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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay on the topic of the process of using leather to make products like bags, shoes, and balls.

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IELTS Essay Task 1: Leather Process

The diagram details the process of making leather products.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The diagram details the process by which leather products are made for retail. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are 3 main steps to this entirely man-made process beginning with initial transportation of the raw material to the factory, followed by preparation and processing of the material, and finally the production of consumer products.

Firstly, the leather skins from various animals are dried. Subsequent to this, they are taken to a factory by truck where they are washed in water and lime. The skins are then soaked in more lime for a period of time before being run through a machine with large rollers that flattens them out.

Next, the flattened skins are soaked in tannin, which is composed of water and vegetable matter. They are then polished by another rolling device and taken to another factory by trucks. In this factory, the final products are crafted and available to consumer shops.

Analysis

1. The diagram details the process by which leather products are made for retail. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are 3 main steps to this entirely man-made process beginning with initial transportation of the raw material to the factory, followed by preparation and processing of the material, and finally the production of consumer products.

  1. Paraphrase what the process shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the major groups. Read here about overviews for processes.

1. Firstly, the leather skins from various animals are dried. 2. Subsequent to this, they are taken to a factory by truck where they are washed in water and lime. 3. The skins are then soaked in more lime for a period of time before being run through a machine with large rollers that flattens them out.

  1. Begin writing about the details of the process.
  2. This one is tricky to get up to the word count (no longer required on IELTS) so try to make it a little wordy.
  3. Include every step in the process.

1. Next, the flattened skins are soaked in tannin, which is composed of water and vegetable matter. 2. They are then polished by another rolling device and taken to another factory by trucks. 3. In this factory, the final products are crafted and available to consumer shops.

  1. Write about the rest of the process – include everything!
  2. Try to paraphrase some of the words from process as well.
  3. Add in the last step of the process.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Take some notes on a piece of paper to aid your memory:

The diagram details the process by which leather products are made for retail. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that there are 3 main steps to this entirely man-made process beginning with initial transportation of the raw material to the factory, followed by preparation and processing of the material, and finally the production of consumer products.

Firstly, the leather skins from various animals are dried. Subsequent to this, they are taken to a factory by truck where they are washed in water and lime. The skins are then soaked in more lime for a period of time before being run through a machine with large rollers that flattens them out.

Next, the flattened skins are soaked in tannin, which is composed of water and vegetable matter. They are then polished by another rolling device and taken to another factory by trucks. In this factory, the final products are crafted and available to consumer shops.

Answers

Try practicing with the vocabulary below by writing an antonym/opposite word on a piece of paper (or just thinking of one):

diagram details process hows

process diagram

leather products made from animal skins, usually from cows

retail for sale

Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that overall

main steps biggest stages

entirely completely

man-made process done by humans

beginning with starting with

initial transportation first sending

raw material basic substance

factory place to make items

followed by next

preparation being made

processing making into

finally in the end

production making into something

consumer products objecets for sale

firstly to start

skins the hide of an animal

dried not wet

subsequent to this after this

taken sent to

truck big car

washed cleaned

lime cleaning substance

soaked left in water

a period of time some period

run through put through

machine device

large rollers big objects for flattening

flattens them out stretches them

next after this

tannin a chemical protein

composed of made of

vegetable matter comes from vegetables

polished made shiny

rolling device circular object for flattening or spreading

final end

crafted made

available can be bought

consumer shops stores

Pronunciation

Practice saying the words below using this tip with Google voice dictation:

ˈdaɪəgræm ˈdiːteɪlz 
ˈprəʊsɛs 
ˈlɛðə ˈprɒdʌkts 
ˈriːteɪl
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt 
meɪn stɛps 
ɪnˈtaɪəli 
ˈmænˈmeɪd ˈprəʊsɛs 
bɪˈgɪnɪŋ wɪð 
ɪˈnɪʃəl ˌtrænspɔːˈteɪʃən 
rɔː məˈtɪərɪəl 
ˈfæktəri
ˈfɒləʊd baɪ 
ˌprɛpəˈreɪʃən 
ˈprəʊsɛsɪŋ 
məˈtɪərɪəl,
ˈfaɪnəli 
prəˈdʌkʃən 
kənˈsjuːmə ˈprɒdʌkts
ˈfɜːstli
skɪnz 
draɪd
ˈsʌbsɪkwənt tuː ðɪs
ˈteɪkən 
trʌk 
wɒʃt 
laɪm
səʊkt 
ə ˈpɪərɪəd ɒv taɪm 
rʌn θruː 
məˈʃiːn 
lɑːʤ ˈrəʊləz 
ˈflætnz ðɛm aʊt
nɛkst
ˈtænɪn,
kəmˈpəʊzd ɒv 
ˈvɛʤtəb(ə)l ˈmætə
ˈpɒlɪʃt 
ˈrəʊlɪŋ dɪˈvaɪs 
ˈfaɪnl 
ˈkrɑːftɪd 
əˈveɪləbl 
kənˈsjuːmə ʃɒps

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The d_________________s the p__________s by which l____________________s are made for r______l. L________________________________________________t there are 3 m____________s to this e__________y m________________s b_________________h i____________________n of the r__________________l to the f__________y, f_______________y p____________n and p_____________g of the m__________l, and f_________y the p____________n of c____________________s.

F_______y, the leather s______s from various animals are d______d. S____________________s, they are t______n to a factory by t______k where they are w________d in water and l_______e. The skins are then s____________d in more lime for a___________________e before being r______________h a m____________e with l_______________s that f_________________t.

N_____t, the flattened skins are soaked in t_________n, which is c_______________f water and v______________r. They are then p__________d by another r_______________e and taken to another factory by trucks. In this factory, the f______l products are c_______d and a___________e to c_________________s.

Listening Practice

Listen to the related topic below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.trtworld.com/life/mushroom-leather-is-here-and-it-may-be-better-than-the-real-thing-52296

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following related questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Fashion

  1. What kind of clothes do you like to wear?
  2. How often do you buy new shoes?
  3. Are there any kinds of clothes you don’t like?
  4. What sort of fashion is popular now in your country?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related process below and then check with my sample answer:

ielts essay wool

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