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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay from the general training exam on the topic of father from the real IELTS exam.

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Dave

IELTS Essay: Fathers

Some think that fathers should have time off from work after the birth of a child.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many now suggest that both mothers and fathers deserve leave from work after the birth of a child. In my opinion, though time off work for fathers is not as justified as it is for mothers, this policy is forward-thinking and advisable.

Critics of such a policy claim that there is little physical justification for paternity leave. Few would argue that women should have time off in order to both establish an emotional connection with their child and to recover their physical strength for work. Men, however, do not suffer physical side-effects and therefore do not need time to recuperate before returning to work. They may require a period of time for emotional recovery but this claim is tenuous and difficult to support with clear evidence. Therefore, the norm in most countries is to prioritize workplace productivity and provide little or no contractually obligated paternity leave.

However, fathers need time with their children and spouse to form strong emotional bonds for the good of all family members. In past generations, taking care of children and the home was the domain of mothers and men were defined primarily as earners. The recent shift in society that sees more women entering the workforce also recognizes for the emotional needs of men and its importance for the entire family unit. Research has shown that the single most important element of healthy childhood development is a loving and supportive home environment. The consequence is that fathers are now expected to be more involved in the child-rearing process. By staying home for several weeks or months after birth, they can become more active, helpful participants.

In conclusion, despite the lack of physical justification, paternal leave is crucial for emotional reasons. When possible, governments and employers should advocate and extend this privilege to both parents equally.

Analysis

1. Many now suggest that both mothers and fathers deserve leave from work after the birth of a child. 2. In my opinion, though time off work for fathers is not as justified as it is for mothers, this policy is forward-thinking and advisable.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Critics of such a policy claim that there is little physical justification for paternity leave. 2. Few would argue that women should have time off in order to both establish an emotional connection with their child and to recover their physical strength for work. 3. Men, however, do not suffer physical side-effects and therefore do not need time to recuperate before returning to work. 4. They may require a period of time for emotional recovery but this claim is tenuous and difficult to support with clear evidence. 5. Therefore, the norm in most countries is to prioritize workplace productivity and provide little or no contractually obligated paternity leave.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Extend even more for a higher task achievement mark.

1. However, fathers need time with their children and spouse to form strong emotional bonds for the good of all family members. 2. In past generations, taking care of children and the home was the domain of mothers and men were defined primarily as earners. 3. The recent shift in society that sees more women entering the workforce also recognizes for the emotional needs of men and its importance for the entire family unit. 4. Research has shown that the single most important element of healthy childhood development is a loving and supportive home environment. 5. The consequence is that fathers are now expected to be more involved in the child-rearing process. 6. By staying home for several weeks or months after birth, they can become more active, helpful participants.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Continue developing it…
  5. as fully as possible!
  6. Relate back to the overall topic.

1. In conclusion, despite the lack of physical justification, paternal leave is crucial for emotional reasons. 2. When possible, governments and employers should advocate and extend this privilege to both parents equally.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Many now suggest that both mothers and fathers deserve leave from work after the birth of a child. In my opinion, though time off work for fathers is not as justified as it is for mothers, this policy is forward-thinking and advisable.

Critics of such a policy claim that there is little physical justification for paternity leave. Few would argue that women should have time off in order to both establish an emotional connection with their child and to recover their physical strength for work. Men, however, do not suffer physical side-effects and therefore do not need time to recuperate before returning to work. They may require a period of time for emotional recovery but this claim is tenuous and difficult to support with clear evidence. Therefore, the norm in most countries is to prioritize workplace productivity and provide little or no contractually obligated paternity leave.

However, fathers need time with their children and spouse to form strong emotional bonds for the good of all family members. In past generations, taking care of children and the home was the domain of mothers and men were defined primarily as earners. The recent shift in society that sees more women entering the workforce also recognizes for the emotional needs of men and its importance for the entire family unit. Research has shown that the single most important element of healthy childhood development is a loving and supportive home environment. The consequence is that fathers are now expected to be more involved in the child-rearing process. By staying home for several weeks or months after birth, they can become more active, helpful participants.

In conclusion, despite the lack of physical justification, paternal leave is crucial for emotional reasons. When possible, governments and employers should advocate and extend this privilege to both parents equally.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

suggest advise

deserve should get

leave from work not have to work for a while

birth of a child when a kid is born

time off work paid leave

is not as justified as it is for not as much of a reason for

policy idea

forward-thinking progressive

advisable good idea

critics people who are against this idea

policy claim idea argue that

little physical justification not much reason for it based on the body

paternity leave time off work for fathers

argue claim

in order to so that

establish create

emotional connection interpersonal relationship

recover get better

physical strength body health

suffer physical side-effects weakened body

therefore thus

recuperate recover, get better

returning going back

require need

period space of time

emotional recovery feeling better mentally

claim argue

tenuous not strong

support reason for

clear evidence good support

norm normal practice

prioritize workplace productivity consider the company more important

provide little not give much

contractually obligated have to do because of what the contract says

spouse wife/husband

form strong emotional bonds have a good relationship with

family members people in the family

in past generations years before

taking care of children looking after kids

domain control over

defined primarily as earners just make money

recent shift new change

entering going into

workforce being employed

recognizes notices

emotional needs mental requirements

importance relevance

entire family unit whole family

research has shown that studies indicate that

single most important element of the biggest part of

healthy childhood development grow up well

loving with lots of support

supportive home environment happy family life

consequence result

expected have the duty to

involved dealing with

child-rearing process kids growing up

active not passive

helpful participants actually contributing

despite regardless of

lack not having

when possible if it can be done

employers people in charge, bosses

advocate support

extend give to

privilege special ability

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

səˈʤɛst 
dɪˈzɜːv 
liːv frɒm wɜːk 
bɜːθ ɒv ə ʧaɪld
taɪm ɒf wɜːk 
ɪz nɒt æz ˈʤʌstɪfaɪd æz ɪt ɪz fɔː 
ˈpɒlɪsi 
ˈfɔːwəd-ˈθɪŋkɪŋ 
ədˈvaɪzəbl
ˈkrɪtɪks 
ˈpɒlɪsi kleɪm 
ˈlɪtl ˈfɪzɪkəl ˌʤʌstɪfɪˈkeɪʃən 
pəˈtɜːnɪti liːv
ˈɑːgjuː 
ɪn ˈɔːdə tuː 
ɪsˈtæblɪʃ 
ɪˈməʊʃənl kəˈnɛkʃən 
rɪˈkʌvə 
ˈfɪzɪkəl strɛŋθ 
ˈsʌfə ˈfɪzɪkəl saɪd-ɪˈfɛkts 
ˈðeəfɔː 
rɪˈkjuːpəreɪt 
rɪˈtɜːnɪŋ 
rɪˈkwaɪə 
ˈpɪərɪəd 
ɪˈməʊʃənl rɪˈkʌvəri 
kleɪm 
ˈtɛnjʊəs 
səˈpɔːt 
klɪər ˈɛvɪdəns
nɔːm 
praɪˈɒrɪˌtaɪz ˈwɜːkˌpleɪs ˌprɒdʌkˈtɪvɪti 
prəˈvaɪd ˈlɪtl 
kənˈtræktjʊəli ˈɒblɪgeɪtɪd 
spaʊz 
fɔːm strɒŋ ɪˈməʊʃənl bɒndz 
ˈfæmɪli ˈmɛmbəz
ɪn pɑːst ˌʤɛnəˈreɪʃənz
ˈteɪkɪŋ keər ɒv ˈʧɪldrən 
dəʊˈmeɪn 
dɪˈfaɪnd ˈpraɪmərɪli æz ˈɜːnəz 
ˈriːsnt ʃɪft 
ˈɛntərɪŋ 
ˈwɜːkˌfɔːs 
ˈrɛkəgnaɪzɪz 
ɪˈməʊʃənl niːdz 
ɪmˈpɔːtəns 
ɪnˈtaɪə ˈfæmɪli ˈjuːnɪt
rɪˈsɜːʧ hæz ʃəʊn ðæt 
ˈsɪŋgl məʊst ɪmˈpɔːtənt ˈɛlɪmənt ɒv 
ˈhɛlθi ˈʧaɪldhʊd dɪˈvɛləpmənt 
ˈlʌvɪŋ 
səˈpɔːtɪv həʊm ɪnˈvaɪərənmənt.
ˈkɒnsɪkwəns 
ɪksˈpɛktɪd 
ɪnˈvɒlvd 
ʧaɪld-ˈrɪərɪŋ ˈprəʊsɛs
ˈæktɪv
ˈhɛlpfʊl pɑːˈtɪsɪpənts
dɪsˈpaɪt 
læk 
wɛn ˈpɒsəbl
ɪmˈplɔɪəz 
ˈædvəkɪt 
ɪksˈtɛnd 
ˈprɪvɪlɪʤ 

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Many now s__________t that both mothers and fathers d_______e l________________k after the b______________d. In my opinion, though t_____________k for fathers i_________________________r mothers, this p________y is f_____________g and a_____________e.

C_______s of such a p___________m that there is l_________________________n for p________________e. Few would a______e that women should have time off i______________o both e__________h an e___________________n with their child and to r________r their p_____________________h for work. Men, however, do not s_________________________s and t__________e do not need time to r____________e before r____________g to work. They may r__________e a p________d of time for e______________y but this c_______m is t_________s and difficult to s________t with c_______________e. Therefore, the n_____m in most countries is to p________________________________y and p_____________e or no c_____________________d paternity leave.

However, fathers need time with their children and s________e to f__________________________s for the good of all f__________________s. I___________________s, t_________________________n and the home was the d__________n of mothers and men were d______________________________s. The r______________t in society that sees more women e_____________g the w_____________e also r______________s for the e_________________s of men and its i_____________e for the e_________________t. R______________________t the s__________________________________f h_______________________________t is a l__________g and s_____________________________________t. The c_____________e is that fathers are now e______________d to be more i__________d in the c________________________s. By staying home for several weeks or months after birth, they can become more a_________e, h_________________________s.

In conclusion, d____________e the l_____k of physical justification, paternal leave is crucial for emotional reasons. W_____________e, governments and e____________s should a_____________e and e____________d this p___________e to both parents equally.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching videos from The New York Times YouTube channel below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/01/the-daddy-track/355746/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Talkative Children

  1. Do think being talkative is a good quality for children?
  2. Is it good for children to talk a lot in every situation?
  3. Why do children talk so much?
  4. What makes children talk less as the get older sometimes?
  5. What can teachers do to encourage children to talk more?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

It is better for children if the whole family including aunts, uncles and so on are involved in a child’s upbringing, rather than just their parents.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


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