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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay about a process for modern landfills and household waste.

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IELTS Essay: Landfill for Household Waste

The process details designs of a modern landfill for household waste.

The process details a modern landfill designed for the storage of household waste. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that it is a largely man-made process taking place in the natural environment that involves drainage and disposal of various liquids and gases as well as basic storage of the waste itself.

The landfill is a rectangular hole cut into a large piece of natural rock. To finish the construction, there are synthetic pipes and a clay layer placed against the rock as well as drainage pipes and a drainage tank at the bottom of the landfill.

When in use, the household waste is stored in the main compartment and liquid waste is held in the tank. The landfill is then closed and paved over with a single clay layer with the synthetic pipes still in place that can transport gases in or out of the storage area.

Analysis

1. The process details a modern landfill designed for the storage of household waste. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that it is a largely man-made process taking place in the natural environment that involves drainage and disposal of various liquids and gases as well as basic storage of the waste itself.

  1. Paraphrase what the process shows.
  2. Write an overview of the whole trend. Read more about overviews here.

1. The landfill is a rectangular hole cut into a large piece of natural rock. 2. To finish the construction, there are synthetic pipes and a clay layer placed against the rock as well as drainage pipes and a drainage tank at the bottom of the landfill.

  1. Begin with the first part of the process.
  2. Describe it fully.

1. When in use, the household waste is stored in the main compartment and liquid waste is held in the tank. 2. The landfill is then closed and paved over with a single clay layer with the synthetic pipes still in place that can transport gases in or out of the storage area.

  1. Continue to the next part.
  2. Make sure all areas are fully described and there is no opinion.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

The process details a modern landfill designed for the storage of household waste. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that it is a largely man-made process taking place in the natural environment that involves drainage and disposal of various liquids and gases as well as basic storage of the waste itself.

The landfill is a rectangular hole cut into a large piece of natural rock. To finish the construction, there are synthetic pipes and a clay layer placed against the rock as well as drainage pipes and a drainage tank at the bottom of the landfill.

When in use, the household waste is stored in the main compartment and liquid waste is held in the tank. The landfill is then closed and paved over with a single clay layer with the synthetic pipes still in place that can transport gases in or out of the storage area.

Answers

details describes

modern landfill new way of storing trash

designed for made for

storage kept

household waste trash from the home

looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that overall

largely mostly

man-made process not natural

taking place happening

natural environment not man-made

involves drainage includes draining where the water seeps away

disposal getting rid of

basic storage necessary holding

waste itself trash by itself

rectangular hole shape cut into the Earth

cut into formed from

natural rock stone

construction making of

synthetic pipes unnatural tubes/pipes

clay layer some mud

placed against lined against

as well as and

drainage pipes taking substances away

drainage tank where substances are drained to

bottom underneath

when in use as it is being used

stored kept in

main compartment major storage piece

liquid waste is held non-solid trash kept

paved over covered

still in place still there

transport gases send fumes

storage area where everything is kept

Pronunciation

ˈdiːteɪlz 
ˈmɒdən ˈlændfɪl 
dɪˈzaɪnd fɔː 
ˈstɔːrɪʤ 
ˈhaʊshəʊld weɪst
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt 
ˈlɑːʤli 
ˈmænˈmeɪd ˈprəʊsɛs 
ˈteɪkɪŋ pleɪs 
ˈnæʧrəl ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt 
ɪnˈvɒlvz ˈdreɪnɪʤ 
dɪsˈpəʊzəl 
ˈbeɪsɪk ˈstɔːrɪʤ 
weɪst ɪtˈsɛlf
rɛkˈtæŋgjʊlə həʊl 
kʌt ˈɪntuː 
ˈnæʧrəl rɒk
kənˈstrʌkʃən
sɪnˈθɛtɪk paɪps 
kleɪ ˈleɪə 
pleɪst əˈgɛnst 
æz wɛl æz 
ˈdreɪnɪʤ paɪps 
ˈdreɪnɪʤ tæŋk 
ˈbɒtəm 
wɛn ɪn juːz
stɔːd 
meɪn kəmˈpɑːtmənt 
ˈlɪkwɪd weɪst ɪz hɛld 
peɪvd ˈəʊvə 
stɪl ɪn pleɪs 
ˈtrænspɔːt ˈgæsɪz 
ˈstɔːrɪʤ ˈeərɪə

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The process d_________s a m______________l d______________r the s_________e of h__________________e. L____________________________________________________t it is a l__________y m_____________________s t________________e in the n________________________t that i____________________e and d___________l of various liquids and gases as well as b________________e of the w_______________f.

The landfill is a r___________________e c____________o a large piece of n____________________k. To finish the c_________________n, there are s___________________________s and a c________________r p___________________t the rock a__________________s d_________________s and a d_________________k at the b_________m of the landfill.

W____________e, the household waste is s_________d in the m________________________t and l_____________________d in the tank. The landfill is then closed and p_____________r with a single clay layer with the synthetic pipes s_______________e that can t_________________s in or out of the s________________a.

Listening Practice

Improve your listening and use these tips:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic below and use these activities to practice:

Speaking Practice

Answer the following questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Rubbish/Garbage/Litter

  1. How do you react when you see litter on the streets?
  2. Do you recycle?
  3. How do you help keep the streets tidy?
  4. What would you do if someone else dropped some litter?

Writing Practice

Write about the following process showing the production of electricity then check with my sample answer below:

IELTS Writing Task 1 Process/Diagram

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