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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay on the topic of employment for men and women in 1970 and 2000 in Belgium, the USA, Japan, and Indonesia in a bar chart from the real IELTS exam.

Find all the most recent task 1 topics here and my full IELTS Ebooks here and my online courses here.

Dave

IELTS Essay Task 1: Employment for Men and Women

The bar charts detail men and women between the ages of 60 and 64 working in Belgium, the USA, Japan, and Indonesia in 1970 and 2000. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that men had higher employment figures for all countries in both years with the largest disparity being the difference between men and women in Belgium and the USA in 2000. Proportions of males and females employed decreased across all nations, especially in Belgium.

In the United States in 1970, 88% of men between 60 and 64 were employed compared to just under 80% of women. These proportions were broadly similar to Belgium (79% and 62%) and Indonesia (83% and 63%). The disparity in Japan was slightly larger with 78% of men working and 55% of women.

By 2000, figures for the United States had declined to 79% of men and 41% of women, the second largest drop recorded. Belgium had the largest fall for female employment (down to fewer than 10% working) with a more moderate fall for men to 51%. In Indonesia, employed males fell to 72% as their counterparts slipped by 12% to 50%. Finally, Japan displayed the narrowest gap between genders with 51% of men working and 48% of women.

Analysis

1. The bar charts detail men and women between the ages of 60 and 64 working in Belgium, the USA, Japan, and Indonesia in 1970 and 2000. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that men had higher employment figures for all countries in both years with the largest disparity being the difference between men and women in Belgium and the USA in 2000. 3. Proportions of males and females employed decreased across all nations, especially in Belgium.

  1. Paraphrase what the bar chart shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the differences.
  3. You might need another sentence for your overview.

1. In the United States in 1970, 88% of men between 60 and 64 were employed compared to just under 80% of women. 2. These proportions were broadly similar to Belgium (79% and 62%) and Indonesia (83% and 63%). 3. The disparity in Japan was slightly larger with 78% of men working and 55% of women.

  1. Begin writing about the data for the first categories.
  2. Make sure you compare as much as possible.
  3. Vary long and short sentences.

1. By 2000, figures for the United States had declined to 79% of men and 41% of women, the second largest drop recorded. 2. Belgium had the largest fall for female employment (down to fewer than 10% working) with a more moderate fall for men to 51%. 3. In Indonesia, employed males fell to 72% as their counterparts slipped by 12% to 50%. Finally, Japan displayed the narrowest gap between genders with 51% of men working and 48% of women.

  1. Write about the final other parts of the graph – include everything!
  2. Compare the categories.
  3. Finish with the rest of the data.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Take some notes on a piece of paper to aid your memory:

The bar charts detail men and women between the ages of 60 and 64 working in Belgium, the USA, Japan, and Indonesia in 1970 and 2000. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that men had higher employment figures for all countries in both years with the largest disparity being the difference between men and women in Belgium and the USA in 2000. Proportions of males and females employed decreased across all nations, especially in Belgium.

In the United States in 1970, 88% of men between 60 and 64 were employed compared to just under 80% of women. These proportions were broadly similar to Belgium (79% and 62%) and Indonesia (83% and 63%). The disparity in Japan was slightly larger with 78% of men working and 55% of women.

By 2000, figures for the United States had declined to 79% of men and 41% of women, the second largest drop recorded. Belgium had the largest fall for female employment (down to fewer than 10% working) with a more moderate fall for men to 51%. In Indonesia, employed males fell to 72% as their counterparts slipped by 12% to 50%. Finally, Japan displayed the narrowest gap between genders with 51% of men working and 48% of women.

Answers

Try to write down or think of an antonym/opposite word for further practice:

detail show

between from … to ….

Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent overall

employment figures numbers of people hired

largest disparity biggest difference

across all nations in all countries

especially in particularly in

compared to relative to

just under a little less than

proportions percentages

broadly similar almost the same as

slightly larger a little bigger

declined decreased

second largest drop recorded not the biggest fall

fewer than less than

moderate fall small drop

counterparts slipped opposites declined

displayed shown

narrowest gap smallest difference

genders male and female

Pronunciation

Practice saying the words below using this tip with Google voice dictation:

ˈdiːteɪl 
bɪˈtwiːn 
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt 
ɪmˈplɔɪmənt ˈfɪgəz
ˈlɑːʤɪst dɪsˈpærɪti 
prəˈpɔːʃənz 
əˈkrɒs ɔːl ˈneɪʃənz
ɪsˈpɛʃəli ɪn 
kəmˈpeəd tuː 
ʤʌst ˈʌndə 
prəˈpɔːʃənz 
ˈbrɔːdli ˈsɪmɪlə 
ˈslaɪtli ˈlɑːʤə 
dɪˈklaɪnd 
ˈsɛkənd ˈlɑːʤɪst drɒp rɪˈkɔːdɪd
ˈfjuːə ðæn 
ˈmɒdərɪt fɔːl 
ˈkaʊntəpɑːts slɪpt 
dɪsˈpleɪd 
ˈnærəʊɪst gæp 
ˈʤɛndəz 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks. Note it on a piece of paper so you can remember better:

The bar charts d_________l men and women b_________n the ages of 60 and 64 working in Belgium, the USA, Japan, and Indonesia in 1970 and 2000. L__________________________________________t that men had higher e___________________s for all countries in both years with the l____________________y being the difference between men and women in Belgium and the USA in 2000. P________________s of males and females employed decreased a___________________s, e_______________n Belgium.

In the United States in 1970, 88% of men between 60 and 64 were employed c______________o j______________r 80% of women. These p_______________s were b_______________r to Belgium (79% and 62%) and Indonesia (83% and 63%). The disparity in Japan was s_________________r with 78% of men working and 55% of women.

By 2000, figures for the United States had d__________d to 79% of men and 41% of women, the s____________________________d. Belgium had the largest fall for female employment (down to fewer than 10% working) with a more m_____________l for men to 51%. In Indonesia, employed males fell to 72% as their c___________________d by 12% to 50%. Finally, Japan d___________d the n________________p between g_________s with 51% of men working and 48% of women.

Listening Practice

Listen to the related topic below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2021/11/17/how-to-quit-job/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following related questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Work

  1. Where are you working at the moment?
  2. Do you want to work in another country?
  3. Do you like your job?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related chart below and then check with my sample answer:


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