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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay on the topic of underground railway systems in six major cities including the date opened, kilometres per route, and average passengers per year.

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## IELTS Task 1: Underground Railway Systems

The table displays the date opened, number of kilometers and passengers each year in millions for subway systems in various cities. Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the earlier underground railways tend to be longer and now serve more passengers per year relative to the more recent ones. Tokyo stands out for serving by far the most passengers and London for being both the oldest and largest.

London opened first (1863) and is nearly twice as expansive (394 kilometers) as the second largest subway, in Paris, which opened in 1900 and is 199 kilometers long. However, Paris now has more passengers compared to London (1,191,000,000 to 775,000,000). Tokyo was the next oldest having been constructed in 1927 with routes measuring a total of 155 kilometers and being made use of by 1,928,000,000 passengers annually.

The more modern subways are Washington D.C. (1976), Kyoto (1981), and Los Angeles (2001). Washington is the largest of the 3 at 126 kilometers with 144,000,000 yearly passengers. Kyoto is by far the smallest (11 kilometers) and serves relatively few individuals (45 million). Similarly, the Los Angeles subway is 18 kilometers in cumulative length and only 50,000,000 people travel on it each year.

**Analysis**

**1. **The table displays the date opened, number of kilometers and passengers each year in millions for subway systems in various cities.** 2.** Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the earlier underground railways tend to be longer and now serve more passengers per year relative to the more recent ones. **3. **Tokyo stands out for serving by far the most passengers and London for being both the oldest and largest.

*Paraphrase what the bar chart shows.**Write a clear overview summarising the differences.**This one is a little complex so it needs a second sentence for the overview.*

**1. **London opened first (1863) and is nearly twice as expansive (394 kilometers) as the second largest subway, in Paris, which opened in 1900 and is 199 kilometers long.** 2.** However, Paris now has more passengers compared to London (1,191,000,000 to 775,000,000). **3. **Tokyo was the next oldest having been constructed in 1927 with routes measuring a total of 155 kilometers and being made use of by 1,928,000,000 passengers annually.

*Begin writing about the data for the first categories.***Make sure you compare as much as possible.***There is a lot of data so this essay is a little longer than normal.*

**1. **The more modern subways are Washington D.C. (1976), Kyoto (1981), and Los Angeles (2001). **2. **Washington is the largest of the 3 at 126 kilometers with 144,000,000 yearly passengers. **3. **Kyoto is by far the smallest (11 kilometers) and serves relatively few individuals (45 million). **4.** Similarly, the Los Angeles subway is 18 kilometers in cumulative length and only 50,000,000 people travel on it each year.

*Write about the final other parts of the graph – include everything!**Compare the categories.**This table has lots of data so your writing might be a little long.**Finish with the rest of the data.*

**Vocabulary**

The table **displays **the date opened, number of **kilometers **and **passengers **each year in millions for** subway systems** in **various **cities.** Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that** the earlier underground railways **tend to be** longer and now serve more passengers per year **relative to** the more recent ones. Tokyo **stands out for **serving by far the most passengers and London for being both the oldest and largest.

London opened first (1863) and is **nearly twice as expansive **(394 kilometers) as the **second largest** subway, in Paris, which opened in 1900 and is 199 kilometers long. However, Paris now has more passengers **compared to** London (1,191,000,000 to 775,000,000). Tokyo was the **next oldest **having been **constructed **in 1927 with routes **measuring a total of** 155 kilometers and **being made use of by **1,928,000,000 passengers **annually**.

The **more modern subways **are Washington D.C. (1976), Kyoto (1981), and Los Angeles (2001). Washington is** the largest of the 3 **at 126 kilometers with 144,000,000 yearly passengers. Kyoto is **by far** the smallest (11 kilometers) and serves **relatively **few individuals (45 million). **Similarly**, the Los Angeles subway is 18 kilometers in **cumulative** length and only 50,000,000 people travel on it **each year**.

**Answers**

*For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:*

**displays **shows

**kilometers **.62 miles

**passengers **people riding on them

**subway systems** underground railway systems

**various **different

**Looking from an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that** overall

**tend to be** are usually

**relative to** compared to

**stands out for **is noticeable because of

**nearly twice as expansive **almost double the size of

**second largest** next biggest

**compared to** in contrast to

**next oldest **almost as old

**constructed **built

**measuring a total of** the total length of

**being made use of by **used by

**annually** each year

**more modern subways **more recent undergrounds

**the largest of the 3 **the biggest of all

**by far** much more

**relatively **in comparison

**Similarly** not so different

**cumulative** in total

**each year** every year

**Pronunciation**

*Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:*

dɪsˈpleɪz** **

ˈkɪləʊˌmiːtəz** **

ˈpæsɪnʤəz** **

ˈsʌbweɪ ˈsɪstɪmz** **

ˈveərɪəs** **

ˈlʊkɪŋ frɒm ən ˈəʊvərɔːl pəˈspɛktɪv**, **ɪt ɪz ˈrɛdɪli əˈpærənt ðæt

tɛnd tuː biː** **

ˈrɛlətɪv tuː** **

stændz aʊt fɔː** **

ˈnɪəli twaɪs æz ɪksˈpænsɪv** **

ˈsɛkənd ˈlɑːʤɪst** **

kəmˈpeəd tuː** **

nɛkst ˈəʊldɪst** **

kənˈstrʌktɪd** **

ˈmɛʒərɪŋ ə ˈtəʊtl ɒv** **

ˈbiːɪŋ meɪd juːz ɒv baɪ** **

ˈænjʊəli

mɔː ˈmɒdən ˈsʌbweɪz** **

ðə ˈlɑːʤɪst ɒv ðiː** 3**

baɪ fɑː** **

ˈrɛlətɪvli** **

ˈsɪmɪləli

ˈkjuːmjʊlətɪv

iːʧ jɪə

**Vocabulary Practice**

The table **d_______s **the date opened, number of **k__________s **and **p____________s **each year in millions for** s___________________s** in **v_______s **cities.** L______________________________________________t** the earlier underground railways **t__________e** longer and now serve more passengers per year **r__________o** the more recent ones. Tokyo **s_____________r **serving by far the most passengers and London for being both the oldest and largest.

London opened first (1863) and is **n__________________e **(394 kilometers) as the **s______________t** subway, in Paris, which opened in 1900 and is 199 kilometers long. However, Paris now has more passengers **c_________o** London (1,191,000,000 to 775,000,000). Tokyo was the **n__________t **having been **c___________d **in 1927 with routes **m_______________________f** 155 kilometers and **b_______________________y **1,928,000,000 passengers **a________y**.

The **m______________________s **are Washington D.C. (1976), Kyoto (1981), and Los Angeles (2001). Washington is t________________________**3 **at 126 kilometers with 144,000,000 yearly passengers. Kyoto is **b_____r** the smallest (11 kilometers) and serves **r_________y **few individuals (45 million). **S________y**, the Los Angeles subway is 18 kilometers in **c____________e** length and only 50,000,000 people travel on it **e________r**.

**Listening Practice**

**Reading Practice**

https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/world-best-metro-systems/index.html

**Speaking Practice**

**Cities**

- Have you ever lived in a city?
- What do you enjoy most about living in the city?
- Which city would you like to live in in the future?
- Do most people in your country live in cities?

**Writing Practice**

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