IELTS Essay: Musical Instruments

IELTS Essay: Musical Instruments

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of whether or not every child should be taught to play a musical instrument.

Be sure to sign up for my Patreon here for more essays and my online courses here to really improve your IELTS!

Dave

IELTS Essay: Education

Some educators believe that every child should be taught how to play a musical instrument.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many teachers feel that learning to play a musical instrument is an indispensable part of a student’s education. In my opinion, there are socioeconomic concerns with this tenet but it is still advisable overall.

Detractors can easily argue not every child has access to the supportive environment required to learn an instrument. Firstly, a family might not have enough money if a child wants to learn piano or buy a quality guitar. There are also related expenses that include the fees for private lessons and other equipment. Added to this, they will need their parents to have enough time to drive them to and from rehearsals and recitals. At home, the entire family will have to listen to them practice and this could be contentious if there are a lot of people living in one home or a child shares their room with siblings or relatives. All these factors affect underprivileged children and place them at a decided disadvantage.

Nonetheless, the above issues can be mitigated with more funding for schools and the developmental benefits of music outweigh all other concerns. Research has shown that in early development, physical changes take place in the brains of both children and adolescents. Some of these relate to music and children who take up an instrument, even if they quit later, have demonstrated improved cognitive flexibility and creativity in longitudinal studies across a variety of cultural backgrounds. Apart from the scientific grounding, it also common sense that children will feel more fulfilled and derive a lot of joy from playing music. This can provide a boost to not only academics but also their long-term mental well-being.

In conclusion, though policymakers will have to account for accessibility issues, learning an instrument is key for neurodevelopment. Schools, parents, and teachers should work together to ensure the best chances of success.

Analysis

1. Many teachers feel that learning to play a musical instrument is an indispensable part of a student’s education. 2. In my opinion, there are socioeconomic concerns with this tenet but it is still advisable overall.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Detractors can easily argue not every child has access to the supportive environment required to learn an instrument. 2. Firstly, a family might not have enough money if a child wants to learn piano or buy a quality guitar. 3. There are also related expenses that include the fees for private lessons and other equipment. 4. Added to this, they will need their parents to have enough time to drive them to and from rehearsals and recitals. 5. At home, the entire family will have to listen to them practice and this could be contentious if there are a lot of people living in one home or a child shares their room with siblings or relatives. 6. All these factors affect underprivileged children and place them at a decided disadvantage.

  1. Write a clear topic sentence with your main idea at the end.
  2. Begin to develop your main idea.
  3. Use a real or hypothetical example.
  4. Add more detail to fully support your main idea.
  5. Don’t switch to a new main idea.
  6. Finish with a summary.

1. Nonetheless, the above issues can be mitigated with more funding for schools and the developmental benefits of music outweigh all other concerns. 2. Research has shown that in early development, physical changes take place in the brains of both children and adolescents. 3. Some of these relate to music and children who take up an instrument, even if they quit later, have demonstrated improved cognitive flexibility and creativity in longitudinal studies across a variety of cultural backgrounds. 4. Apart from the scientific grounding, it also common sense that children will feel more fulfilled and derive a lot of joy from playing music. 5. This can provide a boost to not only academics but also their long-term mental well-being.

  1. Write another topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Use research to support your idea.
  3. Develop the research.
  4. Add in more detail if possible.
  5. Conclude with a strong statement.

1. In conclusion, though policymakers will have to account for accessibility issues, learning an instrument is key for neurodevelopment. 2. Schools, parents, and teachers should work together to ensure the best chances of success.

  1. Repeat your opinion and summarise your main ideas.
  2. Add a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

Many teachers feel that learning to play a musical instrument is an indispensable part of a student’s education. In my opinion, there are socioeconomic concerns with this tenet but it is still advisable overall.

Detractors can easily argue not every child has access to the supportive environment required to learn an instrument. Firstly, a family might not have enough money if a child wants to learn piano or buy a quality guitar. There are also related expenses that include the fees for private lessons and other equipment. Added to this, they will need their parents to have enough time to drive them to and from rehearsals and recitals. At home, the entire family will have to listen to them practice and this could be contentious if there are a lot of people living in one home or a child shares their room with siblings or relatives. All these factors affect underprivileged children and place them at a decided disadvantage.

Nonetheless, the above issues can be mitigated with more funding for schools and the developmental benefits of music outweigh all other concerns. Research has shown that in early development, physical changes take place in the brains of both children and adolescents. Some of these relate to music and children who take up an instrument, even if they quit later, have demonstrated improved cognitive flexibility and creativity in longitudinal studies across a variety of cultural backgrounds. Apart from the scientific grounding, it also common sense that children will feel more fulfilled and derive a lot of joy from playing music. This can provide a boost to not only academics but also their long-term mental well-being.

In conclusion, though policymakers will have to account for accessibility issues, learning an instrument is key for neurodevelopment. Schools, parents, and teachers should work together to ensure the best chances of success.

Answers

indispensable crucial

socioeconomic concerns questions about class

tenet principle

advisable overall in general good

detractors critics

easily argue point out effortlessly

access to can get to

supportive environment required good family support

firstly first of all

quality guitar good guitar

related expenses other money that must be spent

fees cost

private lessons one on one lessons

other equipment other musical items

added to this moreover

rehearsals practicing

recitals a mini-concert

entire family whole family

contentious controversial

shares their room with live in the same room

factors elements

underprivileged children poor kids

place them at a decided disadvantage definitely worse off

nonetheless regardless

mitigated somewhat countered by

funding money for

developmental benefits positive impact on how they grow up

outweigh all other concerns more important

in early development as kids

take place happen

adolescents teenagers

relate to have to do with

take up start

quit stop

demonstrated improved cognitive flexibility smarter

longitudinal studies research over many years

cultural backgrounds where someone comes from

apart from besides

scientific grounding research basis

feel more fulfilled feel satisfied

derive get from

provide a boost increase

not onlybut also also includes

long-term mental well-being mental health

policymakers politicians

account for accessibility issues think about providing it for all

key important

neurodevelopment brain development

work together collaborate

ensure make sure

best chances of success will likely work out

Pronunciation

ˌɪndɪsˈpɛnsəbl 
ˌsəʊsɪəʊˌɛkəˈnɒmɪk kənˈsɜːnz 
ˈtiːnɛt 
ədˈvaɪzəbl ˈəʊvərɔːl
dɪˈtræktəz 
ˈiːzɪli ˈɑːgjuː 
ˈæksɛs tuː 
səˈpɔːtɪv ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt rɪˈkwaɪəd 
ˈfɜːstli
ˈkwɒlɪti gɪˈtɑː
rɪˈleɪtɪd ɪksˈpɛnsɪz 
fiːz 
ˈpraɪvɪt ˈlɛsnz 
ˈʌðər ɪˈkwɪpmənt
ˈædɪd tuː ðɪs
rɪˈhɜːsəlz 
rɪˈsaɪtlz
ɪnˈtaɪə ˈfæmɪli 
kənˈtɛnʃəs 
ʃeəz ðeə ruːm wɪð 
ˈfæktəz 
ˌʌndəˈprɪvɪlɪʤd ˈʧɪldrən 
pleɪs ðɛm æt ə dɪˈsaɪdɪd ˌdɪsədˈvɑːntɪʤ
ˌnʌnðəˈlɛs
ˈmɪtɪgeɪtɪd 
ˈfʌndɪŋ 
dɪˌvɛləpˈmɛntl ˈbɛnɪfɪts 
aʊtˈweɪ ɔːl ˈʌðə kənˈsɜːnz
ɪn ˈɜːli dɪˈvɛləpmənt
teɪk pleɪs 
ˌædəʊˈlɛsnts
rɪˈleɪt tuː 
teɪk ʌp 
kwɪt 
ˈdɛmənstreɪtɪd ɪmˈpruːvd ˈkɒgnɪtɪv ˌflɛksɪˈbɪlɪti 
ˌlɒnʤɪˈtjuːdɪnl ˈstʌdiz 
ˈkʌlʧərəl ˈbækgraʊndz
əˈpɑːt frɒm 
ˌsaɪənˈtɪfɪk ˈgraʊndɪŋ
fiːl mɔː fʊlˈfɪld 
dɪˈraɪv 
prəˈvaɪd ə buːst 
nɒt ˈəʊnli 
bʌt ˈɔːlsəʊ 
ˈlɒŋtɜːm ˈmɛntl wɛl-ˈbiːɪŋ
policymakers 
əˈkaʊnt fɔːr əkˌsɛsɪˈbɪlɪti ˈɪʃuːz
kiː 
neurodevelopment
wɜːk təˈgɛðə 
ɪnˈʃʊə 
bɛst ˈʧɑːnsɪz ɒv səkˈsɛs

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Many teachers feel that learning to play a musical instrument is an i_________________e part of a student’s education. In my opinion, there are s_____________________s with this t_______t but it is still a__________________l.

D_______________s can e____________e not every child has a___________o the s___________________________________d to learn an instrument. F__________y, a family might not have enough money if a child wants to learn piano or buy a q_______________r. There are also r________________s that include the f____s for p_________________s and o_________________t. A_________________s, they will need their parents to have enough time to drive them to and from r______________s and r____________s. At home, the e______________y will have to listen to them practice and this could be c______________s if there are a lot of people living in one home or a child s_______________________h siblings or relatives. All these f__________s affect u__________________________n and p_______________________________________e.

N____________________s, the above issues can be m______________d with more f____________g for schools and the d_______________________s of music o____________________________s. Research has shown that i_____________________________t, physical changes t____________e in the brains of both children and a_________________s. Some of these r__________o music and children who t__________p an instrument, even if they q____t later, have d__________________________________________y and creativity in l_______________________s across a variety of c____________________s. A____________m the s_____________________g, it also common sense that children will f____________________d and d_________e a lot of joy from playing music. This can p________________t to n_____________y academics b__________o their l________________________________g.

In conclusion, though p__________________s will have to a_____________________________s, learning an instrument is k___y for n____________________________t. Schools, parents, and teachers should w_________________________r to e_____________e the b________________________s.

Listening Practice

Listen about this topic below:

Reading Practice

Do some extra reading on this topic below as well:

https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2019/08/19/making-music-from-the-mets-forgotten-treasures

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Music

  1. Do you like music?
  2. Which types of music do you like?
  3. Would you like to learn a musical instrument?
  4. Do you prefer listening to music by yourself or with someone else?

Writing Practice

Write about the following related topic then check with my sample answer below:

Many people believe that music is just a form of entertainment, whilst others believe that music has a much larger impact on society today.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion. 

IELTS Task 1 Essay Table: International Tourist Arrivals

IELTS Task 1 Essay Table: International Tourist Arrivals

This is an IELTS writing task 1 sample answer essay related to a table that shows international tourist arrivals.

Sign up for my Patreon here so you don’t miss any other answers.

And my online courses here.

Dave

IELTS Essay Task 1 Table: International Tourist Arrivals

The table details the international tourist arrivals in millions in 8 countries in 2009 and 2010 and the changes (in percentages).

in 2009in 2010% Change
France76760
USA66671.5
Spain55561.8
UK55573.6
Italy44452.3
Turkey324633
China223455
Germany1024109
Hong Kong109-11

The table compares the number of tourists arriving in 8 countries in 2009 and 2010. In general, tourism rose slightly in the United States, Spain, the UK, and Italy and increased dramatically in Turkey, China, and Germany. Figures fell in Hong Kong and were stable in France, which had the most tourists overall.

Looking first of all at France, numbers were unchanged at 76 million tourists in both years. The United States increased by 1.5% from 66 to 67 million and Spain followed a similar trajectory (55 to 56 million tourists). Tourists to the UK increased by double that rate (3.6%) and overtook Spain in 2010 by 1 million visitors. In Italy, the rate of growth was slower at 2.3%, translating to an increase to 45 million. Turkey surged past Italy, rising 33% to 46 million.

There were also significant increases in China, which went from 22 to 34 million (a 55% growth), and Germany (a 109% expansion to 24 million). The lowest numbers were in Hong Kong as tourism fell by 11% to end at 9 million.

Analysis

1. The table compares the number of tourists arriving in 8 countries in 2009 and 2010. 2. In general, tourism rose slightly in the United States, Spain, the UK, and Italy and increased dramatically in Turkey, China, and Germany. 3. Figures fell in Hong Kong and were stable in France, which had the most tourists overall.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Begin to give the trend for most countries.
  3. Cover the complete trend for all countries. Read more about writing your general overview and the mistake most students make with tables here.

1. Looking first of all at France, numbers were unchanged at 76 million tourists in both years. 2. The United States increased by 1.5% from 66 to 67 million and Spain followed a similar trajectory (55 to 56 million tourists). 3. Tourists to the UK increased by double that rate (3.6%) and overtook Spain in 2010 by 1 million visitors. 4. In Italy, the rate of growth was slower at 2.3%, translating to an increase to 45 million. 5. Turkey surged past Italy, rising 33% to 46 million.

  1. Begin writing about the data.
  2. Always compare.
  3. Continue comparing the data.
  4. Be sure that all data is included or implied.

1. There were also significant increases in China, which went from 22 to 34 million (a 55% growth), and Germany (a 109% expansion to 24 million). 2. The lowest numbers were in Hong Kong as tourism fell by 11% to end at 9 million.

  1. Write a new paragraph for the countries with different trends/numbers.
  2. Detail all the data clearly and accurately.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

The table compares the number of tourists arriving in 8 countries in 2009 and 2010. In general, tourism rose slightly in the United States, Spain, the UK, and Italy and increased dramatically in Turkey, China, and Germany. Figures fell in Hong Kong and were stable in France, which had the most tourists overall.

Looking first of all at France, numbers were unchanged at 76 million tourists in both years. The United States increased by 1.5% from 66 to 67 million and Spain followed a similar trajectory (55 to 56 million tourists). Tourists to the UK increased by double that rate (3.6%) and overtook Spain in 2010 by 1 million visitors. In Italy, the rate of growth was slower at 2.3%, translating to an increase to 45 million. Turkey surged past Italy, rising 33% to 46 million.

There were also significant increases in China, which went from 22 to 34 million (a 55% growth), and Germany (a 109% expansion to 24 million). The lowest numbers were in Hong Kong as tourism fell by 11% to end at 9 million.

Answers

compares contrasts

in general overall

rose slightly increased a little

increased dramatically increased a lot

figures statistics

were stable unchanged

most tourists overall highest numbers in general

looking first of all at comparing first

unchanged stable

similar trajectory almost the same pattern

increased by double that rate went up twice as much

overtook surpassed

rate of growth was slower increased by less

translating to meaning

surged past increased quickly beyond

rising increasing

significant increases big rises

went fromto going from … to

expansion increase

tourism fell tourism decreased

end at finish the period at

Pronunciation

kəmˈpeəz 
ɪn ˈʤɛnərəl
rəʊz ˈslaɪtli 
ɪnˈkriːst drəˈmætɪk(ə)li 
ˈfɪgəz 
wɜː ˈsteɪbl 
məʊst ˈtʊərɪsts ˈəʊvərɔːl
ˈlʊkɪŋ fɜːst ɒv ɔːl æt 
ʌnˈʧeɪnʤd 
ˈsɪmɪlə ˈtræʤɪktəri 
ɪnˈkriːst baɪ ˈdʌbl ðæt reɪt 
ˌəʊvəˈtʊk 
reɪt ɒv grəʊθ wɒz ˈsləʊə 
trænsˈleɪtɪŋ tuː 
sɜːʤd pɑːst 
ˈraɪzɪŋ 
sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt ˈɪnkriːsɪz 
wɛnt frɒm … tuː 
ɪksˈpænʃən 
ˈtʊərɪz(ə)m fɛl 
ɛnd æt 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

The table c____________s the number of tourists arriving in 8 countries in 2009 and 2010. I____________l, tourism r_____________y in the United States, Spain, the UK, and Italy and i_________________________y in Turkey, China, and Germany. F_________s fell in Hong Kong and w___________e in France, which had the m__________________l.

L_______________________t France, numbers were u____________d at 76 million tourists in both years. The United States increased by 1.5% from 66 to 67 million and Spain followed a s___________________y (55 to 56 million tourists). Tourists to the UK i________________________e (3.6%) and o_____________k Spain in 2010 by 1 million visitors. In Italy, the r________________________r at 2.3%, t_________________o an increase to 45 million. Turkey s_____________t Italy, r__________g 33% to 46 million.

There were also s________________________s in China, which w__________m 22 t__ 34 million (a 55% growth), and Germany (a 109% e______________n to 24 million). The lowest numbers were in Hong Kong as t_______________l by 11% to e_________t 9 million.

Listening Practice

Learn about tourism in France below:

Reading Practice

Read The New York Times travel section below:

https://www.nytimes.com/section/travel

Speaking Practice

Talk about the following topics from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Travelling

  1. Do you like travelling?
  2. What is the most beautiful country you have visited?
  3. Would you like to have a job that demands travelling to other countries?
  4. What problems can occur when travelling?

Writing Practice

Write about the graph below then check with my sample answer:

IELTS Essay: Public Art

IELTS Essay: Public Art

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of public art.

Sign up for my Patreon here so that you don’t miss any question PDFs.

And check out my online courses here.

Dave

IELTS Essay: Public Art

Some people believe that the government should spend more money putting in more works of art like paintings and statues in cities to make them better places to live in.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Some feel governments should invest more in public art in cities to boost the quality of life. Personally, I am in disagreement with this idea because it has little actual importance for the average citizen.

On the one hand, public art beautifies a city. A city stripped of all art gives off the dreary appearance of being purely for utilitarian value and the daily rigour of work. In contrast, cities that have invested heavily in public art, such as New York City, offer their residents a beautiful and inspiring home. A child who sees sculptures and murals working home will feel the city is a nicer place to live and workers passing by works of art will have some emotional relief from the demands of the day. This not only builds up the character of urban areas for local inhabitants and instills a sense of pride, but also attracts tourists and professional artists to the city, both of which contribute to a vibrant city.

Nonetheless, public art has little quantifiable positive value. Most city-dwellers are too engrossed in their hectic schedules to notice public art. This art, therefore, means nothing to most locals, while also diverting an outsized share of a city’s budget. There are other more vital areas requiring development such as high-end infrastructure, well-rounded healthcare systems, and modern recreational facilities. Moreover, the public space used to house these works of art cannot be used for practical purposes including critical public facilities like restrooms, bus stops or parks. Those who rely on these other facilities will have more trouble finding them and their quality of life may be somewhat impacted by a preference for art.

Despite the aesthetic value of public art, government bodies should focus more on urban issues that truly matter to their constituents. There must be a degree of balance but it should always tip more towards pragmatic concerns.

Analysis

1. Some feel governments should invest more in public art in cities to boost the quality of life. 2. Personally, I am in disagreement with this idea because it has little actual importance for the average citizen.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Choose a clear side. Read more about introductions here.

1. On the one hand, public art beautifies a city. 2. A city stripped of all art gives off the dreary appearance of being purely for utilitarian value and the daily rigour of work. 3. In contrast, cities that have invested heavily in public art, such as New York City, offer their residents a beautiful and inspiring home. 4. A child who sees sculptures and murals working home will feel the city is a nicer place to live and workers passing by works of art will have some emotional relief from the demands of the day. 5. This not only builds up the character of urban areas for local inhabitants and instills a sense of pride, but also attracts tourists and professional artists to the city, both of which contribute to a vibrant city.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Give a specific example.
  4. Develop the example.
  5. Finish developing the example fully.

1. Nonetheless, public art has little quantifiable positive value. 2. Most city-dwellers are too engrossed in their hectic schedules to notice public art. 3. This art, therefore, means nothing to most locals, while also diverting an outsized share of a city’s budget. 4. There are other more vital areas requiring development such as high-end infrastructure, well-rounded healthcare systems, and modern recreational facilities. 5. Moreover, the public space used to house these works of art cannot be used for practical purposes including critical public facilities like restrooms, bus stops or parks. 6. Those who rely on these other facilities will have more trouble finding them and their quality of life may be somewhat impacted by a preference for art.

  1. Write another topic sentence with a new main idea.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Continue to explain or develop the idea.
  4. Give specific examples to support your idea.
  5. The more detail, the better!
  6. Conclude with a strong statement.

1. Despite the aesthetic value of public art, government bodies should focus more on urban issues that truly matter to their constituents. 2. There must be a degree of balance but it should always tip more towards pragmatic concerns.

  1. Summarise your main ideas and repeat your opinion.
  2. Add a final thought. Read more about how to write an IELTS conclusion here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

Some feel governments should invest more in public art in cities to boost the quality of life. Personally, I am in disagreement with this idea because it has little actual importance for the average citizen.

On the one hand, public art beautifies a city. A city stripped of all art gives off the dreary appearance of being purely for utilitarian value and the daily rigour of work. In contrast, cities that have invested heavily in public art, such as New York City, offer their residents a beautiful and inspiring home. A child who sees sculptures and murals working home will feel the city is a nicer place to live and workers passing by works of art will have some emotional relief from the demands of the day. This not only builds up the character of urban areas for local inhabitants and instills a sense of pride, but also attracts tourists and professional artists to the city, both of which contribute to a vibrant city.

Nonetheless, public art has little quantifiable positive value. Most city-dwellers are too engrossed in their hectic schedules to notice public art. This art, therefore, means nothing to most locals, while also diverting an outsized share of a city’s budget. There are other more vital areas requiring development such as high-end infrastructure, well-rounded healthcare systems, and modern recreational facilities. Moreover, the public space used to house these works of art cannot be used for practical purposes including critical public facilities like restrooms, bus stops or parks. Those who rely on these other facilities will have more trouble finding them and their quality of life may be somewhat impacted by a preference for art.

Despite the aesthetic value of public art, government bodies should focus more on urban issues that truly matter to their constituents. There must be a degree of balance but it should always tip more towards pragmatic concerns.

Answers

invest put money into

boost increase

quality of life standard of living

I am in disagreement with don’t agree with

little actual importance not much real impact

average citizen normal person

beautifies makes beautiful

stripped of doesn’t have

dreary appearance boring look

purely for utilitarian value only for its use

daily rigour of work daily grind of a job

invested heavily giving a lot of money to

offer their residents give to citizens

inspiring elevating

murals large paintings

passing by walking past

emotional relief makes you feel better

demands of the day rigor of work, life

builds up the character creates a sense of identity

urban areas cities

local inhabitants people who live there

instills imparts

attracts makes come there

contribute to a vibrant city makes the city better

nonetheless regardless

little quantifiable positive value not much actual import

city-dwellers city residents

engrossed lost in

hectic schedules busy days

notice pay attention to

means nothing to has no value to

diverting sending in a different direction

outsized share of a city’s budget take up too much money

vital areas important parts

high-end infrastructure roads, plumbing, electricity, etc.

well-rounded healthcare systems hospitals

modern recreational facilities gyms

moreover furthermore

house verb of house

practical purposes concrete reasons

critical public facilities key places for all residents

rely on need

somewhat impacted kind of affected

preference for art prioritising art

aesthetic value value of how it looks

government bodies governments

urban issues problems related to cities

truly matter actually important

constituents people

degree of balance some equality

tip more towards lean towards, value more

pragmatic concerns real-world issues

Pronunciation

ɪnˈvɛst 
buːst 
ˈkwɒlɪti ɒv laɪf 
aɪ æm ɪn ˌdɪsəˈgriːmənt wɪð 
ˈlɪtl ˈækʧʊəl ɪmˈpɔːtəns 
ˈævərɪʤ ˈsɪtɪzn 
ˈbjuːtɪfaɪz 
strɪpt ɒv 
ˈdrɪəri əˈpɪərəns 
ˈpjʊəli fɔː ˌjuːtɪlɪˈteərɪən ˈvæljuː 
ˈdeɪli ˈrɪgər ɒv wɜːk 
ɪnˈvɛstɪd ˈhɛvɪli 
ˈɒfə ðeə ˈrɛzɪdənts 
ɪnˈspaɪərɪŋ 
ˈmjʊərəlz 
ˈpɑːsɪŋ baɪ 
ɪˈməʊʃənl rɪˈliːf 
dɪˈmɑːndz ɒv ðə deɪ 
bɪldz ʌp ðə ˈkærɪktə 
ˈɜːbən ˈeərɪəz 
ˈləʊkəl ɪnˈhæbɪtənts 
ɪnˈstɪlz 
əˈtrækts 
kənˈtrɪbju(ː)t tuː ə ˈvaɪbrənt ˈsɪti 
ˌnʌnðəˈlɛs 
ˈlɪtl ˈkwɒntɪfaɪəbl ˈpɒzətɪv ˈvæljuː 
ˈsɪti-ˈdwɛləz 
ɪnˈgrəʊst 
ˈhɛktɪk ˈʃɛdjuːlz 
ˈnəʊtɪs 
miːnz ˈnʌθɪŋ tuː 
daɪˈvɜːtɪŋ 
ˈaʊtsaɪzd ʃeər ɒv ə ˈsɪtiz ˈbʌʤɪt 
ˈvaɪtl ˈeərɪəz 
haɪ-ɛnd ˈɪnfrəˌstrʌkʧə
wɛl-ˈraʊndɪd ˈhɛlθkeə ˈsɪstɪmz 
ˈmɒdən ˌrɛkrɪˈeɪʃənl fəˈsɪlɪtiz 
mɔːˈrəʊvə 
haʊs 
ˈpræktɪkəl ˈpɜːpəsɪz 
ˈkrɪtɪkəl ˈpʌblɪk fəˈsɪlɪtiz 
rɪˈlaɪ ɒn 
ˈsʌmwɒt ɪmˈpæktɪd 
ˈprɛfərəns fɔːr ɑːt 
iːsˈθɛtɪk ˈvæljuː 
ˈgʌvnmənt ˈbɒdiz 
ˈɜːbən ˈɪʃuːz 
ˈtruːli ˈmætə 
kənˈstɪtjʊənts 
dɪˈgriː ɒv ˈbæləns 
tɪp mɔː təˈwɔːdz 
prægˈmætɪk kənˈsɜːnz 

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Some feel governments should i_______t more in public art in cities to b______t the q______________e. Personally, I______________________h this idea because it has l_________________________e for the a________________n.

On the one hand, public art b_____________s a city. A city s______________f all art gives off the d__________________e of being p_________________________e and the d______________________k. In contrast, cities that have i_____________________y in public art, such as New York City, o________________________s a beautiful and i_____________g home. A child who sees sculptures and m________s working home will feel the city is a nicer place to live and workers p_____________by works of art will have some e____________________f from the d_____________________y. This not only b____________________________r of u_____________s for l____________________s and i_____________s a sense of pride, but also a____________s tourists and professional artists to the city, both of which c_________________________y.

N________________s, public art has l________________________________e. Most c____________________s are too e______________d in their h_________________s to n_________e public art. This art, therefore, m_________________o most locals, while also d______________g an o____________________________t. There are other more v_____________s requiring development such as h____________________________e, w____________________________s, and m______________________________s. M_____________r, the public space used to h__________e these works of art cannot be used for p______________________s including c_________________________s like restrooms, bus stops or parks. Those who r__________n these other facilities will have more trouble finding them and their quality of life may be s______________________d by a p_______________________t.

Despite the a_____________________e of public art, g_____________________s should focus more on u_______________s that t_________________r to their c_______________s. There must be a d__________________e but it should always t___________________________________s.

Listening Practice

Learn about public art in New York below:

Reading Practice

And check those out on this map:

https://ny.curbed.com/maps/public-art-new-york-street-art-sculpture

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following questions from the real IELTS exam:

Art

  1. Have you ever been to an art gallery?
  2. Would you like to learn more about art?
  3. Do you hang any art in your home?
  4. Do people in your country enjoy making art?

Writing Practice

Write about the following topic then check with my sample answer:

The government should lower the budget on the arts in order to allocate more money to education.

To what extent do you agree?

IELTS Essay: Malls and Leisure Time

IELTS Essay: Malls and Leisure Time

This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer from the general training test about the topic of leisure time.

It’s a very common topic and you can read the exact structure that you should use on IELTS below as well as do some some practice yourself.

Enjoy!

-Dave

Be sure to sign up for my Patreon here for more sample answers and for my online courses here.

IELTS Writing Task 2 General Training Sample Answer: Malls and Leisure Time

Shopping is now one of the most popular forms of leisure activities in many countries for young adults.

Why is this?

Do you think this is a positive or a negative development?

Shopping has become more common as a result of the introduction of large shopping malls. I strongly believe this has brought considerable economic benefits to society at large.

Since the advent of the mall, companies have relentlessly sought new ways to attract consumers, resulting in today’s megamalls. In the past, shoppers would make dedicated trips to specific stores for products. In the 1980s in the United States, the novel combination of shopping plazas and department stores with entertainment venues like state-of-the-art cinemas and appetizing foods courts made them the centre of social activity for a generation. It is therefore no wonder that youths and adults alike the world over opt to spend their time and money shopping at malls that cater to all their needs.

While some might argue that shopping is largely a waste of time, I feel that its economic advantages outweigh other concerns. Masses of wealthy middle-class consumers contribute greatly to economic prosperity and that brings various benefits to all socioeconomic classes. A counter-point illustrating this would be in Japan in the last two decades where a long recession has decimated the middle-class, leading to decreased shopping, closures of malls and a stagnant economy. The government has desperately lowered interest rates in order to stimulate the type of spending that malls encourage. Malls, as one crucial part of a consumer society, serve to encourage spending and national prosperity.

In conclusion, an increasing number of people frequent malls for their convenience and this boosts the economy. If governments were to invest more money in tax cuts this would further encourage spending at malls and help developing nations and developed ones whose growth has plateaued.

Analysis

1. Shopping has become more common as a result of the introduction of large shopping malls. 2. I strongly believe this has brought considerable economic benefits to society at large.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Since the advent of the mall, companies have relentlessly sought new ways to attract consumers, resulting in today’s megamalls. 2. In the past, shoppers would make dedicated trips to specific stores for products. 3. In the 1980s in the United States, the novel combination of shopping plazas and department stores with entertainment venues like state-of-the-art cinemas and appetizing foods courts made them the centre of social activity for a generation. 4. It is therefore no wonder that youths and adults alike the world over opt to spend their time and money shopping at malls that cater to all their needs.

  1. Write a clear topic sentence answering the first question with your opinion at the end.
  2. Explaing your main idea.
  3. Start a specific example and develop it fully.
  4. State the results of your example.

1. While some might argue that shopping is largely a waste of time, I feel that its economic advantages outweigh other concerns. 2. Masses of wealthy middle-class consumers contribute greatly to economic prosperity and that brings various benefits to all socioeconomic classes. 3. A counter-point illustrating this would be in Japan in the last two decades where a long recession has decimated the middle-class, leading to decreased shopping, closures of malls and a stagnant economy. 4. The government has desperately lowered interest rates in order to stimulate the type of spending that malls encourage. 5. Malls, as one crucial part of a consumer society, serve to encourage spending and national prosperity.

  1. Write another topic sentence with a new main idea.
  2. Explaing your main idea.
  3. Give an example or counter-example.
  4. Develop the example.
  5. State the final results.

1. In conclusion, an increasing number of people frequent malls for their convenience and this boosts the economy. 2. If governments were to invest more money in tax cuts this would further encourage spending at malls and help developing nations and developed ones whose growth has plateaued.

  1. Repeat and summarise your main ideas.
  2. Add a final thought/detail. Read about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean?

Shopping has become more common as a result of the introduction of large shopping malls. I strongly believe this has brought considerable economic benefits to society at large.

Since the advent of the mall, companies have relentlessly sought new ways to attract consumers, resulting in today’s megamalls. In the past, shoppers would make dedicated trips to specific stores for products. In the 1980s in the United States, the novel combination of shopping plazas and department stores with entertainment venues like state-of-the-art cinemas and appetizing foods courts made them the centre of social activity for a generation. It is therefore no wonder that youths and adults alike the world over opt to spend their time and money shopping at malls that cater to all their needs.

While some might argue that shopping is largely a waste of time, I feel that its economic advantages outweigh other concerns. Masses of wealthy middle-class consumers contribute greatly to economic prosperity and that brings various benefits to all socioeconomic classes. A counter-point illustrating this would be in Japan in the last two decades where a long recession has decimated the middle-class, leading to decreased shopping, closures of malls and a stagnant economy. The government has desperately lowered interest rates in order to stimulate the type of spending that malls encourage. Malls, as one crucial part of a consumer society, serve to encourage spending and national prosperity.

In conclusion, an increasing number of people frequent malls for their convenience and this boosts the economy. If governments were to invest more money in tax cuts this would further encourage spending at malls and help developing nations and developed ones whose growth has plateaued.

Answers

as a result the outcome is

introduction of since they started

considerable economic benefits good for the economy

society at large all of society, all citizens

advent beginning of

relentlessly sought looking hard for

attract consumers bring in shoppers

resulting in the result/effect is

megamalls really big malls/shopping centres

make dedicated trips going there just for

novel combination new mix

plazas publick places

department stores malls

entertainment venues cinemas, arcades, etc.

state-of-the-art cinemas new movie theatres

appetizing foods courts enticing restaurants in a mall

centre of social activity social hub

for a generation for all people born around the same time

no wonder little surprise

alike the same

the world over everywhere in the world

cater to all their needs can do whatever they want there

largely a waste of time mostly not a good use of time

economic advantages outweigh other concerns benefits to the economy more important than

masses large groups of people

wealthy middle-class consumers people with some money, not too rich or poor

economic prosperity good for the economy

socioeconomic classes rich and poor people

a counter-point illustrating this would be in an example of the opposite case is

long recession lengthy economic downturn

decimated hurt a lot

closures of malls malls closing down

stagnant economy economy not growing

desperately lowered interest rates hurriedly cut the rate for borrowing money

stimulate encourage

crucial part key element

consumer society people shopping

encourage spending stimulate buying

national prosperity a country making money, doing well

frequent go to a lot (verb)

boosts increases

tax cuts reducing the money you have to pay in taxes

growth has plateaued stable, not increasing or decreasing

Pronunciation

æz ə rɪˈzʌlt 
ˌɪntrəˈdʌkʃən ɒv 
kənˈsɪdərəbl ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk ˈbɛnɪfɪts 
səˈsaɪəti æt lɑːʤ
ˈædvənt 
rɪˈlɛntlɪsli sɔːt 
əˈtrækt kənˈsjuːməz
rɪˈzʌltɪŋ ɪn 
ˈmɛgə mɔːlz
meɪk ˈdɛdɪkeɪtɪd trɪps 
ˈnɒvəl ˌkɒmbɪˈneɪʃən 
ˈplɑːzəz 
dɪˈpɑːtmənt stɔːz 
ˌɛntəˈteɪnmənt ˈvɛnjuːz 
steɪt-ɒv-ði-ɑːt ˈsɪnəməz 
ˈæpɪtaɪzɪŋ fuːdz kɔːts 
ˈsɛntər ɒv ˈsəʊʃəl ækˈtɪvɪti 
fɔːr ə ˌʤɛnəˈreɪʃən
nəʊ ˈwʌndə 
əˈlaɪk 
ðə wɜːld ˈəʊvə 
ˈkeɪtə tuː ɔːl ðeə niːdz
ˈlɑːʤli ə weɪst ɒv taɪm
ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk ədˈvɑːntɪʤɪz aʊtˈweɪ ˈʌðə kənˈsɜːnz
ˈmæsɪz 
ˈwɛlθi ˈmɪdl-klɑːs kənˈsjuːməz 
ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk prɒsˈpɛrɪti 
ˌsəʊsɪəʊˌɛkəˈnɒmɪk ˈklɑːsɪz
ə ˈkaʊntə-pɔɪnt ˈɪləstreɪtɪŋ ðɪs wʊd biː ɪn 
lɒŋ rɪˈsɛʃən 
ˈdɛsɪmeɪtɪd 
ˈkləʊʒəz ɒv mɔːlz 
ˈstægnənt i(ː)ˈkɒnəmi
ˈdɛspərɪtli ˈləʊəd ˈɪntrɪst reɪts 
ˈstɪmjʊleɪt 
ˈkruːʃəl pɑːt 
kənˈsjuːmə səˈsaɪəti
ɪnˈkʌrɪʤ ˈspɛndɪŋ 
ˈnæʃənl prɒsˈpɛrɪti
ˈfriːkwənt 
buːsts 
tæks kʌts 
grəʊθ hæz ˈplætəʊd

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

Shopping has become more common a___________t of the i________________f large shopping malls. I strongly believe this has brought c______________________________s to s_________________e.

Since the a__________t of the mall, companies have r_______________________t new ways to a________________________s, r_____________n today’s m_______________s. In the past, shoppers would m______________________s to specific stores for products. In the 1980s in the United States, the n________________________n of shopping p_________s and d____________________s with e________________________s like s__________________________s and a___________________________s made them the c_________________________y f_____________________n. It is therefore n________________r that youths and adults a______e t__________________r opt to spend their time and money shopping at malls that c______________________s.

While some might argue that shopping is l_____________________e, I feel that its e______________________________________s. M_________s of w________________________________s contribute greatly to e__________________________y and that brings various benefits to all s_____________________________s. A__________________________________________n Japan in the last two decades where a l____________________n has d____________d the middle-class, leading to decreased shopping, c________________________s and a s__________________y. The government has d_____________________________s in order to s______________e the type of spending that malls encourage. Malls, as one c_______________t of a c______________________y, serve to e________________________g and n__________________________y.

In conclusion, an increasing number of people f______________t malls for their convenience and this b__________s the economy. If governments were to invest more money in t___________s this would further encourage spending at malls and help developing nations and developed ones whose g______________________d.

Listening Practice

Listen about this topic below with an example from The Philippines:

Reading Practice

Learn more about this from Psychology Today as well:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/articles/199501/the-call-the-mall

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Shopping

  1. Do people in your country shop at malls or street markets?
  2. Is online shopping common?
  3. Is it better to shop alone or with friends?
  4. Why is online shopping becoming more popular?
  5. Is shopping a waste of time?

Writing Practice

Write about the following topic then check with my sample answer:

Some people think that it is better to build more public parks and sports facilities in new towns rather than shopping malls.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

IELTS Essay: Job Satisfaction

IELTS Essay: Job Satisfaction

When a person spends most of his or her time working a job with little job satisfaction, their life loses meaning.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Click here to sign up for this PDF and others!

This is a really tricky, and interesting, question – the most difficult one on IELTS so far this year!

I wrote about it on my Patreon, so sign up here for as little as $1 a month for access to the full PDF!

Dave