IELTS Writing Task 1: Process/Diagram Generating Electricity (Real Past IELTS Tests)

IELTS Writing Task 1: Process/Diagram Generating Electricity (Real Past IELTS Tests)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from the real exam about a process or diagram related to generating electricity (taken from MacMillan IELTS Writing).

Processes are always a bit tricky and you should spend some time studying them in case if they come up on your exam.

They are rarer on IELTS than the graphs and charts but there is still a good chance you will end up with a graph!

Here are some other IELTS Task 1 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

Here you can read about how to analyse a process on IELTS and here is another process sample answer related to the production of orange juice.

IELTS Writing Task 1: Process/Diagram Generating Electricity (by Dave)

The diagram below shows the process of electricity production.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Process/Diagram

IELTS Writing Task 1 Process/Diagram

The process details the steps in the production of electricity. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that energy production involves the combination of coal and oxygen undergoing various chemical processes including heating that result in gases that then power two different types of turbines to produce electricity.

In the earliest stages, coal is transported by ramp to a furnace where it is heated and combined with oxygen. The waste byproduct of this is slag and the desired gas (raw syngas) is then sent for removal of its harmful contaminants, CO2, mercury, and sulphur, before the purified gas is used to run a gas turbine connected to a generator. This is the first way that elecrtricity is created.

However, the gas turbine using the purified syngas also produces excess hot gases and these are utilised in a heat recovery steam generator (which releases flue gases into the atmosphere). The generator produces steam which turns the turbines of a steam turbine to generate additional electricity.

Word count: 166

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The process details the steps in the production of electricity. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that energy production involves the combination of coal and oxygen undergoing various chemical processes including heating that result in gases that then power two different types of turbines to produce electricity.

1. My first sentence paraphrases what the process is about. Write this sentence quickly because it isn’t really all that important compared to the sentences that come later.

2. This is the most important sentence of your writing. You can put it here or write it in a conclusion. For a process, try to divide it up into 2, 3 or 4 main stages and describe those stages in some way. Don’t include too much detail but don’t simply write the number of stages – that is not specific enough!

1. In the earliest stages, coal is transported by ramp to a furnace where it is heated and combined with oxygen. 2. The waste byproduct of this is slag and the desired gas (raw syngas) is then sent for removal of its harmful contaminants, CO2, mercury, and sulphur, before the purified gas is used to run a gas turbine connected to a generator. 3. This is the first way that elecrtricity is created.

1. The first sentence begins with the first stages of the process.

2. My second sentence continues to describe it. Try to have a mix of long and short sentences to show off your range of grammar but also keep your writing clear.

3. The final sentence sums up how electricity is made (one way).

1. However, the gas turbine using the purified syngas also produces excess hot gases and these are utilised in a heat recovery steam generator (which releases flue gases into the atmosphere). 2. The generator produces steam which turns the turbines of a steam turbine to generate additional electricity.

1. The first sentence continues the process by showing the other way electricity is produced.

2. The second sentence finishes the essay. You do not need a conclusion (unless if you didn’t write an overview yet).

Sample Answer Vocabulary

Figure out what the words in bold mean by reading the sentences around them. Write down the meaning and then check your answers below.

The process details the steps in the production of electricity. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that energy production involves the combination of coal and oxygen undergoing various chemical processes including heating that result in gases that then power two different types of turbines to produce electricity.

In the earliest stages, coal is transported by ramp to a furnace where it is heated and combined with oxygen. The waste byproduct of this is slag and the desired gas (raw syngas) is then sent for removal of its harmful contaminants, CO2, mercury, and sulphur, before the purified gas is used to run a gas turbine connected to a generator. This is the first way that elecrtricity is created.

However, the gas turbine using the purified syngas also produces excess hot gases and these are utilised in a heat recovery steam generator (which releases flue gases into the atmosphere). The generator produces steam which turns the turbines of a steam turbine to generate additional electricity.

Answers:

details: describes

overall perspective: overview/generally

readily apparent: very clear

involves: has to do with

combination: mixes

undergoing: goes through

chemical processes: related to the transformation of the substances

result in: leads to

power: makes it work (the verb form of power)

In the earliest stages: at the beginning

ramp: a long plank leading upwards to transport something

furnace: a hot chamber for creating heat

byproduct: secondary or unintended result

slag: the byproduct of some processes/trash basically

syngas: a fuel gas mixture

removal: takes out of

harmful contaminants: pollutants

purified gas: clean gas

run: works on/is powered by

gas turbine: a machine that produces energy from gas

generator: a machine that creates electricity

excess hot gases: extra gas produced in the process

utilised: used for

atmosphere: the air

steam: hot air

Pronunciation:

ˈdiːteɪlz 

ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪv 

ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt 

ɪnˈvɒlvz 

ˌkɒmbɪˈneɪʃən 

ˌʌndəˈgəʊɪŋ 

ˈkɛmɪkəl ˈprəʊsɛsɪz 

rɪˈzʌlt ɪn 

ˈpaʊə 

ɪn ði ˈɜːlɪɪst ˈsteɪʤɪz 

ræmp   

ˈfɜːnɪs 

ˈbaɪˌprɒdʌkt 

slæg 

syngas 

rɪˈmuːvəl 

ˈhɑːmfʊl kənˈtæmɪnənts 

ˈpjʊərɪfaɪd gæs 

rʌn 

gæs ˈtɜːbɪn 

ˈʤɛnəreɪtə 

ɪkˈsɛs hɒt ˈgæsɪz 

ˈjuːtɪˌlaɪzd 

ˈætməsfɪə 

stiːm

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The process ______________ the steps in the production of electricity. Looking from an ______________, it is ______________ that energy production ______________ the ______________ of coal and oxygen ______________ various ______________ including heating that ______________ gases that then ______________ two different types of turbines to produce electricity.

______________, coal is transported by ______________ to a ______________ where it is heated and combined with oxygen. The waste ______________ of this is ______________ and the desired gas (raw ______________) is then sent for ______________ of its ______________, CO2, mercury, and sulphur, before the ______________ is used to ______________ a ______________ connected to a ______________. This is the first way that elecrtricity is created.

However, the gas turbine using the purified syngas also produces ______________ and these are ______________ in a heat recovery steam generator (which releases flue gases into the ______________). The generator produces ______________ which turns the turbines of a steam turbine to generate additional electricity.

Learn More about Electricity:

Electricity 101

Comment your sample answer for the process above and I will give you some feedback in the comments!

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS (and up to date with me)!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Public Park Map (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Public Park Map (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from IELTS Cambridge 14 about the map of a public park. It’s a nice break from graphs to write about a map!

It does present some challenges, though. The overview is really tough – so is the structure of the paragraphs and some of the vocabulary!

Read on to see how I handled those problems…

Here are some other IELTS Task 1 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Public Park Map (IELTS Cambridge 14)

The plans below show a public park when it first opened in 1920 and the samepark today.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Cambridge 14 Map

IELTS Cambridge 14 Map

The maps detail the changes since 1920 to today of Grand Park. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the park added and expanded areas mainly related to entertainment including a larger stage and various areas for recreation. There was also significant relocation in terms of seating and the only areas that remained the same were the entrances and one minor garden.

The most striking change is in the center of the park where the fountain has been removed in favour of a rose garden with full seating around it. To the left of the new garden, the previous stage for musicians has been turned into a much larger ampitheatre facing the opposite direction that will allow for concerts in the park. This change has necessitated the removal of both seating on the far left side as well as the rose garden in the bottom left corner of the map.

The entrances at the top and bottom in the middle have remained unchanged but on the right side a cafe has replaced the rose garden and where there was a pond for water plants in the top right corner, there is now a children’s play area. Instead of the pond, a water feature has been built occupying the bottom right corner (replacing a glasshouse and some seats). Finally, leading to the water park is a new entrance for an underground car park.

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The maps detail the changes since 1920 to today of Grand Park. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the park added and expanded areas mainly related to entertainment including a larger stage and various areas for recreation. 3. There was also significant relocation in terms of seating and the only areas that remained the same were the entrances and one minor garden.

1. The first sentence paraphrases what map is showing – write this sentence very quickly because it hardly effects your score at all!

2-3. Then is my overview for the map. For a map, don’t list all the changes and don’t include any opinion. Instead, try to group and describe/define the changes. It is very similar to the overview for a process.

1. The most striking change is in the center of the park where the fountain has been removed in favour of a rose garden with full seating around it. 2. To the left of the new garden, the previous stage for musicians has been turned into a much larger ampitheatre facing the opposite direction that will allow for concerts in the park. 3. This change has necessitated the removal of both seating on the far left side as well as the rose garden in the bottom left corner of the map.

1. The first sentence focuses on the fountain in the centre. Try to choose a logical area to start and then expand from there so that your writing has a natural structure and it helps your cohesion/coherence store.

2. My second sentence describes the major changes next to the fountain.

3. The third sentence concludes the paragraph by describing some other related areas of the map.

1. The entrances at the top and bottom in the middle have remained unchanged but on the right side a cafe has replaced the rose garden and where there was a pond for water plants in the top right corner, there is now a children’s play area. 2. Instead of the pond, a water feature has been built occupying the bottom right corner (replacing a glasshouse and some seats). 3. Finally, leading to the water park is a new entrance for an underground car park.

1. My first sentence looks at the areas that didn’t change and the areas next to those that did change. Always compare the two maps!

2. The second sentence describes the water feature in the corner and what it replaced.

3. My final sentence talks about the only other areas I didn’t mention. Be sure to talk about everying on the map.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The maps detail the changes since 1920 to today of Grand Park. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the park added and expanded areas mainly related to entertainment including a larger stage and various areas for recreation. There was also significant relocation in terms of seating and the only areas that remained the same were the entrances and one minor garden.

The most striking change is in the center of the park where the fountain has been removed in favour of a rose garden with full seating around it. To the left of the new garden, the previous stage for musicians has been turned into a much larger ampitheatre facing the opposite direction that will allow for concerts in the park. This change has necessitated the removal of both seating on the far left side as well as the rose garden in the bottom left corner of the map.

The entrances at the top and bottom in the middle have remained unchanged but on the right side a cafe has replaced the rose garden and where there was a pond for water plants in the top right corner, there is now a children’s play area. Instead of the pond, a water feature has been built occupying the bottom right corner (replacing a glasshouse and some seats). Finally, leading to the water park is a new entrance for an underground car park.

Answers:

detail: describes/illustrates

expanded: make larger

mainly related to: mostly about

significant relocation in terms of: big move to

minor: small

The most striking change: biggest difference

in favour of: in order to have

previous: prior

turned into: becomes

facing the opposite direction: looking the other way

allow for: makes it possible for

necessitated: makes it possible

as well as: and

replaced: takes the place of

occupying: in the place of

leading to: going towards

Pronunciation:

ˈdiːteɪl 

ɪksˈpændɪd 

ˈmeɪnli rɪˈleɪtɪd tuː 

sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt ˌriːləʊˈkeɪʃən ɪn tɜːmz ɒv 

ˈmaɪnə 

ðə məʊst ˈstraɪkɪŋ ʧeɪnʤ 

ɪn ˈfeɪvəɒv 

ˈpriːviəs 

tɜːnd ˈɪntuː 

ˈfeɪsɪŋ ði ˈɒpəzɪt dɪˈrɛkʃən 

əˈlaʊ fɔː 

nɪˈsɛsɪteɪtɪd 

æz wɛl æz 

rɪˈpleɪst 

ˈɒkjʊpaɪɪŋ 

ˈliːdɪŋ tuː

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The maps _____________ the changes since 1920 to today of Grand Park. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the park added and _____________ areas _____________ entertainment including a larger stage and various areas for recreation. There was also _____________ seating and the only areas that remained the same were the entrances and one _____________ garden.

_____________ is in the center of the park where the fountain has been removed _____________ a rose garden with full seating around it. To the left of the new garden, the _____________ stage for musicians has been _____________ a much larger ampitheatre _____________ that will _____________ concerts in the park. This change has _____________ the removal of both seating on the far left side _____________ the rose garden in the bottom left corner of the map.

The entrances at the top and bottom in the middle have remained unchanged but on the right side a cafe has _____________ the rose garden and where there was a pond for water plants in the top right corner, there is now a children’s play area. Instead of the pond, a water feature has been built _____________ the bottom right corner (replacing a glasshouse and some seats). Finally, _____________ the water park is a new entrance for an underground car park.

Learn about the World’s Most Famous Park: NYC’s Central Park 

Comment below – Is there a park near where you live?

Kind of. Near my house is a …

Not really but… 

Where I live…

My city is well-known for…

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS (and up to date with me)!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Hydroelectric Power Station Process Diagram (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Hydroelectric Power Station Process Diagram (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample Answer from the IELTS Cambridge 14 book of past sample tests and it is a process describing a hydroelectric power station.

Interesting stuff…

Processes are a bit tricky both in terms of the general overview and the structure of the writing.

I find it really hard to write enough words about a process. They are really simple to describe and you can often end up short of the word count.

Your writing might also sound mechanical if you just follow it step by step without giving an overall picture of the process.

For most processes, you will also need to use more of the passive voice than you are used to.

There are a lot of complex moving parts in a process – just like in a hydroelectric power station!

Read on to see how I handled it!

You can find more of my task 1 sample answers here.

And my task 2 sample answers here.

Finally, here is everything that you need to know to practice well with IELTS Cambridge 14.

 

 

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Map Hydroelectric Power Station (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Cambridge 14 Process

IELTS Cambridge 14 Process

The diagram below shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The process shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. In general, the diagram can be broadly separated into day and night stages with the daylight stages involving the generation of electricity from a river and storage of water in a reservoir. At night the water flows back in the other direction towards an initial reservoir and the river.

The first stage of the process involves channelling the river into a high-level reservoir backed up by a dam. There is an intake area leading to the power station that is open during the day and closes at night. Water flows during the day to generate electricity through the power station turbines and the resulting electricity is sent to a national grid through power lines while the excess water runs to a low-level reservoir.

The reversible turbines that operate the generator during the day allow the station to pump the water in the low-level reservoir back into the high-level reservoir for use the next day.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The process shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. 2. In general, the diagram can be broadly separated into day and night stages with the daylight stages involving the generation of electricity from a river and storage of water in a reservoir. 3. At night the water flows back in the other direction towards an initial reservoir and the river.

1. The first sentence states the topic – write this sentence very quickly because it’s not that important.

2-3. The next two sentences are my overview. This is the key sentence for your whole writing. For a process, don’t just list all the steps- try to groups and describe them somehow. Careful not to include any opinion!

1. The first stage of the process involves channelling the river into a high-level reservoir backed up by a dam. 2. There is an intake area leading to the power station that is open during the day and closes at night. 3. Water flows during the day to generate electricity through the power station turbines and the resulting electricity is sent to a national grid through power lines while the excess water runs to a low-level reservoir.

1. My first sentence focuses on the first stage of the process. This is the natural place to start.

2. The second sentence continues with the water flow through the process.

3. My third sentence describes the effect of the water going through the power station.

1. The reversible turbines that operate the generator during the day allow the station to pump the water in the low-level reservoir back into the high-level reservoir for use the next day.

1. My final sentence concludes by summarising where the water goes at night. Usually a paragraph should have at least two sentences but this one was simple enough to write so it works!

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The process shows how electricity is generated in a hydroelectric power station. In general, the diagram can be broadly separated into day and night stages with the daylight stages involving the generation of electricity from a river and storage of water in a reservoir. At night the water flows back in the other direction towards an initial reservoir and the river.

The first stage of the process involves channelling the river into a high-level reservoir backed up by a dam. There is an intake area leading to the power station that is open during the day and closes at night. Water flows during the day to generate electricity through the power station turbines and the resulting electricity is sent to a national grid through power lines while the excess water runs to a low-level reservoir.

The reversible turbines that operate the generator during the day allow the station to pump the water in the low-level reservoir back into the high-level reservoir for use the next day.

Answers:

hydroelectric power station: a place that produces electricity by using water

broadly separated: divided generally into

involving: includes

flows back: goes back in the direction of

channelling: forcing into a certain direction

backed up by: supported by

leading to: going towards

open during the day: not closed during daytime

flows: goes

through: pass into and out of

resulting: the result or effect/impact

excess water: extra water

operate: function/work

pump back: push the water to where it came from

for use: to be used

 

Pronunciation:

 ˌhaɪdrəʊɪˈlɛktrɪk ˈpaʊə ˈsteɪʃən 
ˈbrɔːdli ˈsɛpəreɪtɪd 
ɪnˈvɒlvɪŋ 
fləʊz bæk 
ˈʧænlɪŋ 
bækt ʌp baɪ 
ˈliːdɪŋ tuː 
ˈəʊpən ˈdjʊərɪŋ ðə deɪ 
fləʊz 
θruː 
rɪˈzʌltɪŋ 
ɪkˈsɛs ˈwɔːtə 
ˈɒpəreɪt 
pʌmp 
bæk 
fɔː juːz 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The process shows how electricity is generated in a ____________________. In general, the diagram can be

____________________ into day and night stages with the daylight stages

____________________ the generation of electricity from a river and storage of water in a resevoir. At night the water

____________________ in the other direction towards an initial resevoir and the river.

The first stage of the process involves ____________________ the river into a high-level resevoir ____________________ a dam. There is an intake area ____________________ the power station that is ____________________ and closes at night. Water ____________________ during the day to generate electricity ____________________ the power station turbines and the ____________________ electricity is sent to a national grid through power lines while the ____________________ runs to a low-level resevoir.

The reversible turbines that ____________________ the generator during the day allow the station to ____________________ the water in the low-level resevoir ____________________ into the high-level resevoir ____________________ the next day.

 

Learn a bit more about Hydro-Electric Power – What is it?

Comment your own writing below for some feedback from me!

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram – keep up to date with your English and your IELTS (and up to date with me)!t+

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Exports in Various Categories (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Exports in Various Categories (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from IELTS Cambridge 14 about exports and it is a bar graph (and a table!).

Most students struggle with questions that include two different kinds of graphs. In some ways this can be tricky, especially if the graphs are not really related to each other.

Luckily for these two the graphs are closely related and fairly simple.

It is still a challenge to write a clear over – keep reading to see how I did it!

Take a look here at how to describe multiple charts.

Here are some other IELTS Task 1 Writing Sample Answers that I wrote!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Exports in Various Categories (IELTS Cambridge 14)

The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in
each category of exports in 2016 compared with 2015.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Cambrdige 14 Bar Chart Table

IELTS Cambrdige 14 Bar Chart and Table

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and engineered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

 

 

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. 3. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and engineered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

1. The first sentence is just a simple paraphrase of the topic – don’t waste time on this sentence because it has very little impact on your score!

2-3. These sentences have a huge impact on your score! Write your general overview carefully and make sure that you include the trend, the speed and a ranking. Read more about overviews here. Be careful for this mistake that tons of students make with overviews for table.

1. The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). 2. That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

1. My first sentence focuses on the two most common areas and includes the data. Make sure that you include the data for every sentence!

2. The second sentence relates that same data to the percentage increases in the table. For these types of two chart questions, there isn’t always a strong relationship between the charts. But for this one there is so I wrote about them in the same paragraph!

1. Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. 2. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. 3. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. 4. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

1. My first sentence focuses on the other exports. I grouped them this way just to give my paragraphs some structure and help my cohesion and coherence score.

2. My second sentence focuses on the data for the only export to decrease over the period.

3. The third sentence includes all the data for agricultural goods and compares it to gems and jewellery – always compare!

4. The fourth sentence finishes describing the last area with all the data.

Sample Answer Vocabulary

What do the words in bold mean? If you’re not sure, don’t use a dictionary – try to figure out the meaning from the whole sentence then check your answers below!

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country across several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a moderate drop. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and engineered goods, while textiles and engineered goods made the largest percentile jumps.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from just over $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That translates to a 3% rise for petroleum and a more sizeable increase of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products were much lower. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. Despite this drop, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had pulled approximately level with agriculture by 2016.

Answers:

across: through all the areas

overall perspective: in general

readily apparent: clear

moderate drop: small decrease

made the largest percentile jumps: the largest increases (by percentage)

just over: a little bit above

translates: means

more sizeable increase: larger jumps

were much lower: a lot less

despite this drop: even though it decreased

respectively: in turn/for each

pulled approximately level with: was almost equal

 

Pronunciation

Try to remember and correctly pronounce the vocabulary from above:

ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪv

ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt

ˈmɒdərɪt drɒp

meɪd ðə ˈlɑːʤɪst percentile ʤʌmps

ʤʌst ˈəʊvə

trænsˈleɪts

mɔː ˈsaɪzəbl ˈɪnkriːs

wɜː mʌʧ ˈləʊə

dɪsˈpaɪt ðɪs drɒp

rɪsˈpɛktɪvli

pʊld əˈprɒksɪmɪtli ˈlɛvl wɪð

 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The given graph and table illustrate the changes in export earnings for a country ______________ several industries from 2015 to 2016 measured in billions of dollars. Looking from an ______________, it is ______________ that all earnings experienced rises except for gems and jewellery, which experienced a ______________. The majority of earnings came from petroleum and engineered goods, while textiles and engineered goods ______________.

The two main exports were petroleum products, which went from ______________ $61 billion in 2015 to around $63 billion by 2016, and engineered goods ($58 billion to $62 billion). That ______________ to a 3% rise for petroleum and a ______________ of 8.5% for engineered products.

Compared to these two exports, the other products ______________. Gems and jewellery, the only export to decrease, went down 5.18% from $43 billion to $41 billion. ______________, agricultural goods were lower throughout the period at around $31 and just over $31 billion in 2015 and 2016, ______________. Textiles were the lowest in 2015 at around $26 billion but had ______________ agriculture by 2016.

Comment below –

What are the chief exports from your country?

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram!

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Percentages of Sodium, Saturated Fats, Sugars in Meals (IELTS Cambridge 14)

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Percentages of Sodium, Saturated Fats, Sugars in Meals (IELTS Cambridge 14)

This is an IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer from IELTS Cambridge 14 showing pie charts of what makes up breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks in the average meal in the USA.

The first thing to notice about this graph is that it does not show time.

That means that you won’t be writing about trends, increase, decrease, etc.

Instead, it is basically all comparision of different percentages/proportions. I think that makes these graphs easier to write about.

The trickiest part is the general overview and the structure of the paragraphs.

Read the essay and analysis below to see how I handled these two problems!

If you want to read some more sample answers from IELTS Cambridge 14, you can read a task 2 about unsatisfactory lives here.

Enjoy!

 

 

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer: Percentages of Sodium, Saturated Fats, Sugars in Meals (IELTS Cambridge 14)

The charts below show the average percentages in typical meals of three types of nutrients, all of which may be unhealthy if eaten too much.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features,
and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Cambridge 14 Pie Charts

IELTS Cambridge 14 Pie Charts

The graph shows how much sodium, saturated fat and added sugars were consumed in the average meal in the United States. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the majority of sodium and fat were consumed at dinner, while most sugar was eaten in snacks. Lunch also tended to be salty and have a lot of fat while breakfast had the lowest percentages for all three nutrients.

Dinner and lunch had roughly similar, large proportions for both sodium (43% for dinner and 29% for lunch) and saturated fat (37% for dinner and 26% for lunch). The amount of sugar in an average meal for dinner and lunch was much lower at 23% and 19%, respectively.

Turning to breakfast and lunch, which also had comparable percentages, they were both made up of 14% sodium. For saturated fats, snacks contained 21% and breakfast was slightly lower at 16%. In terms of sugar, there was the greatest disparity with 42% of snacks being sugary and just 18% of breakfasts being made up of sugar.

IELTS Examiner Sample Answer Analysis

1. The graph shows how much sodium, saturated fat and added sugars were consumed in the average meal in the United States. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the majority of sodium and fat were consumed at dinner, while most sugar was eaten in snacks. 3. Lunch also tended to be salty and have a lot of fat while breakfast had the lowest percentages for all three nutrients.

1. The first sentence of the essay should just paraphrase the topic – don’t waste too much time on this sentence.

2-3. Next is the most most important sentence of your essay – your general overview. For this type of graph just make a comparision of ALL the different areas. Read more about overviews here.

1. Dinner and lunch had roughly similar, large proportions for both sodium (43% for dinner and 29% for lunch) and saturated fat (37% for dinner and 26% for lunch). 2. The amount of sugar in an average meal for dinner and lunch was much lower at 23% and 19%, respectively.

1. The first sentence contains the meals I will talk about. I chose to focus on lunch and dinner first and then in the next paragraph breakfast and snacks because they have more similar numbers. It would have been harder to write about the ingredients instead of the meals. But it is possible! Just make sure you have some kind of a logical structure for your paragraphs!

2. The second sentence finishes givin the data. Always include the data or you will get band 5 for task achievement!

1. Turning to breakfast and lunch, which also had comparable percentages, they were both made up of 14% sodium. 2. For saturated fats, snacks contained 21% and breakfast was slightly lower at 16%. 3. In terms of sugar, there was the greatest disparity with 42% of snacks being sugary and just 18% of breakfasts being made up of sugar.

1. The first sentence focuses on the other meals, gives my reason for focusing on them and describes the data. 

2. My next sentence continues to describe and compare the data for lunch and snacks.

3. My final sentence finishes the data. You don’t need a conclusion! You can include one if you feel that your overview needs a bit more detail though…

Sample Answer Vocabulary

Try to figure out what the words in bold mean from the sentences. Write down your guesses and then check your answers below.

The graph shows how much sodium, saturated fat and added sugars were consumed in the average meal in the United States. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the majority of sodium and fat were consumed at dinner, while most sugar was eaten in snacks. Lunch also tended to be salty and have a lot of fat while breakfast had the lowest percentages for all three nutrients.

Dinner and lunch had roughly similar, large proportions for both sodium (43% for dinner and 29% for lunch) and saturated fat (37% for dinner and 26% for lunch). The amount of sugar in an average meal for dinner and lunch was much lower at 23% and 19%, respectively.

Turning to breakfast and lunch, which also had comparable percentages, they were both made up of 14% sodium. For saturated fats, snacks contained 21% and breakfast was slightly lower at 16%. In terms of sugar, there was the greatest disparity with 42% of snacks being sugary and just 18% of breakfasts being made up of sugar.

Answers:

consumed: eaten

average meal: the amount that people normally eat

readily apparent: very clear

majority: most of

tended to be: usually did

nutrients: the compounds that make up foods

roughly similar: not that different

respectively: in turn/for each category

turning to: looking at the next area

comparable: similiar

made up of: composed/consisting of

slightly lower: a little bit less

greatest disparity: biggest difference

sugary: full of sugar/sweet

Pronunciation:

kənˈsjuːmd 
ˈævərɪʤ miːl 
ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
ˈtɛndɪd tuː biː 
ˈnjuːtrɪənts
ˈrʌfli ˈsɪmɪlə 
rɪsˈpɛktɪvli
ˈtɜːnɪŋ tuː  
ˈkɒmpərəbl 
meɪd ʌp ɒv 
ˈslaɪtli ˈləʊə 
ˈgreɪtɪst dɪsˈpærɪti 
ˈʃʊgəri 

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The graph shows how much sodium, saturated fat and added sugars were ___________ in the ___________ in the United States. Looking from an overall perspective, it is ___________ that the ___________ of sodium and fat were consumed at dinner, while most sugar was eaten in snacks. Lunch also ___________ salty and have a lot of fat while breakfast had the lowest percentages for all three ___________.

Dinner and lunch had ___________, large proportions for both sodium (43% for dinner and 29% for lunch) and saturated fat (37% for dinner and 26% for lunch). The amount of sugar in an average meal for dinner and lunch was much lower at 23% and 19%, ___________.

___________ breakfast and lunch, which also had ___________percentages, they were both ___________ 14% sodium. For saturated fats, snacks contained 21% and breakfast was ___________ at 16%. In terms of sugar, there was the ___________ with 42% of snacks being ___________and just 18% of breakfasts being made up of sugar.

Links from YouTube and Articles

School Lunches Around the World

Profiting from School Lunches

This is 200 Calories

USA vs South Korean Food

Comment below – What do people in your country usually eat for breakfast/lunch/dinner/snacks?

A lot of people will have…

The biggest lunch here is …

For ________, most people get something like…

It’s really common in _______ to…

 

If you want more helpful resources check out my private Facebook group, my YouTube channel and my Instagram!

IELTS Writing Task 1: University Sports Centre Map (IELTS Cambridge 13)

IELTS Writing Task 1: University Sports Centre Map (IELTS Cambridge 13)

This is an IELTS Cambridge 13 Map Sample Answer based on a map of a sports centre now and future plans for its redevelopment.

When it comes to IELTS task 1 writing, I prefer to write about maps. I think it is easier to structure and describe all the information.

The trickiest part is the overview. I tell my students that they should focus on two things: what changed and a way to group/describe the changes. This is very similar to the overview for a process.

A lot of students make the mistake of just listing the changes or saying that there were major changes. Those don’t count as overviews and you will get band 5 for task achievement.

Make sure that you describe the changes but also define them in some way – for example, by saying that the building has become more modern.

Just be careful not to veer into opinion. Modern is fine. Convenient is not because that is opinion/specualtion about how people will view the changes.

As always, practice makes perfect!

Check out some task 2 sample answers here.

Here is another task 1 writing sample also from IELTS Cambridge 13.

Enjoy!

IELTS Writing Task 1: University Sports Centre Map (IELTS Cambridge 13) by Dave (former IELTS examiner)

The plans below show the layout of a university’s sports centre now, and how it will look after redevelopment.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

IELTS Cambridge 13 Writing Task 1 Map Sports Centre

The diagrams detail the present construction of a sports centre and plans for its renovation. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are plans to remove the outdoor courts and expand the gym with additional facilities for swimming, changing, dancing, and activities largely unrelated to exercise like shopping and having coffee.

At the moment, the university’s main building is flanked by large outdoor courts. The plan is to remove the western courts in favour of a leisure pool larger in size than the current pool, which will itself remain unchanged during renovations. The entire main building will not undergo alterations including the changing rooms, reception and seating area. The only slight exception is that the gym on the northern end of the building will be lengthened eastwards and connect with two new adjoining dance studios.

The outdoor court on the eastern side will be replaced by a sports hall and to the southeast of the sports hall the university will add an additional changing room (which is mirrored by the same room in the southwestern corner of the plans) and an abutting cafe to the west. The large entrance area will not be impeded in any way but a new sports shop will open next to the westernmost changing room.

 

 

Analysis

1. The diagrams detail the present construction of a sports centre and plans for its renovation. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are plans to remove the outdoor courts and expand the gym with additional facilities for swimming, changing, dancing, and activities largely unrelated to exercise like shopping and having coffee.

1. My first sentence repeats the topic. This sentence won’t have a major impact on your vocabulary or task achievement score so write it as quickly as possible!

2. The second sentence is my general overview. Be sure that you at least touch on all areas (without simply listing them) by trying to group them together in some say (and define, not give an opinion on, the biggest changes). Try to limit your overview to one or two sentences, though you can add on a conclusion at the end with more information if you feel your overview didn’t include all the changes.

 

1. At the moment, the university’s main building is flanked by large outdoor courts. 2. The plan is to remove the western courts in favour of a leisure pool larger in size than the current pool, which will itself remain unchanged during renovations. 3. The entire main building will not undergo alterations including the changing rooms, reception and seating area. 4. The only slight exception is that the gym on the northern end of the building will be lengthened eastwards and connect with two new adjoining dance studios.

1. I begin with the map in the past and a general description of the largest area of the map. Try to give your writing a logical structure starting with the topic sentence.

2. The second sentence describes one of the biggest changes (the new pool) and includes a part of the map that has not changed. It is important to mention what changes as well as what doesn’t change.

3. My third sentence further details the areas that will not change.

4. My fourth sentence includes an exception and some of the other changes taking place near the main building.

 

1. The outdoor court on the eastern side will be replaced by a sports hall and to the southeast of the sports hall the university will add an additional changing room (which is mirrored by the same room in the southwestern corner of the plans) and an abutting cafe to the west. 2. The large entrance area will not be impeded in any way but a new sports shop will open next to the westernmost changing room.

1. In the first sentence I describe the changes to the courts and what will replace them.

2. The second sentence finishes describing all the changes not yet mentioned as well as the entrance area (which will not change).

 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the gaps with the useful vocabulary for maps:

The diagrams detail the present _________________ of a sports centre and plans for its _____________. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are plans to ____________ the outdoor courts and ____________ the gym with ____________ facilities for swimming, changing, dancing, and activities ____________ unrelated to exercise like shopping and having coffee.

At the moment, the university’s main building is ____________ by large outdoor courts. The plan is to remove the western courts ____________ a leisure pool larger in size than the current pool, which will itself remain unchanged during renovations. The entire main building will not ____________ including the changing rooms, reception and seating area. The only ____________ is that the gym on the northern end of the building will be ____________ ____________ and ____________ with two new ____________ dance studios.

The outdoor court on the eastern side will be ____________ a sports hall and to the ____________ of the sports hall the university will add an additional changing room (which is ____________ the same room in the southwestern corner of the plans) and an ____________ cafe to the west. The large entrance area will not be ____________ in any way but a new sports shop will open next to the westernmost changing room.

 

Answers

The diagrams detail the present construction of a sports centre and plans for its renovation. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are plans to remove the outdoor courts and expand the gym with additional facilities for swimming, changing, dancing, and activities largely unrelated to exercise like shopping and having coffee.

At the moment, the university’s main building is flanked by large outdoor courts. The plan is to remove the western courts in favour of a leisure pool larger in size than the current pool, which will itself remain unchanged during renovations. The entire main building will not undergo alterations including the changing rooms, reception and seating area. The only slight exception is that the gym on the northern end of the building will be lengthened eastwards and connect with two new adjoining dance studios.

The outdoor court on the eastern side will be replaced by a sports hall and to the southeast of the sports hall the university will add an additional changing room (which is mirrored by the same room in the southwestern corner of the plans) and an abutting cafe to the west. The large entrance area will not be impeded in any way but a new sports shop will open next to the westernmost changing room.

 

 

Vocabulary Definitions

construction: the buildings

renovation: to remodel or change

remove: to get rid of

expand: to make larger

additional: another one

unrelated: not related, different

flanked: on either side of

in favour of: in order to have, replaced by

undergo alterations: have changes made

slight exception: small difference

lengthened eastwards: made longer going to the East

connect: join together

adjoining: connected

replaced: takes the place of

southeast: to the south and east

mirrored: reflected, in the same place but on the other side

abutting: next to

impeded: in the way of, blocking

 

Grammar Practice

I put some grammar mistakes related to prepositions in it – can you find and correct all the prepositions?

The diagrams detail the present construction of a sports centre and plans to its renovation. Looking at an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are plans for remove the outdoor courts and expand the gym towards additional facilities for swimming, changing, dancing, and activities largely unrelated with exercise like shopping and having coffee.

At the moment, the university’s main building is flanked in large outdoor courts. The plan is to remove the western courts in favour at a leisure pool larger in size that the current pool, which will itself remain unchanged during renovations. The entire main building will not undergo alterations including the changing rooms, reception and seating area. The only slight exception is that the gym upon the northern end of the building will be lengthened eastwards and connect for two new adjoining dance studios.

The outdoor court on the eastern side will on replaced by a sports hall and to the southeast of the sports hall the university will add an additional changing room (which is mirrored for the same room in the southwestern corner at the plans) and an abutting cafe at the west. The large entrance area will not be impeded in any way but a new sports shop will open next to the westernmost changing room.

 

 

Answers

The diagrams detail the present construction of a sports centre and plans for its renovation. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are plans to remove the outdoor courts and expand the gym with additional facilities for swimming, changing, dancing, and activities largely unrelated to exercise like shopping and having coffee.

At the moment, the university’s main building is flanked by large outdoor courts. The plan is to remove the western courts in favour of a leisure pool larger in size that the current pool, which will itself remain unchanged during renovations. The entire main building will not undergo alterations including the changing rooms, reception and seating area. The only slight exception is that the gym on the northern end of the building will be lengthened eastwards and connect with two new adjoining dance studios.

The outdoor court on the eastern side will be replaced by a sports hall and to the southeast of the sports hall the university will add an additional changing room (which is mirrored by the same room in the southwestern corner of the plans) and an abutting cafe to the west. The large entrance area will not be impeded in any way but a new sports shop will open next to the westernmost changing room.

 

Links

You can find some useful images for task 1 writing here on HowtodoIELTS’ Instagram.

Here are some links related to maps:

Why All World Maps are Wrong

Maps that Show Us Who We are (not just Where We are) | Danny Dorling

Comment any questions that you have about IELTS maps below!