IELTS Essay: Genetically Modified Foods

IELTS Essay: Genetically Modified Foods

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of genetically modified foods from the real IELTS exam.

It is only available as a full Ebook on my Patreon.com/howtodoielts.

One of the most important issues facing the world today is a shortage of food and some think genetically modified foods are a possible solution.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

You can sign up and get access for as little as $1 a month!

Contributing helps me to publish these essays for students every week, so please consider signing up for my Patreon!

Dave

ielts essay gm foods
IELTS essay GM foods
IELTS Essay: Rules and Laws

IELTS Essay: Rules and Laws

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of rules and laws from the real IELTS writing exam.

For access to my exclusive sample answer Ebooks, learn more about my Patreon here, my online courses here, and my writing correction service here.

Dave

IELTS Essay: Rules and Laws

Society is based on rules and laws. It could not function if individuals were free to do whatever they wanted to do.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many believe that the rule of law is the only reason society does not
descend into anarchy. I am in agreement as idealistic, revisionist views of human nature do not take into account the full pre-history of humanity.

Those who have a more hopeful view of mankind argue the modern progression towards compassion and tolerance. Humans are not necessarily violent and prone to criminal activity. The last hundred years has seen tremendous advances in areas ranging from civil rights to voting to more inclusive social policies. There is therefore a chance that even if society removed or reduced laws governing behaviour, individuals would continue to behave responsibly out of a renewed understanding of what it can mean to be human. These claims are bolstered by the existence of certain small communities in isolation where there is relatively little or no crime.

However, modern values are the product of a refinement of humanity over centuries that still requires reinforcement. The laws against violent crimes, for example, were enforced with brutal penalties for thousands of years in countries around the world. Only in the last two hundred years, have most nations reformed punishments to be either imprisonment or fines. The harsher penalties of the distant past might be outdated, but the current ones still deter potential criminals. The best evidence of this is that people today still attempt to commit crimes despite advances in forensic science and nearly ubiquitous surveillance cameras. It takes little imagination to see realise many more would lean towards breaking the rules in the absence of punishments altogether.

In conclusion, laws and regulations are crucial barriers to the excesses of human nature and cannot be wished away with a good conscience. This does not, however, imply they must be unnecessarily strict.

Analysis

1. Many believe that the rule of law is the only reason society does not
descend into anarchy. 2. I am in agreement as idealistic, revisionist views of human nature do not take into account the full pre-history of humanity.

  1. Paraphase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write your opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Those who have a more hopeful view of mankind argue the modern progression towards compassion and tolerance. 2. Humans are not necessarily violent and prone to criminal activity. 3. The last hundred years has seen tremendous advances in areas ranging from civil rights to voting to more inclusive social policies. 4. There is therefore a chance that even if society removed or reduced laws governing behaviour, individuals would continue to behave responsibly out of a renewed understanding of what it can mean to be human. 5. These claims are bolstered by the existence of certain small communities in isolation where there is relatively little or no crime.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Include specific details.
  4. Make a logical argument.
  5. Support it with a specific example.

1. However, modern values are the product of a refinement of humanity over centuries that still requires reinforcement. 2. The laws against violent crimes, for example, were enforced with brutal penalties for thousands of years in countries around the world. 3. Only in the last two hundred years, have most nations reformed punishments to be either imprisonment or fines. 4. The harsher penalties of the distant past might be outdated, but the current ones still deter potential criminals. 5. The best evidence of this is that people today still attempt to commit crimes despite advances in forensic science and nearly ubiquitous surveillance cameras. 6. It takes little imagination to see realise many more would lean towards breaking the rules in the absence of punishments altogether.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Start an example.
  3. Develop the example.
  4. Continue developing the same example.
  5. State any evidence related to your argument.
  6. Conclude with a strong sentence.

1. In conclusion, laws and regulations are crucial barriers to the excesses of human nature and cannot be wished away with a good conscience. 2. This does not, however, imply they must be unnecessarily strict.

  1. Summarise your ideas and repeat your opinion.
  2. Add a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

Many believe that the rule of law is the only reason society does not
descend into anarchy. I am in agreement as idealistic, revisionist views of human nature do not take into account the full pre-history of humanity.

Those who have a more hopeful view of mankind argue the modern progression towards compassion and tolerance. Humans are not necessarily violent and prone to criminal activity. The last hundred years has seen tremendous advances in areas ranging from civil rights to voting to more inclusive social policies. There is therefore a chance that even if society removed or reduced laws governing behaviour, individuals would continue to behave responsibly out of a renewed understanding of what it can mean to be human. These claims are bolstered by the existence of certain small communities in isolation where there is relatively little or no crime.

However, modern values are the product of a refinement of humanity over centuries that still requires reinforcement. The laws against violent crimes, for example, were enforced with brutal penalties for thousands of years in countries around the world. Only in the last two hundred years, have most nations reformed punishments to be either imprisonment or fines. The harsher penalties of the distant past might be outdated, but the current ones still deter potential criminals. The best evidence of this is that people today still attempt to commit crimes despite advances in forensic science and nearly ubiquitous surveillance cameras. It takes little imagination to see realise many more would lean towards breaking the rules in the absence of punishments altogether.

In conclusion, laws and regulations are crucial barriers to the excesses of human nature and cannot be wished away with a good conscience. This does not, however, imply they must be unnecessarily strict.

Answers

the rule of law laws, rules, and regulations

descend into anarchy havoc, no law

I am in agreement I agree

idealistic hopeful

revisionist views opinions based on what happened already

human nature the way people are

take into account consider

full pre-history of humanity past of humans before it was recorded

hopeful view optimistic ideas

mankind humanity

progression advancements

compassion and tolerance caring

necessarily violent must be cruel

prone likely to

tremendous advances lots of progress

ranging from including

civil rights political rights within a society

voting choosing your government officials

more inclusive social policies laws including more types of people

removed or reduced gotten rid of or cut down on

governing controlling

behave responsibly act well

renewed understanding new conception of

claims arguments

bolstered supported

existence appearance

certain small communities in isolation small, untouched societies

relatively little comparably small

modern values contemporary views

product result

refinement getting better

reinforcement make stronger

enforced made to work

brutal penalties cruel repercussions

reformed changes

imprisonment put in prison

fines have to pay money

harsher penalties more severe punishments

distant past a long time ago

outdated no longer relevant

deter potential criminals stop people from committing crimes

despite regardless of 

forensic science crime scene science

nearly ubiquitous surveillance cameras cameras all around

it takes little imagination to easy to imagine

lean towards breaking the rules inclined to not follow rules

absence lack of

altogether totally

crucial barriers important restrictions

excesses going too far

wished away made to disappear

good conscience not feeling bad about

imply means

unnecessarily strict too mean

Pronunciation

ðə ruːl ɒv lɔː 
dɪˈsɛnd ˈɪntuː ˈænəki
aɪ æm ɪn əˈgriːmənt
aɪˌdɪəˈlɪstɪk
rɪˈvɪʒənɪst vjuːz
ˈhjuːmən ˈneɪʧə
teɪk ˈɪntuː əˈkaʊnt
fʊl priː-ˈhɪstəri ɒv hju(ː)ˈmænɪti
ˈhəʊpfʊl vjuː
mænˈkaɪnd
prəʊˈgrɛʃən
kəmˈpæʃən ænd ˈtɒlərəns
ˈnɛsɪsərɪli ˈvaɪələnt
prəʊn
trɪˈmɛndəs ədˈvɑːnsɪz 
ˈreɪnʤɪŋ frɒm
ˈsɪvl raɪts
ˈvəʊtɪŋ
mɔːr ɪnˈkluːsɪv ˈsəʊʃəl ˈpɒlɪsiz
rɪˈmuːvd ɔː rɪˈdjuːst
ˈgʌvənɪŋ
bɪˈheɪv rɪsˈpɒnsəbli
rɪˈnjuːd ˌʌndəˈstændɪŋ
kleɪmz
ˈbəʊlstəd
ɪgˈzɪstəns
ˈsɜːtn smɔːl kəˈmjuːnɪtiz ɪn ˌaɪsəʊˈleɪʃən
ˈrɛlətɪvli ˈlɪtl 
ˈmɒdən ˈvæljuːz
ˈprɒdʌkt
rɪˈfaɪnmənt
ˌriːɪnˈfɔːsmənt
ɪnˈfɔːst
ˈbruːtl ˈpɛnltiz
rɪˈfɔːmd
ɪmˈprɪznmənt
faɪnz
ˈhɑːʃə ˈpɛnltiz
ˈdɪstənt pɑːst
aʊtˈdeɪtɪd
dɪˈtɜː pəʊˈtɛnʃəl ˈkrɪmɪnlz
dɪsˈpaɪt
fəˈrɛnsɪk ˈsaɪəns
ˈnɪəli ju(ː)ˈbɪkwɪtəs sɜːˈveɪləns ˈkæmərəz
ɪt teɪks ˈlɪtl ɪˌmæʤɪˈneɪʃən tuː
liːn təˈwɔːdz ˈbreɪkɪŋ ðə ruːlz
ˈæbsəns
ˌɔːltəˈgɛðə
ˈkruːʃəl ˈbærɪəz
ɪkˈsɛsɪz
wɪʃt əˈweɪ
gʊd ˈkɒnʃəns
ɪmˈplaɪ
ʌnˈnɛsɪsərɪli strɪkt

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Many believe that t___________________w is the only reason society does not
d___________________y. I_________________t as i_________c, r_________________s of h______________e do not t_________________t the f____________________________y.

Those who have a more h_________________w of m___________d argue the modern p__________________n towards c______________________________e. Humans are not n___________________t and p________e to criminal activity. The last hundred years has seen t_________________________s in areas r_________________________________s to v_______g to m______________________________s. There is therefore a chance that even if society r________________________d laws g_________________g behaviour, individuals would continue to b_____________________y out of a r_________________________g of what it can mean to be human. These c_________s are b_______________d by the e______________e of c________________________________________n where there is r_______________e or no crime.

However, m_______________s are the p____________t of a r_____________t of humanity over centuries that still requires r_______________t. The laws against violent crimes, for example, were e___________d with b____________________s for thousands of years in countries around the world. Only in the last two hundred years, have most nations r_____________d punishments to be either i________________t or f________s. The h___________________s of the d_______________t might be o____________d, but the current ones still d___________________________s. The best evidence of this is that people today still attempt to commit crimes d________e advances in f___________________e and n________________________________________s. I_____________________________o see realise many more would l___________________________________s in the a_____________e of punishments a_______________r.

In conclusion, laws and regulations are c________________s to the e____________s of human nature and cannot be w_____________y with a g___________________e. This does not, however, i__________y they must be u____________________________t.

Listening Practice

Watch the video below and use these activities to practice:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUTYSyd3LR0&ab_channel=YesTheory

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and practice with these ideas:

https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/06/chauvin-did-what-trump-asked-him-do/612574/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Truth in Crime

  1. Why do witnesses of crimes sometimes disagree in their accounts?
  2. How can modern technology help solve crimes?
  3. Will teaching children to be honest reduce crime in the future?
  4. Should there be more severe penalties for crimes like libel?
  5. How will the detection of lies change in the future?

Writing Practice

Write about the related topic below and then check with my sample answer:

Many researchers believe that we can now study the behaviour of children to see if they will grow up to be criminals, while others disagree.

To what extent do you think crime is determined by genetics?

Is it possible to stop children from growing up to be criminals?

https://howtodoielts.com/ielts-essay-crime-and-human-nature/

IELTS Essay: Music and Relaxation

IELTS Essay: Music and Relaxation

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of music and relaxation from the real IELTS exam.

For exclusive acces to my IELTS Ebooks, learn more about my Patreon here, my online courses here, and my writing corrections here.

Dave

IELTS Essay: Music and Relaxation

Some people think that the most important function of music is to help people relax.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many believe that music serves primarily as a means of relaxation while others think it is more than that. I am in agreement with the former as there are other purposes for music but they can all be roughly defined as ways of relaxing.

Those who feel music is more than just relaxation point out its other stated uses. For example, many people listen to music in more active settings, such as in night clubs, and dance along. In difficult emotional periods, including after a bad breakup or the loss of a loved one, some individuals turn to music to cope or lift up their spirits. There are also those who view music as an art form no different from literature, painting, and poetry. For them, music serves the myriad purposes of artistic appreciation that include offering insights into life and the artistic expression of others.

Nonetheless, the reasons detailed above can all be generally categorised as forms of relaxation and the most common purpose of music is unadorned enjoyment. People relax in different ways and that can include dancing, connecting with music emotionally or enjoying art. The majority of people, however, simply listen to music throughout the day as a way of escaping from the pressures and demands of work and family. Studies have shown that listening to music regularly can reduce blood pressure and ease the burdens that modern life places on mental health. This is the reason why workers, students, and parents gravitate towards music, in addition to other kinds of light entertainment, at the end of a long day and explains the enduring success of the industry.

In conclusion, music is mainly for relaxation, though this takes on different variations depending on the person in question. This desire to relax is part of a shared humanity that unites all peoples.

Analysis

1. Many believe that music serves primarily as a means of relaxation while others think it is more than that. 2. I am in agreement with the former as there are other purposes for music but they can all be roughly defined as ways of relaxing.

  1. Paraphrase the essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Those who feel music is more than just relaxation point out its other stated uses. 2. For example, many people listen to music in more active settings, such as in night clubs, and dance along. 3. In difficult emotional periods, including after a bad breakup or the loss of a loved one, some individuals turn to music to cope or lift up their spirits. 4. There are also those who view music as an art form no different from literature, painting, and poetry. 5. For them, music serves the myriad purposes of artistic appreciation that include offering insights into life and the artistic expression of others.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea or start an example.
  3. Develop the example.
  4. Develop it as fully as possible with specific details.
  5. State the furthest possible result.

1. Nonetheless, the reasons detailed above can all be generally categorised as forms of relaxation and the most common purpose of music is unadorned enjoyment. 2. People relax in different ways and that can include dancing, connecting with music emotionally or enjoying art. 3. The majority of people, however, simply listen to music throughout the day as a way of escaping from the pressures and demands of work and family. 4. Studies have shown that listening to music regularly can reduce blood pressure and ease the burdens that modern life places on mental health. 5. This is the reason why workers, students, and parents gravitate towards music, in addition to other kinds of light entertainment, at the end of a long day and explains the enduring success of the industry.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Develop it.
  4. Keep adding specific support such as research.
  5. Conclude with a strong statement at the end.

1. In conclusion, music is mainly for relaxation, though this takes on different variations depending on the person in question. 2. This desire to relax is part of a shared humanity that unites all peoples.

  1. Summarise your main ideas and repeat your opinion.
  2. Add a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

Many believe that music serves primarily as a means of relaxation while others think it is more than that. I am in agreement with the former as there are other purposes for music but they can all be roughly defined as ways of relaxing.

Those who feel music is more than just relaxation point out its other stated uses. For example, many people listen to music in more active settings, such as in night clubs, and dance along. In difficult emotional periods, including after a bad breakup or the loss of a loved one, some individuals turn to music to cope or lift up their spirits. There are also those who view music as an art form no different from literature, painting, and poetry. For them, music serves the myriad purposes of artistic appreciation that include offering insights into life and the artistic expression of others.

Nonetheless, the reasons detailed above can all be generally categorised as forms of relaxation and the most common purpose of music is unadorned enjoyment. People relax in different ways and that can include dancing, connecting with music emotionally or enjoying art. The majority of people, however, simply listen to music throughout the day as a way of escaping from the pressures and demands of work and family. Studies have shown that listening to music regularly can reduce blood pressure and ease the burdens that modern life places on mental health. This is the reason why workers, students, and parents gravitate towards music, in addition to other kinds of light entertainment, at the end of a long day and explains the enduring success of the industry.

In conclusion, music is mainly for relaxation, though this takes on different variations depending on the person in question. This desire to relax is part of a shared humanity that unites all peoples.

Answers

serves primarily as is mainly for

means of relaxation a way to chill out

I am in agreement with I agree with

former mentioned before

purposes methods

roughly defined generally grouped as

ways of relaxing means of chilling out

point out argue

other stated uses different purposes claimed

more active settings lively places

night clubs places to dance at night

difficult emotional periods tough times

bad breakup breaking up with a significant other

loss of a loved one someone dying

turn to music depend on music

cope deal with

lift up raise

spirits feelings, emotions

art form no different from kind of art the same as

serves the myriad purposes works for multiple reasons

artistic appreciation enjoying art

offering insights into life explains about life

artistic expression self-expression

nonetheless regardless

detailed above mentioned before

generally categorised roughly defined as

forms types

most common purpose why it is usually done

unadorned enjoyment simple pleasure

connecting understanding

emotionally with emotion, feeling

majority most of

throughout all during

a way of escaping getting away from

pressures stresses

demands pressures

studies have shown research supports

regularly on a regular basis

reduce blood pressure healthier heart

ease the burdens relieve stress

modern life the way people live now

places on mental health puts on one’s mind

gravitate move towards

in addition to also

light entertainment TV, movies, music, etc.

at the end of a long day after work

explains illustrates

enduring success continued popularity

mainly mostly

variations differences

depending on in certain situations

desire drive

shared humanity what all humans have in common

unites brings together

Pronunciation

sɜːvz ˈpraɪmərɪli æz 
miːnz ɒv ˌriːlækˈseɪʃən 
aɪ æm ɪn əˈgriːmənt wɪð 
ˈfɔːmə 
ˈpɜːpəsɪz 
ˈrʌfli dɪˈfaɪnd 
weɪz ɒv rɪˈlæksɪŋ
pɔɪnt aʊt 
ˈʌðə ˈsteɪtɪd ˈjuːzɪz
mɔːr ˈæktɪv ˈsɛtɪŋz
naɪt klʌbz
ˈdɪfɪkəlt ɪˈməʊʃənl ˈpɪərɪədz
bæd ˈbreɪkˈʌp 
lɒs ɒv ə lʌvd wʌn
tɜːn tuː ˈmjuːzɪk 
kəʊp 
lɪft ʌp 
ˈspɪrɪts
ɑːt fɔːm nəʊ ˈdɪfrənt frɒm 
sɜːvz ðə ˈmɪrɪəd ˈpɜːpəsɪz 
ɑːˈtɪstɪk əˌpriːʃɪˈeɪʃ(ə)n 
ˈɒfərɪŋ ˈɪnsaɪts ˈɪntuː laɪf 
ɑːˈtɪstɪk ɪksˈprɛʃən 
ˌnʌnðəˈlɛs
ˈdiːteɪld əˈbʌv 
ˈʤɛnərəli ˈkætɪgəraɪzd 
fɔːmz 
məʊst ˈkɒmən ˈpɜːpəs 
ˌʌnəˈdɔːnd ɪnˈʤɔɪmənt
kəˈnɛktɪŋ 
ɪˈməʊʃənli 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
θru(ː)ˈaʊt 
ə weɪ ɒv ɪsˈkeɪpɪŋ 
ˈprɛʃəz 
dɪˈmɑːndz 
ˈstʌdiz hæv ʃəʊn 
ˈrɛgjʊləli 
rɪˈdjuːs blʌd ˈprɛʃə 
iːz ðə ˈbɜːdnz 
ˈmɒdən laɪf 
ˈpleɪsɪz ɒn ˈmɛntl hɛlθ
ˈgrævɪteɪt 
ɪn əˈdɪʃ(ə)n tuː 
laɪt ˌɛntəˈteɪnmənt
æt ði ɛnd ɒv ə lɒŋ deɪ 
ɪksˈpleɪnz 
ɪnˈdjʊərɪŋ səkˈsɛs 
ˈmeɪnli 
ˌveərɪˈeɪʃənz 
dɪˈpɛndɪŋ ɒn 
dɪˈzaɪə 
ʃeəd hju(ː)ˈmænɪti 
juːˈnaɪts

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Many believe that music s________________________s a m___________________n while others think it is more than that. I________________________h the f__________r as there are other p___________s for music but they can all be r__________________d as w___________________g.

Those who feel music is more than just relaxation p__________t its o_________________s. For example, many people listen to music in m____________________s, such as in n____________s, and dance along. In d_________________________s, including after a b_____________p or the l_______________________________e, some individuals t_____________c to c____e or l___________p their s__________s. There are also those who view music as an a_____________________________m literature, painting, and poetry. For them, music s___________________________s of a_______________________n that include o___________________________e and the a__________________n of others.

N________________s, the reasons d_______________e can all be g______________________d as f________s of relaxation and the m______________________e of music is u______________________t. People relax in different ways and that can include dancing, c_____________g with music e________________y or enjoying art. The m_____________y of people, however, simply listen to music t________________t the day as a___________________g from the p_____________s and d____________s of work and family. S_____________________n that listening to music r___________y can r_____________________e and e____________________s that m_______________e p___________________________h. This is the reason why workers, students, and parents g_____________e towards music, i_________________o other kinds of l_____________________t, a_____________________________y and e____________s the e_____________________s of the industry.

In conclusion, music is m___________y for relaxation, though this takes on different v_____________s d_________________n the person in question. This d________e to relax is part of a s_________________y that u_______s all peoples.

Listening Practice

Listen more about this topic below and practice with these ideas:

Reading Practice

Read more and practice with these news reading activities:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/sleep-newzzz/201812/the-many-health-and-sleep-benefits-music

Speaking Practice

Practice speaking with these real questions from IELTS speaking:

Music

  1. Do you like music?
  2. Which types of music do you like?
  3. Would you like to learn a musical instrument?
  4. Do you prefer listening to music by yourself or with someone else?

Writing Practice

Write about the related topic below and then check with my sample answer:

Many people believe that music is just a form of entertainment, whilst others believe that music has a much larger impact on society today.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion. 

IELTS Essay: Choosing a Job

IELTS Essay: Choosing a Job

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer from the general training exam on the topic of choosing a job.

Jobs come up all the time in the general training exam!

For my exclusive IELTS Ebooks, learn more about my Patreon here, my online courses here, and my writing corrections here.

Dave

IELTS Essay: Choosing a Job

Some people say young people should be completely free to choose their future job but others think young people must be more realistic in their choice.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Many are of the view that young people should prioritise pragmatic career choices over their passions. In my opinion, youth is an opportunity to follow pursuits with a low probability of success.

Many parents in particular are heavily invested in the idea of security. This is often the case if they had a difficult upbringing or were born into times of national upheaval. For example, many parents in Vietnam who grew up immediately after the American War, are still scarred by their experiences of deprivation. As a result, it is a common refrain in Vietnam these days for young people to complain about how much control their parents have over their choice of a major or career. Most students consequently work in safe, tedious fields like finance, banking, advertising, and law. They have job security and a basic floor on their earning potential in the event of an economic downturn.

However, failing at a particular career path early in life does not foreclose future success. Most can major in a subject they love, work for several years in that field and the likely results will either be some degree of success or modest failure. If they fail, it is possible to move on in one’s twenties to study or work towards a safer, more lucrative position. This attempt is also justified by the rare instances of tremendous achievement including famous actors, directors, singers, and other artists. Therefore, choosing a career freely can be vindicated by the combination of potential fame, less transcendent but still respectable jobs, and the ability to transition to a new career before middle age.

In conclusion, the allure of security does not outweigh the myriad advantages of freely choosing a career one. Parents and students should both heed this advice or risk regretting the missed opportunity.

Analysis

1. Many are of the view that young people should prioritise pragmatic career choices over their passions. 2. In my opinion, youth is an opportunity to follow pursuits with a low probability of success.

  1. Paraphrase the essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Many parents in particular are heavily invested in the idea of security. 2. This is often the case if they had a difficult upbringing or were born into times of national upheaval. 3. For example, many parents in Vietnam who grew up immediately after the American War, are still scarred by their experiences of deprivation. 4. As a result, it is a common refrain in Vietnam these days for young people to complain about how much control their parents have over their choice of a major or career. 5. Most students consequently work in safe, tedious fields like finance, banking, advertising, and law. 6. They have job security and a basic floor on their earning potential in the event of an economic downturn.

  1. Write a clear topic sentence with a main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Begin a specific example.
  4. Develop it.
  5. Continue developing it by stating the results.
  6. Finish developing the example.

1. However, failing at a particular career path early in life does not foreclose future success. 2. Most can major in a subject they love, work for several years in that field and the likely results will either be some degree of success or modest failure. 3. If they fail, it is possible to move on in one’s twenties to study or work towards a safer, more lucrative position. 4. This attempt is also justified by the rare instances of tremendous achievement including famous actors, directors, singers, and other artists. 5. Therefore, choosing a career freely can be vindicated by the combination of potential fame, less transcendent but still respectable jobs, and the ability to transition to a new career before middle age.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Develop a hypothetical example.
  4. Keep adding specific detail.
  5. Conclude with a strong statement.

1. In conclusion, the allure of security does not outweigh the myriad advantages of freely choosing a career one. 2. Parents and students should both heed this advice or risk regretting the missed opportunity.

  1. Summarise your ideas and repeat your opinion.
  2. Add a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

Many are of the view that young people should prioritise pragmatic career choices over their passions. In my opinion, youth is an opportunity to follow pursuits with a low probability of success.

Many parents in particular are heavily invested in the idea of security. This is often the case if they had a difficult upbringing or were born into times of national upheaval. For example, many parents in Vietnam who grew up immediately after the American War, are still scarred by their experiences of deprivation. As a result, it is a common refrain in Vietnam these days for young people to complain about how much control their parents have over their choice of a major or career. Most students consequently work in safe, tedious fields like finance, banking, advertising, and law. They have job security and a basic floor on their earning potential in the event of an economic downturn.

However, failing at a particular career path early in life does not foreclose future success. Most can major in a subject they love, work for several years in that field and the likely results will either be some degree of success or modest failure. If they fail, it is possible to move on in one’s twenties to study or work towards a safer, more lucrative position. This attempt is also justified by the rare instances of tremendous achievement including famous actors, directors, singers, and other artists. Therefore, choosing a career freely can be vindicated by the combination of potential fame, less transcendent but still respectable jobs, and the ability to transition to a new career before middle age.

In conclusion, the allure of security does not outweigh the myriad advantages of freely choosing a career one. Parents and students should both heed this advice or risk regretting the missed opportunity.

Answers

many are of the view some think

prioritise pragmatic career choices value a safe job

over above

passions what they love

opportunity chance

follow pursuits try to do

low probability not much of a chance of

in particular especially

heavily invested put a lot into

idea of security concept of safety

often the case usually

difficult upbringing bad childhood

born into were kids when

times of national upheaval bad part of a country’s history

immediately after following

scarred traumatised

experiences of deprivation times of trauma

as a result consequently

common refrain usually said

complain not happy about

control have power over

consequently as a result

safe security

tedious fields boring jobs

finance related to money

banking related to banks

advertising ads for products

law legal field

job security safe employment

basic floor minimum

earning potential how much they can make

in the event of an economic downturn if the economy crashes

failing at a particular career path early in life not succeeding early on with a job

foreclose future success prevent success later

major in study

likely results probably will happen

some degree of success to an extent going well

modest failure small failure

move on do something new

twenties 20s

work towards try to

safer more secure

lucrative position rich job

attempt try

rare instances sometimes

tremendous achievement great success

vindicated justified

combination altogether

potential fame possibly being a celebrity

less transcendent not as great

still respectable jobs good employment

transition change to/move on

middle age 40 – 55 years old

allure attraction

outweigh stronger than

myriad advantages many benefits

heed listen to

advice suggestion

risk regretting afraid they will have wished they did it

missed opportunity chance you didn’t take

Pronunciation

ˈmɛni ɑːr ɒv ðə vjuː 
praɪˈɒrɪˌtaɪz prægˈmætɪk kəˈrɪə ˈʧɔɪsɪz 
ˈəʊvə 
ˈpæʃənz
ˌɒpəˈtjuːnɪti 
ˈfɒləʊ pəˈsjuːts 
ləʊ ˌprɒbəˈbɪlɪti 
ɪn pəˈtɪkjʊlə 
ˈhɛvɪli ɪnˈvɛstɪd 
aɪˈdɪə ɒv sɪˈkjʊərɪti
ˈɒf(ə)n ðə keɪs 
ˈdɪfɪkəlt ˈʌpˌbrɪŋɪŋ 
bɔːn ˈɪntuː 
taɪmz ɒv ˈnæʃənl ʌpˈhiːvəl
ɪˈmiːdiətli ˈɑːftə
skɑːd 
ɪksˈpɪərɪənsɪz ɒv ˌdɛprɪˈveɪʃən
æz ə rɪˈzʌlt
ˈkɒmən rɪˈfreɪn 
kəmˈpleɪn 
kənˈtrəʊl 
ˈkɒnsɪkwəntli 
seɪf
ˈtiːdiəs fiːldz 
faɪˈnæns
ˈbæŋkɪŋ
ˈædvətaɪzɪŋ 
lɔː
ʤɒb sɪˈkjʊərɪti 
ˈbeɪsɪk flɔː 
ˈɜːnɪŋ pəʊˈtɛnʃəl 
ɪn ði ɪˈvɛnt ɒv ən ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk ˈdaʊntɜːn
ˈfeɪlɪŋ æt ə pəˈtɪkjʊlə kəˈrɪə pɑːθ ˈɜːli ɪn laɪf 
fɔːˈkləʊz ˈfjuːʧə səkˈsɛs
ˈmeɪʤər ɪn 
ˈlaɪkli rɪˈzʌlts 
sʌm dɪˈgriː ɒv səkˈsɛs 
ˈmɒdɪst ˈfeɪljə
muːv ɒn 
ˈtwɛntɪz 
wɜːk təˈwɔːdz 
ˈseɪfə 
ˈluːkrətɪv pəˈzɪʃən 
əˈtɛmpt 
reər ˈɪnstənsɪz 
trɪˈmɛndəs əˈʧiːvmənt 
ˈvɪndɪkeɪtɪd 
ˌkɒmbɪˈneɪʃən 
pəʊˈtɛnʃəl feɪm
lɛs trænˈsɛndənt 
stɪl rɪsˈpɛktəbl ʤɒbz
trænˈsɪʒən 
ˈmɪdl eɪʤ
əˈljʊə 
aʊtˈweɪ 
ˈmɪrɪəd ədˈvɑːntɪʤɪz 
hiːd 
ədˈvaɪs 
rɪsk rɪˈgrɛtɪŋ 
mɪst ˌɒpəˈtjuːnɪti

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

M______________________w that young people should p_________________________________s o_____r their p___________s. In my opinion, youth is an o_______________y to f_________________s with a l_____________________y of success.

Many parents i_________________r are h________________d in the i_________________________y. This is o________________e if they had a d_____________________g or were b_______________________________________l. For example, many parents in Vietnam who grew up i__________________r the American War, are still s___________d by their e_________________________n. As a________t, it is a c_______________n in Vietnam these days for young people to c____________n about how much c__________l their parents have over their choice of a major or career. Most students c_______________y work in s_____e, t_________________s like f___________e, b__________g, a____________g, and l__w. They have j_____________y and a b___________r on their e______________________l i___________________________________n.

However, f_____________________________________________________e does not f___________________________s. Most can m__________n a subject they love, work for several years in that field and the l_______________s will either be s________________________s or m__________________e. If they fail, it is possible to m__________n in one’s t____________s to study or w________________s a s_______r, more l____________________n. This a____________t is also justified by the r__________________s of t_________________________t including famous actors, directors, singers, and other artists. Therefore, choosing a career freely can be v______________d by the c______________n of p_______________e, l__________________________t but s________________________s, and the ability to t________________n to a new career before m_______________e.

In conclusion, the a_________e of security does not o___________h the m___________________________s of freely choosing a career one. Parents and students should both h______d this a________e or r____________________g the m____________________________y.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic in the video below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://jobs.washingtonpost.com/article/4-signs-it-s-time-to-choose-a-new-career-path/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Work 1 (Model answer available on my Patreon)

  1. Do you work or are you a student?
  2. Do you like your current job?
  3. In the future, do you want to change jobs?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related topic below and then check with my sample answer:

When a person spends most of his or her time working a job with little job satisfaction, their life loses meaning.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Essay: Learning Languages

IELTS Essay: Learning Languages

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay related to learning a language.

It is only available as a complete Ebook on my Patreon here.

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This supports me so that I can continue writing these essays for everyone – please learn more about my Patreon here.

Here is the topic:

Computers today can quickly and accurately translate languages, therefore, it is a waste of time to learn a foreign language.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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Dave

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