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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of museums and art galleries from the real IELTS exam.

I’ve actually written about this same topic before but it just came up again on IELTS recently so I decided to write about it a second time!

Please consider supporting me on Patreon.com/howtodoielts to receive my exclusive IELTS Ebooks!

Dave

IELTS Essay: Museums and Art Galleries

Museums and art galleries should show local history and culture instead of work from different countries.

Discuss both views and give opinion.

Some feel that museums and art galleries ought to primarily focus on showcasing local, rather than international, works. In my opinion, despite the importance of domestic pieces for national cohesion, there is greater value in international items.

Those who advocate for domestic art in national museums and exhibition halls point out the unifying effect. Students in every country are expected to learn their national history but these lessons can often feel impersonal and abstract. The chance to visit a museum and see authentic documents from the past revitalises history and can inspire patriotism. A standout example of this would be The Smithsonian in the United States, which houses key historic and cultural artifacts. Visitors from different parts of the country and disparate ethnic groups can potentially find common ground by reflecting on the struggles and achievements of their forefathers.

Regardless, the citizenry as a whole can learn more from international artworks. Most people have learned their own nation’s history well but possess limited understanding of other cultures. Going to a museum featuring items from around the world is therefore an enlightening experience. For example, The British Museum in London famously contains one of the world’s largest collections of culturally significant artifacts from around the world. By seeing and reading the plaques for a variety of artworks both young students and adults alike have the opportunity to broaden their understanding of the traditions, cultures, and events that underpin the modern world. Over time, this can lead to a more inclusive, culturally diversified society.

All in all, the patriotic positives of locally themed collections are outweighed by the educational benefits of globally sourced institutions. There must be a degree of balance but those in positions of authority should emphasise cultural diversity.

Analysis

1. Some feel that museums and art galleries ought to primarily focus on showcasing local, rather than international, works. 2. In my opinion, despite the importance of domestic pieces for national cohesion, there is greater value in international items.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Those who advocate for domestic art in national museums and exhibition halls point out the unifying effect. 2. Students in every country are expected to learn their national history but these lessons can often feel impersonal and abstract. 3. The chance to visit a museum and see authentic documents from the past revitalises history and can inspire patriotism. 4. A standout example of this would be The Smithsonian in the United States, which houses key historic and cultural artifacts. 5. Visitors from different parts of the country and disparate ethnic groups can potentially find common ground by reflecting on the struggles and achievements of their forefathers.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Stay focused on the same main idea.

1. Regardless, the citizenry as a whole can learn more from international artworks. 2. Most people have learned their own nation’s history well but possess limited understanding of other cultures. 3. Going to a museum featuring items from around the world is therefore an enlightening experience. 4. For example, The British Museum in London famously contains one of the world’s largest collections of culturally significant artifacts from around the world. 5. By seeing and reading the plaques for a variety of artworks both young students and adults alike have the opportunity to broaden their understanding of the traditions, cultures, and events that underpin the modern world. 6. Over time, this can lead to a more inclusive, culturally diversified society.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Continue developing it…
  5. as fully as possible!
  6. Any extra statement of the result will help.

1. All in all, the patriotic positives of locally themed collections are outweighed by the educational benefits of globally sourced institutions. 2. There must be a degree of balance but those in positions of authority should emphasise cultural diversity.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Some feel that museums and art galleries ought to primarily focus on showcasing local, rather than international, works. In my opinion, despite the importance of domestic pieces for national cohesion, there is greater value in international items.

Those who advocate for domestic art in national museums and exhibition halls point out the unifying effect. Students in every country are expected to learn their national history but these lessons can often feel impersonal and abstract. The chance to visit a museum and see authentic documents from the past revitalises history and can inspire patriotism. A standout example of this would be The Smithsonian in the United States, which houses key historic and cultural artifacts. Visitors from different parts of the country and disparate ethnic groups can potentially find common ground by reflecting on the struggles and achievements of their forefathers.

Regardless, the citizenry as a whole can learn more from international artworks. Most people have learned their own nation’s history well but possess limited understanding of other cultures. Going to a museum featuring items from around the world is therefore an enlightening experience. For example, The British Museum in London famously contains one of the world’s largest collections of culturally significant artifacts from around the world. By seeing and reading the plaques for a variety of artworks both young students and adults alike have the opportunity to broaden their understanding of the traditions, cultures, and events that underpin the modern world. Over time, this can lead to a more inclusive, culturally diversified society.

All in all, the patriotic positives of locally themed collections are outweighed by the educational benefits of globally sourced institutions. There must be a degree of balance but those in positions of authority should emphasise cultural diversity.

Answers

primarily mainly

focus on concentrate

showcasing displaying

local from that country

international from around the world

domestic local, from your country

national cohesion uniting a country

value importance

advocate support

exhibition halls art galleries

point out argue

unifying effect how it brings people together

expected predicted

national history past of a country

impersonal no personal, removed

abstract far away, not concrete

authentic documents real items

revitalises brings life back to

inspire patriotism make you feel for your country

A standout example of this would be a good instance is

houses contains

artifacts old items

disparate ethnic groups different demographics in society

potentially possibly

find common ground have something in common

reflecting thinking back on

struggles difficulties

achievements what you get done in life

forefathers ancestors

regardless nonetheless

citizenry people in a country

as a whole all together

possess have

limited understanding not much knowing

featuring having

enlightening experience insightful time

famously well known

culturally significant artifacts important art/historic objects

plaques information about the items

alike both

broaden widen

traditions past ways of doing things

underpin serve as the foundation for

modern world the world today

over time as time goes on

inclusive accepting and open

culturally diversified society world with lots of different cultures

all in all in conclusion

patriotic caring about your country

locally themed collections items taken from one’s own country

outweighed stronger than

globally sourced institutions items taken from around the world

a degree of balance some equality

positions of authority high up, policymakers

emphasise focus on

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈpraɪmərɪli 
ˈfəʊkəs ɒn 
ˈʃəʊkeɪsɪŋ 
ˈləʊkəl
ˌɪntə(ː)ˈnæʃənl 
dəʊˈmɛstɪk 
ˈnæʃənl kəʊˈhiːʒən
ˈvæljuː 
ˈædvəkɪt 
ˌɛksɪˈbɪʃən hɔːlz 
pɔɪnt aʊt 
ˈjuːnɪfaɪɪŋ ɪˈfɛkt
ɪksˈpɛktɪd 
ˈnæʃənl ˈhɪstəri 
ɪmˈpɜːsnl 
ˈæbstrækt 
ɔːˈθɛntɪk ˈdɒkjʊmənts 
ˌriːˈvaɪtəlaɪzɪz 
ɪnˈspaɪə ˈpætrɪətɪzm
ə ˈstændaʊt ɪgˈzɑːmpl ɒv ðɪs wʊd biː 
ˈhaʊzɪz 
ˈɑːtɪˌfækts
ˈdɪspərɪt ˈɛθnɪk gruːps 
pəʊˈtɛnʃəli 
faɪnd ˈkɒmən graʊnd 
rɪˈflɛktɪŋ 
ˈstrʌglz 
əˈʧiːvmənts 
ˈfɔːˌfɑːðəz
rɪˈgɑːdlɪs 
ˈsɪtɪznri 
æz ə həʊl 
pəˈzɛs 
ˈlɪmɪtɪd ˌʌndəˈstændɪŋ 
ˈfiːʧərɪŋ 
ɪnˈlaɪtnɪŋ ɪksˈpɪərɪəns
ˈfeɪməsli 
ˈkʌlʧərəli sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt ˈɑːtɪˌfækts 
plɑːks 
əˈlaɪk 
ˈbrɔːdn 
trəˈdɪʃənz
ˌʌndəˈpɪn 
ˈmɒdən wɜːld
ˈəʊvə taɪm
ɪnˈkluːsɪv
ˈkʌlʧərəli daɪˈvɜːsɪfaɪd səˈsaɪəti
ɔːl ɪn ɔːl 
ˌpætrɪˈɒtɪk 
ˈləʊkəli θiːmd kəˈlɛkʃənz 
aʊtˈweɪd 
ˈgləʊbəli sɔːst ˌɪnstɪˈtjuːʃənz
ə dɪˈgriː ɒv ˈbæləns 
pəˈzɪʃənz ɒv ɔːˈθɒrɪti 
ˈɛmfəsaɪz 

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Some feel that museums and art galleries ought to p___________y f__________n s_____________g l______l, rather than i_____________l, works. In my opinion, despite the importance of d_____________c pieces for n____________________n, there is greater v_____e in international items.

Those who a____________e for domestic art in national museums and e_______________s p___________t the u______________t. Students in every country are e___________d to learn their n_______________y but these lessons can often feel i___________l and a_________t. The chance to visit a museum and see a____________________s from the past r__________s history and can i__________________m. A________________________________e The Smithsonian in the United States, which h_________s key historic and cultural a_________s. Visitors from different parts of the country and d_________________________s can p_____________y f_____________________d by r_____________g on the s____________s and a________________s of their f_____________s.

R___________s, the c_____________y a____________e can learn more from international artworks. Most people have learned their own nation’s history well but p_________s l______________________g of other cultures. Going to a museum f___________g items from around the world is therefore an e__________________________e. For example, The British Museum in London f____________y contains one of the world’s largest collections of c__________________________s from around the world. By seeing and reading the p__________s for a variety of artworks both young students and adults a______e have the opportunity to b_________n their understanding of the t__________s, cultures, and events that u____________n the m_____________d. O____________e, this can lead to a more i____________e, c________________________y.

A___________l, the p_________c positives of l______________________________s are o___________d by the educational benefits of g_________________________s. There must be a____________________e but those in p_________________y should e_____________e cultural diversity.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic in the video below and practice with these activities:

https://www.youtube.com/user/smithsonianchannel

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://artsandculture.google.com/story/10-museums-you-can-explore-right-here-right-now/igKSKBBnEBSGKg

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Art

  1. Should kids be taught art from a young age?
  2. Is it important for all people to get the opportunity to make art?
  3. Should art be sold or kept in museums for the public to see?
  4. Why is art sold for such large sums of money?
  5. What is the attitude to art in your country?

Writing Practice

Practice with the same basic topic below and then check with my sample answer:

Museums and art galleries should focus on works that show the history and culture of their own country rather than works of other parts of the world.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


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