IELTS Essay: Sales

IELTS Essay: Sales

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of sales from the real IELTS exam.

Please consider supporting me on Patreon.com/howtodoielts to receive my full, exclusive IELTS Ebooks – you can even sign up for private live lessons with me! My subscription online courses are also available here.

Dave

IELTS Essay: Sales

There are different methods businesses use to increase their sales.

What are the different ways companies use to increase sales?

Which one is the most effective?

There are a variety of methods employed by businesses to grow their sales revenue. In my opinion, these typically relate to marketing and innovation, with the latter being the most effective.

Most companies choose to target increased sales through advertising campaigns and new products. Marketing and advertising are self-evidently important. Nearly every major company reserves a substantial portion of the budget for television advertisements, online marketing, billboards, and so on. Companies that excel with viral marketing, such as Starbucks, are able to dominate the competition through brand awareness and grow sales consistently. Furthermore, the introduction of new products is also a key catalyst. This can include new menu items, such as the recent popularity of Popeye’s new chicken sandwich or technological advances like the electric vehicles produced by Tesla.

Though advertising can be extremely persuasive, there is no substitute for a truly revolutionary and unique product. The best example of this would be the most successful consumer electronics product in history, the iPhone. When it launched there was no comparable product, with Blackberry phones being the closest analogue. The iPhone allowed users to make phone calls, send message, take photos, check email, and use the internet. These are routine features now but at the time these innovations drove rapid revenue growth and countless other companies raced to replicate their success. This model applies to a range of industries as a novel product can drive demand while a company need only focus on maintaining their supply chain.

In conclusion, sales figures rise as a result of marketing strategies and successful innovation, with the latter the single greatest method for generating more revenue. Companies must balance both techniques yet prioritize new ideas whenever possible.

Analysis

1. There are a variety of methods employed by businesses to grow their sales revenue. 2. In my opinion, these typically relate to marketing and innovation, with the latter being the most effective.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Most companies choose to target increased sales through advertising campaigns and new products. 2. Marketing and advertising are self-evidently important. 3. Nearly every major company reserves a substantial portion of the budget for television advertisements, online marketing, billboards, and so on. 4. Companies that excel with viral marketing, such as Starbucks, are able to dominate the competition through brand awareness and grow sales consistently. 5. Furthermore, the introduction of new products is also a key catalyst. 6. This can include new menu items, such as the recent popularity of Popeye’s new chicken sandwich or technological advances like the electric vehicles produced by Tesla.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Start a second method.
  5. Keep developing it fully.
  6. Finish with another example if you have another idea.

1. Though advertising can be extremely persuasive, there is no substitute for a truly revolutionary and unique product. 2. The best example of this would be the most successful consumer electronics product in history, the iPhone. 3. When it launched there was no comparable product, with Blackberry phones being the closest analogue. 4. The iPhone allowed users to make phone calls, send message, take photos, check email, and use the internet. 5. These are routine features now but at the time these innovations drove rapid revenue growth and countless other companies raced to replicate their success. 6. This model applies to a range of industries as a novel product can drive demand while a company need only focus on maintaining their supply chain.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Add as much information as you can and make sure it links logically.
  5. Develop the example fully.
  6. Finish with a strong statement.

1. In conclusion, sales figures rise as a result of marketing strategies and successful innovation, with the latter the single greatest method for generating more revenue. 2. Companies must balance both techniques yet prioritize new ideas whenever possible.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

There are a variety of methods employed by businesses to grow their sales revenue. In my opinion, these typically relate to marketing and innovation, with the latter being the most effective.

Most companies choose to target increased sales through advertising campaigns and new products. Marketing and advertising are self-evidently important. Nearly every major company reserves a substantial portion of the budget for television advertisements, online marketing, billboards, and so on. Companies that excel with viral marketing, such as Starbucks, are able to dominate the competition through brand awareness and grow sales consistently. Furthermore, the introduction of new products is also a key catalyst. This can include new menu items, such as the recent popularity of Popeye’s new chicken sandwich or technological advances like the electric vehicles produced by Tesla.

Though advertising can be extremely persuasive, there is no substitute for a truly revolutionary and unique product. The best example of this would be the most successful consumer electronics product in history, the iPhone. When it launched there was no comparable product, with Blackberry phones being the closest analogue. The iPhone allowed users to make phone calls, send message, take photos, check email, and use the internet. These are routine features now but at the time these innovations drove rapid revenue growth and countless other companies raced to replicate their success. This model applies to a range of industries as a novel product can drive demand while a company need only focus on maintaining their supply chain.

In conclusion, sales figures rise as a result of marketing strategies and successful innovation, with the latter the single greatest method for generating more revenue. Companies must balance both techniques yet prioritize new ideas whenever possible.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

variety different kinds of

methods ways

employed by used by

grow make bigger

sales revenue money made from selling stuff

typically relate to usually have to do with

marketing advertising

innovation new ideas

latter mentioned second

most effective more impactful

target focus on

advertising campaigns marketing plans

self-evidently important obviously crucial

nearly almost

reserves sets aside

substantial portion a lot of

budget money that can be spent

television advertisements commercials on TV

online marketing ads online

billboards big signs up outside

excel do well

viral marketing popular posts

dominate the competition through brand awareness be stronger than other businesses because people know about your company

grow sales consistently increase revenue a lot

furthermore moreover

key catalyst crucial grower

recent popularity now common

technological advances new technology

electric vehicles produced by cars without gas made by

extremely persuasive very compelling

substitute replacement

truly revolutionary totally new

unique special

most successful consumer electronics product in history biggest selling product ever

launched premiered

comparable similar to

Blackberry phones an early smartphone

closest analogue nearest comparison

routine features normal abilities

drove rapid revenue growth increased sales quickly

countless lots of

raced to tried to beat each other to

replicate their success copy their ideas

model applies example also works for

range variety

industries businesses

novel new

drive demand push up the need for

maintaining their supply chain keeping production up

as a result of because of

strategies ways

generating creating

balance keep equal

techniques ways

prioritize consider more important

whenever possible if it can be done

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

vəˈraɪəti 
ˈmɛθədz 
ɪmˈplɔɪd baɪ 
grəʊ 
seɪlz ˈrɛvɪnjuː
ˈtɪpɪk(ə)li rɪˈleɪt tuː 
ˈmɑːkɪtɪŋ 
ˌɪnəʊˈveɪʃən
ˈlætə 
məʊst ɪˈfɛktɪv
ˈtɑːgɪt 
ˈædvətaɪzɪŋ kæmˈpeɪnz 
sɛlf-ˈɛvɪdəntli ɪmˈpɔːtənt
ˈnɪəli 
rɪˈzɜːvz 
səbˈstænʃəl ˈpɔːʃən 
ˈbʌʤɪt 
ˈtɛlɪˌvɪʒən ədˈvɜːtɪsmənts
ˈɒnˌlaɪn ˈmɑːkɪtɪŋ
ˈbɪlbɔːdz
ɪkˈsɛl 
ˈvaɪərəl ˈmɑːkɪtɪŋ
ˈdɒmɪneɪt ðə ˌkɒmpɪˈtɪʃən θruː brænd əˈweənəs 
grəʊ seɪlz kənˈsɪstəntli
ˈfɜːðəˈmɔː
kiː ˈkætəlɪst
ˈriːsnt ˌpɒpjʊˈlærɪti 
ˌtɛknəˈlɒʤɪk(ə)l ədˈvɑːnsɪz 
ɪˈlɛktrɪk ˈviːɪklz prəˈdjuːst baɪ
ɪksˈtriːmli pəˈsweɪsɪv 
ˈsʌbstɪtjuːt 
ˈtruːli ˌrɛvəˈluːʃnəri 
juːˈniːk 
məʊst səkˈsɛsfʊl kənˈsjuːmər ɪlɛkˈtrɒnɪks ˈprɒdʌkt ɪn ˈhɪstəri
lɔːnʧt 
ˈkɒmpərəbl 
ˈblækbəri fəʊnz 
ˈkləʊsɪst ˈænəˌlɒg
ruːˈtiːn ˈfiːʧəz 
drəʊv ˈræpɪd ˈrɛvɪnjuː grəʊθ 
ˈkaʊntlɪs 
reɪst tuː 
ˈrɛplɪkeɪt ðeə səkˈsɛs
ˈmɒdl əˈplaɪz 
reɪnʤ 
ˈɪndəstriz 
ˈnɒvəl 
draɪv dɪˈmɑːnd 
meɪnˈteɪnɪŋ ðeə səˈplaɪ ʧeɪn
æz ə rɪˈzʌlt ɒv 
ˈstrætɪʤiz 
ˈʤɛnəreɪtɪŋ 
ˈbæləns 
tɛkˈniːks 
praɪˈɒrɪˌtaɪz 
wɛnˈɛvə ˈpɒsəbl

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

There are a v__________y of m__________s e_____________y businesses to g______w their s_______________e. In my opinion, these t_____________________o m____________g and i____________n, with the l_______r being the m____________e.

Most companies choose to t________t increased sales through a_______________________s and new products. Marketing and advertising are s_______________________t. N_______y every major company r_________s a s_________________n of the b_______t for t________________________s, o_______________g, b______________s, and so on. Companies that e_____l with v_____________________g, such as S____________s, are able to d______________________n t________________s and g_________________________y. F______________e, the i______________n of new products is also a k_______________t. This can include new menu items, such as the r___________________y of Popeye’s new chicken sandwich or t_________________________s like the e______________________s p______________y Tesla.

Though advertising can be e_____________________e, there is no s______________e for a t___________________y and u_________e product. The best example of this would be the m____________________________________________________y, the iPhone. When it l__________d there was no c____________e product, with B__________________s being the c________________e. The iPhone allowed users to make phone calls, send message, take photos, check email, and use the internet. These are r________________s now but at the time these innovations d__________________________h and c_____________s other companies r________________________________s. This m_____________s to a r_________e of i________________s as a n________l product can d_____________________d while a company need only focus on m_______________________________n.

In conclusion, sales figures rise a_____________f marketing s_______________s and successful innovation, with the latter the single greatest method for g_____________g more revenue. Companies must b___________e both t___________s yet p____________e new ideas w________________e.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching videos from The New York Times YouTube channel below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.thestreet.com/technology/history-of-tesla-15088992#:~:text=was%20founded%20in%202003%20by,properties%20of%20rotating%20electromagnetic%20fields.

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Buying

  1. Which item do you buy the most?
  2. Do you care about the price when buying an item?
  3. What was the last thing you bought?
  4. Are good products always expensive?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

Some people think that there should be a complete ban on all forms of advertising.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Speaking Sample Test: Band 8 / 8.5 (Relaxing, Car Trips, Handicrafts)

IELTS Speaking Sample Test: Band 8 / 8.5 (Relaxing, Car Trips, Handicrafts)

This is an IELTS speaking sample test – you will notice that the style is not exactly like the real IELTS speaking exam.

I have let her talk a little longer (so that I have more to correct) and I am taking notes while she talks (the examiner will not do this on the real exam).

But otherwise, it is basically what you can expect on your speaking exam and this student is a really strong candidate – a band 8 or maybe band 8.5. In a few years, she’ll be band 9 for sure!

The video is here and the correction notes are also below.

Here are the notes that I am typing in the video as well:

This is a really impressive test for a lot of reasons.

Not only can the candidate speak fluently, with very natural pronunciation, but her level of detail is amazing!

Notice how specific her ideas are, especially in part 2.

You should try to copy that same attention to detail.

Don’t speak generally on your IELTS exam – add in as much specific detail as possible.

Notice how much that separates her speaking from other candidates – it will have the same effect for you and really distinguish you from other test-takers on IELTS!

Let me know if you have any comments below!

IELTS Essay Task 1: University Sports Courts

IELTS Essay Task 1: University Sports Courts

This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay on the topic of a map of the university sports courts from the real IELTS exam.

Find all the most recent task 1 topics here, my online courses here, and my full IELTS Ebooks here.

Dave

IELTS Essay: University Sports Courts

The maps below shows university sports courts in 1990 and now.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Essay: Map Sports Centre

The map describes how a university sports courts area has changed from 1990 to the present day. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the number of total courts for tennis and basketball has increased at the expense of parking and a park, while a formal building with a gym now houses various exercise facilities. These changes allow for more varied activity.

In 1990, on the left side of the map was a park with trees and grass as well as a car park. Today, the park has been replaced by a large basketball court and the car park by 4 tennis courts.

On the right side of the map, a structure to contain the various athletic facilities has been erected with only the indoor pool and reception area in the same position in the new building. The changing room beneath the reception area and pool has been lengthened and moved slightly to the right so as to line up directly above a new, large fitness centre. The fitness centre has replaced two tennis courts, now outside the main building.

Analysis

1. The map describes how a university sports courts area has changed from 1990 to the present day. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the number of total courts for tennis and basketball has increased at the expense of parking and a park, while a formal building with a gym now houses various exercise facilities. 3. These changes allow for more varied activity.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a general over for the map.
  3. Include the major changes and group them generally.

1. In 1990, on the left side of the map was a park with trees and grass as well as a car park. 2. Today, the park has been replaced by a large basketball court and the car park by 4 tennis courts.

  1. Begin to describe the changes.
  2. Be sure to compare as much as possible.

1. On the right side of the map, a structure to contain the various athletic facilities has been erected with only the indoor pool and reception area in the same position in the new building. 2. The changing room beneath the reception area and pool has been lengthened and moved slightly to the right so as to line up directly above a new, large fitness centre. 3. The fitness centre has replaced two tennis courts, now outside the main building.

  1. Switch to another part of the map.
  2. Don’t include any opinion and don’t forget any areas.
  3. Nothing should be left out!

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Take some notes on a piece of paper to aid your memory:

The map describes how a university sports courts area has changed from 1990 to the present day. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the number of total courts for tennis and basketball has increased at the expense of parking and a park, while a formal building with a gym now houses various exercise facilities. These changes allow for more varied activity.

In 1990, on the left side of the map was a park with trees and grass as well as a car park. Today, the park has been replaced by a large basketball court and the car park by 4 tennis courts.

On the right side of the map, a structure to contain the various athletic facilities has been erected with only the indoor pool and reception area in the same position in the new building. The changing room beneath the reception area and pool has been lengthened and moved slightly to the right so as to line up directly above a new, large fitness centre. The fitness centre has replaced two tennis courts, now outside the main building.

Answers

Try to write down or think of an antonym/opposite word for further practice:

describes shows

university sports courts places to play at college

present day right now

Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that overall

total courts complete number of fields/courts

at the expense of instead of

while although

formal building actual construction

houses various exercise facilities keeps different places inside it

allow for enable

varied activity different hobbies

on the left side of to the left of

as well as and

replaced by in favor of

on the right side of to the right of

structure building

contain kept inside

erected built

indoor inside

reception area place you first walk in

same position unchanged

changing room beneath place to change your clothes under

lengthened made longer

moved slightly to the right pushed a little to the right

so as to in order to

line up directly stand right about

fitness centre gym

outside outdoors, not inside

Pronunciation

Practice saying the words below using this tip with Google voice dictation:

dɪsˈkraɪbz 
ˌjuːnɪˈvɜːsɪti spɔːts kɔːts 
ˈprɛznt deɪ
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt 
ˈtəʊtl kɔːts 
æt ði ɪksˈpɛns ɒv 
waɪl 
ˈfɔːməl ˈbɪldɪŋ 
ˈhaʊzɪz ˈveərɪəs ˈɛksəsaɪz fəˈsɪlɪtiz
əˈlaʊ fɔː 
ˈveərɪd ækˈtɪvɪti
ɒn ðə lɛft saɪd ɒv 
æz wɛl æz 
rɪˈpleɪst baɪ 
ɒn ðə raɪt saɪd ɒv 
ˈstrʌkʧə 
kənˈteɪn 
ɪˈrɛktɪd 
ˈɪndɔː 
rɪˈsɛpʃən ˈeərɪə 
seɪm pəˈzɪʃən 
ˈʧeɪnʤɪŋ ruːm bɪˈniːθ 
ˈlɛŋθənd 
muːvd ˈslaɪtli tuː ðə raɪt 
səʊ æz tuː 
laɪn ʌp dɪˈrɛktli 
ˈfɪtnɪs ˈsɛntə 
ˌaʊtˈsaɪd 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks. Note it on a piece of paper so you can remember better:

The map d______________s how a u_______________________s area has changed from 1990 to the p___________y. L________________________________________________t the number of t____________s for tennis and basketball has increased a_______________________f parking and a park, w_______e a f_____________g with a gym now h_________________________________s. These changes a___________r more v_____________y.

In 1990, o_________________f the map was a park with trees and grass a_____________s a car park. Today, the park has been r_____________y a large basketball court and the car park by 4 tennis courts.

O___________________f the map, a s_____________e to c__________n the various athletic facilities has been e_______d with only the i_______r pool and r________________a in the s___________n in the new building. The c______________________h the reception area and pool has been l______________d and m______________________________t s____________o l_______________y above a new, large fitness centre. The f____________________e has replaced two tennis courts, now o___________e the main building.

Listening Practice

Listen to the related topic below and practice with these activities

Reading Practice

Read more and use these ideas to practice:

https://origympersonaltrainercourses.co.uk/blog/best-sport-universities

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following related questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Sports

  1. Which sport do you like to play?
  2. Have you ever been on a sports team?
  3. Do you like watching sports on TV?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related map below and then check with my sample answer:

IELTS Essay: Children Learning Languages

IELTS Essay: Children Learning Languages

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of children learning languages and the challenge/difficulty from the real IELTS exam.

Please consider supporting me on Patreon.com/howtodoielts to receive my full, exclusive IELTS Ebooks – you can even sign up for private live lessons with me! My subscription online courses are also available here.

Dave

IELTS Essay: Children Learning Languages

Because many children are not able to learn foreign languages, schools should not force them to learn foreign languages.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some feel that since it is challenging for children to learn a foreign language, schools should not emphasize this subject area. In my opinion, the challenge is the entire justification for supporting second language education.

Critics argue that the majority of children are simply incapable of learning an additional language. The best evidence for this is anecdotal and relates to the increasingly large burden of work placed on young children. Schools in many parts of the world, particularly in high-achieving nations such as South Korea and Japan, are in session for many hours and students learn an array of subjects. They are usually taught English, the world’s lingua franca, and this is especially difficult for speakers of Asian languages, where there is little shared linguistic history. The end result is often that students waste time and may feel discouraged and lack self-esteem.

However, children can learn languages better than adults and the challenge presented is itself an important lesson. If the schools have invested in proper training and use engaging materials then the lessons will not be boring and there is a stronger likelihood of success. Research has shown that language learning is most effective before the age of 7, with pronunciation becoming a stumbling block for older learners who already have fixed vocal formations. Moreover, the difficulty of learning a language encourages children to work harder and expand their ability to learn in creative ways. This applies to all subjects but languages stand out as students must seek novel memorization techniques and view the world from a completely different perspective.

In conclusion, despite the low rates of success in many cases, the impact of attempting to learn a language is itself tremendously beneficial. Schools should therefore continue funding this part of the curriculum.

Analysis

1. Some feel that since it is challenging for children to learn a foreign language, schools should not emphasize this subject area. 2. In my opinion, the challenge is the entire justification for supporting second language education.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Critics argue that the majority of children are simply incapable of learning an additional language. 2. The best evidence for this is anecdotal and relates to the increasingly large burden of work placed on young children. 3. Schools in many parts of the world, particularly in high-achieving nations such as South Korea and Japan, are in session for many hours and students learn an array of subjects. 4. They are usually taught English, the world’s lingua franca, and this is especially difficult for speakers of Asian languages, where there is little shared linguistic history. 5. The end result is often that students waste time and may feel discouraged and lack self-esteem.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. You can have a second main idea.

1. However, children can learn languages better than adults and the challenge presented is itself an important lesson. 2. If the schools have invested in proper training and use engaging materials then the lessons will not be boring and there is a stronger likelihood of success. 3. Research has shown that language learning is most effective before the age of 7, with pronunciation becoming a stumbling block for older learners who already have fixed vocal formations. 4. Moreover, the difficulty of learning a language encourages children to work harder and expand their ability to learn in creative ways. 5. This applies to all subjects but languages stand out as students must seek novel memorization techniques and view the world from a completely different perspective.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Add as much information as you can and make sure it links logically.
  5. Develop the example fully.

1. In conclusion, despite the low rates of success in many cases, the impact of attempting to learn a language is itself tremendously beneficial. 2. Schools should therefore continue funding this part of the curriculum.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Some feel that since it is challenging for children to learn a foreign language, schools should not emphasize this subject area. In my opinion, the challenge is the entire justification for supporting second language education.

Critics argue that the majority of children are simply incapable of learning an additional language. The best evidence for this is anecdotal and relates to the increasingly large burden of work placed on young children. Schools in many parts of the world, particularly in high-achieving nations such as South Korea and Japan, are in session for many hours and students learn an array of subjects. They are usually taught English, the world’s lingua franca, and this is especially difficult for speakers of Asian languages, where there is little shared linguistic history. The end result is often that students waste time and may feel discouraged and lack self-esteem.

However, children can learn languages better than adults and the challenge presented is itself an important lesson. If the schools have invested in proper training and use engaging materials then the lessons will not be boring and there is a stronger likelihood of success. Research has shown that language learning is most effective before the age of 7, with pronunciation becoming a stumbling block for older learners who already have fixed vocal formations. Moreover, the difficulty of learning a language encourages children to work harder and expand their ability to learn in creative ways. This applies to all subjects but languages stand out as students must seek novel memorization techniques and view the world from a completely different perspective.

In conclusion, despite the low rates of success in many cases, the impact of attempting to learn a language is itself tremendously beneficial. Schools should therefore continue funding this part of the curriculum.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

since because of

challenging difficulty

foreign language a language from another country

emphasize focus on

subject area what you study at school

entire justification whole reason

supporting second language education giving resources to classes for foreign languages

critics those against it

majority most of

incapable aren’t able to

additional language another tongue

best evidence for this clearest support in this area

anecdotal stories

relates to concerning

increasingly large getting bigger

burden of work pressure from homework

placed on put on

in many parts of the world in numerous countries

particularly in especially in

high-achieving nations countries with good scores

in session operating

array variety

lingua franca common language among non-native speakers

little shared linguistic history not much the same in the past of the languages

end result final outcome

waste time not use time well

discouraged not encouraged

lack self-esteem don’t think highly of yourself

presented shown

invested put money into

proper training good preparation

engaging interesting

stronger likelihood of success better chance of working out

research has shown that studies indicate that

effective useful

pronunciation how well you say words

stumbling block difficulty

fixed vocal formations muscles in your mouth can’t change

encourages engenders

expand move beyond

creative ways new methods

applies relates to

stand out especially

novel memorization techniques new ways of remembering

completely different perspective totally new way of seeing things

low rates of success doesn’t often work

in many cases sometimes

impact effect

tremendously beneficial hugely helpful

therefore thus

funding money

curriculum studies

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

sɪns 
ˈʧælɪnʤɪŋ 
ˈfɒrɪn ˈlæŋgwɪʤ
ˈɛmfəsaɪz 
ˈsʌbʤɪkt ˈeərɪə
ɪnˈtaɪə ˌʤʌstɪfɪˈkeɪʃən 
səˈpɔːtɪŋ ˈsɛkənd ˈlæŋgwɪʤ ˌɛdju(ː)ˈkeɪʃən
ˈkrɪtɪks 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
ɪnˈkeɪpəbl 
əˈdɪʃənl ˈlæŋgwɪʤ.
bɛst ˈɛvɪdəns fɔː ðɪs 
ˌænɪkˈdəʊt(ə)l 
rɪˈleɪts tuː 
ɪnˈkriːsɪŋli lɑːʤ 
ˈbɜːdn ɒv wɜːk 
pleɪst ɒn 
ɪn ˈmɛni pɑːts ɒv ðə wɜːld
pəˈtɪkjʊləli ɪn 
haɪ-əˈʧiːvɪŋ ˈneɪʃənz 
ɪn ˈsɛʃən 
əˈreɪ 
ˈlɪŋgwə ˈfræŋkə
ˈlɪtl ʃeəd lɪŋˈgwɪstɪk ˈhɪstəri.
ɛnd rɪˈzʌlt 
weɪst taɪm 
dɪsˈkʌrɪʤd 
læk sɛlf-ɪsˈtiːm
prɪˈzɛntɪd 
ɪnˈvɛstɪd 
ˈprɒpə ˈtreɪnɪŋ 
ɪnˈgeɪʤɪŋ 
ˈstrɒŋgə ˈlaɪklɪhʊd ɒv səkˈsɛs
rɪˈsɜːʧ hæz ʃəʊn ðæt 
ɪˈfɛktɪv 
prəˌnʌnsɪˈeɪʃən 
ˈstʌmblɪŋ blɒk 
fɪkst ˈvəʊkəl fɔːˈmeɪʃənz
ɪnˈkʌrɪʤɪz 
ɪksˈpænd 
kri(ː)ˈeɪtɪv weɪz
əˈplaɪz 
stænd aʊt 
ˈnɒvəl ˈmɛməraɪzaɪˈzeɪʃən tɛkˈniːks 
kəmˈpliːtli ˈdɪfrənt pəˈspɛktɪv
ləʊ reɪts ɒv səkˈsɛs 
ɪn ˈmɛni ˈkeɪsɪz
ˈɪmpækt 
trɪˈmɛndəsli ˌbɛnɪˈfɪʃəl
ˈðeəfɔː 
ˈfʌndɪŋ 
kəˈrɪkjʊləm

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Some feel that s______e it is c____________g for children to learn a f________________e, schools should not e_____________e this s________________a. In my opinion, the challenge is the e_______________n for s____________________________n.

C________s argue that the m_________y of children are simply i_____________e of learning an a___________________e. The b__________________s is a____________l and r__________o the i________________________________k p_____________n young children. Schools i____________________d, p_________________n h____________________________s such as South Korea and Japan, are i_____________n for many hours and students learn an a_____y of subjects. They are usually taught English, the world’s l____________________a, and this is especially difficult for speakers of Asian languages, where there is l___________________________y. The e____________t is often that students w__________e and may feel d________________d and l_____________m.

However, children can learn languages better than adults and the challenge p___________d is itself an important lesson. If the schools have i__________d in p____________________g and use e__________g materials then the lessons will not be boring and there is a s____________________________s. R_________________________t language learning is most e_________e before the age of 7, with p_____________n becoming a s_______________k for older learners who already have f_________________________s. Moreover, the difficulty of learning a language e_____________s children to work harder and e___________d their ability to learn in c______________s. This a________s to all subjects but languages s_________t as students must seek n________________________s and view the world from a c_________________________e.

In conclusion, despite the l__________________s i_________________s, the i______t of attempting to learn a language is itself t___________________________l. Schools should t______________e continue f_______g this part of the c_____________m.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching videos from The New York Times YouTube channel below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/08/how-foreign-languages-foster-greater-empathy-in-children/432462/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Language

  1. Can learning a language help you understand more about a culture?
  2. Why is it so difficult to learn a new language?
  3. How will language learning change in the future?
  4. Should governments invest more in second language learning in schools?
  5. What are the benefits of learning another language for your country?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

Living in a country where you have to speak a foreign language can cause serious social problems, as well as practical problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

IELTS Essay: Grades and Testing

IELTS Essay: Grades and Testing

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of grades and testing from the real IELTS exam.

The full post along with vocabulary, pronunciation, and practice is only available on my Patreon.com/howtodoielts but you can read the essay here as a bonus first!

Dave

IELTS Essay: Grades and Testing

Many believe that schools should test and grade students, while others feel these stressful evaluations can be counter-productive. In my opinion, although testing can be useful, schools could be improved if there were no grades and students could learn with less pressure.

On the one hand, standardized testing allows students to measure their progress. Students and teachers are both able to utilize grades to understand if a student is excelling or struggling in any given subject. For example, in most high schools, students take a test before being placed into a mathematics course. If they excel at math, they will be placed in an advanced class and if their math skills are weaker, they will receive the support they need at a lower level. Over time and through repeated testing, students can move up or down levels and receive relevant practice and individualized learning. This is the basis of most educational systems and facilitates the practical organization of levels.

On the other hand, schools with reduced focus on grades encourage healthier growth. This approach is common in certain progressive European nations like Finland and Norway, which are famous for their de-emphasis on grades. Schools in Finland attempt to foster a positive learning environment where students feel free to make mistakes, play, and develop a lifelong passion for learning. With less anxiety and less of a burden to excel, students can focus on what they care about most and not become overly obsessed with gaining the esteem of their teachers and parents. The result is that Finland has consistently ranked as one of the strongest school systems internationally. 

In conclusion, although grades are important for categorization, their elimination would allow students to learn better and flourish. Where possible, schools should seek to focus more on learning and less on testing.