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This is an IELTS writing task 2 sample answer essay on the topic of retirement and society from the real IELTS exam.

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IELTS Essay: Retirement & Society

Nowadays people live longer after they retire.

How does this affect individuals and society?

What can be done about this?

As average life expectancy rises, people are living longer and longer after retirement, which poses a number of problems for individuals and society. In my opinion, these tensions can be remedied through government action.

People retiring older can lead to conflict between individuals and an increased burden on society generally. For the young, the process of fully integrating older people into society can be challenging. For example, many older people have quieter lifestyles and disputes may arise with younger individuals who are in the habit of hosting loud parties or coming home late at night, particularly in cases where young people are taking care of older relatives. The strain on society can also be great as older people require more medical support to treat conditions ranging from arthritis to cancer to heart disease. This translates to a greater proportion of taxes going to the older generation and can foster societal resentment and ageism.

The best fixes for these problems can be achieved by governments. Firstly, governments can ease the integration of generations by providing better retirements plans for individuals. For example, in the United States, social security benefits are rarely enough to cover retirement and so many must depend on their children. As for society, governments must be more conscientious in planning for more substantial medical expenses. The government should anticipate this trend only continuing in the future and set aside funds to research and apply advanced treatments for retired citizens well into their 80s. These measures combined would alleviate some of the weight of supporting older populations.

In conclusion, the pressures resulting from growth in the average life span can be countered with forward-thinking governmental policy. This will only become more important in the future as people live even longer.

Analysis

1. As average life expectancy rises, people are living longer and longer after retirement, which poses a number of problems for individuals and society. 2. In my opinion, these tensions can be remedied through government action.

  1. Paraphrase the essay topic.
  2. Write a clear opinion answering both questions. Read more about introductions here.

1. People retiring older can lead to conflict between individuals and an increased burden on society generally. 2. For the young, the process of fully integrating older people into society can be challenging. 3. For example, many older people have quieter lifestyles and disputes may arise with younger individuals who are in the habit of hosting loud parties or coming home late at night, particularly in cases where young people are taking care of older relatives. 4. The strain on society can also be great as older people require more medical support to treat conditions ranging from arthritis to cancer to heart disease. 5. This translates to a greater proportion of taxes going to the older generation and can foster societal resentment and ageism.

  1. Write a topic sentence with a clear main idea at the end.
  2. Explain your main idea.
  3. Give an example.
  4. Move on to a problem related to society.
  5. Develop it fully.

1. The best fixes for these problems can be achieved by governments. 2. Firstly, governments can ease the integration of generations by providing better retirements plans for individuals. 3. For example, in the United States, social security benefits are rarely enough to cover retirement and so many must depend on their children. 4. As for society, governments must be more conscientious in planning for more substantial medical expenses. 5. The government should anticipate this trend only continuing in the future and set aside funds to research and apply advanced treatments for retired citizens well into their 80s. 6. These measures combined would alleviate some of the weight of supporting older populations.

  1. Write a new topic sentence with a new main idea.
  2. Explain it.
  3. Give a specific example.
  4. Develop the example.
  5. Switch to another related solution.
  6. Develop it fully.

1. In conclusion, the pressures resulting from growth in the average life span can be countered with forward-thinking governmental policy. 2. This will only become more important in the future as people live even longer.

  1. Repeat your arguments.
  2. Add a final thought. Read more about conclusions here.

Vocabulary

What do the words below mean?

As average life expectancy rises, people are living longer and longer after retirement, which poses a number of problems for individuals and society. In my opinion, these tensions can be remedied through government action.

People retiring older can lead to conflict between individuals and an increased burden on society generally. For the young, the process of fully integrating older people into society can be challenging. For example, many older people have quieter lifestyles and disputes may arise with younger individuals who are in the habit of hosting loud parties or coming home late at night, particularly in cases where young people are taking care of older relatives. The strain on society can also be great as older people require more medical support to treat conditions ranging from arthritis to cancer to heart disease. This translates to a greater proportion of taxes going to the older generation and can foster societal resentment and ageism.

The best fixes for these problems can be achieved by governments. Firstly, governments can ease the integration of generations by providing better retirements plans for individuals. For example, in the United States, social security benefits are rarely enough to cover retirement and so many must depend on their children. As for society, governments must be more conscientious in planning for more substantial medical expenses. The government should anticipate this trend only continuing in the future and set aside funds to research and apply advanced treatments for retired citizens well into their 80s. These measures combined would alleviate some of the weight of supporting older populations.

In conclusion, the pressures resulting from growth in the average life span can be countered with forward-thinking governmental policy. This will only become more important in the future as people live even longer.

Answers

average life expectancy how long most people live

longer and longer more time

retirement after stopping working

poses a number of problems causes a lot of issues

tensions strains

remedied fixed

government action governments helping

conflict problems

increased burden more pressure

generally overall

process the way

fully integrating becoming part of

challenging having trouble

quieter lifestyles calm life

disputes may arise conflicts come up

in the habit of used to

hosting loud parties having noisy parties

particularly in cases where especially when

taking care of older relatives looking after grandparents

strain pressure

require more medical support need more hospital care

treat conditions deal with medical problems

ranging from including

arthritis achy joints

translates to means

proportion ratio

foster societal resentment increase animosity in society

ageism disliking older people

best fixes better remedies

achieved accomplished

ease make less of a problem

integration mix

generations people of different ages

providing better retirements plans funding pensions

social security benefits retirement fund in the U.S.A.

rarely not often

cover pay for

depend on rely on

conscientious careful

more substantial larger

medical expenses money for medicine

anticipate look forward to

trend pattern

set aside funds save money for

advanced treatments new medicines

well into their 80s past 85 or so

measures combined efforts together

alleviate fix

weight pressure

supporting older populations helping old people

pressures resulting from strains coming from

life span how long you live

countered fixed

forward-thinking anticipating

governmental policy laws of the government

Pronunciation

ˈævərɪʤ laɪf ɪksˈpɛktənsi 
ˈlɒŋgər ænd ˈlɒŋgə 
rɪˈtaɪəmənt
ˈpəʊzɪz ə ˈnʌmbər ɒv ˈprɒbləmz 
ˈtɛnʃənz 
ˈrɛmɪdid 
ˈgʌvnmənt ˈækʃ(ə)n
ˈkɒnflɪkt 
ɪnˈkriːst ˈbɜːdn 
ˈʤɛnərəli
ˈprəʊsɛs 
ˈfʊli ˈɪntɪgreɪtɪŋ 
ˈʧælɪnʤɪŋ
ˈkwaɪətə ˈlaɪfˌstaɪlz 
dɪsˈpjuːts meɪ əˈraɪz 
ɪn ðə ˈhæbɪt ɒv 
ˈhəʊstɪŋ laʊd ˈpɑːtiz 
pəˈtɪkjʊləli ɪn ˈkeɪsɪz weə 
ˈteɪkɪŋ keər ɒv ˈəʊldə ˈrɛlətɪvz
streɪn 
rɪˈkwaɪə mɔː ˈmɛdɪkəl səˈpɔːt 
triːt kənˈdɪʃənz 
ˈreɪnʤɪŋ frɒm 
ɑːˈθraɪtɪs 
trænsˈleɪts tuː 
prəˈpɔːʃən 
ˈfɒstə səˈsaɪətl rɪˈzɛntmənt 
ˈeɪʤɪz(ə)m
bɛst ˈfɪksɪz 
əˈʧiːvd 
iːz 
ˌɪntɪˈgreɪʃən 
ˌʤɛnəˈreɪʃənz 
prəˈvaɪdɪŋ ˈbɛtə rɪˈtaɪəmənts plænz 
ˈsəʊʃəl sɪˈkjʊərɪti ˈbɛnɪfɪts 
ˈreəli 
ˈkʌvə 
dɪˈpɛnd ɒn 
ˌkɒnʃɪˈɛnʃəs 
mɔː səbˈstænʃəl 
ˈmɛdɪkəl ɪksˈpɛnsɪz
ænˈtɪsɪpeɪt 
trɛnd 
sɛt əˈsaɪd fʌndz 
ədˈvɑːnst ˈtriːtmənts 
wɛl ˈɪntuː ðeə 80ɛs
ˈmɛʒəz kəmˈbaɪnd 
əˈliːvɪeɪt 
weɪt 
səˈpɔːtɪŋ ˈəʊldə ˌpɒpjʊˈleɪʃənz
ˈprɛʃəz rɪˈzʌltɪŋ frɒm 
laɪf spæn 
ˈkaʊntəd 
ˈfɔːwəd-ˈθɪŋkɪŋ 
ˌgʌvənˈmɛntl ˈpɒlɪsi

Vocabulary Practice

Remember and fill in the blanks:

As a______________________y rises, people are living l___________________r after r_________________t, which p__________________________s for individuals and society. In my opinion, these t___________s can be r__________d through g__________________________n.

People retiring older can lead to c__________t between individuals and an i___________________n on society g______________y. For the young, the p________s of f_______________g older people into society can be c____________g. For example, many older people have q___________________s and d_____________________e with younger individuals who are i________________f h________________________s or coming home late at night, p_________________________e young people are t_______________________________s. The s________n on society can also be great as older people r_______________________________t to t_______________s r____________________m a_____________s to cancer to heart disease. This t__________________o a greater p_______________n of taxes going to the older generation and can f__________________________t and a_________m.

The b____________s for these problems can be a_____________d by governments. Firstly, governments can e_____e the i______________n of g_________________s by p________________________________s for individuals. For example, in the United States, s_____________________________s are r_________y enough to c________r retirement and so many must d_____________n their children. As for society, governments must be more c______________s in planning for m____________________l m____________________s. The government should a____________e this t_______d only continuing in the future and s_______________________s to research and apply a____________________s for retired citizens w___________________________s. These m___________________d would a_______________e some of the w________t of s_______________________________s.

In conclusion, the p_______________________m growth in the average l__________n can be c____________d with f_______________________g g____________________________y. This will only become more important in the future as people live even longer.

Listening Practice

Learn more about this topic and practice with these ideas:

Reading Practice

Use these activities to practice with the reading below:

https://www.theatlantic.com/family/archive/2020/05/what-the-heros-journey-teaches-about-happy-retirement/611194/

Speaking Practice

Practice with the following speaking topics from the real speaking exam:

Age

  1. Do you like your current age?
  2. What was the biggest decision you made in your life?
  3. At what age are people happiest?

Writing Practice

Write about the related topic below and check with my sample answer:

Many retired people today are choosing to live in other countries.

What are the advantages of disadvantages of this?


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