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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay on the topic of total world production across 3 different regions.

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IELTS Essay Task 1: World Production

The bar graph shows the total manufacturing production in percentages Asia, Europe, and the rest of the world.

ielts essay world production
IELTS Essay: World Production

The bar chart details manufacturing production figures proportionally for Asia, Europe and the rest for the world from 1840 to 2000. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that while Asia and Europe’s numbers are in decline overall, Asia is on the rise. The rest of the world experienced the most steady increase and by the end was second to Asia in production.

Asia began the period with the highest levels of production at 50%, with Europe slightly lower at 40% and the rest of the world constituting the final 10%. By 1880, the differences had narrowed with Asia falling to 30%, Europe at 45% and the rest of the world more than doubling to 15%. This trend continued through 1920 as Europe and the rest of the world both rose an additional 5% and Asia dropped 10% further.

After 1960 the pattern shifted as Asia begin to rise precipitously, first to 15% and then to 45%. In contrast, Europe underwent a decline to 38% in 1960 and 28% by 2000. Lastly, the rest of the world peaked in 1960 at 38% (even with Europe) before falling back slightly to 32% by the end of the period.

Analysis

1. The bar chart details manufacturing production figures proportionally for Asia, Europe and the rest for the world from 1840 to 2000. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that while Asia and Europe’s numbers are in decline overall, Asia is on the rise. 3. The rest of the world experienced the most steady increase and by the end was second to Asia in production.

  1. Paraphrase what the graph shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the major trends and differences.
  3. Add an extra sentence to be sure that you have covered everything.

1. Asia began the period with the highest levels of production at 50%, with Europe slightly lower at 40% and the rest of the world constituting the final 10%. 2. By 1880, the differences had narrowed with Asia falling to 30%, Europe at 45% and the rest of the world more than doubling to 15%. 3. This trend continued through 1920 as Europe and the rest of the world both rose an additional 5% and Asia dropped 10% further.

  1. Begin writing about the differences.
  2. Compare as much as possible.
  3. Make sure you mention all data.

1. After 1960 the pattern shifted as Asia begin to rise precipitously, first to 15% and then to 45%. 2. In contrast, Europe underwent a decline to 38% in 1960 and 28% by 2000. 3. Lastly, the rest of the world peaked in 1960 at 38% (even with Europe) before falling back slightly to 32% by the end of the period.

  1. Write about the rest of the information.
  2. Make sure you have detailed all the information.
  3. Don’t leave anything out!

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Take some notes on a piece of paper to aid your memory:

The bar chart details manufacturing production figures proportionally for Asia, Europe and the rest for the world from 1840 to 2000. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that while Asia and Europe’s numbers are in decline overall, Asia is on the rise. The rest of the world experienced the most steady increase and by the end was second to Asia in production.

Asia began the period with the highest levels of production at 50%, with Europe slightly lower at 40% and the rest of the world constituting the final 10%. By 1880, the differences had narrowed with Asia falling to 30%, Europe at 45% and the rest of the world more than doubling to 15%. This trend continued through 1920 as Europe and the rest of the world both rose an additional 5% and Asia dropped 10% further.

After 1960 the pattern shifted as Asia begin to rise precipitously, first to 15% and then to 45%. In contrast, Europe underwent a decline to 38% in 1960 and 28% by 2000. Lastly, the rest of the world peaked in 1960 at 38% (even with Europe) before falling back slightly to 32% by the end of the period.

Answers

details describes

manufacturing production figures date for the amount of items produced

proportionally by percentage

looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that overall

decline overall decrease in general

on the rise growing

experienced underwent

most steady increase went up at regular intervals

was second to just below

began the period with start at

slightly lower a little less

constituting making up

differences had narrowed disparities smaller

falling to declining to

more than doubling increasing at least 200%

trend pattern

rose grew

additional extra

dropped fell

further moreso

pattern shifted trend changed

precipitously quickly/a lot

underwent experienced

decline decrease

lastly finally

peaked reached a high point

even equal

falling back slightly decreasing a little

by the end of the period at the end of the time surveyed

Pronunciation

ˈdiːteɪlz 
ˌmænjʊˈfækʧərɪŋ prəˈdʌkʃən ˈfɪgəz 
prəˈpɔːʃənli 
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt 
dɪˈklaɪn ˈəʊvərɔːl
ɒn ðə raɪz
ɪksˈpɪərɪənst 
məʊst ˈstɛdi ˈɪnkriːs 
wɒz ˈsɛkənd tuː 
bɪˈgæn ðə ˈpɪərɪəd wɪð 
ˈslaɪtli ˈləʊə 
ˈkɒnstɪtjuːtɪŋ 
ˈdɪfrənsɪz hæd ˈnærəʊd 
ˈfɔːlɪŋ tuː 
mɔː ðæn ˈdʌblɪŋ 
trɛnd 
rəʊz 
əˈdɪʃənl 
drɒpt 
ˈfɜːðə
ˈpætən ˈʃɪftɪd 
prɪˈsɪpɪtəsli
ˌʌndəˈwɛnt 
dɪˈklaɪn 
ˈlɑːstli
piːkt 
ˈiːvən 
ˈfɔːlɪŋ bæk ˈslaɪtli 
baɪ ði ɛnd ɒv ðə ˈpɪərɪəd

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The bar chart d______s m__________________________s p_____________y for Asia, Europe and the rest for the world from 1840 to 2000. L__________________________________________t while Asia and Europe’s numbers are in d______________l, Asia is o____________e. The rest of the world e______________d the m_________________e and by the end w____________o Asia in production.

Asia b_____________________h the highest levels of production at 50%, with Europe s_______________r at 40% and the rest of the world c____________g the final 10%. By 1880, the d__________________________d with Asia f____________o 30%, Europe at 45% and the rest of the world m__________________g to 15%. This t_______d continued through 1920 as Europe and the rest of the world both r_____e an a_____________l 5% and Asia d___________d 10% f_________r.

After 1960 the p_______________d as Asia begin to rise p______________y, first to 15% and then to 45%. In contrast, Europe u____________t a d________e to 38% in 1960 and 28% by 2000. L________y, the rest of the world p________d in 1960 at 38% (e_____n with Europe) before f__________________y to 32% b__________________________d.

Listening Practice

Listen to the related topic below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/dec/01/how-cities-took-over-the-world-a-history-of-globalisation-spanning-4000-years

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following related questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Travelling

  1. Do you like travelling?
  2. What is the most beautiful country you have visited?
  3. Would you like to have a job that demands travelling to other countries?
  4. What problems can occur when travelling?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related graph below related to film production in 5 countries and then check with my sample answer:


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