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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay from the new Cambridge IELTS 17 book of past test papers on the topic of the police budget.

You can read essays and guides for the other IELTS Cambridge books, including Cambridge 17, here:

The Complete Guide to IELTS Cambridge 17

The Complete Guide to IELTS Cambridge 16

The Complete Guide to IELTS Cambridge 15

The Complete Guide to IELTS Cambridge 14

The Complete Guide to IELTS Cambridge 13

Dave

IELTS Cambridge 17 Essay: Police Budget

The table and charts detailed below give information about the police budget in 2017 and 2018 in on area of Britain. The table illustrates where the money came from and the charts show how it was distributed.

The table details the sources of funding for the police and the pie charts show the distribution of this budget. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the contributions of all sources increased, though local taxes displayed the greatest funding growth. In terms of spending, there was a marked increase in technology funding, buildings and transport was unchanged, and salaries declined though this category continued to represent the vast majority of the budget.

In 2017, the national government contributed 175.5 million pounds, slightly below the number for the following year (177.8m). Local taxes, in contrast, were lower overall in both years but grew considerably from £91.2 million to £102.3 million. Other sources, such as grants, were largely unchanged, rising slightly from 38 to 38.5 million. The total figure grew by 13.9m to 318.6m.

In terms of budgetary allocation, 75% of the budget was devoted to salaries in 2017 and this figure declined to 69% the following year. Money for technology nearly doubled, going from 8% to 14%, while spending on buildings and transport was unaltered at 17% in each year surveyed.

Analysis

1. The table details the sources of funding for the police and the pie charts show the distribution of this budget. 2. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the contributions of all sources increased, though local taxes displayed the greatest funding growth. 3. In terms of spending, there was a marked increase in technology funding, buildings and transport was unchanged, and salaries declined though this category continued to represent the vast majority of the budget.

  1. Paraphrase what the bar chart shows.
  2. Write a clear overview summarising the differences.
  3. You might need another sentence for your overview.

1. In 2017, the national government contributed 175.5 million pounds, slightly below the number for the following year (177.8m). 2. Local taxes, in contrast, were lower overall in both years but grew considerably from £91.2 million to £102.3 million. 3. Other sources, such as grants, were largely unchanged, rising slightly from 38 to 38.5 million. The total figure grew by 13.9m to 318.6m.

  1. Begin writing about the data for the first categories.
  2. Make sure you compare as much as possible.
  3. Vary long and short sentences.

1. In terms of budgetary allocation, 75% of the budget was devoted to salaries in 2017 and this figure declined to 69% the following year. 2. Money for technology nearly doubled, going from 8% to 14%, while spending on buildings and transport was unaltered at 17% in each year surveyed.

  1. Write about the final other parts of the graph –
  2. include everything!

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

The table details the sources of funding for the police and the pie charts show the distribution of this budget. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the contributions of all sources increased, though local taxes displayed the greatest funding growth. In terms of spending, there was a marked increase in technology funding, buildings and transport was unchanged, and salaries declined though this category continued to represent the vast majority of the budget.

In 2017, the national government contributed 175.5 million pounds, slightly below the number for the following year (177.8m). Local taxes, in contrast, were lower overall in both years but grew considerably from £91.2 million to £102.3 million. Other sources, such as grants, were largely unchanged, rising slightly from 38 to 38.5 million. The total figure grew by 13.9m to 318.6m.

In terms of budgetary allocation, 75% of the budget was devoted to salaries in 2017 and this figure declined to 69% the following year. Money for technology nearly doubled, going from 8% to 14%, while spending on buildings and transport was unaltered at 17% in each year surveyed.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

details shows

sources of funding for where the money comes from to provide for

police officers, cops

distribution how something is spread out

budget amount of money to spend

Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that overall

sources where it comes from

local taxes local government

displayed showed

greatest funding growth most of the money comes from

In terms of spending when it comes to money used

marked noticeable

salaries money earned each month

though however

category group

continued to kept on

represent showed

vast majority of the budget most of the money spent

national government federal government

pounds UK currency

slightly below just under

in contrast, however

lower overall less in general

grew considerably increased a lot

other sources different origins

grants money given

largely unchanged mostly the same

rising slightly going up a little

total figure overall number

in terms of concerning

budgetary allocation money supplied to each area

devoted to for

figure declined number went down

the following year the next year

nearly doubled almost 2x

unaltered unchanged

each year surveyed the years detailed

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈdiːteɪlz 
ˈsɔːsɪz ɒv ˈfʌndɪŋ fɔː 
pəˈliːs 
ˌdɪstrɪˈbjuːʃən 
ˈbʌʤɪt
ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪvɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt 
ˈsɔːsɪz 
ˈləʊkəl ˈtæksɪz 
dɪsˈpleɪd 
ˈgreɪtɪst ˈfʌndɪŋ grəʊθ
ɪn tɜːmz ɒv ˈspɛndɪŋ
mɑːkt 
ˈsæləriz 
ðəʊ 
ˈkætɪgəri 
kənˈtɪnju(ː)d tuː 
ˌrɛprɪˈzɛnt 
vɑːst məˈʤɒrɪti ɒv ðə ˈbʌʤɪt
ˈnæʃənl ˈgʌvnmənt 
paʊndz
ˈslaɪtli bɪˈləʊ 
ɪn ˈkɒntrɑːst,
ˈləʊər ˈəʊvərɔːl 
gruː kənˈsɪdərəbli 
ˈʌðə ˈsɔːsɪz
grɑːnts,
ˈlɑːʤli ʌnˈʧeɪnʤd
ˈraɪzɪŋ ˈslaɪtli 
ˈtəʊtl ˈfɪgə 
ɪn tɜːmz ɒv 
ˈbʌʤɪtəri ˌæləʊˈkeɪʃ(ə)n
dɪˈvəʊtɪd tuː 
ˈfɪgə dɪˈklaɪnd 
ðə ˈfɒləʊɪŋ jɪə
ˈnɪəli ˈdʌbld
ʌnˈɔːltəd 
iːʧ jɪə sɜːˈveɪd

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

The table d_______s the s_________________________r the p______e and the pie charts show the d____________n of this b_________t. L__________________________________________________________t the contributions of all s__________s increased, though l______________s d____________d the g________________________h. I______________________g, there was a m_______d increase in technology funding, buildings and transport was unchanged, and s__________s declined t______h this c____________y c_________________o r___________t the v_________________________t.

In 2017, the n_____________t contributed 175.5 million p_________s, s_________w the number for the following year (177.8m). L___________s, i____________t, were l__________________l in both years but g___________________y from £91.2 million to £102.3 million. O______________s, such as g_______s, were l_____________________d, r________________y from 38 to 38.5 million. The t______________e grew by 13.9m to 318.6m.

I_______________f b________________n, 75% of the budget was d_____________o salaries in 2017 and this f____________d to 69% t__________________r. Money for technology n________________d, going from 8% to 14%, while spending on buildings and transport was u___________d at 17% in e_______________________d.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching from YouTube below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Police

  1. Is your country generally safe?
  2. What responsibilities do the police usually have?
  3. How do you think policing will change in the future?
  4. Do cameras violate a person’s privacy?
  5. What problems do people have with the police in your country?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topics below:


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