪst

duː ˈlɪtᵊl tuː əˈliːvieɪt

ðə drəˈmætɪk faɪˈnænʃᵊl ˌriːpɜːˈkʌʃᵊnz

fɔːr ˈɔːdᵊnᵊri ˈsɪtɪzᵊnz

əʊ

ˈrɛlətɪvli ˈsɪmpᵊl prəˈsiːʤəz

rɪˈpeərɪŋ

kənˈdʌktɪŋ ə ˈsɪmpᵊl nɒn-ɪnˈveɪsɪv ˈsɜːʤɪkᵊl prəˈsiːʤə

ˈkɒntrɑːst ðɪs əˈprəʊʧ wɪð

ˈfʌŋkʃᵊn ɒn ə ˈsəʊʃᵊlaɪzd əˈprəʊʧ tuː ˈmɛdsᵊn

ˈkʌmfətɪd baɪ ðə ˈnɒlɪʤ

ˌkɒnsəlˈteɪʃᵊn

ˈlɑːʤli peɪd fɔː baɪ ðə ˈɡʌvᵊnmənt

ðə rɪˈzʌlt ɒv ðɪs mɔːr ˈiːkwəl ˈsɪstəm ɪz

ˈlɪtᵊl dɪˈspærəti

keə ˈɡɪvᵊn

lɛs ˈæfluənt ˈsɛɡmənts ɒv ðə ˌpɒpjəˈleɪʃᵊn

dɪˈspaɪt ðə ˈvæljuː ɒv ˈstɪmjəleɪtɪŋ ˌkɒmpəˈtɪʃᵊn əˈmʌŋ ˈmɛdɪkᵊl ˌɪnstɪˈtjuːʃᵊnz

ðeə wʊd biː ˈɡreɪtər ˈɪmpækt ɪn ə skiːm weərˈɪn

rɪˈsiːv ˈmɛdɪkᵊl keə wɪˈðaʊt ɪnˈkɜːrɪŋ ɪkˈsɛsɪv ɪkˈspɛnsɪz

ˌsɪʧuˈeɪʃᵊn

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Today, t_________________________s d_____o p_______________n has r_________________y. In my opinion, although this can l__________________________________________d, it is a n__________________l for the a_________n.

T__________________________f private m________e point out the b____________________________y. T_____________________________________________________________________o the e_______y of p__________n in d___________n. The medical field is no different as hospitals in countries such as the United States c_______________________________s and p_________-s that can e_________________________s and g_________________________s. T________________________e the h_____g of the b_________________________________________d. W______________________n, it is unlikely that m_____________________n medical technology would e______-t at all.

However, these advances d____________________________________________________________________________s. In the United States, a person without medical insurance is likely to o___e at least thousands for r_________________s such as r___________g a broken bone or c___________________________________________e. C______________________h many western European nations that f________________________________________e. In these countries, a person is c_______________________e that a trip to the hospital or c___________n with a doctor will be l____________________________t. T____________________________s that there is l__________________y in the c_________n to the wealthy and l__________________________n.

In conclusion, d___________________f s_____________________________________________s, t_________________________________________________________n the individual could r_____________________________________________s. In many countries, this is already the s_________n.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching from YouTube below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.proclinical.com/blogs/2021-6/the-top-10-medical-advances-in-history

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Health

Question 1: Do you have any unhealthy habits?

Question 2: In what ways do you try to stay healthy?

Question 3: Do you do any sports?

Question 4: Do you think more about your health now than when you were younger?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic:

Some people today prefer to get advice for medical problems and do not want to visit a doctor.

Why is this?

Is this a positive or a negative development?

IELTS Cambridge 19 Essay: Biofuel Production / Ethanol

IELTS Cambridge 19 Essay: Biofuel Production / Ethanol

This is my IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of biofuel production and how ethanol is made.

If you sign up for my Patreon below, you will get access to many years’ worth of past EBook and PDFs – that are only available on Patreon here:

Patreon Ebooks

Dave

IELTS Cambridge 19 Essay: Biofuel Production / Ethanol

The process details the method through which the biofuel ethanol is manufactured. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the process is a mixture of natural and man-made and there are three main stages. Initially, there is harvesting of the raw sources, followed by a stage of breaking down and processing the constituent elements of ethanol, and lastly the distribution of ethanol for various purposes which in turn produce CO2 to restart the process.

First, energy in the form of sunlight and carbon dioxide in plants and trees is harvested by machines. This harvest then enters a pre-processing stage which breaks larger stalks and matter down into cellulose. The cellulose is next processed chemically in order to extract sugars.

The final stages of the process involve adding microbes to the sugar to produce ethanol. The finished product is then used by cars, trucks, and airplanes. These modes of transport themselves create carbon dioxide and contribute to the cyclical production system.

Analysis

1. The process details the method through which the biofuel ethanol is manufactured. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the process is a mixture of natural and man-made and there are three main stages. 3. Initially, there is harvesting of the raw sources, followed by a stage of breaking down and processing the constituent elements of ethanol, and lastly the distribution of ethanol for various purposes which in turn produce CO2 to restart the process.

  1. Paraphrase what the bar chart shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the differences and the overall trend.
  3. This one is a little complex so it needs a second sentence for the overview.

1. First, energy in the form of sunlight and carbon dioxide in plants and trees is harvested by machines. 2. This harvest then enters a pre-processing stage which breaks larger stalks and matter down into cellulose. 3. The cellulose is next processed chemically in order to extract sugars.

  1. Begin writing about the stages at the beginning.
  2. Compare between each sentence.
  3. Add in all the stages.

1. The final stages of the process involve adding microbes to the sugar to produce ethanol. 2. The finished product is then used by cars, trucks, and airplanes. 3. These modes of transport themselves create carbon dioxide and contribute to the cyclical production system.

  1. Write about the final other parts of the process – include everything!
  2. Vary long and short sentences.
  3. Include all the stages – leave nothing out.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

The process details the method through which the biofuel ethanol is manufactured. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the process is a mixture of natural and man-made and there are three main stages. Initially, there is harvesting of the raw sources, followed by a stage of breaking down and processing the constituent elements of ethanol, and lastly the distribution of ethanol for various purposes which in turn produce CO2 to restart the process.

First, energy in the form of sunlight and carbon dioxide in plants and trees is harvested by machines. This harvest then enters a pre-processing stage which breaks larger stalks and matter down into cellulose. The cellulose is next processed chemically in order to extract sugars.

The final stages of the process involve adding microbes to the sugar to produce ethanol. The finished product is then used by cars, trucks, and airplanes. These modes of transport themselves create carbon dioxide and contribute to the cyclical production system.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

process: procedure, technique, approach, methodology
method through which: means by which, manner in which, way in which, approach by which
biofuel ethanol: renewable fuel ethanol, organic fuel ethanol, green fuel ethanol, sustainable fuel ethanol
manufactured: produced, fabricated, created, made

Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that: Taking a holistic view, it is evident that, Considering the bigger picture, it is clear that, Observing from a broader standpoint, it is obvious that
mixture: blend, combination, amalgamation, concoction
natural and man-made: organic and artificial, biological and synthetic, naturally occurring and human-made, innate and fabricated
Initially: Initially, To start with, At first, In the beginning
harvesting of the raw sources: collection of the raw materials, gathering of the primary sources, procurement of the natural resources, acquisition of the initial ingredients
followed by a stage of: subsequent to, after, succeeding a phase of, in the wake of
breaking down and processing the constituent elements of ethanol: decomposing and treating the elemental components of ethanol, disintegrating and refining the fundamental constituents of ethanol, breaking apart and refining the basic elements of ethanol
lastly: finally, ultimately, in conclusion, ultimately
distribution: dispersal, allocation, dissemination, delivery
for various purposes: for different objectives, for diverse uses, for multiple intentions, for a range of applications
which in turn produce CO2: resulting in the generation of CO2, leading to the production of carbon dioxide, subsequently creating carbon dioxide, causing the emission of CO2
restart the process: initiate the process again, commence the process anew, begin the process afresh, kickstart the process
in the form of: in the shape of, as, in the guise of, resembling
machines: equipment, apparatus, devices, mechanisms
pre-processing stage: preliminary stage, initial phase, preparatory phase, early stage
breaks larger stalks and matter down into cellulose: fragments bigger stems and substances into cellulose, disintegrates larger stalks and material into cellulose, decomposes larger stems and matter into cellulose, breaks apart larger stalks and material into cellulose
next processed chemically in order to extract sugars: subsequently treated chemically to extract sugars, then chemically processed to obtain sugars, afterward subjected to chemical treatment to derive sugars, later processed chemically to extract sugars
The final stages of the process involve: The concluding phases of the process encompass, The ultimate steps of the process entail, The last steps of the process comprise, The end stages of the process encompass
microbes: microorganisms, bacteria, germs, microscopic organisms
The finished product: The end result, The final outcome, The completed product, The concluding output
These modes of transport: These means of transportation, These methods of conveyance, These ways of moving, These systems of travel
contribute to the cyclical production system: add to the cyclic production system, aid in the recurring manufacturing process, contribute to the circular production system, assist in the iterative production process

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈprəʊsɛs

ˈmɛθəd θruː wɪʧ

ˈbaɪəʊˌfjuːəl ˈɛθənɒl

ˌmænjəˈfækʧəd

ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˌəʊvəˈrɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærᵊnt ðæt

ˈmɪksʧə

ˈnæʧᵊrᵊl ænd ˈmænˈmeɪd

ɪˈnɪʃᵊli

ˈhɑːvɪstɪŋ ɒv ðə rɔː ˈsɔːsɪz

ˈfɒləʊd baɪ ə steɪʤ ɒv

ˈbreɪkɪŋ daʊn ænd ˈprəʊsɛsɪŋ ðə kənˈstɪʧuənt ˈɛlɪmənts ɒv ˈɛθənɒl

ˈlɑːstli

ˌdɪstrɪˈbjuːʃᵊn

fɔː ˈveəriəs ˈpɜːpəsɪz

wɪʧ ɪn tɜːn ˈprɒdjuːs kəʊ2

ˌriːˈstɑːt ðə ˈprəʊsɛs

ɪn ðə fɔːm ɒv

məˈʃiːnz

priː-ˈprəʊsɛsɪŋ steɪʤ

breɪks ˈlɑːʤə stɔːks ænd ˈmætə daʊn ˈɪntuː ˈsɛljələʊs

nɛkst ˈprəʊsɛst ˈkɛmɪkᵊli ɪn ˈɔːdə tuː ɪkˈstrækt ˈʃʊɡəz

ðə ˈfaɪnᵊl ˈsteɪʤɪz ɒv ðə ˈprəʊsɛs ɪnˈvɒlv

ˈmaɪkrəʊbz

ðə ˈfɪnɪʃt ˈprɒdʌkt

ðiːz məʊdz ɒv ˈtrænspɔːt

kənˈtrɪbjuːt tuː ðə ˈsɪklɪkᵊl prəˈdʌkʃᵊn ˈsɪstəm

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

The p_____s details the m________________h the b______________l is m_________________d. L____________________________________________________t the process is a m_______e of n__________________e and there are three main stages. I_________y, there is h________________s, f___________________________________________________________________________l, and l______y the d____________n of ethanol f__________________s w___________________________2 to r_______________s.

First, energy in the form of sunlight and carbon dioxide in plants and trees is harvested by m____________s. This harvest then enters a pre-processing stage which b______________________________________________e. The cellulose is n_________________________y i___________o e______________s.

T___________________________________e adding m_________s to the sugar to produce ethanol. T__________________________t is then used by cars, trucks, and airplanes. T________________________t themselves create carbon dioxide and c__________________________________________m.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching from YouTube below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.offshore-technology.com/comment/history-oil-gas/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Describe a car journey that you went on.

You should say:

Where you went

What you did there

Who you went on the journey with

And say how you felt about the journey

Transport & Driving (IELTS Speaking Part 3)

Question 1: What is the most common mode of transport in your city, and why do people prefer it?

Question 2: Do you think people should be encouraged to use public transport more? Why or why not?

Question 3: Have you ever experienced a serious traffic jam? How did it affect your mood and daily routine?

Question 4: What do you think are the pros and cons of driving a car instead of using public transport?

Question 5: Would you consider buying an electric car in the future? Why or why not?

Question 6: Are there any traffic laws in your country that you think should be changed or improved? If so, which ones and why?

Question 7: Do you think that the government should invest more in public transport systems?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic:

IELTS Cambridge 19 Essay: Dance Classes Australian Town

IELTS Cambridge 19 Essay: Dance Classes Australian Town

This is my IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on a pie chart and table showing dance classes in an Australian town.

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IELTS Cambridge 19 Essay: Dance Classes Australian Town

ielts 19 pie chart

The pie chart and bar chart detail information concerning dance classes currently being attended by young people in an Australian town. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the vast majority of classes are hosted in private studios, followed by school halls, community halls, and, most distantly, college studios. For very young children, ballet and tap dancing are more popular, while the preferred option for older students is modern dance.

Regarding the location of dance classes in the town, private studios account for 48% of the total, precisely double the figure for after-school school halls (24%). Community and other halls trail this data point slightly at 18% and the least common venue is college-based studios at just 10%.

Concerning the varieties of dance classes popular with different age demographics, ballet is most notable with over 600 students under age 11, and only 300 students aged 11 to 16. The age disparity narrows for tap classes with 410 older students and 440 younger ones. Modern dance displays the opposite trend to ballet with far more older students (520) relative to their younger counterparts (300).

Analysis

1. The pie chart and bar chart detail information concerning dance classes currently being attended by young people in an Australian town. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the vast majority of classes are hosted in private studios, followed by school halls, community halls, and, most distantly, college studios. 3. For very young children, ballet and tap dancing are more popular, while the preferred option for older students is modern dance.

  1. Paraphrase what the bar chart shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the differences and the overall trend.
  3. This one is a little complex so it needs a second sentence for the overview.

1. Regarding the location of dance classes in the town, private studios account for 48% of the total, precisely double the figure for after-school school halls (24%). 2. Community and other halls trail this data point slightly at 18% and the least common venue is college-based studios at just 10%.

  1. Begin writing about the data for the first categories.
  2. Compare between each sentence.

1. Concerning the varieties of dance classes popular with different age demographics, ballet is most notable with over 600 students under age 11, and only 300 students aged 11 to 16. 2. The age disparity narrows for tap classes with 410 older students and 440 younger ones. 3. Modern dance displays the opposite trend to ballet with far more older students (520) relative to their younger counterparts (300).

  1. Write about the final other parts of the graph – include everything!
  2. Include all the data.
  3. Use parenthesis to mention everything.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

The pie chart and bar chart detail information concerning dance classes currently being attended by young people in an Australian town. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the vast majority of classes are hosted in private studios, followed by school halls, community halls, and, most distantly, college studios. For very young children, ballet and tap dancing are more popular, while the preferred option for older students is modern dance.

Regarding the location of dance classes in the town, private studios account for 48% of the total, precisely double the figure for after-school school halls (24%). Community and other halls trail this data point slightly at 18% and the least common venue is college-based studios at just 10%.

Concerning the varieties of dance classes popular with different age demographics, ballet is most notable with over 600 students under age 11, and only 300 students aged 11 to 16. The age disparity narrows for tap classes with 410 older students and 440 younger ones. Modern dance displays the opposite trend to ballet with far more older students (520) relative to their younger counterparts (300).

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

detail information concerning show data about

dance classes courses to learn to dance

currently being attended by right now going to

Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the vast majority of overall

hosted in conducted in

followed by after that

most distantly much further

ballet a type of dancing

tap dancing dancing where you hit the floor to make noise

while the preferred option for but the most popular choice for

modern dance recent dance trends like hip-hop

Regarding the concerning

private studios account for not public areas

precisely double the figure for exactly two times the number for

after-school once school has ended

trail this data point slightly at follow this figure a bit

the least common venue is not as popular place

just only

Concerning the varieties of regarding types of

popular with different age demographics most common for those aged

most notable stands out

The age disparity narrows not as big of an age different

displays the opposite trend to show the converse pattern

far more a lot more

relative to compared to

younger counterparts younger people

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈdiːteɪl ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃᵊn kənˈsɜːnɪŋ

dɑːns ˈklɑːsɪz

ˈkʌrᵊntli ˈbiːɪŋ əˈtɛndɪd baɪ

ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˌəʊvəˈrɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærᵊnt ðæt ðə vɑːst məˈʤɒrəti ɒv

ˈhəʊstɪd ɪn

ˈfɒləʊd baɪ

məʊst ˈdɪstᵊntli

ˈbæleɪ

tæp ˈdɑːnsɪŋ

waɪl ðə prɪˈfɜːd ˈɒpʃᵊn fɔː

ˈmɒdᵊn dɑːns

rɪˈɡɑːdɪŋ ðiː

ˈpraɪvət ˈstjuːdiəʊz əˈkaʊnt fɔː

prɪˈsaɪsli ˈdʌbᵊl ðə ˈfɪɡə fɔː

ˈɑːftə-skuːl

treɪl ðɪs ˈdeɪtə pɔɪnt ˈslaɪtli æt

ðə liːst ˈkɒmən ˈvɛnjuː ɪz

ʤʌst

kənˈsɜːnɪŋ ðə vəˈraɪətiz ɒv

ˈpɒpjələ wɪð ˈdɪfᵊrᵊnt eɪʤ ˌdɛməˈɡræfɪks

məʊst ˈnəʊtəbᵊl

ði eɪʤ dɪˈspærəti ˈnærəʊz

dɪˈspleɪz ði ˈɒpəzɪt trɛnd tuː

fɑː mɔː

ˈrɛlətɪv tuː

ˈjʌŋɡə ˈkaʊntəpɑːts

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

The pie chart and bar chart d_____________________g d_______________s c____________________y young people in an Australian town. L_____________________________________________________________t t______________f classes are h_______n private studios, f__________y school halls, community halls, and, m___________y, college studios. For very young children, b_____t and t________g are more popular, w_______________________r older students is m____________e.

R___________e location of dance classes in the town, p__________________________r 48% of the total, p____________________________________________________l school halls (24%). Community and other halls t____________________________________t 18% and t_________________________s college-based studios at j___t 10%.

C___________________________f dance classes p______________________________s, ballet is m_____________e with over 600 students under age 11, and only 300 students aged 11 to 16. T___________________________s for tap classes with 410 older students and 440 younger ones. Modern dance d__________________o ballet with f_________e older students (520) r___________o their y_________________s (300).

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching from YouTube below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Small Businesses

Question 1: Do you know many small businesses?

Question 2: Do you prefer buying things at big companies or small businesses?

Question 3: Have you ever worked at a small business?

Question 4: Have you ever thought about starting your own business?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic: