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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of whether or not people are more independent or more dependent nowadays from the real IELTS exam.

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Dave

IELTS Essay: Dependent and Independent Individuals

Some people think that individuals today are more dependent on each other. Others believe people have become more independent.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Many are of the opinion that people today are less self-reliant than at any point in the past. In my opinion, there exists the possibility to be completely independent but the most are justifiably more reliant on each other now.

Those who believe people today are more independent argue technology is liberating. In the past, a person who wanted to do research or enjoy a movie would have to leave their home, interact with others, and engage more with the community at large. However, it is now possible to live a largely insular lifestyle. Users can sign up for educational courses online, order food by delivery, and access mass amounts of information freely. Those who take advantage of these modern conveniences can theoretically become more independent and self-reliant. The question of whether this ideal is often achieved is still a matter of debate.

The main reason people are less independent today is this quality is no longer considered unequivocally positive. The traditional importance placed on keeping one’s composure, enduring difficult situations, and not requiring the help of others has been replaced in recent decades with a more progressive outlook that elevates vulnerability and dependence on others. It is now more common, for men especially, to be open to revealing their own weaknesses and asking for help. This social shift in turn has led to an increased reliance on the community, both online and in person, as well as a modern acceptance of wellness, therapy, and the importance of a compassionate support network for long-term mental health.

In conclusion, though many people have the potential to lead a more independent lifestyle thanks to advances in internet technology, most are now more dependent than ever before because of seismic shifts in society. This change has its positives and negatives but its reality is undeniable.

Analysis

1. Many are of the opinion that people today are less self-reliant than at any point in the past. 2. In my opinion, there exists the possibility to be completely independent but the most are justifiably more reliant on each other now.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Those who believe people today are more independent argue technology is liberating. 2. In the past, a person who wanted to do research or enjoy a movie would have to leave their home, interact with others, and engage more with the community at large. 3. However, it is now possible to live a largely insular lifestyle. 4. Users can sign up for educational courses online, order food by delivery, and access mass amounts of information freely. 5. Those who take advantage of these modern conveniences can theoretically become more independent and self-reliant. 6. The question of whether this ideal is often achieved is still a matter of debate.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. You can have some long sentences like this to really argue your point.
  6. State the fullest possible result.

1. The main reason people are less independent today is this quality is no longer considered unequivocally positive. 2. The traditional importance placed on keeping one’s composure, enduring difficult situations, and not requiring the help of others has been replaced in recent decades with a more progressive outlook that elevates vulnerability and dependence on others. 3. It is now more common, for men especially, to be open to revealing their own weaknesses and asking for help. 4. This social shift in turn has led to an increased reliance on the community, both online and in person, as well as a modern acceptance of wellness, therapy, and the importance of a compassionate support network for long-term mental health.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Continue developing it as fully as possible!

1. In conclusion, though many people have the potential to lead a more independent lifestyle thanks to advances in internet technology, most are now more dependent than ever before because of seismic shifts in society. 2. This change has its positives and negatives but its reality is undeniable.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Many are of the opinion that people today are less self-reliant than at any point in the past. In my opinion, there exists the possibility to be completely independent but the most are justifiably more reliant on each other now.

Those who believe people today are more independent argue technology is liberating. In the past, a person who wanted to do research or enjoy a movie would have to leave their home, interact with others, and engage more with the community at large. However, it is now possible to live a largely insular lifestyle. Users can sign up for educational courses online, order food by delivery, and access mass amounts of information freely. Those who take advantage of these modern conveniences can theoretically become more independent and self-reliant. The question of whether this ideal is often achieved is still a matter of debate.

The main reason people are less independent today is this quality is no longer considered unequivocally positive. The traditional importance placed on keeping one’s composure, enduring difficult situations, and not requiring the help of others has been replaced in recent decades with a more progressive outlook that elevates vulnerability and dependence on others. It is now more common, for men especially, to be open to revealing their own weaknesses and asking for help. This social shift in turn has led to an increased reliance on the community, both online and in person, as well as a modern acceptance of wellness, therapy, and the importance of a compassionate support network for long-term mental health.

In conclusion, though many people have the potential to lead a more independent lifestyle thanks to advances in internet technology, most are now more dependent than ever before because of seismic shifts in society. This change has its positives and negatives but its reality is undeniable.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

are of the opinion think

less self-reliant not as independent

at any point in the past at any time before

exists it is a reality

possibility chance

completely independent totally capable on your own

justifiably reasonable

reliant dependent, need others

each other other people

independent on your own, self-reliant

liberating freeing

research study

interact talk to

engage interact with

community at large all of society

largely insular lifestyle mostly alone

sign up join into

educational courses online learning on the internet

delivery brought by others to you

access mass amounts of information freely learn a lot online for no cost

take advantage exploit

modern conveniences new comforts

theoretically potentially

ideal perfect

achieved accomplished

still a matter of debate currently still controversial

main reason major cause

quality how good something is

no longer considered unequivocally positive don’t think it is 100% good

traditional importance placed old values put on

keeping one’s composure maintaining your cool

enduring difficult situations get through tough times

not requiring the help of others not depending on other people

replaced takes the place of

in recent decades the last 20+ years

progressive outlook modern way of thinking

elevates vulnerability values feelings of being open/weak

dependence relying on

for men especially males in particular

open not closed off to

revealing showing

weaknesses vulnerabilities

social shift changes in society

in turn then

has led to has caused

increased reliance more dependence

in person in reality

modern acceptance new embrace of

wellness healthy living

therapy talking to a psychiatrist

compassionate support network caring people around you

long-term mental health over a long time how you are emotionally

potential possibly

thanks to because of

more dependent than ever before need others more than in the past

seismic shifts in society big changes in society

undeniable can’t be refuted

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ɑːr ɒv ði əˈpɪnjən 
lɛs sɛlf-rɪˈlaɪənt 
æt ˈɛni pɔɪnt ɪn ðə pɑːst
ɪgˈzɪsts 
ˌpɒsəˈbɪlɪti 
kəmˈpliːtli ˌɪndɪˈpɛndənt 
ˈʤʌstɪfaɪəbli 
rɪˈlaɪənt 
iːʧ ˈʌðə 
ˌɪndɪˈpɛndənt 
ˈlɪbəreɪtɪŋ
rɪˈsɜːʧ 
ˌɪntərˈækt 
ɪnˈgeɪʤ 
kəˈmjuːnɪti æt lɑːʤ
ˈlɑːʤli ˈɪnsjʊlə ˈlaɪfˌstaɪl
saɪn ʌp 
ˌɛdju(ː)ˈkeɪʃənl ˈkɔːsɪz ˈɒnˌlaɪn
dɪˈlɪvəri
ˈæksɛs mæs əˈmaʊnts ɒv ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃən ˈfriːli
teɪk ədˈvɑːntɪʤ 
ˈmɒdən kənˈviːniənsɪz 
θɪəˈrɛtɪkəli 
aɪˈdɪəl 
əˈʧiːvd 
stɪl ə ˈmætər ɒv dɪˈbeɪt
meɪn ˈriːzn 
ˈkwɒlɪti 
nəʊ ˈlɒŋgə kənˈsɪdər ˌʌnɪˈkwɪvəkəli ˈpɒzətɪv
trəˈdɪʃənl ɪmˈpɔːtəns pleɪst 
ˈkiːpɪŋ wʌnz kəmˈpəʊʒə
ɪnˈdjʊərɪŋ ˈdɪfɪkəlt ˌsɪtjʊˈeɪʃənz
nɒt rɪˈkwaɪərɪŋ ðə hɛlp ɒv ˈʌðəz 
rɪˈpleɪst 
ɪn ˈriːsnt ˈdɛkeɪdz 
prəʊˈgrɛsɪv ˈaʊtlʊk 
ˈɛlɪveɪts ˌvʌlnərəˈbɪlɪti 
dɪˈpɛndəns 
fɔː mɛn ɪsˈpɛʃəli
ˈəʊpən 
rɪˈviːlɪŋ 
ˈwiːknɪsɪz 
ˈsəʊʃəl ʃɪft 
ɪn tɜːn 
hæz lɛd tuː 
ɪnˈkriːst rɪˈlaɪəns 
ɪn ˈpɜːsn
ˈmɒdən əkˈsɛptəns 
ˈwɛlnəs
ˈθɛrəpi
kəmˈpæʃənɪt səˈpɔːt ˈnɛtwɜːk 
ˈlɒŋtɜːm ˈmɛntl hɛlθ
pəʊˈtɛnʃəl 
θæŋks tuː 
mɔː dɪˈpɛndənt ðæn ˈɛvə bɪˈfɔː 
ˈsaɪzmɪk ʃɪfts ɪn səˈsaɪəti
ˌʌndɪˈnaɪəbl

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Many a__________________n that people today are l__________________t than a_________________________________t. In my opinion, there e_______s the p______________y to be c__________________________t but the most are j_____________y more r_________t on e____________r now.

Those who believe people today are more i_______________t argue technology is l________________g. In the past, a person who wanted to do r___________h or enjoy a movie would have to leave their home, i___________t with others, and e_________e more with the c______________________e. However, it is now possible to live a l_____________________________e. Users can s_________p for e______________________________e, order food by d_________y, and a__________________________________________________y. Those who t___________________e of these m_______________________s can t__________________y become more independent and self-reliant. The question of whether this i________l is often a__________d is s_____________________e.

The m_____________n people are less independent today is this q_________y is n________________________________________e. The t___________________________d on k____________________________e, e____________________________s, and n_____________________________________s has been r_____________________________s with a more p_________________________k that e___________________________y and d______________e on others. It is now more common, f____________________y, to be o_____n to r_____________g their own w_____________s and asking for help. This s____________t i_________n h_____________o an i__________________e on the community, both online and i_____________n, as well as a m__________________e of w____________s, t_________y, and the importance of a c_______________________________k for l_____________________________h.

In conclusion, though many people have the p____________l to lead a more independent lifestyle t____________o advances in internet technology, most are now m_____________________________e because of s_____________________________y. This change has its positives and negatives but its reality is u________________e.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic in the video below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Borrowing and Lending

  1. Have you ever borrowed a book from someone else?
  2. Do you like to lend to others?
  3. Would you ever lend a friend money?
  4. Would you lend someone your phone to make a phone call?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

Nowadays many people choose to be self-employed, rather than to work for a company or organisation.

Why might this be the case?

What could be the disadvantages of being self-employed?


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