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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay related to the number of people living in households in the UK (a bar chart).

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*Dave*

*Before reading, listen to the audio and try to draw the graph:*

**IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer Essay: UK Households Bar Chart**

*The chart compares the number of people per household by percentage in the UK in 1981 and 2001.*

The bar chart details percentages for the number of people living in households across a twenty year period beginning in 1981 in the UK. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the households with more people declined and the reverse was true of smaller homes. The middle groups were the only exceptions to this with increases for 4 people homes and declines for 3 person homes.

The overall leaders in both time periods belonged to 1 and 2 people households. Both increased by 3%, finishing the time surveyed at 26% for the former and 34% for the latter. This contrasted with 5 person households (falling by a quarter to 6%) and 6 or more people in a home, which plummeted from 6% to 2%.

The middle groups showed divergent trends with 4 people homes rising by 3% to 15% and 3 people homes declining by the same margin to 17%.

**Analysis**

**1.** The bar chart details percentages for the number of people living in households across a twenty year period beginning in 1981 in the UK. **2. **Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the households with more people declined and the reverse was true of smaller homes. **3.** The middle groups were the only exceptions to this with increases for 4 people homes and declines for 3 person homes.

*Paraphrase what the chart shows.**Write a general overview. Include whether each category increased/decreased.**Be sure to mention any possible exceptions.*

**1.** The overall leaders in both time periods belonged to 1 and 2 people households. **2.** Both increased by 3%, finishing the time surveyed at 26% for the former and 34% for the latter. **3.** This contrasted with 5 person households (falling by a quarter to 6%) and 6 or more people in a home, which plummeted from 6% to 2%.

*Begin to compare and describe the data.**Include the starting and ending points (or imply them as I do).**Make sure you include all the data.*

**1.** The middle groups showed divergent trends with 4 people homes rising by 3% to 15% and 3 people homes declining by the same margin to 17%.

*Don’t forget to write about all the categories on the chart.*

**Vocabulary**

*What do the words in bold below mean?*

The bar chart **details **percentages for the number of people living in households **across **a** twenty year period **beginning in 1981 in the UK. **Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that **the households with more people **declined **and **the reverse was true of** smaller homes. The middle groups were the **only exceptions** to this with increases for 4 people homes and **declines **for 3 person homes.

The overall leaders in both time periods **belonged to** 1 and 2 people households. Both increased by 3%, **finishing the time surveyed at** 26% for **the former **and 34% for **the latter**. This **contrasted with** 5 person households (**falling by a quarter to** 6%) and 6 or more people in a home, which **plummeted from **6% to 2%.

The middle groups **showed divergent trends** with 4 people homes **rising **by 3% to 15% and 3 people homes **declining **by the same **margin **to 17%.

**Answers**

**details **illustrates, describes, gives information about

**across **over

**twenty year period **10 years

**Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that **Overall

**declined **decreased

**the reverse was true of** the opposite was the case for

**only exceptions** cases that don’t fit the pattern

**declines **noun for decreases

**belonged to** owned by

**finishing the time surveyed at** at the end of the period stood at

**the former **the first mentioned category

**the latter** the last mentioned category from the sentence before

**contrasted with** compared to

**falling by a quarter to** decreased 25%

**plummeted from **fell sharply

**showed divergent trends** had different patterns

**rising **increasing

**declining **decreasing

**margin **the difference/gap

**Pronunciation**

*Listen and repeat:*

ˈdiːteɪlz** **

əˈkrɒs** **

ˈtwɛnti jɪə ˈpɪərɪəd** **

ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪv**, **ɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt** **

dɪˈklaɪnd** **

ðə rɪˈvɜːs wɒz truː ɒv** **

ˈəʊnli ɪkˈsɛpʃənz** **

dɪˈklaɪnz** **

bɪˈlɒŋd tuː** **

ˈfɪnɪʃɪŋ ðə taɪm sɜːˈveɪd æt** **

ðə ˈfɔːmə** **

ðə ˈlætə

kənˈtrɑːstɪd wɪð** **

ˈfɔːlɪŋ baɪ ə ˈkwɔːtə tuː** **

ˈplʌmɪtɪd frɒm** **

ʃəʊd daɪˈvɜːʤənt trɛndz** **

ˈraɪzɪŋ** **

dɪˈklaɪnɪŋ** **

ˈmɑːʤɪn** **

**Vocabulary Practice**

*Remember and fill in the blanks:*

The bar chart **d_________s **percentages for the number of people living in households **a__________s **a** t____________________d **beginning in 1981 in the UK. **L____________________________________________________t **the households with more people **d_____________d **and **t_________________________f** smaller homes. The middle groups were the **o____________________s** to this with increases for 4 people homes and **d_____________s **for 3 person homes.

The overall leaders in both time periods **b_______________o** 1 and 2 people households. Both increased by 3%, **f___________________________t** 26% for **t__________________r **and 34% for **t_______________r**. This **c__________________h** 5 person households (**f_________________________o** 6%) and 6 or more people in a home, which **p______________________m **6% to 2%.

The middle groups **s______________________s** with 4 people homes **r_____________g **by 3% to 15% and 3 people homes **d______________g **by the same **m___________n **to 17%.

*Listen and check:*

**Listening Practice**

*Learn more about overcrowding here:*

**Reading Practice**

**See some more charts here about people living alone:**

https://ourworldindata.org/living-alone

**Speaking Practice**

*Answer the following questions from the **new IELTS speaking booklet**:*

**Where you Live**

Did you like the house you grew up in?

What was your favourite area of the house you grew up in?

How do you want to live in the future?

Real IELTS Speaking Exam

**Writing Practice**

*Write about the following related graph showing the percentages of young people studying in higher education:*

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The pie charts illustrate the proportion of households of different sizes in the UK and two separate years, 1981 and 2001.

Overall, two people families made up the largest proportion in both years, and the percentages of small households with two people and one person increased considerably over the given period. Figures for the remaining categories decreased with an exception of 4-people families, which showed a reverse trend.

Two people families were leading in both periods with 31% and 34% respective. The second most popular categories, single person households, also recoded a 3% rise to just over a quarter in the latter year. Likewise, figures for 4-people families climbed from 12% to 15% over the years.

In contrast, households with three people used to made up a fifth of the total in 1981, and this number fell to 17% at the end of the period. Similarly, the percentages of families with 5 people and 6 or more dropped from 8% and 6% respectively at the beginning to 6% and as low as 2% in turn two decades after.