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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of frequency of eating at fast food restaurants in the USA.

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IELTS Task 1: Frequency of Eating at Fast Food Restaurants in the USA

The bar chart provides information about how often people in the USA spent ate fast food from 2003 to 2013.

The bar chart details fast food consumption in the United States in 2003, 2006, and 2013. Looking from an overall perspective it is readily apparent that frequent consumption of fast food, defined as at least once a week, generally became less common though having fast food once a week or once or twice a month remained the dominant trends. The only exception to this pattern is not eating fast food, which declined.

Looking first of all at the most pervasive habits, in 2003, 31% of individual ate fast food once a week compared to 30% eating it once or twice a month. From there, these trends diverged with those eating once a week rising to 34% in 2006 and then falling precipitously to 27% by 2013. Eating once or twice a month fell to 25% and then surged to 34% in the final year.

The figure for those eating fast food several times a week stood at 17% in 2003, rose to 20% in 2006 and dipped to a low of 15% in 2013. In contrast, in 2003, 13% of individuals consumed fast food a few times a year and this number stabilized at 15% for the final two years recorded. The numbers for every day and never were nearly identical with the former at 4% in 2003 and then 3% and the latter starting at 5% and reaching a low of 4% in both 2006 and 2013.

Analysis

1. The bar chart details fast food consumption in the United States in 2003, 2006, and 2013. 2. Looking from an overall perspective it is readily apparent that frequent consumption of fast food, defined as at least once a week, generally became less common though having fast food once a week or once or twice a month remained the dominant trends. 3. The only exception to this pattern is not eating fast food, which declined.

  1. Paraphrase what the bar chart shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the differences.
  3. This one is a little complex so it needs a second sentence for the overview.

1. Looking first of all at the most pervasive habits, in 2003, 31% of individual ate fast food once a week compared to 30% eating it once or twice a month. 2. From there, these trends diverged with those eating once a week rising to 34% in 2006 and then falling precipitously to 27% by 2013. 3. Eating once or twice a month fell to 25% and then surged to 34% in the final year.

  1. Begin writing about the data for the first categories.
  2. Make sure you compare as much as possible.
  3. There is a lot of data so this essay is a little longer than normal.

1. The figure for those eating fast food several times a week stood at 17% in 2003, rose to 20% in 2006 and dipped to a low of 15% in 2013. 2. In contrast, in 2003, 13% of individuals consumed fast food a few times a year and this number stabilized at 15% for the final two years recorded. 3. The numbers for every day and never were nearly identical with the former at 4% in 2003 and then 3% and the latter starting at 5% and reaching a low of 4% in both 2006 and 2013.

  1. Write about the final other parts of the graph – include everything!
  2. Compare the categories.
  3. Finish with the rest of the data.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

The bar chart details fast food consumption in the United States in 2003, 2006, and 2013. Looking from an overall perspective it is readily apparent that frequent consumption of fast food, defined as at least once a week, generally became less common though having fast food once a week or once or twice a month remained the dominant trends. The only exception to this pattern is not eating fast food, which declined.

Looking first of all at the most pervasive habits, in 2003, 31% of individual ate fast food once a week compared to 30% eating it once or twice a month. From there, these trends diverged with those eating once a week rising to 34% in 2006 and then falling precipitously to 27% by 2013. Eating once or twice a month fell to 25% and then surged to 34% in the final year.

The figure for those eating fast food several times a week stood at 17% in 2003, rose to 20% in 2006 and dipped to a low of 15% in 2013. In contrast, in 2003, 13% of individuals consumed fast food a few times a year and this number stabilized at 15% for the final two years recorded. The numbers for every day and never were nearly identical with the former at 4% in 2003 and then 3% and the latter starting at 5% and reaching a low of 4% in both 2006 and 2013.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

details shows

consumption eating of

Looking from an overall perspective it is readily apparent that frequent overall

defined as this is what that means

at least once a week 1 or more times a week

less common though not as pervasive however

remained the dominant trends were most common

exception to this pattern different from the trend

declined decreased

looking first of all at considering initially

pervasive habits common actions

compared to in comparison too

From there after that

diverged went in different directions

falling precipitously to going down a lot to

surged increased a lot

in the final year the last year recorded

stood at was at

dipped to a low of fell to the lowest number of

In contrast however

stabilized stayed the same

final two years recorded last two years detailed

nearly identical almost the same

former mentioned first

latter mentioned second

starting at beginning at

reaching a low of getting to a nadir at

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈdiːteɪlz 
kənˈsʌm(p)ʃən 
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪv ɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt ˈfriːkwənt 
dɪˈfaɪnd æz 
æt liːst wʌns ə wiːk
lɛs ˈkɒmən ðəʊ 
rɪˈmeɪnd ðə ˈdɒmɪnənt trɛndz
ɪkˈsɛpʃən tuː ðɪs ˈpætən 
dɪˈklaɪnd.
ˈlʊkɪŋ fɜːst ɒv ɔːl æt 
pɜːˈveɪsɪv ˈhæbɪts
kəmˈpeəd tuː 
frɒm ðeə
daɪˈvɜːʤd 
ˈfɔːlɪŋ prɪˈsɪpɪtəsli tuː 
sɜːʤd 
ɪn ðə ˈfaɪnl jɪə
stʊd æt 
dɪpt tuː ə ləʊ ɒv 
ɪn ˈkɒntrɑːst
ˈsteɪbɪlaɪzd 
ˈfaɪnl tuː jɪəz rɪˈkɔːdɪd
ˈnɪəli aɪˈdɛntɪkəl 
ˈfɔːmər æt 
ˈlætə 
ˈstɑːtɪŋ æt 
ˈriːʧɪŋ ə ləʊ ɒv 

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

The bar chart d_______s fast food c__________n in the United States in 2003, 2006, and 2013. L_______________________________________________t f__________t consumption of fast food, d_______________s a____________________k, generally became l__________________n t________h having fast food once a week or once or twice a month r_________________________________s. The only e____________________________n is not eating fast food, which d_______d.

L__________________________t the most p_____________________s, in 2003, 31% of individual ate fast food once a week c______________o 30% eating it once or twice a month. F_____________e, these trends d_________d with those eating once a week rising to 34% in 2006 and then f_________________________o 27% by 2013. Eating once or twice a month fell to 25% and then s________d to 34% i________________r.

The figure for those eating fast food several times a week s______t 17% in 2003, rose to 20% in 2006 and d_________________________f 15% in 2013. I_____________t, in 2003, 13% of individuals consumed fast food a few times a year and this number s___________d at 15% for the f_______________________d. The numbers for every day and never were n____________________l with the f___________r at 4% in 2003 and then 3% and the l________r s_____________t 5% and r___________________f 4% in both 2006 and 2013.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching from YouTube below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.buzzfeed.com/hannahloewentheil/heres-what-your-favorite-fast-food-chains-serve-around-the

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Favorite Foods

  1. What are your favorite foods?
  2. What were your favorite foods as a child?
  3. What foods are becoming more popular in your country now?
  4. What foods do you not like?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS chart below:


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