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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of information technology from the real IELTS recent exam.

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IELTS Essay: Information Technology

Information technology is changing many aspects of our lives and now dominates our home, leisure and work activities.

To what extent do the benefits of information technology outweigh the disadvantages?

Some today would argue that the revolution in information technology has a pernicious impact generally. In my opinion, the drawbacks related to social interaction do not outweigh the positive possibilities now available to the average person.

The legitimately worrying disadvantages to information technology concern interpersonal relationships. In the past, social interactions in person were more common. Today, a majority of conversations take place through messaging apps and on social media. The short-term result is that communication skills are in decline. The longer-term implications will create wider social trends. As people interact and form groups online they are more prone to groupthink and radicalization. What would normally be mitigated by one’s circle of friends and families, can now grow unabated in the virtual sphere with possible negative results for all of society.

The main advantages of the current age are increases in what is possible. These possibilities are most basically conveniences. Users can save time by taking advantage of their phones to send emails, make calls, organize their day and undertake a variety of other tasks. As technology evolves, it has even become more common for employees to work remotely and therefore conserve time and energy commuting to and from the office. Beyond these simple comforts, people are able to accomplish more with digital devices. This includes the ability to write with word processors, edit video on various applications, and then post and interact with a global audience through the internet and sites such as YouTube.

In conclusion, despite the threat of a less socially active world, there are justifying benefits concerning human potentiality. Both the positives and negatives must be weighed and managed carefully.

Analysis

1. Some today would argue that the revolution in information technology has a pernicious impact generally. 2. In my opinion, the drawbacks related to social interaction do not outweigh the positive possibilities now available to the average person.

  1. Paraphrase the overall essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion. Read more about introductions here.

1. The legitimately worrying disadvantages to information technology concern interpersonal relationships. 2. In the past, social interactions in person were more common. 3. Today, a majority of conversations take place through messaging apps and on social media. 4. The short-term result is that communication skills are in decline. 5. The longer-term implications will create wider social trends. 6. As people interact and form groups online they are more prone to groupthink and radicalization. 7. What would normally be mitigated by one’s circle of friends and families, can now grow unabated in the virtual sphere with possible negative results for all of society.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Develop it with specific or hypothetical examples.
  4. Keep developing it fully.
  5. Vary long and short sentences.
  6. Keep adding more detail.
  7. Finish development.

1. The main advantages of the current age are increases in what is possible. 2. These possibilities are most basically conveniences. 3. Users can save time by taking advantage of their phones to send emails, make calls, organize their day and undertake a variety of other tasks. 4. As technology evolves, it has even become more common for employees to work remotely and therefore conserve time and energy commuting to and from the office. 5. Beyond these simple comforts, people are able to accomplish more with digital devices. 6. This includes the ability to write with word processors, edit video on various applications, and then post and interact with a global audience through the internet and sites such as YouTube.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your new main idea.
  3. Include specific details and examples.
  4. Add as much information as you can and make sure it links logically.
  5. Develop the example fully.
  6. State the results as well.

1. In conclusion, despite the threat of a less socially active world, there are justifying benefits concerning human potentiality. 2. Both the positives and negatives must be weighed and managed carefully.

  1. Summarise your main ideas.
  2. Include a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words in bold below mean? Make some notes on paper to aid memory and then check below.

Some today would argue that the revolution in information technology has a pernicious impact generally. In my opinion, the drawbacks related to social interaction do not outweigh the positive possibilities now available to the average person.

The legitimately worrying disadvantages to information technology concern interpersonal relationships. In the past, social interactions in person were more common. Today, a majority of conversations take place through messaging apps and on social media. The short-term result is that communication skills are in decline. The longer-term implications will create wider social trends. As people interact and form groups online they are more prone to groupthink and radicalization. What would normally be mitigated by one’s circle of friends and families, can now grow unabated in the virtual sphere with possible negative results for all of society.

The main advantages of the current age are increases in what is possible. These possibilities are most basically conveniences. Users can save time by taking advantage of their phones to send emails, make calls, organize their day and undertake a variety of other tasks. As technology evolves, it has even become more common for employees to work remotely and therefore conserve time and energy commuting to and from the office. Beyond these simple comforts, people are able to accomplish more with digital devices. This includes the ability to write with word processors, edit video on various applications, and then post and interact with a global audience through the internet and sites such as YouTube.

In conclusion, despite the threat of a less socially active world, there are justifying benefits concerning human potentiality. Both the positives and negatives must be weighed and managed carefully.

Answers

For extra practice, write an antonym (opposite word) on a piece of paper to help you remember the new vocabulary:

argue claim

revolution big change

information technology internet, computers, etc.

pernicious impact bad effect

generally overall

drawbacks downsides

related to concerning

social interaction people talking

outweigh stronger than

positive possibilities good opportunities

available can happen

legitimately worrying disadvantages real dangerous downsides

concern interpersonal relationships have to do with people interacting

common happens a lot

majority most of

take place happen

messaging apps Facebook messenger, ios messenger, etc.

social media Facebook, Instagram, TikTok, etc.

short-term result not that far in the future

communication skills talking to people

in decline getting worse

longer-term implications in the future ramifications

wider social trends patterns for all of society

form groups online become part of online communities

more prone to groupthink more likely to think the same as others

radicalization becoming extreme

normally in most cases

mitigated weakened

circle of friends people around you

grow unabated increase with no limits

virtual sphere online world

possible potential

results effects

current age nowadays

possibilities potential chances

most basically conveniences essentially make life easier

users people using services

taking advantage of exploiting

organize order

undertake do

variety different kinds

tasks objectives

evolves changes

work remotely work from home

therefore thus

conserve maintain

commuting traveling to work or school

beyond these simple comforts past these conveniences

accomplish get done

digital devices phones, computers, etc.

includes concerns

word processors MS word, Google docs, etc.

edit video work with video files

various different kinds of

post put online

interact with talk with

global audience the whole world

despite regardless of

threat risk

less socially active world people communicating less and less

justifying makes sense

concerning having to do with

potentiality possibilities

managed carefully watched with care

Pronunciation

Practice saying the vocabulary below and use this tip about Google voice search:

ˈɑːgjuː 
ˌrɛvəˈluːʃən 
ˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃən tɛkˈnɒləʤi 
pɜːˈnɪʃəs ˈɪmpækt 
ˈʤɛnərəli
ˈdrɔːbæks 
rɪˈleɪtɪd tuː 
ˈsəʊʃəl ˌɪntərˈækʃən 
aʊtˈweɪ 
ˈpɒzətɪv ˌpɒsəˈbɪlɪtiz 
əˈveɪləbl 
lɪˈʤɪtɪmɪtli ˈwʌriɪŋ ˌdɪsədˈvɑːntɪʤɪz 
kənˈsɜːn ˌɪntəˈpɜːsən(ə)l rɪˈleɪʃənʃɪps
ˈkɒmən 
məˈʤɒrɪti 
teɪk pleɪs 
ˈmɛsɪʤɪŋ æps 
ˈsəʊʃəl ˈmiːdiə 
ʃɔːt-tɜːm rɪˈzʌlt 
kəˌmjuːnɪˈkeɪʃən skɪlz 
ɪn dɪˈklaɪn 
ˈlɒŋgə-tɜːm ˌɪmplɪˈkeɪʃənz 
ˈwaɪdə ˈsəʊʃəl trɛndz
fɔːm gruːps ˈɒnˌlaɪn 
mɔː prəʊn tuː gruːpθɪŋk 
ˈrædɪkəlaɪˈzeɪʃən
ˈnɔːməli 
ˈmɪtɪgeɪtɪd 
ˈsɜːkl ɒv frɛndz 
grəʊ ˌʌnəˈbeɪtɪd 
ˈvɜːtjʊəl sfɪə 
ˈpɒsəbl 
rɪˈzʌlts 
ˈkʌrənt eɪʤ 
ˌpɒsəˈbɪlɪtiz 
məʊst ˈbeɪsɪkəli kənˈviːniənsɪz
ˈjuːzəz 
ˈteɪkɪŋ ədˈvɑːntɪʤ ɒv 
ˈɔːgənaɪz 
ˌʌndəˈteɪk 
vəˈraɪəti 
tɑːsks
ɪˈvɒlvz
wɜːk rɪˈməʊtli 
ˈðeəfɔː 
kənˈsɜːv 
kəˈmjuːtɪŋ 
bɪˈjɒnd ðiːz ˈsɪmpl ˈkʌmfəts
əˈkɒmplɪʃ 
ˈdɪʤɪtl dɪˈvaɪsɪz 
ɪnˈkluːdz 
wɜːd ˈprəʊsɛsəz
ˈɛdɪt ˈvɪdɪəʊ 
ˈveərɪəs 
pəʊst 
ˌɪntərˈækt wɪð 
ˈgləʊbəl ˈɔːdiəns 
dɪsˈpaɪt 
θrɛt 
lɛs ˈsəʊʃəli ˈæktɪv wɜːld
ˈʤʌstɪfaɪɪŋ 
kənˈsɜːnɪŋ 
pəʊˌtɛnʃɪˈælɪti
ˈmænɪʤd ˈkeəfli

Vocabulary Practice

I recommend getting a pencil and piece of paper because that aids memory. Then write down the missing vocabulary from my sample answer in your notebook:

Some today would a______e that the r____________n in i_____________________y has a p_______________________________y. In my opinion, the d______________s r____________o s________________________n do not o________________h the p_____________________s now a_____________e to the average person.

The l_____________________________________s to information technology c__________n i______________________________s. In the past, social interactions in person were more c______n. Today, a m__________y of conversations t__________e through m____________________s and on s_______________a. The s___________________t is that c________________________s are i____________e. The l________________________s will create w__________________s. As people interact and f______________________e they are m________________o g_______________k and r________________n. What would n____________y be m_____________d by one’s c_________________s and families, can now g____________________d in the v_________________e with p______________e negative r__________s for all of society.

The main advantages of the c_________________e are increases in what is possible. These p______________s are m_______________________________s. U______s can save time by t_________________________f their phones to send emails, make calls, o____________e their day and u___________e a v_______y of other t_______s. As technology e__________s, it has even become more common for employees to w________________y and t___________e c__________e time and energy c__________g to and from the office. B_______________________________s, people are able to a_____________h more with d_______________s. This i__________s the ability to write with w____________________s, e_____________o on v__________s applications, and then p____t and i________________h a g____________e through the internet and sites such as YouTube.

In conclusion, d_________e the t________t of a l__________________________d, there are j___________g benefits c____________g human p_____________y. Both the positives and negatives must be weighed and m_____________________y.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic by watching videos from The New York Times YouTube channel below and practice with these activities:

Reading Practice

Read more about this topic and use these ideas to practice:

https://www.wired.com/story/alt-jihad-rising-social-media/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking questions from the real IELTS speaking exam:

Computers

  1. Do you use a computer?
  2. Is it important to have a fast computer?
  3. What applications do you use the most?
  4. Is it possible to live today without a computer?

Writing Practice

Practice with the related IELTS essay topic below:

More and more people no longer read newspapers or watch TV programmes to get their news and instead read online.

Is this a positive or negative development?


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