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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay on the topic of oil use in a line chart.

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IELTS Essay Task 1: Oil Use

The line chart details the numbers for oil use in the US, China, the Middle East, and Western Europe and Japan from 2009 to 2030. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that despite the US consuming the most oil throughout, this is projected to fall dramatically. Western Europe and Japan’s numbers will continue to decline to become the lowest by the end of the period while consumption will increase steadily in the Middle East and China.

Looking first of all at the United States, consumption began by hovering at just under 10 million from 2009 to 2015 though a precipitous fall is forecast to just over 4 million by 2030. Western Europe and Japan are also predicted to maintain a negative trend, which started at under 4 million barrels a day in 2009 and will end at just over 2 million.

The patterns are similar for China and the Middle East with both commencing at just under 2 million barrels. The former then rose quickly to slightly below 4 million by the present period and is expected to plateau and decline marginally at the end of the time surveyed. The latter will undertake a steadier rise and both regions will likely intersect at around 3 million barrels by 2030.

Analysis

1. The line chart details the numbers for oil use in the US, China, the Middle East, and Western Europe and Japan from 2009 to 2030. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that despite the US consuming the most oil throughout, this is projected to fall dramatically. 3. Western Europe and Japan’s numbers will continue to decline to become the lowest by the end of the period while consumption will increase steadily in the Middle East and China.

  1. Paraphrase what the graph shows.
  2. Write a general overview covering the full trends.
  3. Make sure everything is included. Read about general overviews here.

1. Looking first of all at the United States, consumption began by hovering at just under 10 million from 2009 to 2015 though a precipitous fall is forecast to just over 4 million by 2030. 2. Western Europe and Japan are also predicted to maintain a negative trend, which started at under 4 million barrels a day in 2009 and will end at just over 2 million.

  1. Begin with one of the areas.
  2. Make sure that you always compare and always include all the data.

1. The patterns are similar for China and the Middle East with both commencing at just under 2 million barrels. 2. The former then rose quickly to slightly below 4 million by the present period and is expected to plateau and decline marginally at the end of the time surveyed. 3. The latter will undertake a steadier rise and both regions will likely intersect at around 3 million barrels by 2030.

  1. Move on to the other areas.
  2. Fully describe the data.
  3. Make sure that mention any overtaking or intersections.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

The line chart details the numbers for oil use in the US, China, the Middle East, and Western Europe and Japan from 2009 to 2030. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that despite the US consuming the most oil throughout, this is projected to fall dramatically. Western Europe and Japan’s numbers will continue to decline to become the lowest by the end of the period while consumption will increase steadily in the Middle East and China.

Looking first of all at the United States, consumption began by hovering at just under 10 million from 2009 to 2015 though a precipitous fall is forecast to just over 4 million by 2030. Western Europe and Japan are also predicted to maintain a negative trend, which started at under 4 million barrels a day in 2009 and will end at just over 2 million.

The patterns are similar for China and the Middle East with both commencing at just under 2 million barrels. The former then rose quickly to slightly below 4 million by the present period and is expected to plateau and decline marginally at the end of the time surveyed. The latter will undertake a steadier rise and both regions will likely intersect at around 3 million barrels by 2030.

Answers

details describes

oil use petrol consumption

looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that in general

consuming using

throughout the whole time

projected expected to

fall dramatically decrease a lot

continue to decline keep decreasing

lowest by the end of the period the least by 2030

consumption use

increase steadily going up at regular intervals

looking first of all at considering first

hovering remaining around

precipitous fall steep decline

forecast look forward

just over a bit above

maintain a negative trend continue to decline

started at began at

million barrels a day the amount of oil each day used

end at finished at

patterns trends

commencing beginning at

former mentioned first

rose quickly increased fast

slightly below a little less

by the present period right now

plateau rise and level off

decline marginally decrease a little bit

end of the time surveyed end of the period in question

undertake experience

steadier rise increase at regular intervals

regions parts of the world

intersect meet

Pronunciation

ˈdiːteɪlz 
ɔɪl juːz 
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt 
kənˈsjuːmɪŋ 
θru(ː)ˈaʊt
prəˈʤɛktɪd 
fɔːl drəˈmætɪk(ə)li
kənˈtɪnju(ː) tuː dɪˈklaɪn 
ˈləʊɪst baɪ ði ɛnd ɒv ðə ˈpɪərɪəd 
kənˈsʌm(p)ʃən 
ˈɪnkriːs ˈstɛdɪli 
ˈlʊkɪŋ fɜːst ɒv ɔːl æt 
ˈhɒvərɪŋ 
prɪˈsɪpɪtəs fɔːl 
ˈfɔːkɑːst 
ʤʌst ˈəʊvə 
meɪnˈteɪn ə ˈnɛgətɪv trɛnd
ˈstɑːtɪd æt 
ˈmɪljən ˈbærəlz ə deɪ 
ɛnd æt 
ˈpætənz 
kəˈmɛnsɪŋ 
ˈfɔːmə 
rəʊz ˈkwɪkli 
ˈslaɪtli bɪˈləʊ 
baɪ ðə ˈprɛznt ˈpɪərɪəd 
ˈplætəʊ 
dɪˈklaɪn ˈmɑːʤɪnəli 
ɛnd ɒv ðə taɪm sɜːˈveɪd
ˌʌndəˈteɪk 
ˈstɛdɪə raɪz 
ˈriːʤənz 
ˌɪntə(ː)ˈsɛkt 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The line chart d___________s the numbers for o_______e in the US, China, the Middle East, and Western Europe and Japan from 2009 to 2030. L_________________________________________t despite the US c____________g the most oil t______________t, this is p____________d to f_________________y. Western Europe and Japan’s numbers will c__________________e to become the l_____________________________d while c______________n will i_____________________y in the Middle East and China.

L_______________________t the United States, consumption began by h____________g at just under 10 million from 2009 to 2015 though a p________________l is f___________t to j____________r 4 million by 2030. Western Europe and Japan are also predicted to m____________________d, which s___________t under 4 m______________________y in 2009 and will e______t just over 2 million.

The p__________s are similar for China and the Middle East with both c_______________g at just under 2 million barrels. The f___________r then r________________y to s_____________w 4 million b____________________d and is expected to p___________u and d____________________y at the e________________________d. The latter will u____________e a s_____________e and both r_________s will likely i____________t at around 3 million barrels by 2030.

Listening Practice

Learn more about oil consumption below:

Reading Practice

And find your own country below:

https://www.worldometers.info/oil/oil-consumption-by-country/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following questions related to public transport:

Public Transport

  1. Does your city use a lot of public transport?
  2. When was the last time you used public transport?
  3. Will you still use public transport in the future?
  4. What would you like to change about the public transport in your city?

Writing Practice

Write about another line chart then check with my sample answer:

IELTS Task 1 Essay: Line Graph (Steel)

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