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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay related to the number of people living in households in the UK (a bar chart).

Be sure to check out my online courses and writing corrections as well!

Dave

Before reading, listen to the audio and try to draw the graph:

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer Essay: UK Households Bar Chart

The chart compares the number of people per household by percentage in the UK in 1981 and 2001.

The bar chart details percentages for the number of people living in households across a twenty year period beginning in 1981 in the UK. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the households with more people declined and the reverse was true of smaller homes. The middle groups were the only exceptions to this with increases for 4 people homes and declines for 3 person homes.

The overall leaders in both time periods belonged to 1 and 2 people households. Both increased by 3%, finishing the time surveyed at 26% for the former and 34% for the latter. This contrasted with 5 person households (falling by a quarter to 6%) and 6 or more people in a home, which plummeted from 6% to 2%.

The middle groups showed divergent trends with 4 people homes rising by 3% to 15% and 3 people homes declining by the same margin to 17%.

Analysis

1. The bar chart details percentages for the number of people living in households across a twenty year period beginning in 1981 in the UK. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the households with more people declined and the reverse was true of smaller homes. 3. The middle groups were the only exceptions to this with increases for 4 people homes and declines for 3 person homes.

  1. Paraphrase what the chart shows.
  2. Write a general overview. Include whether each category increased/decreased.
  3. Be sure to mention any possible exceptions.

1. The overall leaders in both time periods belonged to 1 and 2 people households. 2. Both increased by 3%, finishing the time surveyed at 26% for the former and 34% for the latter. 3. This contrasted with 5 person households (falling by a quarter to 6%) and 6 or more people in a home, which plummeted from 6% to 2%.

  1. Begin to compare and describe the data.
  2. Include the starting and ending points (or imply them as I do).
  3. Make sure you include all the data.

1. The middle groups showed divergent trends with 4 people homes rising by 3% to 15% and 3 people homes declining by the same margin to 17%.

  1. Don’t forget to write about all the categories on the chart.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

The bar chart details percentages for the number of people living in households across a twenty year period beginning in 1981 in the UK. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the households with more people declined and the reverse was true of smaller homes. The middle groups were the only exceptions to this with increases for 4 people homes and declines for 3 person homes.

The overall leaders in both time periods belonged to 1 and 2 people households. Both increased by 3%, finishing the time surveyed at 26% for the former and 34% for the latter. This contrasted with 5 person households (falling by a quarter to 6%) and 6 or more people in a home, which plummeted from 6% to 2%.

The middle groups showed divergent trends with 4 people homes rising by 3% to 15% and 3 people homes declining by the same margin to 17%.

Answers

details illustrates, describes, gives information about

across over

twenty year period 10 years

Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that Overall

declined decreased

the reverse was true of the opposite was the case for

only exceptions cases that don’t fit the pattern

declines noun for decreases

belonged to owned by

finishing the time surveyed at at the end of the period stood at

the former the first mentioned category

the latter the last mentioned category from the sentence before

contrasted with compared to

falling by a quarter to decreased 25%

plummeted from fell sharply

showed divergent trends had different patterns

rising increasing

declining decreasing

margin the difference/gap

Pronunciation

Listen and repeat:

ˈdiːteɪlz 
əˈkrɒs 
ˈtwɛnti jɪə ˈpɪərɪəd 
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt 
dɪˈklaɪnd 
ðə rɪˈvɜːs wɒz truː ɒv 
ˈəʊnli ɪkˈsɛpʃənz 
dɪˈklaɪnz 
bɪˈlɒŋd tuː 
ˈfɪnɪʃɪŋ ðə taɪm sɜːˈveɪd æt 
ðə ˈfɔːmə 
ðə ˈlætə
kənˈtrɑːstɪd wɪð 
ˈfɔːlɪŋ baɪ ə ˈkwɔːtə tuː 
ˈplʌmɪtɪd frɒm 
ʃəʊd daɪˈvɜːʤənt trɛndz 
ˈraɪzɪŋ 
dɪˈklaɪnɪŋ 
ˈmɑːʤɪn 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The bar chart d_________s percentages for the number of people living in households a__________s a t____________________d beginning in 1981 in the UK. L____________________________________________________t the households with more people d_____________d and t_________________________f smaller homes. The middle groups were the o____________________s to this with increases for 4 people homes and d_____________s for 3 person homes.

The overall leaders in both time periods b_______________o 1 and 2 people households. Both increased by 3%, f___________________________t 26% for t__________________r and 34% for t_______________r. This c__________________h 5 person households (f_________________________o 6%) and 6 or more people in a home, which p______________________m 6% to 2%.

The middle groups s______________________s with 4 people homes r_____________g by 3% to 15% and 3 people homes d______________g by the same m___________n to 17%.

Listen and check:

Listening Practice

Learn more about overcrowding here:

Reading Practice

See some more charts here about people living alone:

https://ourworldindata.org/living-alone

Speaking Practice

Answer the following questions from the new IELTS speaking booklet:

Where you Live

Did you like the house you grew up in?

What was your favourite area of the house you grew up in?

How do you want to live in the future?

Real IELTS Speaking Exam

Writing Practice

Write about the following related graph showing the percentages of young people studying in higher education:

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample Answer Essay: Higher Education Bar Chart (Real Past IELTS Exam/Test)

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