• 756.6K
  •  
  •  
    756.6K
    Shares

This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay on the topic of a line graph showing proportions of residents living in Australia from different countries from the real IELTS exam.

Please consider supporting my efforts to creative high quality IELTS materials for students around the world by signing up for my Patreon (and so you won’t miss out on any of my exclusive IELTS Ebooks)!

Dave

IELTS Essay Task 1: Australian Residents

The line chart details the proportion of residents living in Australia in millions from different regions between 1976 and 2011.

The line chart compares figures for millions of residents from the UK, Asia, and other living in Australia from 1976 to 2011. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that those from the UK experienced a steep decline, which was compensated for with a rise among others and, in particular, Asians. Total numbers also rose overall.

Individuals from the UK began the period leading all demographics at nearly 14 million before a precipitous fall to 10 million by 1986. In contrast, Asian residents grew steadily from just over 6 million to 9 million by 1991 (overtaking the UK in that year) and continued this upward trajectory to finish with a final surge to 15 million in 2011. The UK had fallen to 5 million in the same year.

Other displayed a more erratic trend with initial figures at 11 million, a moderate decline to 8 million by 1986, a consistent rise to 14 million by 2006, and a slight pullback to 13 million to end the period. Total numbers remained between 19 and 25 million throughout the period with a low point in 1996 and a peak in 2011.

Analysis

1. The line chart compares figures for millions of residents from the UK, Asia, and other living in Australia from 1976 to 2011. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that those from the UK experienced a steep decline, which was compensated for with a rise among others and, in particular, Asians. 3. Total numbers also rose overall.

  1. Paraphrase what the graph shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the major trends and differences.
  3. Add an extra sentence to be sure that you have covered everything.

1. Individuals from the UK began the period leading all demographics at nearly 14 million before a precipitous fall to 10 million by 1986. 2. In contrast, Asian residents grew steadily from just over 6 million to 9 million by 1991 (overtaking the UK in that year) and continued this upward trajectory to finish with a final surge to 15 million in 2011. 3. The UK had fallen to 5 million in the same year.

  1. Begin writing about the differences.
  2. Compare as much as possible.
  3. Move on to the next category to describe.
  4. Try to include all the data you can.

1. Other displayed a more erratic trend with initial figures at 11 million, a moderate decline to 8 million by 1986, a consistent rise to 14 million by 2006, and a slight pullback to 13 million to end the period. 2. Total numbers remained between 19 and 25 million throughout the period with a low point in 1996 and a peak in 2011.

  1. Write about the rest of the information.
  2. Make sure you have detailed all the information.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Take some notes on a piece of paper to aid your memory:

The line chart compares figures for millions of residents from the UK, Asia, and other living in Australia from 1976 to 2011. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that those from the UK experienced a steep decline, which was compensated for with a rise among others and, in particular, Asians. Total numbers also rose overall.

Individuals from the UK began the period leading all demographics at nearly 14 million before a precipitous fall to 10 million by 1986. In contrast, Asian residents grew steadily from just over 6 million to 9 million by 1991 (overtaking the UK in that year) and continued this upward trajectory to finish with a final surge to 15 million in 2011. The UK had fallen to 5 million in the same year.

Other displayed a more erratic trend with initial figures at 11 million, a moderate decline to 8 million by 1986, a consistent rise to 14 million by 2006, and a slight pullback to 13 million to end the period. Total numbers remained between 19 and 25 million throughout the period with a low point in 1996 and a peak in 2011.

Answers

compares figures shows the differences between numbers

residents people living these

looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that overall

experienced underwent

steep decline fell a lot

compensated for made up for

rise increase

in particular especially

total overall numbers

overall generally

leading above

demographics groups of people

before preceding

precipitous fall big decrease

in contrast in comparison

grew steadily increased at regular intervals

overtaking becoming stronger than

continued kept on

upward trajectory increasing pattern

finish end

final surge last large increase

fallen decreased

displayed showed

erratic trend fluctuated

initial figures starting numbers

moderate decline small decrease

consistent rise steady growth

slight pullback marginal decrease

end the period end of the time surveyed

remained between staying in the middle of

throughout the period the whole time

low point lowest number

peak highest number

Pronunciation

kəmˈpeəz ˈfɪgəz 
ˈrɛzɪdənts 
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt 
ɪksˈpɪərɪənst 
stiːp dɪˈklaɪn
ˈkɒmpɛnseɪtɪd fɔː 
raɪz 
ɪn pəˈtɪkjʊlə
ˈtəʊtl 
ˈəʊvərɔːl
ˈliːdɪŋ 
ˌdɛməˈgræfɪks 
bɪˈfɔː 
prɪˈsɪpɪtəs fɔːl 
ɪn ˈkɒntrɑːst
gruː ˈstɛdɪli 
ˌəʊvəˈteɪkɪŋ 
kənˈtɪnju(ː)d 
ˈʌpwəd ˈtræʤɪktəri 
ˈfɪnɪʃ 
ˈfaɪnl sɜːʤ 
ˈfɔːlən 
dɪsˈpleɪd 
ɪˈrætɪk trɛnd 
ɪˈnɪʃəl ˈfɪgəz 
ˈmɒdərɪt dɪˈklaɪn 
kənˈsɪstənt raɪz 
slaɪt ˈpʊlbæk 
ɛnd ðə ˈpɪərɪəd
rɪˈmeɪnd bɪˈtwiːn 
θru(ː)ˈaʊt ðə ˈpɪərɪəd 
ləʊ pɔɪnt 
piːk 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The line chart c_________________s for millions of r____________s from the UK, Asia, and other living in Australia from 1976 to 2011. L___________________________________________t those from the UK e_____________d a s_____________e, which was c___________________r with a r_____e among others and, i_________________r, Asians. T_______l numbers also rose o_________l.

Individuals from the UK began the period l_______g all d______________s at nearly 14 million b_________e a p_______________l to 10 million by 1986. I______________t, Asian residents g______________y from just over 6 million to 9 million by 1991 (o_____________g the UK in that year) and c__________d this u_______________y to f_________h with a f_______________e to 15 million in 2011. The UK had f_______n to 5 million in the same year.

Other d__________d a more e_____________d with i_____________s at 11 million, a m_________________e to 8 million by 1986, a c_________________e to 14 million by 2006, and a s_________________k to 13 million to e_______________d. Total numbers r_________________n 19 and 25 million t______________________d with a l_____________t in 1996 and a p_____k in 2011.

Listening Practice

Listen to the related topic below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more and use these ideas to practice:

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following related questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Travelling

  1. Do you like travelling?
  2. What is the most beautiful country you have visited?
  3. Would you like to have a job that demands travelling to other countries?
  4. What problems can occur when travelling?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related graph below and then check with my sample answer:

IELTS Task 1 Essay: Line Graph (Steel)

  • 756.6K
  •  
  •  
    756.6K
    Shares

Recommended For You