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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay of a diagram/process showing how rainwater is collected and used for drinking water in an Australian town.

This one was really challenging for a strange reason… there wasn’t enough to write about!

I had to add in more words just so that it made the word count!

Read it below in case you get a simple process on your exam.

And check out my online courses here and writing corrections here.

Dave

Before reading, listen to the audio file here and try to draw the process:

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer Essay: Rainwater Diagram/Process

The above diagram details the process by which precipitation is stored and sent for household use in a given town in Australia. Overall, there are 3 main stages that involve the collection of water through drains, its repeated transportation and treatment underground and finally reuse as drinking water in homes.

Rainwater distribution begins with collection through gutters and drains attached to houses. The water seeping into the ground is not collected according to the diagram. The drain water is carried through a system of pipes into a water filter and then a storage tank.

From the storange tank, it next flows by more piping to a water treatment tank where a chemical process makes the water clean enough for residents to drink. After the water has been processed, it is sent through pipes, different from the drain water pipes that originally collected the water, back into homes to be used for drinking water.

Analysis

1. The above diagram details the process by which precipitation is stored and sent for household use in a given town in Australia. 2. Overall, there are 3 main stages that involve the collection of water through drains, its repeated transportation and treatment underground and finally reuse as drinking water in homes.

  1. Paraphrase what the process shows.
  2. Give an overview of the process. Try to divide it into two or three main stages and summarise what happens.

1. Rainwater distribution begins with collection through gutters and drains attached to houses. 2. The water seeping into the ground is not collected according to the diagram. 3. The drain water is carried through a system of pipes into a water filter and then a storage tank.

  1. Begin descripting the process.
  2. I included this sentence because there wasn’t enough to write about otherwise. Do not include opinion or speculation.
  3. Use the passive when you continue the process since it is not being done by a specific person.

1. From the storange tank, it next flows by more piping to a water treatment tank where a chemical process makes the water clean enough for residents to drink. 2. After the water has been processed, it is sent through pipes, different from the drain water pipes that originally collected the water, back into homes to be used for drinking water.

  1. Continue with the rest of the process. I added in extra words to reach the word limit here.
  2. Conclude the diagram and state the end result.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

The above diagram details the process by which precipitation is stored and sent for household use in a given town in Australia. Overall, there are 3 main stages that involve the collection of water through drains, its repeated transportation and treatment underground and finally reuse as drinking water in homes.

Rainwater distribution begins with collection through gutters and drains attached to houses. The water seeping into the ground is ignored according to the diagram. The drain water is carried through a system of pipes into a water filter and then a storage tank.

From the storange tank, it next flows by more piping to a water treatment tank where a chemical process makes the water clean enough for residents to drink. After the water has been processed, it is sent through pipes, different from the drain water pipes that originally gathered the water, back into homes to be used for drinking water.

Answers

above diagram details process shown describes

by which precipitation the way in which rain

stored kept

household use for homes/people to use

a given town in some town

main stages biggest parts

involve have to do with

collection gathering, storage

repeated transportation more than one time sent

treatment underground being filtered under the ground

reuse used again

drinking water water that is safe to drink

rainwater distribution water sent out

gutters on houses to channel rain into pipes

drains attached to houses pipes on the side of homes to collect water

seeping into falling into

ignored not payed attention to

drain water water coming from the drains

through a system of pipes by various metal pipes

water filter keeps out small and large debris

storage tank place for keeping the water

next flows then goes

water treatment tank place to make the water safe

chemical process physically altered

clean enough drinkable

residents people living there

processed treated

originally gathered first taken

back into homes to the houses again

Pronunciation

Listen and repeat:

əˈbʌv ˈdaɪəgræm ˈdiːteɪlz 
baɪ wɪʧ prɪˌsɪpɪˈteɪʃən 
stɔːd 
ˈhaʊshəʊld juːz 
ə ˈgɪvn taʊn 
meɪn ˈsteɪʤɪz 
ɪnˈvɒlv 
kəˈlɛkʃən 
rɪˈpiːtɪd ˌtrænspɔːˈteɪʃən 
ˈtriːtmənt ˈʌndəgraʊnd 
riːˈjuːz 
ˈdrɪŋkɪŋ ˈwɔːtə 
ˈreɪnˌwɔːtə ˌdɪstrɪˈbjuːʃən
ˈgʌtəz 
dreɪnz əˈtæʧt tuː ˈhaʊzɪz
ˈsiːpɪŋ ˈɪntuː 
ɪgˈnɔːd 
dreɪn ˈwɔːtə 
θruː ə ˈsɪstɪm ɒv paɪps 
ˈwɔːtə ˈfɪltə 
ˈstɔːrɪʤ tæŋk
nɛkst fləʊz 
ˈwɔːtə ˈtriːtmənt tæŋk 
ˈkɛmɪkəl ˈprəʊsɛs 
kliːn ɪˈnʌf 
ˈrɛzɪdənts 
ˈprəʊsɛst
əˈrɪʤɪnəli ˈgæðəd 
bæk ˈɪntuː həʊmz 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The a______________________s the process b______________________n is s_________d and sent for h_______________e in a_______________n in Australia. Overall, there are 3 m________________s that i_____________e the c______________n of water through drains, its r_________________n and t__________________________d and finally r____________e as d________________r in homes.

R_____________________n begins with collection through g____________s and d_______________________s. The water s________________o the ground is i________________d according to the diagram. The d__________________r is carried t______________________________s into a w____________r and then a s________________k.

From the storange tank, it n_________________s by more piping to a w_________________________k where a c___________________s makes the water c____________________h for r____________________s to drink. After the water has been p__________________d, it is sent through pipes, different from the drain water pipes that o_________________________d the water, b______________________s to be used for drinking water.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Learn more in detail about the process of filtering and treating water in this video:

Reading Practice

Read the facts here about how much water you should really drink a day:

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20190403-how-much-water-should-you-drink-a-day

Speaking Practice

Talk about the related topic of drinking coffee or tea from the real exam below:

Coffee or Tea

Do you drink coffee or tea?

When did you last drink coffee or tea?

Is coffee or tea more popular in your country?

Which would you offer to visitors who came to your home?

Real Past IELTS Exam

Writing Practice

Write about the following process of making ceramic pots and then check with my sample answer:

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer Essay: Ceramic Pots Process (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

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