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This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay featuring two graphs, a pie chart and a bar chart, related to students in Singaport for 200 to 2010.

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IELTS Essay: Two Graphs (Pie and Bar Charts)

The bar chart records how long students spent in school by gender in two year intervals from 2000 to 2010, while the pie charts break down where they were studying. In general, both males and females saw steady rises in years spent at school, though male figures were always higher. In 2000, there were largely equal proportions for secondary, college, diplomas and university degrees but by 2010 university had more students, largely at the expense of secondary school.

In Singapore in 2000, males spent around 7.5 years in school and females were at 5.5. This difference of 2 years remained nearly identical over the period as the numbers for males rose steadily to over 9 to finish the period and women had narrowed the gap slightly to just under 8 years.

Turning to the types of schooling, in 2000 most students were in secondary school (27.7%) which was 1.2% higher than college, 3.7% more than those studying for diplomas and well above university degrees at 21.8%. By 2010, university degrees had surged to 44.5% and secondary declined to 8%. College students also made up a smaller proportion at 16.3%, while diploma students rose by about a third to 31.2%.

Analysis

1. The bar chart records how long students spent in school by gender in two year intervals from 2000 to 2010, while the pie charts break down where they were studying. 2. In general, both males and females saw steady rises in years spent at school, though male figures were always higher. 3. In 2000, there were largely equal proportions for secondary, college, diplomas and university degrees but by 2010 university had more students, largely at the expense of secondary school.

  1. Paraphrase what the graph shows.
  2. Start your general overview.
  3. Make sure that you include the complete trend and some of the overall rankings.

1. In Singapore in 2000, males spent around 7.5 years in school and females were at 5.5. 2. This difference of 2 years remained nearly identical over the period as the numbers for males rose steadily to over 9 to finish the period and women had narrowed the gap slightly to just under 8 years.

  1. Begin with the first chart and include all the data.
  2. Be sure to compare the data and cover the beginning and end of the period.

1. Turning to the types of schooling, in 2000 most students were in secondary school (27.7%) which was 1.2% higher than college, 3.7% more than those studying for diplomas and well above university degrees at 21.8%. 2. By 2010, university degrees had surged to 44.5% and secondary declined to 8%. 3. College students also made up a smaller proportion at 16.3%, while diploma students rose by about a third to 31.2%.

  1. Move on to the pie charts and describe the data.
  2. I worte about the years separately but you could combine the years and write about how they rose from …. to ….
  3. Finish with all the data and double check the accuracy of your data and your general overview.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

The bar chart records how long students spent in school by gender in two year intervals from 2000 to 2010, while the pie charts break down where they were studying. In general, both males and females saw steady rises in years spent at school, though male figures were always higher. In 2000, there were largely equal proportions for secondary, college, diplomas and university degrees but by 2010 university had more students, largely at the expense of secondary school.

In Singapore in 2000, males spent around 7.5 years in school and females were at 5.5. This difference of 2 years remained nearly identical over the period as the numbers for males rose steadily to over 9 to finish the period and women had narrowed the gap slightly to just under 8 years.

Turning to the types of schooling, in 2000 most students were in secondary school (27.7%) which was 1.2% higher than college, 3.7% more than those studying for diplomas and well above university degrees at 21.8%. By 2010, university degrees had surged to 44.5% and secondary declined to 8%. College students also made up a smaller proportion at 16.3%, while diploma students rose by about a third to 31.2%.

Answers

records details

gender male or female

two year intervals every 2 years, two year gaps

break down are made up of

in general overall

steady rises consistent increases

figures numbers

largely equal proportions mostly the same percentages

secondary high school

college an institute of higher learning

diplomas certificates

university higher education

largely at the expense of mostly because of

spent put time into

difference gap

remained nearly identical over the period were mostly the same for that time

rose steadily increased consistently

narrowed the gap slightly reduced the difference a little

just under a little less than

turning to the types of schooling considering what kind of school

higher more than

well above a lot over

surged increased a lot

declined decreased

made up constituted

smaller proportion lower percentage

rose increased

a third 33%

Pronunciation

ˈrɛkɔːdz 
ˈʤɛndə 
tuː jɪər ˈɪntəvəlz 
breɪk daʊn 
ɪn ˈʤɛnərəl
ˈstɛdi ˈraɪzɪz 
ˈfɪgəz 
ˈlɑːʤli ˈiːkwəl prəˈpɔːʃənz 
ˈsɛkəndəri
ˈkɒlɪʤ
dɪˈpləʊməz 
ˌjuːnɪˈvɜːsɪti 
ˈlɑːʤli æt ði ɪksˈpɛns ɒv 
spɛnt 
ˈdɪfrəns 
rɪˈmeɪnd ˈnɪəli aɪˈdɛntɪkəl ˈəʊvə ðə ˈpɪərɪəd 
rəʊz ˈstɛdɪli 
ˈnærəʊd ðə gæp ˈslaɪtli 
ʤʌst ˈʌndə 
ˈtɜːnɪŋ tuː ðə taɪps ɒv ˈskuːlɪŋ
ˈhaɪə 
wɛl əˈbʌv 
sɜːʤd 
dɪˈklaɪnd 
meɪd ʌp 
ˈsmɔːlə prəˈpɔːʃən 
rəʊz 
ə θɜːd 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The bar chart r____________s how long students spent in school by g__________r in t____________________s from 2000 to 2010, while the pie charts b_______________n where they were studying. I______________l, both males and females saw s_______________s in years spent at school, though male f___________s were always higher. In 2000, there were l__________________________s for s________________y, c___________e, d_____________s and u_____________y degrees but by 2010 university had more students, l_______________________f secondary school.

In Singapore in 2000, males s___________t around 7.5 years in school and females were at 5.5. This d______________e of 2 years r___________________________________d as the numbers for males r___________________y to over 9 to finish the period and women had n_____________________________y to j______________r 8 years.

T_______________________________g, in 2000 most students were in secondary school (27.7%) which was 1.2% h________r than college, 3.7% more than those studying for diplomas and w__________e university degrees at 21.8%. By 2010, university degrees had s____________d to 44.5% and secondary d___________d to 8%. College students also m__________p a s______________________n at 16.3%, while diploma students r_______e by about a__________d to 31.2%.

Listening Practice

Learn about Singapore’s schooling system below:

Reading Practice

Read more about the eduation gap between men and women below:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/the-degrees-of-separation-between-the-genders-in-college-keeps-growing/2019/10/25/8b2e5094-f2ab-11e9-89eb-ec56cd414732_story.html

Speaking Practice

Answer the following questions from the real IELTS speaking exam related to study:

Studying

  1. Are you studying or working?
  2. Do you prefer to learn in the morning or in the evening?
  3. What subject do like to study best?

Writing Practice

Write about the related graph below about education levels by age range in the UK and then check with my sample answer:

IELTS Task 1 Essay: Bar Chart (Education)

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