• 8.6M
  •  
  •  
    8.6M
    Shares

This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay on the topic of U.S. energy consumption by fuel from 1980 to 2030.

You can also get my full EBooks below:

Full IELTS EBooks on Patreon

Dave

IELTS Essay: U.S. Energy Consumption by Fuel

The line chart details fuel consumption from 1980 to 2030 in the United States. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that petrol and oil have been and will continue to be the dominant fuel sources, followed by coal and natural gas, and more distantly by renewable energies. All varieties of fuel have increased and are expected to continue rising with the exception of hydropower which will remain stable overall.

Petrol and oil consumption stood at 35 quadrillion units in 1980 before a slight dip with minor fluctuations around 33 million quadrillion units until approximately 2000. From that point on, a steadier rise begins that is anticipated to reach nearly 50 quadrillion by 2030, by far the greatest data point in the chart. Coal and natural gas were considerably lower and displayed broadly similar trends. Natural gas began the period at 16 quadrillion units and coal was 4 quadrillion higher. Over the following years, the figures were erratic and their relative positions in the chart switched several times until coal began to separate itself around 2015, predicted to finish around 8 quadrillion units higher than natural gas at 30 quadrillion.

The consumption of cleaner energy sources was less significant with nuclear the highest, rising to just over 6 quadrillion by the end of the projections. Solar and wind power are slightly lower at near 5 quadrillion and hydropower underwent minor fluctuations to finish around 4 quadrillion units.

Analysis

1. The line chart details fuel consumption from 1980 to 2030 in the United States. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that petrol and oil have been and will continue to be the dominant fuel sources, followed by coal and natural gas, and more distantly by renewable energies. 3. All varieties of fuel have increased and are expected to continue rising with the exception of hydropower which will remain stable overall.

  1. Paraphrase what the bar chart shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the differences.
  3. This one is a little complex so it needs a second sentence for the overview.

1. Petrol and oil consumption stood at 35 quadrillion units in 1980 before a slight dip with minor fluctuations around 33 million quadrillion units until approximately 2000. 2. From that point on, a steadier rise begins that is anticipated to reach nearly 50 quadrillion by 2030, by far the greatest data point in the chart. Coal and natural gas were considerably lower and displayed broadly similar trends. 3. Natural gas began the period at 16 quadrillion units and coal was 4 quadrillion higher. 4. Over the following years, the figures were erratic and their relative positions in the chart switched several times until coal began to separate itself around 2015, predicted to finish around 8 quadrillion units higher than natural gas at 30 quadrillion.

  1. Begin writing about the data for the first categories.
  2. Make sure you compare as much as possible.
  3. Keep using the units too.
  4. There is a lot of data so this essay is a little longer than normal.

1. The consumption of cleaner energy sources was less significant with nuclear the highest, rising to just over 6 quadrillion by the end of the projections. 2. Solar and wind power are slightly lower at near 5 quadrillion and hydropower underwent minor fluctuations to finish around 4 quadrillion units.

  1. Write about the final other parts of the graph – include everything!
  2. Compare the categories.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

The line chart details fuel consumption from 1980 to 2030 in the United States. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that petrol and oil have been and will continue to be the dominant fuel sources, followed by coal and natural gas, and more distantly by renewable energies. All varieties of fuel have increased and are expected to continue rising with the exception of hydropower which will remain stable overall.

Petrol and oil consumption stood at 35 quadrillion units in 1980 before a slight dip with minor fluctuations around 33 million quadrillion units until approximately 2000. From that point on, a steadier rise begins that is anticipated to reach nearly 50 quadrillion by 2030, by far the greatest data point in the chart. Coal and natural gas were considerably lower and displayed broadly similar trends. Natural gas began the period at 16 quadrillion units and coal was 4 quadrillion higher. Over the following years, the figures were erratic and their relative positions in the chart switched several times until coal began to separate itself around 2015, predicted to finish around 8 quadrillion units higher than natural gas at 30 quadrillion.

The consumption of cleaner energy sources was less significant with nuclear the highest, rising to just over 6 quadrillion by the end of the projections. Solar and wind power are slightly lower at near 5 quadrillion and hydropower underwent minor fluctuations to finish around 4 quadrillion units.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

details fuel consumption shows how much of a fuel source is used

Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that petrol and oil overall fuel for cars and industry

dominant fuel sources most used kinds of energy

followed by coal after that the black rock that comes from mining

natural gas a kind of fuel source

more distantly by renewable energies further behind by cleaner sources

varieties different kinds of

are expected to continue rising with the exception of hydropower will keep going up but not with energy from dams

remain stable overall stay the same by the end of the period

stood at was at the level of

before a slight dip with minor fluctuations around falling down a little with erratic rises and falls near

until approximately reaching the point around

From that point on after that

steadier rise begins going up consistently starts

anticipated to reach nearly expected to get to almost

by far the greatest data point in the chart the biggest number in the whole image

considerably lower much less

displayed broadly similar trends almost the same pattern

began the period at started at

Over the following years the next years

figures data

erratic fluctuating

relative positions where they stand in comparison

switched several times changed position a few times

separate itself go off in a different direction

predicted to finish around expected to end at

cleaner energy sources not polluting kinds of energy

less significant not as important

nuclear from radioactive sources

by the end of the projections at the time the graph finishes predictions

slightly lower a little less

near almost at

underwent minor fluctuations to finish around experienced ups and downs and ended near

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈdiːteɪlz fjʊəl kənˈsʌm(p)ʃən 
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt ˈpɛtrəl ænd ɔɪl 
ˈdɒmɪnənt fjʊəl ˈsɔːsɪz
ˈfɒləʊd baɪ kəʊl 
ˈnæʧrəl gæs
mɔː ˈdɪstəntli baɪ rɪˈnjuːəbl ˈɛnəʤiz.
vəˈraɪətiz 
ɑːr ɪksˈpɛktɪd tuː kənˈtɪnju(ː) ˈraɪzɪŋ wɪð ði ɪkˈsɛpʃən ɒv ˈhaɪdrəʊˌpaʊə 
rɪˈmeɪn ˈsteɪbl ˈəʊvərɔːl
stʊd æt 
bɪˈfɔːr ə slaɪt dɪp wɪð ˈmaɪnə ˌflʌktjʊˈeɪʃənz əˈraʊnd 
ənˈtɪl əˈprɒksɪmɪtli 
frɒm ðæt pɔɪnt ɒn 
ˈstɛdɪə raɪz bɪˈgɪnz 
ænˈtɪsɪpeɪtɪd tuː riːʧ ˈnɪəli 
baɪ fɑː ðə ˈgreɪtɪst ˈdeɪtə pɔɪnt ɪn ðə ʧɑːt
kənˈsɪdərəbli ˈləʊə 
dɪsˈpleɪd ˈbrɔːdli ˈsɪmɪlə trɛndz
bɪˈgæn ðə ˈpɪərɪəd æt 
ˈəʊvə ðə ˈfɒləʊɪŋ jɪəz 
ˈfɪgəz 
ɪˈrætɪk 
ˈrɛlətɪv pəˈzɪʃənz 
swɪʧt ˈsɛvrəl taɪmz 
ˈsɛprɪt ɪtˈsɛlf 
prɪˈdɪktɪd tuː ˈfɪnɪʃ əˈraʊnd 
ˈkliːnər ˈɛnəʤi ˈsɔːsɪz 
lɛs sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt 
ˈnjuːklɪə 
baɪ ði ɛnd ɒv ðə prəˈʤɛkʃənz
ˈslaɪtli ˈləʊə 
nɪə 
ˌʌndəˈwɛnt ˈmaɪnə ˌflʌktjʊˈeɪʃənz tuː ˈfɪnɪʃ əˈraʊnd 

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

The line chart d______________________________n from 1980 to 2030 in the United States. L______________________________________________________________________l have been and will continue to be the d_________________________________s, f____________________l and n_______________s, and m___________________________________s. All v____________s of fuel have increased and a______________________________________________________________r which will r__________________________l.

Petrol and oil consumption s__________t 35 quadrillion units in 1980 b_________________________________________________d 33 million quadrillion units u__________________________y 2000. F_____________________n, a s_________________________s that is a______________________________y 50 quadrillion by 2030, b_______________________________________t. Coal and natural gas were c_________________________r and d__________________________s. Natural gas b____________________t 16 quadrillion units and coal was 4 quadrillion higher. O_________________________s, the f___________s were e______c and their r__________________s in the chart s_______________________s until coal began to s_________________f around 2015, p______________________________d 8 quadrillion units higher than natural gas at 30 quadrillion.

The consumption of c__________________________s was l_____________________t with n__________r the highest, rising to just over 6 quadrillion b________________________________s. Solar and wind power are s_______________ at n__________r 5 quadrillion and hydropower u_________________________________d 4 quadrillion units.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching from YouTube below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2022/sep/03/energy-citizenship-europes-communities-forging-a-low-carbon-future

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Environment

  1. How are environmental problems dealt with in your country?
  2. What can be done to make people recycle more often?
  3. What is the most pressing environmental problem?
  4. Is recycling a common practice in your country?
  5. Are governments or individuals more responsible?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS chart below:


  • 8.6M
  •  
  •  
    8.6M
    Shares

Recommended For You