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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of change from the real IELTS recent exam.

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IELTS Essay: Change

Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same things and avoiding change. Others, however, think that change is always good.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Many people feel that change should be embraced without qualification while others believe it is better to avoid new situations. In my opinion, though change can be positive in certain contexts, it should not be pursued as valuable in itself.

Those in favor of change argue it is nearly always positive. Examples of good changes might include moving to a new city, starting a new job, finding a new life companion, or even something as simple as getting a pet. Each of these decisions is a means of addressing a desire or feeling of dissatisfaction. One change that has become prevalent in recent decades relates to nutrition and exercise. Such lifestyle changes are based on research that has definitively shown the importance of a healthy diet and identified foods low in certain kinds of fats and carbohydrates. Combined with weekly exercise, the results are superior fitness and improved longevity.

However, change is, more often than not, a means of disregarding one’s responsibilities. Many individuals change jobs or leave relationships simply because they feel they have lost their passion. This effort to re-energize is typically unsuccessful because outward changes do little to alleviate internal problems. Therefore, in the majority of cases, change is either an excuse to justify selfish behavior or a temporary and superficial solution. The best-known example of this would be the classic ‘mid-life crisis’ that particularly affects men as they age and decide their life is not fulfilling their most basic desires. Ultimately, most people would be better served by focusing on improving their current situation rather than seeking transitory and exaggerated new experiences.

In conclusion, change should not be sought as a means of escaping one’s primary duties. Change should be an organic process and it is therefore advisable individuals do not pursue it as a goal generally.

Analysis

1. Many people feel that change should be embraced without qualification while others believe it is better to avoid new situations. 2. In my opinion, though change can be positive in certain contexts, it should not be pursued as valuable in itself.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. Those in favor of change argue it is nearly always positive. 2. Examples of good changes might include moving to a new city, starting a new job, finding a new life companion, or even something as simple as getting a pet. 3. Each of these decisions is a means of addressing a desire or feeling of dissatisfaction. 4. One change that has become prevalent in recent decades relates to nutrition and exercise. 5. Such lifestyle changes are based on research that has definitively shown the importance of a healthy diet and identified foods low in certain kinds of fats and carbohydrates. 6. Combined with weekly exercise, the results are superior fitness and improved longevity.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Vary long and short sentences.
  6. Finish the paragraph.

1. However, change is, more often than not, a means of disregarding one’s responsibilities. 2. Many individuals change jobs or leave relationships simply because they feel they have lost their passion. 3. This effort to re-energize is typically unsuccessful because outward changes do little to alleviate internal problems. 4. Therefore, in the majority of cases, change is either an excuse to justify selfish behavior or a temporary and superficial solution. 5. The best-known example of this would be the classic ‘mid-life crisis’ that particularly affects men as they age and decide their life is not fulfilling their most basic desires. 6. Ultimately, most people would be better served by focusing on improving their current situation rather than seeking transitory and exaggerated new experiences.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Add as much information as you can and make sure it links logically.
  5. Develop the example fully.
  6. State the results as well.

1. In conclusion, change should not be sought as a means of escaping one’s primary duties. 2. Change should be an organic process and it is therefore advisable individuals do not pursue it as a goal generally.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Many people feel that change should be embraced without qualification while others believe it is better to avoid new situations. In my opinion, though change can be positive in certain contexts, it should not be pursued as valuable in itself.

Those in favor of change argue it is nearly always positive. Examples of good changes might include moving to a new city, starting a new job, finding a new life companion, or even something as simple as getting a pet. Each of these decisions is a means of addressing a desire or feeling of dissatisfaction. One change that has become prevalent in recent decades relates to nutrition and exercise. Such lifestyle changes are based on research that has definitively shown the importance of a healthy diet and identified foods low in certain kinds of fats and carbohydrates. Combined with weekly exercise, the results are superior fitness and improved longevity.

However, change is, more often than not, a means of disregarding one’s responsibilities. Many individuals change jobs or leave relationships simply because they feel they have lost their passion. This effort to re-energize is typically unsuccessful because outward changes do little to alleviate internal problems. Therefore, in the majority of cases, change is either an excuse to justify selfish behavior or a temporary and superficial solution. The best-known example of this would be the classic ‘mid-life crisis’ that particularly affects men as they age and decide their life is not fulfilling their most basic desires. Ultimately, most people would be better served by focusing on improving their current situation rather than seeking transitory and exaggerated new experiences.

In conclusion, change should not be sought as a means of escaping one’s primary duties. Change should be an organic process and it is therefore advisable individuals do not pursue it as a goal generally.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

change embraced without qualification new experiences and differences accepted without challenging their value

avoid not do

situations contexts

positive good

contexts situations

pursued sought

valuable in itself good on its own

those in favor of supporters

argue say

nearly always usually

life companion husband/wife

even something as simple as even for a minor area like

decisions choices

means ways

addressing fixing

desire need

dissatisfaction unhappy with

prevalent common

recent decades last 20 or so years

relates to concerns

nutrition diet

exercise working out

lifestyle how you live your life

based on research studies show

definitively shown 100% indicate

healthy diet eating good foods

identified recognized

certain kinds of particular types of

fats foods high in fat

carbohydrates breads, pasta, rice, etc.

Combined with in conjunction with

results what comes out of it

superior fitness in better shape

improved longevity living longer

more often than not usually

a means of a way of

disregarding ignoring

lost their passion not caring about anymore

effort try

re-energize get energy back 

unsuccessful doesn’t work

outward changes superficial differences

alleviate internal problems fix mental issues

in the majority of cases usually

excuse justification

justify selfish behavior make you feel good about acting badly 

temporary not permanent

superficial solution bad fix

best-known most well-known

classic ‘mid-life crisis’ well-known instance of wanting change in your 40s

particularly affects especially impacts

fulfilling satisfying

most basic desires fundamental wants

ultimately in the end

better served best met

focusing on caring more about

current situation how things are now

rather than instead of

seeking transitory looking for temporary

exaggerated out of control

sought looked for

escaping getting away from

primary duties main responsibilities

organic process natural way

advisable should happen

generally for all people

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ʧeɪnʤ ɪmˈbreɪst wɪˈðaʊt ˌkwɒlɪfɪˈkeɪʃən 
əˈvɔɪd 
ˌsɪtjʊˈeɪʃənz
ˈpɒzətɪv 
ˈkɒntɛksts
pəˈsjuːd 
ˈvæljʊəbl ɪn ɪtˈsɛlf
ðəʊz ɪn ˈfeɪvər ɒv 
ˈɑːgjuː 
ˈnɪəli ˈɔːlweɪz
laɪf kəmˈpænjən
ˈiːvən ˈsʌmθɪŋ æz ˈsɪmpl æz 
dɪˈsɪʒənz 
miːnz 
əˈdrɛsɪŋ 
dɪˈzaɪə 
dɪsˌsætɪsˈfækʃən
ˈprɛvələnt 
ˈriːsnt ˈdɛkeɪdz 
rɪˈleɪts tuː 
nju(ː)ˈtrɪʃən 
ˈɛksəsaɪz
ˈlaɪfˌstaɪl 
beɪst ɒn rɪˈsɜːʧ 
dɪˈfɪnɪtɪvli ʃəʊn 
ˈhɛlθi ˈdaɪət 
aɪˈdɛntɪfaɪd 
ˈsɜːtn kaɪndz ɒv 
fæts 
ˈkɑːbəʊˈhaɪdreɪts
kəmˈbaɪnd wɪð 
rɪˈzʌlts 
sju(ː)ˈpɪərɪə ˈfɪtnɪs 
ɪmˈpruːvd lɒnˈʤɛvɪti
mɔːr ˈɒf(ə)n ðæn nɒt
ə miːnz ɒv 
ˌdɪsrɪˈgɑːdɪŋ 
lɒst ðeə ˈpæʃən
ˈɛfət 
riː-ˈɛnəʤaɪz 
ˌʌnsəkˈsɛsfʊl 
ˈaʊtwəd ˈʧeɪnʤɪz 
əˈliːvɪeɪt ɪnˈtɜːnl ˈprɒbləmz
ɪn ðə məˈʤɒrɪti ɒv ˈkeɪsɪz
ɪksˈkjuːs 
ˈʤʌstɪfaɪ ˈsɛlfɪʃ bɪˈheɪvjə 
ˈtɛmpərəri 
ˌsjuːpəˈfɪʃəl səˈluːʃən
bɛst-nəʊn 
ˈklæsɪk mɪd-laɪf ˈkraɪsɪs 
pəˈtɪkjʊləli əˈfɛkts
fʊlˈfɪlɪŋ 
məʊst ˈbeɪsɪk dɪˈzaɪəz
ˈʌltɪmɪtli
ˈbɛtə sɜːvd 
ˈfəʊkəsɪŋ ɒn 
ˈkʌrənt ˌsɪtjʊˈeɪʃən 
ˈrɑːðə ðæn 
ˈsiːkɪŋ ˈtrænsɪtəri 
ɪgˈzæʤəreɪtɪd 
sɔːt 
ɪsˈkeɪpɪŋ 
ˈpraɪməri ˈdjuːtiz
ɔːˈgænɪk ˈprəʊsɛs 
ədˈvaɪzəbl 
ˈʤɛnərəli

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Many people feel that c_______e should be e___________________________n while others believe it is better to a______d new s___________s. In my opinion, though change can be p_________e in certain c________s, it should not be p________d as v__________________f.

T_________________f change a_____e it is n__________s positive. Examples of good changes might include moving to a new city, starting a new job, finding a new l______________n, or e______________________s getting a pet. Each of these d_________s is a m_____s of a_____________g a d______e or feeling of d_______________n. One change that has become p_______t in r_____________s r____________o n__________n and e______e. Such l______e changes are b______________h that has d_______________n the importance of a h_____________t and i_________d foods low in c____________________s and c____________s. C______________h weekly exercise, the r________s are s___________s and i_________________y.

However, change is, m_____________________t, a_________________________g one’s responsibilities. Many individuals change jobs or leave relationships simply because they feel they have l_____________n. This e_____t to r____________e is typically u_____________l because o_______________s do little to a______________________s. Therefore, i_________________________s, change is either an e______e to j_______________________r or a t_____________y and s__________________n. The b____________n example of this would be the c_______________________s’ that p__________________s men as they age and decide their life is not f____________g their m___________________s. U___________y, most people would be b_______________d by f____________n improving their c____________n r_______________n s__________________y and e____________d new experiences.

In conclusion, change should not be s________t as a means of e_________g one’s p___________s. Change should be an o_____________s and it is therefore a__________e individuals do not pursue it as a goal g_________y.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching videos from The New York Times YouTube channel below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/toxic-relationships/202104/how-change-your-attachment-style-and-your-relationships

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Talk about a goal that you want to achieve in the future. Include:

What the goal is

When you thought of it

How you will accomplish it

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

The job market today is very competitive and it is best to choose a career or field of study early in order to get a good job later in life.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


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